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district of the United States, under the laws thereof, may be brought into this State; and such slaves and their descendants may be held as slaves within this State, and shall not be emancipated without the consent of their owners.

And if a majority of such votes shall be given against slavery, then the foregoing section shall not, but the following section shall be added to the bill of rights, and shall be a part of this Constitution :

"Section There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the State, otherwise than as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shali have been duly convicted."

And if a majority of all the votes given for and against free negroes shall be given against free negroes, then the following section shall be added to the bill of rights and shall be a part of this Constitution :

“Section No free negro or mulatto, not residing in this State at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall come, reside, or be within this $tate, or hold any real estate, or make any contracts, or maintain ang suit therein; and the Legislative Assembly shall provide by penal laws for the removal by public officers of all such negroes and mulattoes, and for their effectual exclusion from the State, and for the punishment of persons who shall bring them into the State, or employ or harbor them."

Sec. 5. Until an enumeration of the white inhabitants of the State shani' be made, and the Senators and Representatives apportioned as directeil in the Constitution, the county of Marion shall have two Senators and four Repre sentatives; Linn, two Senators and four Representatives; Lane, two Senator and three Representatives; Clackamas and Wasco, one Senator, jointly, amit Clackanias three Representatives, and Wasco one Representative: Yambil. one Senator and two Representatives; Polk, one senator and two Representa tives; Benton, one Senator and two Representatives; Multnomah, one Sensar and two Representatives: Washington, Columbia, Clatsop and Tillamook. 01.30 Senator jointly; and Washington, one Representative, and Washington and Columbia, one Representative jointly, and Oatsop and Tillamook, one Repre sentative jointly : Douglas, one Senator and two Representatives; Jackson, Senator and three Representatives: Josephine, one Senator and one Representa tive; I'mpqua, Coos and Curry, one Senator jointly, and Umpqua, one Repre sentative, and Coos and Curry, one Representative jointly.

SEC. 6. If this Constitution shall be ratified, an election shall be held . the first Monday in June, 1858, for the election of members of the Legisstive Assembly, a Representative in Congress, and State and counts officers: and the Legislative Assembly shall convene it the capital on the first po! dlay of July, 1858, and proceed to elect two Senators in ('ongress, and nath such further provision as may be necessary to the complete organization of a State government.

SEC. 7. All laws in force in the Territory of Oregon when this Coastiti tion takes effect, and consistent therewith, shall continue in force mutil iiltera! or repealed.

SEC. 8. All officers of the Territory of Oregon, or under its laws, wie this Constitution takes effect, shall continue in office until smerseded by th: State authorities.

SEC. 9. Crimes and misdemeanor's committed against the Territory of On gon shall be punished by the State as they might have been punished by the Territory if the change of government had not been made.

SEC. 10. All property and rights of the Territory and of the several counties subdivisions and political bodies, corporate of or in the Territory, including fines, perties, forfeitures, debts, and claims of whatsoever nature, and reet nizances, obligations, and undertakings to or for the use of the Territory, or any county, political corporation, office or otherwise, to or for the public, shall nur to the State, or remain to the county, local division, corporation, offier, er public, as if the change of government had not been made; and private rights shall not be affected by such change.

SEC. 11. Until otherwise provided by law, the judicial districts of the Stift shall be constituted as follows: The counties of Jackson, Josephine and Douglas

hall constitute the First District. The counties of Umpqua, Coos and Curry, ane and Benton shall constitute the Second District. The counties of Limm, larion, Polk, Yamhill and Washington shall constitute the Third District. The ounties of Clackamas, Multnomah, Wasco, Columbia, Clatsop and Tillamook ball constitute the Fourth District; and the county of Tillamook shall be ttached to the county of Clatsop, for judicial purposes.

Done in convention at Salem, the eighteenth day of September, in the ear of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, and of the indeendence of the United States the eighty-second.

M. P. DEADY, President. CHESTER N. TERRY, Secretary.


PREAMBLE. We, the people of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, and humbly in soking His guidance, do ordain and establish this Constitution.


