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services, shall be made for charitable, educational or benevolent purposes. any person or community, nor to any denominational or sectarian institu corporation or association.

SEC. 19. The General Assembly may make appropriations of money to stitutions wherein the widows of soldiers are supported or assisted, or orphans of soldiers are maintained and educated; but such appropriation Sza be applied exclusively to the support of such widows and orphans.

SEC. 20. The General Assembly shall not delegate to any special coac sion, private corporation or association, any power to make, supervise or E fere with any municipal improvement, money, property or effects, when held in trust or otherwise, or to levy taxes or perform any municipal functi whatever.

SEC. 21. The General Assembly may enact laws requiring the payment employers, or employers and employees jointly, of reasonable compensation injuries to employees arising in the course of their employment, and for ou tional diseases of employees, whether or not such injuries or diseases result death, and regardless of fault of employer or employee, and fixing the ba of ascertainment of such compensation and the maximum and minimum thereof, and providing special or general remedies for the collection there but in no other cases shall the General Assembly limit the amount to be re ered for injuries resulting in death, or for injuries to persons or property. in case of death from such injuries, the right of action shall survive, and General Assembly shall prescribe for whose benefit such actions shall be cuted. No act shall prescribe any limitations of time within which suits be brought against corporations for injuries to persons or property, or for causes, different from those fixed by general laws regulating actions ar natural persons, and such acts now existing are avoided.2

SEC. 22. No act of the General Assembly shall authorize the investme trust funds by executors, administrators, guardians or other trustees, i bonds or stock of any private corporation, and such acts now existing avoided, saving investments heretofore made.

SEC. 23. The power to change the venue in civil and criminal cases be vested in the courts, to be exercised in such manner as shall be provi by law.

SEC. 24. No obligation or liability of any railroad or other corper held or owned by the Commonwealth, shall ever be exchanged,” transfer remitted, postponed or in any way diminished by the General Assembly shall such liability or obligation be released, except by payment thereof int State Treasury.

SEC. 25. When the General Assembly shall be convened in special sess there shall be no legislation upon subjects other than those designated in proclamation of the Governor calling such session..

SEC. 26. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concurrence of Houses may be necessary, except on the question of adjournment, shall be sented to the Governor, and before it shall take effect be approved by his being disapproved, shall be repassed by two-thirds of both Houses, accordi the rules and limitations prescribed in case of a bill.

SEC. 27. No State office shall be continued or created for the inspecti measuring of any merchandise, manufacture or commodity, but any es or municipality may appoint such officers when authorized by law.

SEC. 28. No law gin the location of the capital of the State st valid until the same shall have been submitted to the qualified electes 4 the Commonwealth at a general election, and ratified and approved by the

SEC. 29. A member of the General Assembly who shall solicit, demant receive, or consent to receive, directly or indirectly, for himself or for at or from any company, corporation or person, any money, office, appoint” e employment, testimonial, reward, thing of value or enjoyment, or of per advantage, or promise thereof, for his vote or official influence or for with

2 Amendment proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1913, re-adopted by " legislature of 1915, and ratified on Nov. 2, 1915.

the same, or with an understanding, expressed or implied, that his vote fficial action shall be in any way influenced thereby, or who shall solicit or and any such money or other advantage, matter or thing aforesaid for anr. as the consideration of his vote or official influence, or for withholding same, or shall give or withhold his vote or influence in consideration of the ment or promise of such money, advantage, matter or thing, to another, shall eid guilty of bribery within the meaning of this Constitution, and shall incur lisabilities provided thereby for said offense, and such additional punishment or shall be provided by law.

SEC. 30. Any person who shall, directly or indirectly, offer, give or promise, money, or thing of value, testimonial, privilege, or personal advantage, to executive or judicial officer, or member of the General Assembly, to influhim in the performance of any of his public or official duties, shall be y of bribery, and be punished in such manner as shall be provided by law. SEC. 31. The offense of corrupt solicitation of members of the General mbly or of public officers of the State or of any municipal division thereof, any occupation or practice of solicitation of such members or officers to ence their official action, shall be defined by law, and shall be punished ne and imprisonment.

SEC. 32. Any person may be compelled to testify in any lawful investigaor judicial proceeding against any person who may be charged with having nitted the offense of bribery or corrupt solicitation, or practices of solicitaand shall not be permitted to withhold his testimony upon the ground that ay criminate himself or subject him to public infamy; but such testimony not afterwards be used against him in any judicial proceeding, except erjury in giving such testimony, and any person convicted of either of the ses aforesaid shall, as part of the punishment therefor, be disqualified from ng any office or position of honor, trust or profit in this Commonwealth. SEC. 33. A member who has a personal or private interest in any measure Il proposed or pending before the General Assembly shall disclose the to the House of which he is a member, and shall not vote thereon.



SECTION 1. The Executive Department of this Commonwealth shall consist Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the Commonwealth, Attorney ral. Auditor General, State Treasurer. Secretary of Internal Affairs and a rintendent of Public Instruction.

