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close of each term the Judges shall file with the Secretary of State.ro written statements of the decisions made at that term.

SEC. 8. The circuit court shall be held twice, at least, in each year, in each county organized for judicial purposes, by one of the Justices of the Supreide Court, at times to be appointed by law; and at such other times as may be ppointed by the Judges, severally, in pursuance of law.

SEC. 9. All judicial power, authority and jurisdiction not vested by this Constitution, or by laws consistent therewith, exclusively in some other court. shall belong to the circuit courts; and they shall have appellate jurisdictions and supervisory control over the county courts, and all other inferior courts. officers and tribunals.

SEC. 10. When the white population of the State shall amount to (* hundred thousand, the Legislative Assembly may provide for the election Supreme and Circuit Judges in distinct classes, one of which classes shall consist of three Justices of the Supreme Court, who shall not perform circui. duty, and the other class shall consist of the necessary number of circuit judges, wlio shall hold full terms without allotment, and who shall take the same oath as the Supreme Judges. 17

SEC. 11. There shall be elected in each county, for the term of foor years, a county judge, who shall hold the county court at times to be 1820lated by law.

SEC. 12. The county court shall have the jurisdiction pertaining to probtii courts, and boards of county commissioners, and such other powers :und dutie. and such civil jurisdiction not exceeding the amount of value of fire hundredi dollars, and such criminal jurisdiction not extending to death or imprisot ment in the penitentiary as may be prescribed by law. But the Legislativt Issembly may provide for the election of two commissioners to sit with county judge whilst transacting county business in any or all the counties, ir may provide a separate board for transacting such business.

SEC. 13. The county judge may grant preliminary injunctions and sut other writs as the Legislative Assenibly may authorize to grant, returnalde to the circuit court, or otherwise, as may be provided by law; and may be! and decide questions arising upon habeas corpus; provided, such decision he ilgainst the authority or proceedings of il court or judge of equal or bigto jurisdiction.

SEC. 14. The counties having less than ten thousand white inhabitants shall be reimbursed wholly or in part, for the salary and expenses of the county court, by fees, percentage, and other equitable taxation of the business done in said court, and in the office of the county clerk.

SEC. 15. I county clerk shall be electeil in each county, for the term e! two years, who shall keep all the public records. books and papers of the county, record conveyances, and perform the duties of clerk of the rinus and county courts, and such other duties as may be prescribed by law; tu! whenever the number of voters in any county shall exceed twelve humrel. the Legislative Assembly may authorize the election of one person as clerk of the, circuit court. one person as the clerk of the county coart. and ! person recorder of conveyances.

SEC. 16. A sheriff shall be elected in each county for the term of 113 years, who shall be the ministerial officer of the circuit and cowty courte and shall perform such other duties as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 17. There shall be elected by districts comprised of one or mor counties, a sufficient number of prosecuting attorneys, who shall bethe las otficers of the State, and of the counties within their respective distets, all shall perform such duties pertaining to the administration of law angener. police, as the Legislative Assembly may direct.

SEC. 18. The Legislative Assembly shall so provide that the mos once tent of the permanent citizens of the county shall be chosen for juri; ab! out of the whole number in attendance at the court. seven shall bebos" by lot as grand jurors, five of whom must concur to find an indictme to

17 See Note No. 16.

erson shall be charged in any circuit court with the commission of any crime r misdemeanor defined or made punishable by any of the laws of this State, (cept upon indictment found by a grand jury; provided, however, that any istrict attorney may tile au amended indictment whenever an indictment is by a ruling of the court, been held to be defective in form.18

SEC. 19. Publie officers shall not be impeached; but incompetency, coription, malfeasance or delinquency in office may be tried in the same manner i criminal offenses, and judgment may be given of dismissal from office, and Ich further punishment as may have been prescribed by law.

SEC. 20. The Governor may remove from office a Judge of the Supreme surt, or prosecuting attorney, upon a joint resolution of the Legislative Asmbly, in which two-thirds of the members elected to each house shall conr, for incompetency, corruption, malfea sance, or delinquency in office, or ber sufficient cause stated in such resolution.

