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nenrrence of two-thirds,. to expel a member, but not a second time for the me cause, and shall have all other powers necessary for the Legislature of free State. A member expelled for corruption shall not thereafter be eligible either House, and punishment for contempt or disorderly behavior shall not r an indictment for the same offense.

SEC, 12. Each House: shall keep a journal of its proceedings and from de to time publish the same, except such parts as require' secrecy, and the is and nays of the members on any question shall, at the desire of any two them, be entered on the journal.

SEC. 13. The sessions of each House and of committees of the whole shall open, unless when the business is such as ought to be kept secret.

SEC. 14. Neither House shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn · more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two uses shall be sitting.

SEC. 15. The members of the General Assembly shall in all cases, except a son, felony, violation of their oath of office, and breach or surety of the ce. be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the sessions of ir respective Houses and in going to and returning from the same; and for · speech or debate in either blouse they shall not be questioned in any other

се. .

SEC. 16. The State shall be divided into fifty senatorial districts of comt and contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as may be, and each crict shall be entitled to elect one Senator. Each county containing one or le ratios of population shall be entitled to one Senator for each ratio, and to additional Senator for a surplus of population exceeding three-fifths of it 10,' but no county shall form a separate district unless it'shill contain fouras of a ratio, except where the adjoining counties are each entitled to one more Senators, when such county may be assigned a Senator on less than r-fifths and exceeding one-half of it ratio; and no county shall be divided ass entitled to two or more Senators. No city or county shall be entitled to urate representation exceeding one-sixth of the whole number of Senators. ward, borough or township shall be divided in the formation of a district. · senatorial ratio shall be ascertained by dividing the whole population of State by the namber of fifty. SEC. 17. The members of the House of Representatives shall be apporel-anjong the several counties, on a ratio obtained by dividing the populatiei the State as ascertained by the most recent United States census by two dred. Every county containing less than five ratios shall have one represenve for every full ratio, and an additional representative when the surplus eds half a ratio ; but each county shall have at least one representative. Every ity containing five ratios or more shall have one representative for every full 0. Every city containing il population equal to a ratio shall elect separately proportion of the representatives allotted to the county in which it is located. ry city entitled to more than four representatives, and every county having · one hundred thousand" inhabitants“shrt le divided into districts of-Comp Merkat

contiguous territory, each district to elect its proportion of representatives, ording to its population, but no district shall ele«t more than four represenves. SEC. 18. The General Assembly at its first session after the adoption of

Constitution, and immediately after each United States decennial census. Il apportion the State into senatorial and representative districts agreeably he provisions of the two next preceding sections.



SECTION 1. No law shall be passed except by bill, and no bill shall be so red or amended, on its passage through either House, as to change its cinal purpose.

SEC. 2. No bill shall be considered unless referred to il committee, returned refrom, and printed for the use of the members.


SEC. 3. No bill, except general appropriation bills, shall be passel 174 taining more than one subject, which shall be clearly expressed in its title.

SEC. 1. Every bill shall be read at length on three different days in House: all amendments made thereto shall be printed for the use of the list. bers before the tinal rote is taken on the bill, and no bill shall become a law, less on its final passage the vote be taken by yeas and nays, the names of it persons voting for and against the same be entered on the journal, and a mano ity of the members elected to each House be recorded thereon as voting in fillor.

SEC, .. No :unendment to bills by one Ilouse shall be concurred in by the other, except by the vote of a majority of the members elected thereto, tais by yeas and nays, and the names of those voting for and against recorded the journal thereof; and reports of committees of conference shall be adde in either House only by the vote of a majority of the members elected thert taken by yeas :und nays, and the names of those voting recorded up journals.

SEC. 6. No law shall be revived, amended, or the provisions thereof tendeil or conferred, by reference to its title only, but so much thereof as revived, amended, extend or conferred shall be re-enacted and published length.

SEC. 7. The General Assembly shall not pass any local or special lay
Juthorizing the creation, extension or impairing of liens:

Regulating the affair's of counties, cities, townships, warıls, horoughs school districts:

Changing the names of persons or places:
Changing the remie in civil or criminal cases :

Authorizing the laying out, opening, altering or maintaining, roads. bid way's, streets or alleys :

Relating to ferries or bridges, or incorporating ferry or bridge come except for the erection of bridges. (rossing streams which form bound between this and my other State :

Vacating roads, town plats, streets or alleys:
Relating to cemeteries, yraveyards or public grounds not of the State:
Authorizing the :doption or legitimation of children :
Locating or changing county seats. erecting new counties

or ches county lines:

Incorporating cities, towns or villages, or changing their charters:

For the opening and conducting of elections, or fixing or «hiinging the of voting :

Granting divorces:

Erecting new townships or boronghs, changing township lines, barve limits or school districts:

(reating offices, or prescribing the powers and duties of officers in couuti cities, boronghs, townships, election or school districts:

(hanging the law of descent or succession :