SEC. 2. The supreme executive power shall be vested in the Governor, who take care that the laws be faithfully executed; he shall be chosen on the of the general election, by the qualified electors of the Commonwealth, at laces where they shall vote for Representatives. The returns of every elecfor Governor shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of government, ed to the President of the Senate, who shall open and publish them in the nce of the members of both Houses of the General Assembly. The person g the highest number of votes shall be Governor, but if two or more qual and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen Governor by the vote of the members of both Houses. Contested elections shall be deter1 by a committee, to be selected from both Houses of the General Assembly, Formed and regulated in such manner as shall be directed by law. SEC. 3. The Governor shall hold his office during four years from the Tuesday of January next ensuing his election, and shall not be eligible e office for the next succeeding term.

SEC. 4. A Lieutenant Governor shall be chosen at the same time, in the manner, for the same term, and subject to the same provisions, as the rnor; he shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote unless be equally divided.

SEC. 5. No person shall be eligible to the office of Governor or Lieutenant rnor except a citizen of the United States, who shall have attained the of thirty years, and have been seven years next preceding his election an

inhabitant of the State, unless he shall have been absent on the public busines of the United States or of this State.

SEC. 6. No member of Congress or person holding any office under United States or this State shall exercise the office of Governor or Lieutenant Governor.

SEC. 7. The Governor shall be commander-in-chief of the army and of the Commonwealth, and of the militia, except when they shall be called inte the actual service of the United States.

SEC. 8. He shall nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the thirds of all the members of the Senate. appoint a Secretary of the Comun wealth and an Attorney General during pleasure, a Superintendent of Pe Instruction for four years, and such other officers of the Commonwealth as is or may be authorized by the Constitution or by law to appoint; he shall 14 power to fill all vacancies that may happen; in offices to which he may appl during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expir at the end of their next session; he shall have power to fill any vacancy th may happen, during the recess of the Senate, in the office of Auditor Gener State Treasurer. Secretary of Internal Affairs or Superintendent of Pa Instruction, in a judicial office, or in any other elective office which he is may be authorized to fill; if the vacancy shall happen during the session the Senate, the Governor shall nominate to the Senate, before their final journment, a proper person to fill said vacancy; but in any such case vacancy, in an elective office, a person shall be chosen to said office on the election day appropriate to such office according to the provisions of this stitution, unless the vacancy shall happen within two calendar months in diately preceding such election day, in which case the election for said shall be held on the second succeeding election day appropriate to such (n In acting on executive nominations the Senate shall sit with open doors, 200 in confirming or rejecting the nominations of the Governor, the vote sha taken by yeas and nays and shall be entered on the journal.3

SEC. 9. He shall have power to remit fines and forfeitures, to grant prieves, commutations of sentence and pardons, except in cases of impeachne but no pardon shall be granted, nor senteuce commuted, except upon the net mendation in writing of the Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the Com wealth, Attorney General and Secretary of Internal Affairs, or any thre them, after full hearing, upon due public notice and in open session, and recommendation, with the reasons therefor at length, shall be recorded and in the office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth.

SEC. 10. He may require information in writing from the officers of Executive Department, upon any subject relating to the duties of their res tive offices.

SEC. 11. He shall, from time to time, give to the General Assembly if mation of the state of the Commonwealth, and recommend to their consider: such measures as he may judge expedient.

SEC. 12. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the Genera! sembly, and in case of disagreement between the two Houses with respet the time of adjournment, adjourn them to such time as he shall think not exceeding four months. He shall have power to convene the Senate in extr dinary session by proclamation for the transaction of executive business.

SEC. 13. In case of the 'death,' conviéfion on impeachment, failure qualify, resignation, or other disability of the Governor, the powers, duties emoluments of the office, for the remainder of the term, or until the dis be removed, shall devolve upon the Lieutenant Governor.

SEC. 14. In case of a vacancy in the office of Lieutenant Governor, or w* the Lieutenant Governor shall be impeached by the House of Representative or shall be unable to exercise the duties of his office, the powers, duties emoluments thereof for the remainder of the term. or until the disabilit

3 Amendment proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1907, re-adopted by legislature of 1909, and ratified on Nov. 2, 1909. There is a conflict between section and section 25 of Article V as to filling vacancies in courts of record.

ved, shall devolve upon the President pro tempore of the Senate; and resident pro tempore of the Senate shall in like manner become Governor vacancy or disability shall occur in the office of Governor; his seat as or shall become vacant whenever he shall become Governor, and shall be by election as any other vacancy in the Senate.

