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PART IV.
Of the Government of Counties, Cities and Towns.

TITLE I. OF COUNTIES. $$ 3901-3985.

II. THE GOVERNMENT OF COUNTIES. $$ 4000-4348.
JII. THE GOVERNMENT OF CITIES. $$ 4354-4449.
IV. LIABILITIES OF COUNTIES AND CITIES FOR INJURIES TO PROPERTY

BY MOBS OR RIOTS. $$ 4452-4457.
V. PUBLICATIONS BY STATE OFFICERS AND COMMISSIONERS, OR

OTHER OFFICIALS, OR THE OFFICERS OF COURTS, COUNTIES,
CITIES, CITIES AND COUNTIES, OR Towns, AND PUBLICATIONS

REQUIRED TO BE GIVEN OR MADE BY LAW. $8 4458-4462.
Pol. Code-60

(945)

TITLE I.

Counties.

Chapter I. County Boundaries and County Seats. $$ 3901-3958.

II. General Provisions Relating to Counties. $$ 3969–3985.

CHAPTER I. County Boundaries and County Seats. § 3901. County defined. § 3902. Counties are legal subdivisions. $ 3903. Due courses defined. $ 3901. Other courses defined. § 3905. To, on, along, and with mountain ridge. § 3906. To, by, along, with, in, up, or down a creek, defined. $ 3907. In, to, or from ocean shore, etc., defined. § 3908. Mouth of creek, etc., defined. $ 3909. Del Norte. $ 3910. Klamath. $ 3911. Shasta. $ 3912. Lassen. $ 3913. Siskiyou. $ 3914. Humboldt. $ 3915. Tehama. $ 3916. Colusa. $ 3917. Lake. $ 3918. Mendocino. $ 3919. Trinity. $ 3920. Plumas. $ 3921. Sierra. $ 3922. Butte, § 3923. Nevada. $ 3924. Placer. $ 3925. Yuba. $ 3926. Sutter. $ 3927. El Dorado. $ 3928. Sacramento. $ 3929. Yolo. $ 3930. Amador. $ 3931. Alpine. § 3932.

San Joaquin.
$ 3933. Stanislaus.
$ 3934. Merced.
$ 3935. Mono.
$ 3936. Calaveras.
$ 3937. Tuolumne.
$ 3938. Mariposa.
§ 3939. Fresno.
$ 3940. Tulare.
$ 3941. Kern.
§ 3942. Inyo.
8 3943. San Bernardino.
§ 3944.

San Diego.
$ 3945. Los Angeles.
$ 3946. Santa Barbara.

$ 3947. San Luis Obispo.
§ 3918. Monterey.
$ 3949. Santa Cruz.
$ 3950. San Francisco.
$ 3951. San Mateo.
$ 3952. Santa Clara.
$ 3953. Alameda.
$ 3954. Contra Costa.
8 3955. Sonoma.
$ 3956. Solano.
$ 3957. Marin.

$ 3958. Napa. $ 3901. County defined. A county is the largest political division of the state having corporate powers.

Counties:

Boundaries of: Post, $$ 3909-3958.

Consolidation of city and county governments into one municipal government: Const., art. XI, $ 7.

Formation of New: Const., art. XI, § 3. See post, $ 3975.
Government of: Post, $$ 4000-4325.

Legislature to provide uniform system of government of: Const., art. XI, § 4.

Counties as now existing recognized as legal subdivisions of state: Const., art. XI, $ 1.

New, formation of: Const., art. XI, § 3. See post, $ 3975.

Seat, removal of: Const., art. XI, § 2. See post, $ $ 3976–3985. Legislation & 3901. Enacted March 12, 1872. § 3902. Counties are legal subdivisions. This state is divided into counties, named, bounded and constituted as provided by law. The sev. eral counties of this state, as they now exist, and such other counties as may be hereafter organized, according to law, are hereby recognized as legal subdivisions of the state. (Amendment approved 1907; Stats. 1907, p. 343.]

