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TITLE I.

Public Officers.

Chapter I. Classification of Public Officers. $220.

II. Legislative Officers. Articles I-XII. $8 225–337.
III. Executive Officers. Articles I-XX. 88 341-719.
IV. Judicial Officers. $ 726.
V. Salaries of Justices of the Supreme Court and Superior

Judges, and Officers Connected with the Supreme Court.

$$ 736-739. VI. Ministerial and Other Officers Connected with the Courts.

Articles I-V. 88 749–831. VII. General Provisions Relating to Different Classes of Officers.

Articles I-XII. $$ 841-1033.

CHAPTER I.
Classification of Public Officers.

$ 220. Classification of public officers. $ 220. Classification of public officers. The public officers of this state are classified as follows:

1. Legislative;
2. Executive;
3. Judicial;
4. Ministerial officers and officers of the courts;

-But this classification is not to be construed as defining the legal powers of either class.

Subd. 1. Legislative officers: Post, $$ 225–337.
Subd. 2. Executive officers: Post, $$ 341-715.
Subd. 3. Judicial officers: Post, 88 726–739.
Subd. 4. Ministerial officers: Post, $$ 749-817.
Legislation $ 220. Enacted March 12, 1872.

CHAPTER II.

Legislative Officers. Article I. Number, Designation, Term of Office, and Election of Mem.

bers of the Legislature. $8 225-230. II. Meeting and Organization of the Legislature. $$ 235-244. III.

nber, Designation, Election, and Appointment of Officers

and Employees of the Legislature. $8 245–250. IV. Powers and Duties of the Officers and Employees of the Legis

lature. $8 252-261.
V. Compensation of Members, Officers, and Employees of the

Legislature. $$ 266-269.
VI. Contesting Election for Members of the Legislature. $$ 273–

283.
VII. Contesting the Election for Governor or Lieutenant-Governor.

$8 288–295. [Repealed.] VIII. Attendance and Examination of Witnesses Before the Legis

lature and Committees Thereof. $$ 300-304.
IX. Enactment of Statutes. $$ 309–313.

X. Promulgation of Statutes. $ 318.
XI. Operation of Statutes. $$ 323–330.
XII. Public Reports. $$ 332–337.

ARTICLE I.
Number, Designation, Term of Office, and Election of Members of the

Legislature.
$ 225. Number and designation.
$ 226. Term of office.
$ 227. Election of senators.
$ 228. Election of assemblymen.
8 229. Change of precinct boundaries.
$ 230. Apportionment of members of the assembly. [Repealed.]

Code commissioner's note to Article I. “These four sections [8$ 227– 230] will have to be changed by the legislature when the reapportionment is made under the census of 1870. When that reapportionment is made, these sections will drop out, and the new ones adopted will take their places. Should the code be adopted before the reapportionment is made, it can be done by amending the sections affected. This is one of the great advantages of a system of laws covering almost every subject of legislation. See also note to § 106.” For note to § 106, see ante, Legislation Chapter II ($$ 78-106). § 225. Number and designation. The legislature consists of: 1. Forty senators; and, 2. Eighty members of the assembly. Legislature of the state of California:

1. Legislative power vested in: Const., art. IV, § 1.

2. Number of members: Const., art. IV, $ 5. Legislation & 225. Enacted March 12, 1872. § 226. Term of office. The term of office of a senator is four years; of a member of the assembly, two years.

Term of office of members of legislature: Const., art. IV, $$ 3-5.
Legislation § 226. Enacted March 12, 1872.

$ 227. Election of senators. At the general election in the year nineteen hundred and eight, and every four years thereafter, a senator shall be eleeted in each odd-numbered senatorial district constituted in section seventy-eight of this code. At the general election in the year nineteen hundred and ten, and every four years thereafter, a senator shall be elected in each even-numbered district constituted in section seventyeight of this code. [Amendment approved 1907; Stats. 1907, p. 613.]