DECLARATION OF RIGHTS. That the general, great and essential principles of liberis and free sur ernment may be recognized and unalterably established, we decture thai

SECTION 1. All men are born equally free and independent, and 2 certain inherent and indefeasible rights, among which are those of enjorised

and protecting price

erty and reputation, and of pursuing their own happiness.

SEC. 2. All power is inherent in the people, and all free gorerden: are founded on their authority and instituted for their peace, safety and happiness, For the advancement of these ends they have at all times inalienable and indefeasible right to alter, reform or abolish their gown ment in such manner as they may think proper.

SEC. 3. All men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship mighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences; no man an right be compelled to attend, erect or support iny place of worship, or anainta in any ministry, against his consent; no human authority can, in aise whntever, coilt rol or interfere with the rights of conscience and no pre trence shall ever be given by law to any religious establishments or da of worship.

SEC. . No person who acknowledges the being of a God, and a fun state of rewards and punishments shall, on account of his religious ments, be disqualified to hold any office or place of trust or profit under Commonwealth.

SEC. 5. Elections shall be free and equal; and no power, civil or in tary, shall at any time interfere to prevent the free exercise of the right suffrage.

SEC. 6. Trial by jury shall be its heretofore, and the right therrur main inviolate.

Sec. 7. The printing press shall be free to every person who may underts to examine the proceedings of the Legislature or any branch of government, all law shall.ever be made to restrain the right thereof. The free communicat of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man, and pity citizen may freely speak, write and print on any subject, being responsible f the abuse of that liberty. No conviction shall be had in any prosecution 1 the publication of papers relating to the oflicial conduct of officers or men ing public capacity, or to any other matter proper for public investigation or inte mation, where the fact that such publication was not maliciously or negligt? made shall be establisherl to the satisfaction of the jury; and in al indietne for libels the jury shall have the right to deterniiye the lar and the fa under the direction of the court, is in other cases.

SEC. 8. The people shall be secure in their persons, houses. 19[en possessions from unreasonable searches and seizures, ind no warrant to ar

* The constitution of Pennsylvania was drafted by a convention which aentei at Harrisburg on Nov. 12, 1872, and adjourned on Nov. 27, to meet in Philadelpes Jan. 7, 1873, where the remainder of the sessions were held. The convention a pleted its work on Nov. 3. 1873, and the constitution was submitted to the voters" December 16, 1873, and was adopted by a vote of 253,744 to 108,594. The consta tion was submitted as a whole and no proposition was submitted separately, and it became effective on Jan. 1, 1874.

is place or to seize any person or things shall issue without describing them shearly as may be, nor without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmaon subscribed to by the affiant.

SEC. 9. lu all criminal prosecutions the accused hath a right to be heard i himself and his counsel, to demand the nature and cause of the accusation ainst him, to meet the witnesses face to face, to have compulsory process for taining witnesses in his favor, and, in prosecutions by indictment or inform:1 ini, a speedy public trial by an impartial jury of the vicina ge; he cannot be mpelled to give evidence against himself, nor can he be deprived of his life, verty or property, umless by the judgment of his peers or the law of the land.

SEC. 10. No person shall, for any indictable offense, be proceeded against iminally by information, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces,

in the militia, when in actual service, in time of war or public danger, or leave of the court for oppression or misdemeanor in office. No person shall, r the same offense, be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall private operty be taken or applied to public use, without authority of law and witht just compensation being first made or secured.

Sec. 11. All courts shall be open; and every man for an injury done lim his lands, goods, person or reputation shall have remedy by due course of w, and right and justice administered without sale, denial or delay. Suits is be brought against the Commonwealth in such manner. in such courts anel such cases its the Legislature may by, law direct.

SEC. 12. No power of suspending laws shall be exercised unless by the gislature or by its :uthority.

SEC. 13. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive tines imposed, r truet punishments inflicted.

SEC. 14. All prisoners shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, unless for pital offenses when the proof is evident or presumption great; and the privge of the writ of babeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in case rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.

SEC. 15. No commission of oyer and terminer or jail detivery small be ilerl.

SEC. 16. The person of a debtor, where there is not strong presumption of tik). shall not be continued in prison after delivering up his estate for the nefit of his creditors in such manner as shall be prescribed by: Jaw.. !:,:

SEC. 17. No ex post facto Jaw, nor any law impairing the obligation of ntracts, or making irrevocable any grout of special privileges or immunities, all be passed.