Regulating the practice or jurisdiction of, or changing the rules of erle ini, amy judicial proceeding or inquiry, before courts, aldermen, justies of peace, sheriffs, commissioners, arbitrators, auditors, masters in Chanit other tribunals, or providing or changing methods for the collection of der or the enforcing of judginents, or prescribing the effect of judicial s'ex real estate:

Regulating the fees or extending the powers and duties of aldermen. Ju of the peace, magistrates or constables:

Regulating the management of public schools, the building or reati of school houses, and the raising of money for such purposes:

Fixing the rate of interest :

Affecting the estates of minors or persons under disability, ereppu : 0 une notice to all parties in interest, to be recited in the special enactment:

Remitting fines, penalties and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legalls in into the treasury:

Exempting property from t:xation:

Regulating labor, trade, mining or manufacturing:

Creating corporations, or amending, renewing or extending the charters 'reof:

Granting to any corporation, association or individual any special or exclue privilege or immunity, or to any corporation, association or individual the ht to lay down a railroad track:

Sor shall the General Assembly indirectly enact such special or local law the partial repeal of a general law; but laws repealing local or special acts y be passed :

Nor shall any law be passed granting powers or privileges in inny case ere the granting of sựich powers and privileges shall have been provided for general law, nor where the courts have jurisdiction to grant the same or e the relief asked for.

SEC. 8. No local or special bill shall be passed unless notice of the inteni to apply therefor shall have been published in the locality where the matter be thing to be a ffected may be situated, which notice shall be at leirst thirty s prior to the introduction into the General Assembly of such bill and in the mer to be provided by law; the evidence of such notice having been pubed shall be exhibited in the General Assembly before such act shall be sed.

SEC. 9. The presiding officer of each House shall, in the presence of the ise over which he presides, sign all bills and joint resolutions passeil by the eral Assembly, after their titles have been publicly read immediately before ring; and the filet of signing shall be entered on the journal. SEC. 10. The General Assembly shall prescribe by law the member, duties compensation of the officers and employees of each House, and no payment

be made from the State Treasury, or be iu any way authorizeil, to any on, except to an acting officer or employee elected or appointed in pursuance

SEC. 11. Xo bill shall be passed giving any extra compensation to iny lie officer, servant, employee, agent or contractor, after services shall have I rendered or contract made, nor providing for the payment of my claim inst the Commonwealth without previous authority of law. SEC. 12. All stationery, printing paper :md fuel used in the legislative

other departments of government shall be furnished, and the printing, ling and distributing of the laws, journals, department reports, and all other tiug and binding, and the repairing and furnishing the halls und rooms used the meetings of the General Assenibly and its committees, shad} be perTeil under contract to be given to the lowest responsible bidder Velow such imum price and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by law; no iber or officer of dy department of the government shall be in any will rested in such contracts, and all. such contracts shall be subject to the oval of the Governor, Auditor General and State Treasurer. ; SEC. 13. No law shall extend the terin of any public officer, or increase ininislı his salary or emoluments, after his election or appointment. SEC. 14. All bids for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Repreittives, but the Senate may propose amendments as in other bills. SEC. 15. The general appropriation bill shall embrace Jothing but approtions for the ordinary expenses of the executive, legislative and judicial artments of the Commonwealth, interest on the public (leht und for public mols: all other appropriations shall be made by separate bills, each erbracbut one subject. NEC. 16. No money shall be paid out of the treasury, except upon approtions made by law, and on wirrant drawn by the proper officer in poursurance eof. SEC. 17. No ippropriation shall be made to enly charitable or educational itution not under the absolute control of the Commonwealth, other thill! mal schools established by law for the professional training of teachers for public schools of the State, except by il vote of two-thirds of :ull the mem

elected to each House. SEC. 18. No appropriations, except for pensions or gratuities for military

services, shall be made for charitable, educational or benerolent purus. any person or community, nor to any denominational or sectarian instituti ile corporation or association.

SEC. 19. The General Assembly may make appropriations of money li stitutions wherein the widows of soldiers are supported or assisted, or orphans of soldiers are maintained and educated; but sueh-appropriation be applied exclusively to the support of such widows and orphans.

SEC. 20. The General Assembly shall not delegate to any special cum sion, private corporation or association, any power to make, supervise or tre fere with any municipal improrement, money, property or effects, when held in trust or otherwise, or to levy taxes or perform any municipal funi whatever.

SEC, 21. The General Assembly may enact laws requiring the payment employers, or employers and employees jointly, of reasonable compensation injuries to employees arising in the course of their employment, and for 06 tional diseases of eniployees, whether or not such injuries or diseases result death, and regardless of fault of employer or employee, and fixing the la of ascertainment of such compensation and the maximum and minimum i thereof, and providing special or general remedies for the collection there but in no other cases shall the General Assembly limit the amount to be the ered for injuries resulting in death, or for injuries to persons or property, in case of death from such injuries, the right of action shall survive, ant General Assembly shall prescribe for whose benefit such actions shall be cuted. No act shall prescribe any limitations of time within which suits be brought ilgainst corporations for injuries to persons or property, or for causes, different from those fixed' by general laws' regulating wetions natural persons, and such acts now existing are avoided.2

SEC. 22. No act of the General Assembly shall authorize the investu! trust funds by executors, administrators. gua rdians or other trustees in bonds or stock of any private corporation, and such acts now existio: il voided, siiving investments heretofore made.

