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elector; and the privilege of an elector shall be forfeited by a conviction of any crime which is punishable by imprisonment in the penitentiary.

SEC. 4. For the purpose of voting, no person shall be deemed to hare gained or lost a residence by reason of his presence or absence while employed in the service of the United States or of this State; nor while engaged in the navigation of the waters of this State or of the United States, or of the higi seas; nor while a student of any seminary of learning; nor while kept at any alms-house or other asylum, at public expense; nor while confined in any public prison.

SEC. 5. No soldier, seaman, or marine in the army or navy of the United States, or of their allies, shall be deemed to have acquired a residence in their State in consequence of having been stationed within the same; nor shall ang such soldier; seaman, or marine have the right to vote.

SEC. 6. No negro, Chinaman, or mulatto shall have the right of suffrage.

SEC. 7. Every person shall be disqualified from holding office during term for which he may have been elected, who shall have given or offerul bribe, threat, or reward to procure his election.

SEC. 8. The Legislative Assembly shall enact laws to support the priviler of free suffrage prescribing the manner of regulating and conducting electius and prohibiting, under adequate penalties, all undue influence therein from som bribery, tumult and other improper conduct.

SEC. 9. Every person who shall give or accept a challenge to fight a du or who shall knowingly carry to another person such challenge, or shall agree to go out of the State to fight it duel, shall be ineligible to my office of trust or profit.

SEC. 10. No person holding a lucrative office or appointment under United States, or under this State, shall be eligible to a seat in the lega tive Assembly; nor shall any person hold more than one lucrative office at: same time, except is in this ('onstitution expressly permitted; provided. officers in the militia, to which there is attached no annual salary, and office of postmaster, where the compensation does not exceed one hundred dol': per annum, shall not be deemeil lucrative,

SEC. 11. Yo person who may hereafter be a collector or holder of the money's shall be eligible to any office of trust or profit until he shall accounted for and paid over, according to law, all the sums for which he rett's liable.

SEC. 12. In :ill cases in which it is provided that an office shall ni filled by the same persou more than a certain number of years continent an appointment pro tempore shall not be reckoned il part of that term.

SEC. 13. In all cases except treason, felony, and breach of the peace. tors shall be free from arrest in going to elections, during their attei. there, and in returning from the same; and no elector shall be obliged tu duty in the militia on any day of election, except in time of war or pe dlanger.

SEC. 14. The regular general biennial election in Oregon for the year.. 1910 and therenfter shall be held on the first Tueslay after the first Moplay November. All officers except the Governor, elected for a six-year term in 1 or for a four-year term in 1906, or for a two-year term in 1908, shall contra to hold their respective offices until the first Monday in January, 1911: all officers, except the Governor, elected at any regular general biennial ek after the adoption of this amendment, shall assume the duties of their spective offices on the first Monday in January following such election laws pertaining to the nomination of candidates, registration of voters, an) other things incident to the holding of a regular biennial election shall be forced and be effected the same number of days before the first Tuesdar the first Monday in November that they have heretofore been before the Monday in June biennially: except as may hereafter be provided by law

The restrictions imposed by this section on the right of suffrage were abruk by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments of the Federal Constitution.

* Amendment proposed by the legislative assembly of 1907, ratified on JD 1908, and declared effective on June 23, 1908.

SEC. 15. In ill elections by the Legislative Assembly, or by either branch ereof, votes shall be given openly or viva voce, and not by ballot, forever; and

all elections by the people, votes shall be given openly, or viva voce, until e Legislative Assembly shall otherwise direct.

SEC. 16. In all elections authorized by this Constitution until otherwise ovided by law, the person or persons receiving the highest number of rotes all be declared elected, but provisions may be made by law for elections by tal proportional representation of all the voters for every office which is led by the election of two or more persons whose official duties, rights and wers are equal and concurrent. Every qualified elector resident in his preiet and registered as may be required by law, may vote for one person under e tiile for each otlice. Provision may be made by law for the voter's direct

indirect expression of his first, second or additional choices among the canlates for any office. For an office which is filled by the election of one person may be required by law that the person elected shall be the final choice of majority of the elector's voting for candidates for that office. These priuules may be applied by law to nominations by political parties and organitions,

SEC. 17. All qualitieil electors shall vote in the election precinct in the

ty where they may reside, for county officers, and in any county in the ite for State oflicers, or in any county of a Congressional District in which I elector's mary reside, for Members of Congress,

SEC. 18. Every public otficer in Oregon is subject, as herein provided, to all by the legal voters of the State or of the electoral district from which

is elected. There may be required twenty-five per cent, but not more, of the mber of elector's whô' voted in his district at the preceding election for Juse of the Supreme ('ourt to file their petition demanding his recall by the ple. They shall set forth in said petition the reasons for said demand. If shall offer his resignation, it shall be accepted and take effect on the day is offered, and the vacancy shall be filled as may be provided by law. If shall not resign within five days after the petition is filed, a special election u] be ordered to be held within twenty days in his said electoral district determine whether the people will recall said otficer. On the sample ballot sul election shall be printed in not more than two hundred words, the isans for demanding the recall of said officer as set forth in the recall petition,

in not more than two hundrell words, the officer's justification of his irse in office. He shall continue to perform the duties of his office util · result of said special election shall be officially declared. Other candites for the office may be nominated to be voted for at said special election. e candidate who shall receive the highest number of votes shall be deemed pied for the remainder of the term, whether it be the person against whom

rerall petition wils filed, or another. The recall petition shall be filed th the officer with whom a petition for nomination to such office should be . :ind the same officer shall order :l special election when it is required.