SEC: 21. Every Judge of the Supreme Court, before entering upon the ties of his office, shall take, subscribe, and transmit to. the Secretary of ite, the following oath : "1,

do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support Constitution of the United States, and the Constitution of the State of egon, and that I will faithfully and impartially discharge the duties of a rige of the Supreme and Circuit Courts of said State, according to the it of my ability, and that I will not accept any other office, except judicial ces during the term for which I have been elected."

ARTICLE VIII.

EDUCATIONAL AND SCHOOL LANDS. SECTION 1. The Governor shall be Superintendent of Public Instruction, I his powers and duties in that capacity shall be such as may be preibed by law; but after the term of five years from the adoption of this istitution, it shall be competent for the Legislative Assembly to provide law for the election of a Superintendent, to provide for his compensation, | prescribe his powers and duties.

SEC. 2. The proceeds of all the lands which have been or hereafter may granted to this State, for educational purposes (excepting the lands herevre granted to aid in the establishment of a university), all the money's | clear proceeds of all property which may accrue to the State by escheit forfeiture; all moneys which may be paid as exemption from military y: the proceeds of all gifts, devises and bequests, made by any person the State for common school purposes; the proceeds of all property gramteel the State when the purposes of such grant shall not be stateil; all the ceeds of the five hundred thousand acres of land to which the State is itled by the provisions of an Act of Congress, entitled “An Act to ipproite the proceeds of the sales of the public lands, and to grant pre-emption its, approved the 4th of September, 1841," and also the five per centum of

net proceeds of the sales of the public lands, to which this State shall ome entitled on her admission into the l'nion (if Congress shall consent such appropriation of the two grants last mentioned) shall be set part à separate and irreducible fund, to be called the Common School Fund.

interest of which, together with all other revenues derived from the school 1 mentioned in this section, shall be exclusively applied to the support

maintenance of common schools in each school district, and the purchase muitable libraries and apparatus therefor.

Sec. 3. "The Legislative Assembly shall provide by law for the estab ment of a uniform and general system of common schools.

SEC. 4. Provision shall be made by law for the distribution of the income the common school fund among the several counties of the State, in protion to the number of children resident therein between the ages of four

twenty years. 1 Amendment proposed by initiative petition filed January 30, 1908, ratified on e 1, 1908, and declared in force on June 23, 1908.

SEC. ū. The Governor, Secretary of State, and State Treasurer shall colistitute it board of commissioners for the sale of school and university landa. and for the investment of the funds arising therefroin, and their powers itid duties shall be such as may be prescribed by law; provided, that no part of the university funds, or of the interest arising therefrom, shall be expendel until the period of ten years from the adoption of this ('onstitution, unless the same shall be otherwise disposed of by the consent of Congress for common school purposes.

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ARTICLE IX.

FINANCE.

SECTION 1. The Legislative Assembly shall provide by law for uniformid equal rate of assessment and taxation, and shall prescribe such regulatious is shall secure i just valuation for taxation of all property, both real and jer. sonal, excepting such only for municipal, educational, literary, scientifie, fe ligious, or charitable purposes as may be specially exempted by law.

SEC. la. No poll or head tax shall be levied or collected in Oregon. The Legislative Assembly shall not declare an emergency in any :ct regulating tasation or exemption.19

SEC. lb. All ships and vessels of fifty tons or more capacity engaged in either passenger or freight coasting or foreign trade, whose hone ports ! registration are in the State of Oregon, shall be and are hereby exemptel from all taxes of every kind whatsoever, excepting taxes for State purposes until the first day of January, 1935.20

SEC. 2. The Legislative Assembly shall provide for raising revenue suti cient to defray the expenses of the State for each fiscal year, and also a setti (ient sum to pay the interest on the State debt, if there be any.

SEC. 3. No tax shall be levied except in pursuance of law, and every las imposing it tax shall state distinctly the object of the same, to which ofii it shall be applied.

SEC. 4. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in pursuance ( appropriations made by law.

SEC. 5. An accurate statement of the receipts and expenditures of ile public money shall be published with the laws of each regular session of te Legislative Assembly.