EC. 15. Every bill which shall have passed both Houses shall be presented Governor; if he approve he shall sign it, but if he shall not approve he return it with his objections to the House in which it shall have originated,

House shall enter the objections at large upon their journal, and proto reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of all the memlected to that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent with the ions to the other House by which likewise it shall be reconsidered, and if ved by two-thirds of all the members elected to that House it shall be a but in such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas ays, and the names of the members voting for and against the bill shall be d on the journals of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be ed by the Governor within ten days after it shall have been presented to he same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Assembly, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it be a law, unless he shall file the same with his objections, in the office of cretary of the Commonwealth, and give notice thereof by public proclamaithin thirty days after such adjournment.

c. 16. The Governor shall have power to disapprove of any item or of any bill, making appropriations of money, embracing distinct items, e part or parts of the bill approved shall be the law, and the item or of appropriation disapproved shall be void, unless repassed according to les and limitations prescribed for the passage of other bills over the tive veto.

c. 17. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall preside upon trial
contested election of Governor or Lieutenant Governor and shall deride
ons regarding the admissibility of evidence, and shall, upon request of the
ttee, pronounce his opinion upon other questions of law involved in the
The Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall exercise the duties of
espective offices until their successors shall be duly qualified.
c. 18. The Secretary of the Commonwealth shall keep a record of all
acts and proceedings of the Governor, and when required lay the same.
11 papers, minutes and vouchers relating thereto, before either branch
General Assembly, and perform such other duties as may be enjoined
im by law.

c. 19. The Secretary of Internal Affairs shall exercise all the powers
rform all the duties of the Surveyor General, subject to such changes
1 be made by law. His department shall embrace a bureau of industrial
es, and he shall discharge such duties relating to corporations, to the
ble institutions, the agricultural, manufacturing, mining, mineral, timber
her material or business interests of the State as may be prescribed by
He shall annually, and at such other times as may be required by law.
eport to the General Assembly.

c. 20.
The Superintendent of Public Instruction shall exercise all the
and perform all the duties of the Superintendent of Common Schools.
to such changes as shall be made by law.

21. The terms of the Secretary of Internal Affairs, the Auditor Genid the State Treasurer shall each be four years; and they shall be choseu qualified electors of the State at general elections; but a State Treasurer,

in the year one thousand nine hundred and nine, shall serve for three and his successors shall be elected at the general election in the year one ad nine hundred and twelve, and in every fourth year thereafter. No elected to the office of Auditor General or State Treasurer shall be of holding the same office for two consecutive terms,4

mendment proposed and adopted by the legislature of 1907, re-adopted by the re of 1909, and ratified on Nov. 2, 1909.

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SEC. 22. The present Great Seal of Pennsylvania shall be the seal of the State. All commissions shall be in the name and by authority of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and be sealed with the State seal and signed by the Governor.



SECTION 1. The judicial power of this Commonwealth shall be vested in a Supreme Court, in courts of common pleas, courts of oyer and terminer and general jail delivery, courts of quarter sessions of the peace, orphans' courts. magistrates' courts, and in such other courts as the General Assembly may from time to time, establish.

SEC. 2. The Supreme Court shall consist of seven judges, who shall be elected by the qualified electors of the State at large. They shall hold, their offices for the term of twenty-one years, if they so long behave themselves well. but shall not be again eligible. The judge whose commission shall first expire shall be chief justice, and thereafter each judge whose commission shall first expire shall in turn be chief justice.

SEC. 3. The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court shall extend over the State. and the judges thereof shall, by virtue of their offices, be justices of oyer and terminer and general jail delivery in the several counities; they shall have orig inal jurisdiction in cases of injunction where a corporation is a party defendant, of habeas corpus, of mandamus to courts of inferior jurisdiction, and of que warranto as to all officers of the Commonwealth whose jurisdiction extends over the State, but shall not exercise any other original jurisdiction; they shall have appellate jurisdiction by appeal, certiorari or writ of error in all cases, as is now or may hereafter be provided by law.

SEC. 4. Until otherwise directed by law, the courts of common pleas shal continue as at present established, except as herein changed; not more than four counties shall, at any time, be included in one judicial district organized for said courts.

SEC. 5. Whenever a county shall contain forty thousand inhabitants it shall constitute a separate judicial district. and shall elect one judge learned in the law; and the General Assembly shall provide for additional judges, as the business of the said districts may require. Counties containing a population less than is sufficient to constitute separate districts shall be formed into convenient single districts, or, if necessary, may be attached to contiguous districts as the General Assembly may provide. The office of associate judge, not learned in the law, is abolished in counties forming separate districts: but the several associate judges in office when this Constitution shall be adopted shall serve for their unexpired terms.

SEC. 6. In the county of Philadelphia all the jurisdiction and powers how vested in the district courts and courts of common pleas, subject to such changes as may be made by this Constitution or by law, shall be in Philadelphiz vested in five distinct and separate courts of equal and co-ordinate jurisic tion, composed of three judges each. The said courts in Philadelphia shall be designated respectively as the court of common pleas number one, number two. number three, number four, and number five, but the number of said courts may be by law increased, from time to time, and shall be in like manner desig nated by successive numbers. The number of judges in any of said courts, or in any county where the establishment of an additional court may be author ized by law, may be increased, from time to time, and whenever such increase shall amount in the whole to three, such three judges shall compose a distinct and separate court as aforesaid, which shall be numbered as aforesaid. In Philadelphia all suits shall be instituted in the said courts of common pleas without designating the number of the said court, and the several courts shall distribute and apportion the business among them in such manner as shall be provided by rules of court, and each court, to which any suit shall be thus as signed, shall have exclusive jurisdiction thereof, subject to change of venue, as shall be provided by law.

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