SEC. 18. No person shall be attainted of treason or felony by the Legisture.

SEC, 19. - No attainder shall work corruption of blood, nor, except during e life of the offender, forfeiture of estate to the Commonwealth. The estate

such persons as shall destroy their own lives shall descend or vest is in ses of natural death, and if any person shall be killed by casnalty there shall · no forfeiture by reason thereof.

SEC. 20. The citizens have a right in it. peaceable manner to assemble gether for their common gooil, aunde to apply to those juvested with the powers

zoterunient for redress of grievances or other proper purposes, by petition, tress or remonstrance.

SEC. 21. The right of the citizens to be:r :rms in defense of themselves id the State shaul not be questionell.

SEC. 22. No standing army shall, in time of peace, be kept up without the onsent of the Legislature, and the military shall in all cases and at 911 times

in strict subordination to the civil power.

SEC. 23. Yo Soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any house ithout the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a manner to be rescribed by law.

SEC. 24. The Legislature shall not grant any title of nobility or hereditary istinction, nor create any office the appointment to which shall be for :1 longer rm than during good behavior.

SEC. 25. Emigration from the State shall not be prohibited.

Sec. 26. To guard against transgressions of the high powers which we have delegated. we declare that everything in this article is excepted out the general powers of government and shall forever mun inviolate.



SECTION 1. The legislative power of this Commonwealth shall be vesten a General Assembly which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Represents tives.

SEC. 2. Members of the General Assembly shall be chosen at the genere election every second year. Their term of service shall begin on the first ise of Derember next after their election. Whenever : vaca ner shall otur either House, the presiding officer thereof shall issue il writ of election to such vacancy for the remainder of the term.

SEC. 3. Senators shall be elected for the term of four years and Reprve tatives for the term of two years.

SEC. 4. The General Assembly shall meet at twelve o'clock, noon, op first Tuesday: of January every second year, and at other times when conte by the Governor, but shall hold no adjourned annual session after the year thousand eight hundred and seventy-eight. In case of a vacancy in the of United States Senator from this Commonwealth.'in a recess between the Governor shall convene the two Houses, by proclamation on notier exceeding sixty days, to fill the same. 1

Sec, 5. Senators shall be at least twenty-five years of age and Repre tatives twenty-one years of age. They shall have been citizens and inhabi of the State four years, and inhabitants of their respective districts one next before their election (unless absent on the publir business of the I'l States or of this State), and shall reside in their respective districts duas their terms of service.

SEC. 6. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for a he shall have been elected, be appointed to any civil office under this (' wealth, and no member of Congréss, or other person, holding any office (el of attorney-at-law or in the militia) under the United States, or this Comit wealth, shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office.

SEC. 7. No person hereafter convicted of embetulement of die Ho bribery, perjury or other infamous crime, shall be eligible to the Geurt Issembly, or capable of holding any office of trust or profit in this Compa wealth.

SEC. 8. The members of the General Assembly shall receive sueb sals and mileage for regular and special sessions as shall be fixed by law, an! other compensation whatever, whether for service upon committee or others So member of either House shall during the term for whieh he may have been elected, receive any increase of salary, or mileage, under any lan passed dan such term.

Sec. 9. The Senate shall at the beginning and close of each regalar sean and at such other times as may be necessary, elect one of its members Prple dent pro tempore, who shall perform the duties of the Lieutenant Gover in any case of absence or disability of that officer, and whenever the said of Lieutenant Governor shall be vacant. The House of Representatives " elect one of its members as Speaker. Each House shall choose its other offers and shall judge of the election and qualifications of its members.

SEC. 10. A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum, but i så number may adjourn from day to day and compel the attendance of slewe members.

SEC. 11. Each House shall have power to determine the rules of its : ceedings and punish its members or other persons for contempt or disende behavior in its presence, to enforce obedience to its process, to protect its in bers against violence or offers of bribes or private solicitation, and withi *

1 Invalidated by Article XVII of the Amendments to the Federal Constitution

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