Division of state into counties: See ante, $ 75.
Counties:

As now existing, recognized as legal subdivisions of state: Const., art. XI, $ 1.

Boundaries and seats of: Post. $$ 3909-3958.
Boundaries, unsettled or disputed: Post, $$ 3969 et seq.

Boundary lines between certain, acts relating to: See Gen. Laws, tit. “County Boundaries."

New, act providing for transfer of moneys on formation of new: See Gen. Laws, tit. "Counties,” Act. 798.

Legislation 8:3902. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872. 2. Amended by Stats. 1907, p. 343; the code commissioner saying, “The amendment is a codification of g 1 of the County Government Act of 1897 (Stats. 1897, p. 452), and art. XI, § 1 of the constitution, and is here placed in its proper title."

§ 3903. Due courses defined. In describing courses the words “north," “south,” "east," and "west,” mean true courses, and refer to the true meridian unless otherwise declared.

Legislation § 3903. Enacted March 12, 1872. § 3904. Other courses defined. The words "northerly," "southerly.” "easterly," and "westerly," mean due north, due south, due east, and due

west, unless controlled by other words, or by lines, monuments, or natural objects.

Legislation $ 3904, Enacted March 12, 1872. § 3905. To, on, along, and with mountain ridge. The words "to," "on,” “along," "with," or "by" a mountain or ridge, mean summit point, or summit line, unless otherwise expressed.

“On”: See post, $ 3907.
"By": See post, $$ 3906, 3907.
"Along": See post, $$ 3906, 3907.
“TO”: See post, $$ 3906, 3907.
"With": See post, $$ 3906, 3907.

Legislation & 3905. Enacted March 12, 1872. § 3906. To, by, along, with, in, up, or down a creek, defined. The words 'to," "by,” “along," "with,” “in," "up," or "down" a creek, river, slough, strait, or bay, mean the middle of the main channel thereof, unless otherwise expressed.

"In": See post, $ 3907.
"Along”: See ante, $ 3905; post, $ 3907.
"By": See ante, $ 3905; post, $ 3907.
"To": See ante, § 3905; post, $ 3907.
"With": See ante, $ 3905; post, $ 3907.

Legislation & 3906. Enacted March 12, 1872. $ 3907. In, to, or from ocean shore, etc., defined. The words "in," "to," or "from" the ocean shore mean a point three miles from shore. The words "along," "with," "by," or "on" the ocean shore, mean on a line parallel with and three miles from the shore.

"Along": See ante, $$ 3905, 3906.
"By": See ante, $$ 3905, 3906.
"In": See ante, § 3906.
"On": See ante, $ 3905.
“TO”: See ante, g 3906.
"With": See ante, $$ 3906, 3907.

Legislation & 3907. Enacted March 12, 1872. § 3908. Mouth of creek, etc., defined. The mouth of a creek, river, or slough which empties into another creek, river, or slough, is the point where the middle of the channels intersect.

Legislation § 3908. Enacted March 12, 1872. $ 3909. Del Norte. Situated in the northwest corner of the state of California, beginning at a point in the Pacific Ocean, on the forty-second parallel of north latitude, three miles from shore, being on the southern line of Oregon; thence running southerly, three miles from ocean shore, to a point on the northern line of Humboldt County, one mile south of the mouth of Klamath River; thence easterly, along the northern boundary of Humboldt County, to the summit of a spur of the Siskiyou Range of mountains; thence northerly, following the summit of said spur of the Siskiyou Range of mountains, to the forty-second parallel of north latitude; thence due west to the place of beginning. [Amendment ap. proved 1887; Stats. 1887, p. 106.]

Legislation § 3909. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based Stats. 1857, p. 35, $ 2, as amended by Stats. 1858, p. 21, § 1. 2. Amended by Stats. 1887, p. 106,

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