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the office which he is elected to fill, and until his successor is elected and alified.

SEC. 7. In elections by the general assembly in grand committee the perI receiving a majori of the votes shall be elected. Every person elected

the general assembly to fill a vacancy, or pursuant to section 3 of this ticle, shall hold his office for the remainder of the term or for the full 'm, as the case may be, and until his successor is elected and qualified.

SEC. 8. A quorum of the grand committee shall consist of a majority of the members of the senate and a majority of all the members of the house representatives duly assembled pursuant to an invitation from one of said lies which has been accepted by the other, and the acceptance of which ; been communicated by message to the body in which such invitation ginated, and each house shall be attended by its secretaries and clerks. act or business of any kind shall be done in grand committee other than t which is distinctly specified in the invitation by virtue of which such nd committee is assembled, except to take a recess or to dissolve: Proed, that the grand committee may appoint a sub-committee of its own mbers to count any ballots delivered to it and report the result of such nt.

SEC. 9. The governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, attorneyeral, general treasurer, and senators, and representatives in the generat imbly in office when this amendment goes into effect shall continue to hold r offices, with the powers and duties and subject to the limitations prebed therein for like officers, until the first Tuesday in January, A. D. 1902, until their successors are elected and qualifier. Vacancies in their numfrom any cause shall be filled in the manner which is prescribed by law the time of their occurrence. All officers who by the provisions of this ndment are continued in office beyond the stated time for which they were ted or appointed shall receive a pro rata compensation for their increased I of service, based upon the compensation provided for in this amendment y law. SEC. 10. The first election of officers named in the next preceding section or this amendment shall be held upon the Tuesday next after the first day in November, A. D. 1901. The town, ward, and district meetings efor shall be warned and conducted, and the result thereof determined, enticated, and declared, in the manner at that time prescribed by law, the persons then elected shall hold their offices from the said first Tuesday anuary. A. D. 1902, and thereafter until their successors are elected and ified. SEC. 11. The general assembly shall provide by law for the registration ssary to qualify persons to vote at said first election, which registration I close on the last day of June, A. D. 1901, and after the adoption of this ndment no person of whom registration is or may be required by law

be permitted to vote unless his name shall have been registered in the

or city where he resides on or before the last day of June next preceding time of his voting. For all elections by the people held before said Tuesnext after the first Monday in November, 1. D. 1901, the qualifications of electors shall be such as were required by the constitution and laws existat the time of the adoption of this amendment. SEC. 12. This amendment shall take, in the constitution of the state, the

of sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 of article VIII, “Of elections;'' of section 11 of article IV, “Of the legislative power;" and of article III, le amendment to the constitution; which said article and sections, and all · provisions of the constitution inconsistent herewith, are hereby annulleri.

ARTICLE XII. SECTION 1. The supreme court shall have final revisory and appellate diction upon all questions of law and equity. It shall have power to

prerogative writs, and shall also have such other jurisdiction as may,

time to time, be prescribed by law. A majority of its judges shall

always be necessary to constitute a quorum. The inferior courts shall bare such jurisdiction as may, from time to time, be prescribed by law.

SEC. 2. The judges of the supreme court shall give their written opinia upon any question of law whenever requested by the governor or by eith house of the general assembly.

SEC. 3. Sections 1 and 2 of this amendment shall take, in the case tution of the state, the place of sections 2 and 3 of article X, entitle] the judicial power," which sections are hereby annulled.

SEC. 4. Section 3 of article XIV of the constitution of the state, entre “Of the adoption of this constitution," is hereby annulled.

Sec. 5. The general assembly shall provide by law for carrying amendment into effect, and until such provision shall be made, the site court, as organized at the time of the adoption of this amendment, shall tinue to have and exercise the same powers and jurisdiction which it Na then have under such organization.27

ARTICLE XIII. SECTION 1. The house of representatives shall never exceed one butin members, and shall be constituted on the basis of population, always allon one representative for a fraction exceeding half the ratio; but each town 9 city shall always be entitled to at least one member; and no town ord shall have more than one-fourth of the whole number of members. The eral assembly may, after any new census taken by the authority of the l'e States or this state, reapportion the representation in conformity with foregoing provisions. As soon as this amendment goes into effect, the 4 assembly shall divide each town and city into as many districts as it is tled to representatives, and after each census, or as occasion may require general assembly may so divide each town and city, and one represents shall be elected from each district by the qualified electors thereof. districts shall be as nearly equal in population and as compact in terris as possible.