such petition shall be circulated against any oflicer until he has actually held i office six months, Svend except that it may be filed against a senator representative in the Legislative Assembly at any time after five days from

leginning of the first session after his clection. After one such petition d sprecial election, no further real pretition shall be filed against the same icer during the term for which he was elected unless such further petitioners al first pay into the public treasury which has paid such special election penses, the whole :mount of its expenses for the preceding special election. irh additional legislation as may zid the operation of this section shall be ovided by the Legislative Assembly, including provision for payment by the blir treasury of the reinsonable special election campaign expenses of such icer. But the words “the Legislative Assembly shall provide" or any similar equivalent words in this Constitution or any amendment thereto, shall not construed to grant to the Legislative Assembly any exclusive power of law

Amendment proposed by initiative petition filed January 30, 1908, ratified on ne 1, 1908, and declared in force on June 23, 1908.

making nor in any way to limit the initiative and referendum prowers reserved by the people.


DISTRIBUTION OF POWERS. SECTION 1. The powers of the government shall be divided into three sept rate departments--the Legislative, the Executive, including the Administrative and the Judicial; and no person charged with official duties under one of these departments shall exercise any of the functions of another except in in this Constitution expressly provided.



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. SECTION 1. The Legislative authority of the State shall be vested in a Legislative Assembly, consisting of a Senate and House of Representatives but the people reserve to themselves power to propose laws and amendments to the Constitution and to enact or reject the same at the polls, independen' of the Legislative Assembly, sind also reserve power at their own optie to approve or reject at the polls any Act of the Legislative Assembly. The first power reserved by the people is the initiative, and not more than eigh per cent of the legal voters shall be required to propose any measure by suki petition, and every such petition shall include the full text of the measurt so proposed. Initiative petition's shall be filed with the Secretary of State In less than four months before the election at which they are to be veten upon. The second power is the referendum, and it may be ordered text as to laws necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, heal'. or safety), either by the petition signed by five per cent of the legal Votes or by the Legislative Assembly, as other bills are enacted. Referendum put tions shall be filed with the Secretary of State not more than ninety dara after the final adjournment of the session of the Legislative Assembly wbk passed the bill on which the referendum is demanded. The veto power of tla Governor shall not extend to measure referred to the people. ! elections

measures referred to the people of the State he had at the bienvial regular general election, except when the legislatiu Assembly shall order a special election. Any mea sure referred to the peak shall take effect and become the law when it is approved by a majority ! the votes cast thereon, and not otherwise. The style of all bills shall be "Be it enacted by the people of the State of Oregon." This section shall 16 be construed to deprive any member of the Legislative Assembly of the right to introduce any measure. The whole number of votes cast for Justice on the Supreme Court at the regular election last preceding the filing of all petition for the initiative or for the referendum shall be the basis on whir the number of legal voters necessary to sign such petition shall be count Petitions and orders for the initiative and for the referendum shall be sin with the Secretary of State, and in submitting the same to the people he. ** all other officers shall be guided by the general laws and the act submit ting this amendment, until legislation shall be especially provided therefor.:

SEC. la. The referendum may be demanded by the people ilgainst one « more items, sections, or parts of amy act of the Legislative Assembly in t same manner in which such power may be exercised agilinst it complete v? The filing of a referendum pe tion against one or more items Sertions pour parts of an act shall not delay the remainder of that act from becoming furt tive. The initiative and referendum power's reserved to the people by 0.6 Constitution :tre hereby further reserved to the legal roters of every mani pality and district, as to all local, special and municipal legislation, of press

. Section 18 is a new section; it was proposed by initiative petition filed Januar 29, 1908, ratified June 1. 1908, and declared effective on June 23, 1908.

10 Amendment proposed and adopted by the legislative assembly of 1899, re-adopta by the legislative assembly of 1901, and ratified on June 2, 1902.

ter, in or for their respective municipalities and districts. The manner -rcising said powers shall be prescribed by general laws, except that cities wns may provide for the manner of exercising the initiative and referenpowers as to their municipal legislation. Not more than ten per cent

legal voters may be required to order the referendum nor more than per cent to propose any measure by the initiative, in any city or town:11 EC. 2. The Senate shall consist of sixteen, and the House of Representaof thirty-four members, which number shall not be increased until the Pighteen hundred and sixty, after which time the Legislative Assembly ncrease the number of Senators and Representatives; always keeping ir as may be, the same ratio as to the number of Senators and Repreives; provided, that the Senate shall never exceed thirty, and the House presentatives sixty members. c. 3. The Senators and Representatives shall be chosen by the electors

respective counties or districts into which the State may from time to be divided by law. C. 4. The Senators shall be elected for the term of four years, and entatives for the term of two years from the day next after their genlection; provided, however, that the Senators-elect, at the first session

