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any money aappropriated for the support of the insane, feeble-minded and other incompetent persons, pro rata, from the amount appropriated for the maintenance of each hospital, or from the money appropriated for the expense or support of the commission. [Amendment approved 1909; Stats. 1909, p. 57.]

Legislation § 2140. 1. Added by Stats. 1903, p. 487. 2. Amended by Stats. 1909, p. 57. For original code $ 2140, see ante, Legislation Chapter I. § 2141. General powers of commission. The commission has power:

1. To appoint a secretary whose term of office shall be four years from and after the date of his appointment and to fix his salary, which shall not be changed during his term of office, and which shall be paid at the same time and in the same manner as are the salaries of other state officers, and to appoint such other employees as it may deem necessary and fix their compensations;

2. To appoint, by its order, a competent person to examine the books, papers, and accounts, and also into the general condition and management of any institation in this chapter mentioned, to the extent deemed necessary and specified in such order;

3. To fix the annual salaries of the resident officers and treasurer of the state hospitals, which must be uniform in all the state hospitals for the insane and as near uniform as possible in all state hospitals, and to classify the other officers and employees in grades, and determine the salaries and wages to be paid in each grade, which must be uniform in all hospitals for the insane, and as near uniform as possible in all state hospitals;

4. To determine the kind and character of all employees who shall be employed at any state hospital according to the needs and objects of the hospital;

5. To permit any religious or missionary corporation or society to erect a building on the grounds of any state hospital for the holding of religious services, said building when erected to become the property of the state and to be used exclusively for the benefit of the inmates and employees of such state hospital and subject to such regulations and conditions as may be determined

or imposed by said commission. [Amendment approved 1909; Stats. 1909, p. 57.)

Salaries of employees: See post, $ 2151.

Legislation § 2141. 1. Added by Stats. 1903, p. 487. 2. Amended by Stats. 1909, p. 57. $ 2112. General duties of commission. The duties of the commission

are:

1. To take charge of the execution of the laws relating to the care, custody, and treatment of the insane, feeble-minded persons, epileptics and idiots, and other incompetent persons as provided in this chapter;

2. To examine all public and private institutions receiving and caring for the insane and other incompetent persons, and inquire into their methods of government, and the treatment of all inmates thereof;

3. To examine into the condition of all buildings, grounds, or other property connected with such institutions, and into all matters relating to their management. For the purposes specified in this subdivision, each commissioner is entitled to free access to the grounds, buildings, and all books and papers relating to any such institution, and every person connected therewith must give such information and afford such facilities for any such examination or inquiry, as the commissioners may require;

4. To make such regulations in regard to the correspondence of the inmates in said institutions in custody as in its judgment will promote their interests, which regulations must be complied with and enforced by the proper authorities of each institution; but no restriction must be placed upon the correspondence of such inmates with the superior judge and district attorney of the county from which they were committed or admitted to such institutions;

5. To adopt, for all hospitals, rules and regulations, books of record for steward's and all departments, blank forms, both clinical and otherwise, questions for examination of employees, and for examination in all the different branches of medicine and surgery, and especially in diseases affecting the mind and nervous system, of all officers and internes, for the special use of the hospital;

6. To keep in its office a record showing the name, residence, and certificate of each duly qualified medical examiner, and to immediately file, when received, each duly certified copy of a medical examiner's certificate, and advise him of its receipt and filing;

7. To keep in its office a record showing:

(1) The name, residence, sex, age, nativity, occupation, civil condition, and date of commitment of every patient and inmate in custody in the several institutions for the care and treatment of insane and other incompetent persons in the state, and the name and residence of the person making the petition for commitment, and of the persons signing the medical certificate, and of the judge making the order of commitment;

(2) The name of the institution where each patient or inmate is confined, the date of admission, and whether brought from home or another institution, and if from another institution, the name of such institution, by whom brought, and the patient's or inmate's condition;

(3) The date of the discharge of each patient or inmate from such institution, and whether recovered, improved, or unimproved, and to whose care committed;

(4) If transferred, for what cause, and to what institution; and if dead, the date and cause of death;