SEC. 2. This amendment shall take, in the constitution of the state. place of section 1 of article V, “Of the house of representatives," which section and all other provisions of the constitution inconsistent herewith hereby annulled.28

ARTICLE XIV. SECTION 1. The lieutenant-governor shall preside in the senate ai grand committee. The presiding officer of the Senate and grand con shall have a right to vote in case of equal division, but not otherwise.

SEC. 2. If, by reason of death, resignation, absence, or other aus lieutenant-governor is not present, to preside in the senate, the serate elect one of their own members to preside during such absence or ta and until such election is made by the senate, the secretary of State preside. The presiding officer of the senate shall preside in grand com). and in joint assembly.

SEC. 3. This amendment shall take, in the constitution of the state place of sections 2 and 3 of article VI, “Of the senate," which said and all other provisions of the constitution inconsistent herewith are better annulled.29

ARTICLE XV. SECTION 1. Every bill, resolution, or vote (except such as relate tu journment, the organization or conduct of either or both houses of tbe 3 eral assembly, and resolutions proposing amendment to the constitutionis

27 Proposed and adopted by the general assembly of 1902, re-adopted by the 3 eral assembly of 1903, and ratified on November 3. 1903.

2Proposed and adopted by the general assembly of 1908, re-adopted by the eral assembly of 1909, and ratified on November 2, 1909,

* Proposed and adopted by the general assembly of 1908, re-adopted hy the eral assembly of 1909, and ratified on November 2, 1909.

all have passed both houses of the general assembly shall be presented to e governor. If he approve it he shall sign it, and thereupon it shall become erative: but if he does not approve it he shall return it, accompanied by s objections in writing, to the house in which it originated, which shall ter his objections in full upon its journal and proceed to reconsider it. If, ter such reconsideration, three-fifths of the members present and voting in it house shall vote to pass the measure, it shall be sent, with the objections, the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved three-tifths of the members present and voting in that house, it shall become rative in the same manner as if tbe governor had approved it, but in such es the votes of both houses shall be determined by ayes and nays and the nes of the members voting for and aguinst the measure shall be entered in the journal of each house, respectively. If the measure shall not be urned by the governor within six days (Sundays excepted) after it shall 'p been presented to him, the same shall become operative unless the gen1 assembly, by adjournment, prevents its return, in which case it shall omne operative unless transmitted by the governor to the secretary of state, h his disapproval in writing, within ten days after such adjournment. 30

ARTICLE XVI. SECTION 1. The governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, attorneyeral, general treasurer, and senators and representatives in the general 'mbly. shall be elected at town, ward and district meetings on the Tuesday t after the first Monday in November, biennially, commencing A. D. 1912.

shall severally hold their offices for two years from the first Tuesday of uary next succeeding their election and until their successors il re elected qualified. SEC. 2. This amendment shall take, in the constitution of the state, the e of Section 2 of article XI of articles of amendment to the constitution, h said section, and all other provisions of the constitution inconsistent with, tre bereby innulled.31

ARTICLE XVII. SECTION 1. The general assembly may authorize the acquiring or taking pe by the state, or by any cities or towns, of more land and property than eedeal for iactual construction in the establishing, laying out, widening. nding or relocating of public highways, streets, places, parks or parkways: ided, however, that the additional land and property so authorized to be ireel or taken shall be no more in extent than would be sufficient to form ble building sites abutting on such public highway, street, place, park lrkway. After so much of the land and property has been appropriated such public bighway, street, place, park or parkway as is needed therefor, remainder may be hell and improved for any public purpose or purposes, Bay be sold or leased for value with or without suitable restrictions, and ise of any such sale or lease the person or persons from whom such reher was taken shall have the first right to purchase or lease the same

such terms as the state or city or town is willing to sell or lease the

+ Proposed and adopted by the general assembly of 1908, re-idopted by the genis.mbly of 1909, and ratified on November 2, 1909. · Proposed and adopted by the general assembly of 1910, re-adopted by the gen

ssembly of 1911, and ratified on November 7, 1911. : Proposed and adopted by the general assembly of 1914, re-adopted by the gen**@nibly of 1915, and ratified on November 7, 1916.


The State of South Carolina : At a convention of the People of the ♡ of South Carolina, begun and holden at Columbia, on the Tenth day of tember, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-tre und thence continued by divers adjournments to the Fourth day of Decem in the year of our Lord one thousand eight bundred and ninety-fire.

PREAMBLE. We, the People of the State of South Carolina, in Convention and grateful to God for our liberties, do ordain and establish this ('onstituting the preservation and perpetuation of the same.