SEC. 6. Whenever the expenses of iny fiscal year shall exceed the inconi. the Legislative Assembly shall provide for levying a tax for the ensuing fix year, sufficient, with other sources of income, to pay the deficiency, as w. ils the estimated expense of the ensuing fiscal year.

SEC. 7. Laws making appropriations for the salaries of public officers an other current expenses of the State. shall contain provisions upon no other subject.

SEC. S. All stationery required for the use of the Stilte shall be furnislife' by the lowest responsible bidder, under such regulations as may be prensile by law, But no State officer or member of the Legislative Assembly shallu interested in any bid or contract for furnishing such stationery.

19 Section 1a, is a new section: it was originally proposed by initiative petition like? June 23, 1910, ratified on November 8, 1910, and declared effective on Dhexente. 1910. The original section was amended by initiative petition filed February Mi. 19: ratified November 5, 1912, and declared effective on November 29, 1912. The text 2 the original section is as follows:

$ la. No poll or head tax shall be levied or collected in Oregon; no bill reguli ing taxation or exemption throughout the State shall become a law until approved the people of the State at a regular general election: none of the restrictions of the Constitution shall apply to measures approved by the people declaring what stali ir subject to taxation or exemption and how it shall be taxed or exempted whether pro posed by the Legislative Assembly or by initiative petition; but the people or it. several counties are hereby empowered and authorized to regulate taxation and FTemptions within their several counties, subject to any general law which may be the after enacted.

2. Section 1b is a new section; it was proposed by the legislative asserat! * 1915, ratified on November 7, 1916, and declared effective on December 1916

ARTICLE X.

MILITIA.

SECTION 1. The militia of this state shall consist of all able-bodied male itizens between the ages of eighteen and forty-fire, except such persons as ow are orbereafter may be exempted by the laws of the United States r of this State.

SEC. 2. Persons whose religious tenets or conscientious scruples forbid sem to bear arms, shall not be conipelled to do so in time of peace, but all pay al equivalent for personal service.

SEC. 3. The Governor shall appoint the Adjutiint-General and the other niet officers of the general staff, and his own staff; and all officers of the die shall be elected by the persons subject to military duty in their respective istricts.

SEC. 1. The majors-general, brigadiers-general, colonels, or commandants regiments, battalions, or squadrons, shall severally appoint their staff officers, ad the Governor shall commission :all officers of the line and staff ranking as ich.

SEC. J. The Legislative Assembly shall fix by law the method of dividg the militia into divisions, brigades, regiments. battalions and companies, id make all other needful rules and regulations in such manner is they may

om expedient, not incompatible with the Constitution or laws of the United ates, or of the Constitution of this state, and shall fix the lauk of all att officers.

ARTICLE XI. CORPORATIONS AND INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS. SECTION 1. The Legislative Assembly shall not have the power to establishi incorporate any bank or banking company, or moneyed institution whatever; ir shall any bank, company or institutiou exist in the State with the privive of making, issuing or putting into circulation any bill, check, certificate, omissory note or other paper, or the paper of any bauk, company or person «irculate as money.

SEC. 2. Corporations may be formed under general laws, but shall not · created by the Legislative Assembly by special laws. The Legislative isembly shall not enact, amend or repeal y charter or act of incorporain for any municipality, city or town. The legal voters of every city and wn are hereby granted power to enact and amend their municipal charter, bject to the Constitution and criminal laws of the State of Oregon, and the clusive power to license, regulate, control or to suppress or prohibit, the le of intoxicating liquors therein is vested in such municipality : but such unicipality shall within its limits be subject to the provisions of the local ition law of the State of Oregon.21

SEC. 2:1. The Legislative Assembly, or the people by the initiative, may aet a general law providing a method whereby an incorporated city or town

municipal corporation may surrender its charter and be merged into an joining cify or town, provided a majority of the electors of each of the corporated cities or towns er municipal Corporatious affected in uthorize the rrender or merger, as the case may be. 22

$. 3. The stockhollers of all corporations and joint stock companies shall

21 Section 2 has been amended twice; the first amendment was proposed by initia* petition filed on February 3, 1906, ratified on June 4, 1906, and declared adopted

June 25, 1906; the present amendment was proposed by initiative petition filed June , 1910, ratified on November 8, 1910, and declared effective on December 3, 1910. le text of the amendment of 1906 is as follows:

Corporations may be formed under general laws, but shall not be created by e legislative assembly by special laws. The legislative assembly shall not enact. end, or repeal any charter or act of incorporation for any municipality, city or

The legal voters of every city and town are hereby granted power to enact id amend their municipal charter, subject to the constitution and criminal laws of e state of Oregon.