Legislative Assembly under this Constitution, shall be divided by lot vo equal classes, as nearly as may be; and the seats of Senators of the lass shall be vacated at the expiration of two years, and those of the

class at the expiration of four years; so that one-half, as nearly as e. shall be chosen biennially forever thereafter. And in case of the se in the number of Senators, they shall be so annexed by lot to ope

other of the two classes as to keep them as nearly equal as possible. (. 5. The Legislative Assembly shall, in the year eighteen hundred and ve, and every ten years after, cause an enumeration to be made of all

ite population of the State. c. 6. The number of Senators and Representatives shall, at the session »llowing an enumeration of the inhabitants by the United States or this he fixed by law, and apportioned among the several counties according

number of white population in each. And the ratio of Senators and entatives shall be determined by dividing the whole number of white ion of such county or district, by such respective. ratios; and, when tion shall result from such division, which shall exceed one-half of atio, such county or district shall be entitled to a member for such

And in case any county shall not have the requisite population to such county to a member, then such county shall be attached to some ng county for senatorial or representative purposes.

A senatorial district, when more than one county shall constitute ne, shall be composed of contiguous counties, and no county shall be

in creating senatorial districts. 6. 8. No person shall be a Senator or Representative who, at the time election, is not a citizen of the United States; nor anyone who has -n for one year next preceding his election an inhabitant of the county rict whence he may be chosen. Senators and Representatives shall be t twenty-one years of age. . 9. Senators and Representatives in all cases, except for treason,

or breach of the peace, shall be privileged from arrest during the of the Legislative Assembly, and in going to and returning from same; all not be subject to any civil process during the session of the LegisAssembly, nor during the fifteen days next before the commencement

Nor shall a member, for words uttered in debate in either House, tioned in any other place. : 10. The sessions of the Legislative Assembly shall be held biennially Capital of the State, commencing on the second Monday of September, year eighteen hundred and fifty-eight, and on the same day of every -ction la is a new section : it was proposed by initiative petition filed Febru906, ratified on June 4, 1906, and declared in force on June 25, 1906.


second year thereafter, unless it different day shall have been appointed by law.12

SEC. 11. Each House, when assembled, shall choose its own officers, judge of the election, qualifications and returns of its own members, determine its own rules of proceeding, and sit upon its own adjournments; but neither House shall, without the concurrence of the other, adjourn for more than three days. nor to any other place than that in which it may be sitting.

Sec. 12. Two-thirds of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business, but it smaller number may meet, adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members. A quorum being in attendance, if either Hous fail to effect an organization within the first five days thereafter, the members of the House so failing shall be entitled to no compensation from the end of the said five days until an organization shall have been elected.

SEC. 13. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings. The seas and nays on any question shall, at the request of any two members, be enteral. together with the names of the members demanding the same, on the journal: provided, that on a motion to adjourn, it shall require one-tenth of the menu hers present to order the yeas and nays.

SEC. 14. The doors of each House, and of committees of the whole, sha! be kept open, except in such cases as in the opinion of either House Day require secrecy.

SEC. 15. Either llouse may punish its members for disorderly beharuit. and may, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member; but not a su time for the same cause.

SEC. 16. Either blouse, during its session, may punish by imprisonme it any person not a member, who shall have been guilty of disrespect to the Hous, loy disorderly or contemptuous behavior in its presence, but such imprisotment shall not at any time exceed twenty-four hours.

SEC. 17.' Each House shall have all powers necessary for a branche the legislative department of a free and independent state.

Sec. 18. Bills may originate in either House, but may be amended or ir jected in the other, except that hills for raising revenue shall originate in the Hlouse of Representatives.

SEC. 19. Every bill shall be read by sections, on three several days, it each House, unless, in case of emergency, two-thirds of the House where si bill may be pending, shall, by a vote of yeas or nays, deem it expedient tu dispense with this rule; but the reading of a bill by sections on its fins passage shall in no case be dispensed with, and the vote on the passage if every bill or joint resolution shall be taken by yeas and nays.

SEC. 20. Every act shall embrace but one subject, and matters prasa connected therewith, which subject shall be expressed in the title. But if subjects shall be embraced in an act which shall not be expressed in the titsuch act shall be void only as to so much thereof as shall not be espreken. in the title.

SEC. 21. Every act and joint resolution shall be plainly worded. avoidir: as far as practicable, the use of technical terms.

SEC. 22. No act shall ever be revised or amended by mere reference for its title, but the act revised or section amended shall be set forth and published at full length.

SEC. 23. The Legislative Assembly shall not pass special or local la in any of the following, enumerated cases, that is to say:

1. Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of the peace, aber coustables;

2. For the punishment of crimes and misdemeanors:
3. Regulating the practice in courts of justice;
1. Providing for changing the venue in civil and criminal cases:
. Granting divorces;
6. Changing the names of persons;

12 By an act of 1882 the legislative assembly now meets on the second Monday January, following each biennial election.

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