Section superseded. $8 227–230 superseded, but not repealed, before the amendment of 1907, by acts defining senatorial and assembly distriets: Stats. 1873-74, p. 366; Stats. 1901, p. 535.

Legislation § 227. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1861, p. 535, as amended by Stats. 1863, p. 704; Stats. 1863-64, p. 15. 2. Amended by Stats. 1907, p. 613. $ 228. Election of assemblymen. At the general election in the year nineteen hundred and eight and every two years thereafter, a member of the assembly shall be elected in each of the assembly districts constituted by seetion ninety of this code. [Amendment approved 1907; Stats. 1907, p. 613.]

Section superseded. See note supra, § 227.

Legislation § 228. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1861, p. 535, as amended by Stats. 1863, p. 704; Stats. 1863-64, p. 15. 2. Amended by Stats. 1907, p. 613.

$ 229. Change of precinct boundaries. Neither boards of supervisors, municipal officers, nor any other officer or officers, shall have the power to alter the boundaries of any township, ward, election precinct, or other loeal subdivision, of any county, city and county, city, or town, so as to ehange the boundaries of any senatorial or assembly district as constituted and defined in chapter two of title one of part two of this code. (Amendment approved 1907; Stats. 1907, p. 613.]

Section superseded. See note supra, § 227.

Legislation $ 229. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872. 2. Amended by Stats. 1907, p. 613.

$ 230. Apportionment of members of the assembly. [Repealed 1907; Stats. 1907, p. 613.]

Section superseded. See note supra, § 227.

Legislation 8 230. Enacted March 12, 1872. 2. Repealed by Stats. 1907, p. 613; the code commissioner saying, "Repealed, because superseded by the act of March 16, 1874 (Stats. 1873–74, p. 366.)”.

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ARTICLE II. Meeting and Organization of the Legislature. § 235. Time and place of meeting of legislature. § 236. Certificate of election evidence of right to seat. § 237. Temporary officers of the senate and assembly. § 238. Senate, organization of. $ 239. Assembly, organization of. $ 240. Oath to be entered on journals. $ 241. Form for statement of money required by state departments. § 242. Form for members of legislature. § 243. Claims against the state, statements to be filed.

$ 244. Controller to report amounts requested. § 235. Time and place of meeting of legislature. The legislature shall assemble at the seat of government at twelve o'clock m., on the first Monday after the first day of January, eighteen hundred and eighty-one, and on the first Monday after the first day of January every two years thereafter. (Amendment approved 1880; Code Amdts. 1880, p. 48.]

Sessions of the legislature: Const., art. IV, $ 2.

Legislation & 235. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1880, p. 48.

$ 236. Certificate of election evidence of right to seat. The certificate of election is prima facie evidence of the right to membership. [Amendment approved 1874; Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 3.]

Qualifications of members, each house the judge of: Const., art. IV, 87.

Contesting elections for members of the legislature: Post, 88 273-283.

Legislation & 236. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 3.

§ 237. Temporary officers of the senate and assembly. The secretary of the senate, and the clerk of the assembly, the minute clerks and sergeant-at-arms of each house, for any session, must, at the next succeeding session of the body, perform the duties of their offices until their successors are elected and qualified. Said officers, and no others, shall be allowed mileage. The secretary of the senate may appoint a postmaster, three gatekeepers, and three pages. The chief clerk of the assembly may appoint a postmaster, three gatekeepers, and three pages. The sergeant-at-arms of the senate and of the assembly may each appoint an assistant sergeant-at-arms. There shall be no other officers or employees of either house until the permanent organization is completed. Such officers shall serve only until said permanent organization is completed. [Amendment approved 1897; Stats. 1897, p. 24.]

Legislation § 237. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872. 2. Amended by Stats. 1897, p. 24.

§ 238. Senate, organization of. At the hour of twelve o'clock m., on the day appointed for the meeting of any regular session of the legis. lature, the president of the senate, or in case of his absence or inability, then the senior member present, must take the chair, call the members and members elect to order, and then cause the secretary to call over the senatorial districts, in their order, from which members have been

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