* Section 2a is a new section; it was proposed by the legislative assembly of 1913, tified at the election of November 3, 1914, and declared effective on December 3, 1914.

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be liable for the indebtedness of said corporation to the amount of their stok subscribed and unpaid and no more, excepting that the stockholders of corporations or joint stock companies conducting the business of banking ball be individually liable equally and ratably and not one for another, for the benefit of the depositors of said bank, to the amount of their stock, at the par value thereof, in addition to the par value of such shares. 23

SEC. 1. No person's property shall be taken by any corporation, unler uithority of law, without compensation being first made or secured in such manner as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 5. Acts of the Legislative Assembly incorporating towns and cities shall restrict their powers of taxation, borrowing money, contracting debts und loading their credit.

SEC. 6. The State shall not subscribe to or be interested in the stock of any company, association or corporation.

SEC. 7. The Legislative Assembly shall not lend the credit of the State nor in any manner create any debt or liabilities which shall singly or in the ilggregate with previous debts or liabilities exceed the sum of fifty thousut dollars, except in case of war or to repel invasion or suppress insurrection of to build and maintain permanent roads; and the Legislative Assembly shall not lend the credit of the State nor in any manner create any debt or liabilities to build and maintain permanent roads which shall singly or in the acute gate with previous debts or liabilities incurred for that purpose exceed to per cent of the assessed valuation of all the property in the State; and every contract of indebtedness entered into or assumed by or on behalf of the State in violation of the provisions of this section shall be void and of no effect,

SEC. S. The State shall never assume thë debts of my county, town it other corporation whatever, unless such debts shall have been created" repel invasion, suppress insurrection or defend the State in war.

SEC. 9. Yo county, city, town or other municipal corporation, by o vode of its citizens or otherwise. shall become a stockholder in any joint stort company, corporation or association whaterer, or raise money for, or 10:11 ils (redit to, or in aid of, any such company, corporation, or association.

SEC, 10. Yo county shall create any debts or liabilities which shall sinh or in the ilggregate with previous debts or liabilities exceed the sum of fi thousand dollars, except to suppress insurrection or repel invasion or to hai: and maintain permanent roads within the county; and debts for pernia keit roads shall be incurred only on approval of a majority of those voting on line question, and shall not either singly or in the aggregate with previous der and liabilities incurred for that purpose exceed two per cent of the is! Vauation of all the property in the county. 25

SEC. 11. Unless specifically authorized by it majority of the legal voler voting upon the question, neither the State nor any county, municipality, dix trict or body to which the power to levy a tax shall have been delegated sli! in any year so exercise that power as to raise a greater amount of revenu for purposes other than the pyment of bonded indebtedness or interpst ikerr than the total amount levied by it in the year immediately preceding for pl poses other than the payment of bonded indebtedness or interest thereon pirn six per centum thereof; provided, whenever any new county, municipality o* other taxing district shall be created and shall include in whole or in jari

23 Amendment proposed by the legislative assembly of 1911, ratified on November 5, 1912, and declared effective on November 29, 1912.

24 Amendment proposed by initiative petition filed July 2, 1912, ratified on Noveber 5, 1912, and declared effective on November 29, 1912.

23 Section 10 has been amended twice; the first amendment was proposer is initiative petition filed July 7, 1910, ratified on November 8, 1910, and declared this ive on December 3, 1910; the second amendment was proposed by initiative petit filed July 2, 1912. ratified on November 5, 1912, and declared effective on November 29, 1912. The text of the amendment of 1910 is as follows:

§ 10. No county shall create any debts or liabilities which shall singly or in 1 aggregate exceed the sum of five thousand dollars, except to suppress insurrecting the repel invasion, or to build permanent roads within the county, but debts for perman ont roads shall be incurred only on approval of a majority of those roting or question.

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