(5) The date of discharge of each inmate from the home of feebleminded since July first, nineteen hundred and two, and mental condition when discharged;

(6) To cause to be examined at least once in six months, the books, papers, and accounts of each of the several state hospitals, the report of such examination to be filed with the superintendent of the hospital examined, and a copy of the same filed with the commission;

8. To report and recommend to the legislature the necessary prospective needs for the care, custody, and treatment of the poor and indigent insane and other incompetent persons mentioned in this chapter, and for the purpose of preventing overcrowding, it must recommend to the legislature the establishment of cottages at such of the state hospitals as in its judgment will best meet the requirements of such persons;

9. To furnish the legislature an estimate of the probable number of patients who will become inmates of the respective state hospitals during the two years beginning July first, next ensuing, and the cost of all additional buildings and equipments, if any, which will be required to carry out the provisions of this chapter relating to the care, custody, and treatment of the poor and indigent insane and other incompetents of the state;

10. To biennially report to the legislature its acts and proceedings for the two years ending June thirtieth, last preceding, with such facts regarding the management of the institutions for the insane and other incompetents as it deems necessary for the information of the legislature, including estimates of the amounts required for the use of such hospitals and the reasons therefor; and also the annual reports made to the commission by the board of managers of each state hospital. [Amendment approved 1909; Stats. 1909, p. 58.]

Legislation & 2142. 1. Added by Stats. 1903, p. 487. 2. Amended by Stats. 1909, p. 58.

§ 2142a. Special investigations by commission. When the commission has reason to believe that any person held in custody as insane or incompetent is wrongfully deprived of his liberty, or is cruelly or neg. ligently treated, or inadequate provision is made for his skillful medical care, proper supervision, and safe-keeping, it may ascertain the facts, or may order an investigation of the facts by one or all of its members. It, or the commissioner conducting the proceeding, may issue compulsory process for the attendance of witnesses and the production of papers, and exercise the powers conferred upon a referee in a superior court. The commission may make such orders for the care and treatment of such person as it may deem proper. Whenever the commission undertakes an investigation into the general management and administration of any hospital for the insane or incompetents or places of detention for the alleged insane or incompetents, it may give notice to the attorneygeneral of any such investigation, who must appear personally or by deputy, and examine witnesses who may be in attendance. The commission, or any member thereof, may at any time visit and examine the inmates of any county, city and county, or city almshouse, to ascertain if insane persons are kept therein. When complaint is made to the commission regarding the officers of any hospital or institution for the insane or other incompetents, or regarding the management thereof or of any person detained therein or regarding any person held in custoly as insane or incompetent, the commission may, before making an examination regarding such complaint, require the same to be made in writing and sworn to before an officer authorized to administer oaths, and on receiving such complaint, sworn to if required by the commission, the commission shall direct that copy of such complaint be served on the authorities of the hospital or institution or the person against whom complaint is made together with notice of time and place of such investigation as the commission may direct.

Legislation § 2142a. Added by Stats. 1903, p. 489. § 2143. Visits, examinations, and reports. The general superintendent of state hospitals must visit every state hospital at least twice in each

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year. Visits may be made by the commissioners jointly, or singly, at such times as the visiting commissioner or commissioners may choose. Each visit must include, to the fullest extent deemed necessary, an inspection of every part of each institution, and all the outhouses, places, buildings, and grounds belonging thereto, or used in connection therewith. The general superintendent, or a majority of the members of the commission, must, from time to time, make an examination of all records and methods of administration, the general and special dietary, the stores and methods of supplies, and, as far as the circumstances will permit, of every patient confined therein, especially those admitted since the preceding visit, giving such as may require it, suitable opportunity to converse with the commissioners, apart from the officers and attendants. They must, as far as they deem necessary, examine the officers, attendants, and other employees, and make such inquiries as will determine their fitness for their respective duties. At the next regular or special meeting of the commission, after any such visit, the visiting commissioner, or commissioners, must report the result thereof, with such recommendations for the better management or improvement in such institutions as they may deem necessary. But such recommendations must not be contrary to the medical doctrines of the particular school of medicine adopted by such institution. The commissioners must, from time to time, meet the managers or responsible authorities of such institutions, or as many of the members as practicable, in conference, and consider, in detail, all questions of management and improvement of the institutions, and must also send to them, in writing, if approved by a majority of the commissioners, such recommendations in regard to the management and improvement of the institutions as they may deem necessary or desirable. The times and places of such conferences shall be designated by the commission.