SEC. 23. The power to change the venue in civil and criminal case be vested in the courts, to be exercised in such manner as shall be paint hy law.

SEC. 24. No obligation or liability of any railroad or other cop held or owned by the ('oumonwealth. sbält' ever* be exchanged. transhi remitted, postponed or in any way diminished by the General Assembly, shall such liability or obligation be releaserl, except by payment thereof inis State Treasury.

SEC. 25. When the General Assembly shall be convened in special there shall be no legislation upon subjects other than those designated in proclamation of the Governor calling such session..

SEC. 26. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concurrence of Houses may be necessary, except on the question of adjournment, shall be sented-to the Governor. and before it shall take effect. be approved by bin. being disapproved, shall be repassed by two-thirds of both Houses, acondi the rules and limitations prescribed in case of a bill.

SEC. 27. No State office shall be continued or created for the inspevti measuring of any merchandise, manufacture or commodity, but any or municipality may appoint such officers when authorized by law.

SEC. 28. Yo law changing the location of the capital of the State star Valid until the sume shall have been submitted to the qualifierl electes the ('ommonwealth at a general election, and ratified and approved by theta.

SEC. 29. A member of the General Assembly who shall solicit, demont receive, or consent to receive, directly or indirectly, for himself or for at or from any company, corporation or person, any money, office, appiatt. employment, testimonial, reward, thing of value or enjoyment, or of pe advantage, or promise thereof, for his vote or official influence or for with

9 Amendment proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1913, re-adopted by legislature of 1915, and ratified on Nov. 2, 1915,

the same, or with an understanding, expressed or implied, that his vote fficial action shall be in any way influenced thereby, or who shall solicit or and any such money or other advantage, matter or thing aforesaid for anr. as the consideration of his vote or official influence, or for withholding same, or shall give or withhold his vote or intluence in consideration of the uent or promise of such money, advantage, matter or thing, to another, shall -d guilty of bribery within the meaning of this Constitution, and shall incur lisabilities provided thereby for said offense, and such additional punishment

or shall be provided by law. SEC. 30. Any person who shall, directly or indirectly, offer, give or promise, inoney, or thing of value, testimonial, privilege, or personal advantage, to executive or judicial officer, or member of the General Assembly, to influ

him in the performance of any of his public or official duties, shall be y of bribery, and be punished in such manner as shall be provided by law. Sec. 31. The offense of corrupt solicitation of members of the General mbly or of public officers of the State or of any municipal division thereof, any occupation or practice of solicitation of such members or officers to ence their official action, shall be defined by law, and shall be punished ne and imprisonment. SEC. 32. Any person may be compelled to testify in any lawful investigaor judicial proceeding against any person who may be charged with having nitted the offense of bribery or corrupt solicitation, or practices of solicit:

and shall not be permitted to withhold his testimony upon the ground that 78 criminate himself or subject him to public infamy: but such testimony

not afterwards be used against him in any judicial proceeding, except erjury in giving such testimony, and any person convicted of either of the ses aforesaid shall, as part of the punishment therefor, be disqualified from ng any office or position of honor, trust or profit in this Commonwealth. SEC. 33. A member who has a personal or private interest in any measure Il proposed or pending before the General Assembly shall disclose the to the House of which he is a member, and shall not vote thereon.


THE EXECUTIVE. SECTION 1. The Executive Department of this Commonwealth shall consist Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the Commonwealth, Attorney ral, Auditor General, State Treasurer. Secretary of Internal Affairs and it rintendent of Public Instruction. SEC. 2. The supreme executive power shall be vested in the Governor, who take care that the laws be faithfully executed; he shall be chosen on the of the general election, by the qualified electors of the Commonwealth, at laces where they shall vote for Representatives. The returns of every elecfor Governor shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of government, led to the President of the Senate, who shall open and publish them in the nce of the members of both Houses of the General Assembly. The person g the highest number of votes shall be Governor, but if two or more jual and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen Governor by the vote of the members of both Houses. Contested elections shall be deteri by a committee, to be selected from both Houses of the General Assembly, formed and regulated in such manner as shall be directed by law. EC. 3. The Governor shall hold his office during four years from the

Tuesday of January next ensuing his election, and shall not be eligible P office for the next succeeding term. BEC. 1. A Lieutenant Governor shall be chosen at the same time. in the

manner, for the same term, and subject to the same provisions, as the rnor; he shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote unless he equally divided. SEC. 5. Yo person shall be eligible to the office of Governor or Lieutenant rnor except il citizen of the United States, who shall have attained the f thirty years, and have been seven year's next preceding his election :

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