DECLARATION OF RIGHTS. SECTION 1. All political power is vested in and derived from the pre only, therefore they have the right at all times to modify their form of ernment.

SEC. 2. Representation in the House of Representatives shall be tioned according to population.

Sec. 3. The General Assembly ought frequently to itssemble for the dress of grievances and for making new law's, as the common giro require.

SEC. 1. The General Assembly shall make no law respecting an * lishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridgire freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peace assemble and to petition the Government or any department thereof; redress of grievances.

SEC. 5. The privileges and immunities of citizens of this State the United States under this Constitution shall not be abridged. por any person be deprived of life, liberty or property without due prowess of nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws.

SEC. 6. All property subject to taxation shall be taxed in proport its value.

SEC. 7. No tax, subsidy, charge, impost tax or duties shall be lished, fixed, laid or levied, under any pretext whatsoever, without the no of the people or their representatives lawfully assembleul.

SEC. 8. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, law impairing the tion of contracts, nor law granting any title of nobility or bereclitary ment, shall be passed, and no conviction shall work corruption of holen i forfeiture of estate.

SEC, 9. The right of suffrage, ils regulated in this ('onstitution, protected by law regulating elections and prohibiting, under adequate peut ill umdue influences from power, bribery, tumult or improper conduct.

SEC. 10. Il elections shall be free and open, and every inbabitant it State possessing the qualifications provided for in this constitution bali an equal right to elect officers and be elected to fill public office.

SEC. 11. No property qualifications, unless prescribed in this conditri shall be necessary for illl election to or the bokling of any office. shall be elected or appointed to office in this State for life or during behavior, but the terms of all officers shall be for some specified periu. Notaries Public and officers in the militia. After the adoption of this

* The constitution of South Carolina was framed by a convention which is at Columbia on September 10 and adjourned on December 4, 1895. was not submitted to the electors for ratification, but was promulgated by the vention and declared in force from and after December 31, 1895.

ution any person who shall fight a duel or send or accept a challenge for t purpose, or be an aider or abetter in fighting a duel, shall be deprived bolding any office of honor or trust in this State, and shall be otherwise ished as the law shall prescribe. SEC. 12. Temporary absence from the State shall not forfeit a residence 2 obtained. Sec. 13. The power of suspending the laws or the execution of the laws I only be exercised by the General Assembly or by its authority in parlar cases expressly provided for by it. SEX. 11. In the government of this State the legislative, executive and cial powers of the Government shall be forever separate and distinct from 1 other, and no person or persons exercising the functions of one of said irtments shall assume or discharge the duties of any other. SEC. 15. All Courts shall be public, and every person shall have speedy dy therein for wrongs sustained. SEC. 16. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, irs and effects ilgainst unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be ited, and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by

or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and person or thing to be seized. SEC. 17. No person shall be held to answer for any crime where the shment exceeds à tine of one hundred dollars or imprisonment for thirty , with or without hard labor, unless on a presentment or indictment of und jury of the County where the crime shall have been committed, except ises arising in the land or naval forces or in the militia when in actual ce in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject he same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or liberty, nor shall ompelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself. Private rty shall not be taken for private use without the consent of the owner, or public uses without just compensation being first made therefor. SEC. 18. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right spleedy and public trial by an impartial jury; and to be fully informed le nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the wits against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in avor, and to be fully heard in his defense by himself or by his counsel : both. SEC. 19. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, ruel and unusual punishments inflicted, nor shall witnesses be unreason

detained. Corporal punishment shall not be inflicted. The power to b for contempt shall not in any case extend to imprisonment in the State entiary. SEC. 20. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient ies, except for capital offenses when the proof is evident or the presumpgreat. SEC. 21. In all indictments or prosecutions for libel, the truth of the

libel may be given in evidence, and the jury shall be the judges of the ind the facts. EC, 22.

Treason against the State shall consist alone in levying war giving aid :und comfort to enemies against the State. No person shall d guilty of treason, except upon testimony of at least two witnesses to a me overt act, or upon confession in open Court. SEC. 23. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended s when, in case of insurrection, rebellion or invasion, the public safety require it. EC. 24. No person shall be imprisoned for debt except in cases of fraud. EL'. 25. The right of trial by jury shall be preserved inviolate. GEL. 26. A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be in

As in times of peace armies are dangerous to liberty, they shall e maintained without the consent of the General Assembly. The military r of the State shall always be held in subordination to the civil authority

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