Legislation § 2143. Added by Stats. 1903, p. 490. § 2144. Information to be furnished to lunacy commission. The authorities for the several hospitals must furnish to the commission the facts mentioned in subdivision seven of section twenty-one hundred and forty-two and such other obtainable facts, as the commission may from time to time in the discharge of its duties require of them, with the opinion of the superintendent thereon, if requested. The superintendent or other person in charge of a hospital, must, within ten days after the admission of any person thereto, cause a copy of the medical certificate and order on which such person was received and a list of all property and books, and papers of value found in the possession of or belonging to such persons to be forwarded to the office of the commission, and when a patient or inmate is discharged, transferred or dies, such superintendent or person in charge, must, within three days thereafter, send the information to the office of the commission, in accordance with the form prescribed by it. [Amendment approved 1907; Stats. 1907, p. 805.]

Legislation § 2144. 1. Added by Stats. 1903, p. 490. 2. Amended by Stats. 1907, p. 805.

§ 2145. State hospitals for insane. For feeble-minded children. There are established the following state hospitals, which are declared to be corporations:

1. The Stockton State Hospital at the city of Stockton, formerly known as the Stockton State Insane Asylum at Stockton;

2. Napa State Hospital, near the city of Napa, hitherto known as the Napa State Asylum for the Insane at Napa;

3. Agnews State Hospital, near the city of San Jose, formerly known as the State Insane Asylum at Agnews;

4. Mendocino State Hospital, near the city of Ukiah, hitherto known as the Mendocino State Insane Asylum at Ukiah;

5. Southern California State Hospital, near the city of San Bernardino, hitherto known as the Southern California State Insane Asylum for the Insane and Inebriates, San Bernardino;

6. Norwalk State Hospital, near Norwalk, Los Angeles county; Said state hospitals being for the care and treatment of the insane.

7. The California Home for the Care and Training of Feeble-minded Children, at Eldridge, Sonoma county, which shall hereafter be known and designated as the Sonoma State Home;

The object of said home is such care, training and education of those received, as will render them more comfortable and happy and better fitted to care for and support themselves. To this end the managers must furnish them with such agricultural and mechanical education as they may be capable of receiving and all that the facilities offered by the state will allow, including farm work, shops, and the employment of trade teachers. The hospital must, on the conditions in this act prescribed, receive and care for feeble-minded persons, imbeciles, idiots, and epileptics who are not insane. [Amendment approved 1915; Stats. 1915, p. 64.]

Legislation § 2145. 1. Added by Stats. 1903, p. 490. 2. Amended by Stats. 1909, p. 60. 3. By Stats. 1915, p. 64.

§ 2146. Property of the state hospitals. Each of the corporations mentioned in the preceding section may acquire and hold in its corporate name by gift, grant, devise or bequest property to be applied to the maintenance of the inmates of the hospital and for the general use of the corporation. All lands necessary for the use of state hospitals must be acquired by condemnation as lands for other public uses are acquired, except those acquired by gift, devise or purchase, and the terms of every purchase must be approved by the commission. No public street or road for railway or other purposes, except for hospital use, must be opened through the lands of any state hospital, unless the legis. lature by special enactment consents thereto. [Amendment approved 1907; Stats. 1907, p. 805.]

Legislation § 2146. 1. Added by Stats. 1903, p. 491. 2. Amended by Stats. 1907, p. 805.

§ 2147. Managers of the state hospitals, and their appointment. Each hospital has a board of five managers or trustees appointed by the gov. ernor, each of whom holds office for the term of four years from and after his appointment, and the terms of not more than two must expire in any one year. Such trustees or managers shall hereafter be termed managers. If a vacancy occurs otherwise than by the expiration of a term, it must be filled by appointment for the unexpired term. Any manager is subject to removal by the governor, upon good cause shown

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