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SEC, 2. All impeachments shall be tried by the Senate, and when sitting • that purpose they shall be under oath or affirmation. No person shall be

rieted except by il vote of two-thirds of all the members elected. When . Governor is impeached, the hief Justice of the Supreme Court, or if be disqualitied. the Senior Justice shall preside, with il casting vote in all iminary questions. SEC. 3. The Governor and all other executive and judicial officers shall liable to impeachment; but judgment in such cases shall not extend further in remotal from office. The persons convicted shall, nevertheless, be liable indictment, trial and punishment according to law.

SEC. 1. For any wilful neglect of duty, or other reasonable cause, which ill not be sufficient ground of impeachment, the Governor shall remove any «'utive or judicial officer on the address of two-thirds of each house of the teral Assembly: Provided, That the cause or causes for which said removal y be required shall be stated at length in such addressand entered on

Journals of each house : And provided, further, That the officer intended be removed shall be notified of such cause or causes, and shall be admitted a bearing in his own defense, or by his counsel, or by both, before any e for such address; and in all cases the vote shall be taken by yeas and is, and be entereil on the Journals of each house respectively.

ARTICLE XVI. AMENDMENTS AND REVISION OF THE CONSTITUTION. SECTION 1. Sny amendment or amendments to this Constitution may be posed in the Senate or House of Representatives. If the same be agreed by two-thirds of the members elected to each house such amendment or nements shall be entered on the Journals respectively, with the yeas and s taken thereon; and the same shall be submitted to the qualified electors the State at the next general election thereafter for Representatives; and i majority of the electors qualified to vote for members of the General enibly, roting thereon, shall vote in favor of such amendment or amendits, and it majority of each branch of the next General Assembly shall, is such an election and before another, ratify the same amendment or niments, by yeas and nays, the same shall become part of the Constion : Provided, That such amendment or amendments shall have been read de times, on three several days, in each house. SEC. 2. If two or more amendments shall be submitted at the same time,

shall be submitted in such manner that the electors shall vote for or inst each of such : mendments separately. SEC. 3. Whenever two-thirds of the members elected to each branch of General Issembly shall think it necesary to call a Convention to revise, ind or change this Constitution, they shall recommend to the electors to ? for or against il Convention at the next election for Representatives; if a majority of all the electors voting at said election shall have voted

Convention, the General Assembly shall, at its' next session, provide law for calling the same: and such Convention shall consist of a number members equal to that of the most numerous branch of the General Assembly.

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MISCELLANEOU'S MATTERS. SECTION 1. So person shall be elected or appointed to any office in this te unless be possess the qualifications of an elector : Provided, The proons of this Section shall not apply to the offices of State Librarian and artmental ('lerks, to either of which offices any woman, i resident of the te two years, who has attained the age of twenty-ore years, shall be ible.

SET. 2. The General Assembly may direct hy law, in what manner claims inst the State may be established and aljusted,

SEC. 3. Divorces from the bonds of matrimony shall not be allowed in this State.

SEÇ: 4. No person who denies the existence of it Supreme Being shall hold any office under this Constitution.

SEC. 3. The printing of the laws, journals, bills. legislative documents and papers for each branch of the General Assembly, with the printing required for the Executive and other departments of the State. shall be let on contract in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

SEC. 6. The General Assembly shall provide for the removal of all causes which may be pending when this c'onstitution goes into effect to ('ourts createl by the same.

SEC. 7. No lottery shall ever be allowed, or be indvertised by newspapers or otherwise. or its tickets be sold in this State; and the General Assembly shall provide by law at its next session for the enforcement of this provisiou.

SEC. 8. It shall be unlawful for any person holding in office of honor. trust or profit to engage in Lambling or betting on games of chance: and any such officer, 11900 conviction thereof, shall become thereby disqualified from the further exercise of the functions of bis office, and the office of said prsou shall become vacant, as in the case of resignation or death.

SEC. 9. The real and personal property of a woman held at the time of her marriage, or that which she may thereafter acquire, either by gift, granit. inheritance, devisps or otherwise. shall be her separate property, and she shall have all the rights incident to the same to which an unmarried woman or a man is entitled. She shall have the power to contract and he contrarted with in the sume manner as if she were unmarried.

SEO, 10. All laws now in force in this State and not repugnant to this Constitution shall remain and be enforeed until altered or repealed hy be General Assembly, or shall expire by their own limitations.

SEC. 11. That no inconvenience may arise from the change in the ('oni. tution of this State and in order to carry this constitution into complete Operation, it is hereby declared :

First. That all laws in force in this State, at the time of the adoptiof this Constitution, not inconsistent therewith and constitutional when acted, shall remain in full force until altered or repealed by the Genera Assembly or expire by their own limitations. All ordtuances passed aw ratifie at this Convention shall have the same force and effect as if included in all (ojistituting it part of this Constitution.

Second. All writy, actions, causes of action, proceedings prosecutinas, a's! rights of individuals, of bodies Corporate and of the State. when not in sisteut with the ('onstitutioni, shall continue as valid.

Third. The provisions of all laws which are inconsistent with this for stitution shall (parse upon its illoption, except that all laws which are incesistent with such provisions of this Constitution as require legislation to enforir them shall remain in force until such legislation is had.

Fourth. Al fines, penalties, forfeitures and escobeats aceruing to the State of South Carolina under the Coustitution and laws heretofore in force she accrue to the 11sp of the State of South Carolina under this constitution except as herein otherwise provided.

Fifth. All recognizances, obligations and all other instruments pateral into or executed before the adoption of this Constitution to the State, or it any County, township. (ity or town therein, and all fines, taxes, penalties aud forfeitures due or owing to this State, or to inny ('outy. township, als or town therein, we all writs, prosecutions, actions and proceedings, exit ils herein otherwise provided, shall continue and remain imaffected br the adoption of this c'onstitution. All indictments which shall have been foun or may bereafter be found for any crime or offense committed before the adoption of this (oustitution may be prosecuted as if no (h:unge had been maita except as otherwise provided herein.

Sixth. All officers, State, executive, legislative, judicial, circuit. distrit County, township and mwicipal, who may be in office at the adoption of the ('onstitution, or who may be elected before the election of their S14N

rein provided, shall hold their respective offices until their terms have pired and until their successors are elected or appointed and qualified as ovided in this Constitution, unless sooner removed as may be provided by v; and shall receive the compensation now fixed by the Statute Laws in ree at the adoption of this Constitution.

Seventh. At all elections held for members of the General Assembly in se of a vacancy, or for any other office, State, County or municipal, the alifications of electors shall remain as they were under the Constitution of thteen hundred and sixty-eight until the first day of November, in the year hteen hundred and ninety-six.

Eighth. This Constitution, adopted by the people of South Carolina in nvention assembled, shall be in force and effect from and after the thirtyst day of December, in the year eighteen hundred and ninety-five.

Vinth. The provisions of the Constitution of eighteen hundred and sixtyht and amendments thereto are repealed by this constitution, except when onlained and declared herein.


EMINENT DOMAIN. SECTION 1. The General Assembly shall provide by law, for the condenman, through proper official channels, of all lands necessary for the proper inage of the swamp and low lands of this State, and shall also provide the equitable assessment of all lands so drained, for the purpose of paying expenses of such condemnation and drainage.22 Done in Convention in Columbia on the fourth day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-five.

President of the Convention,

Tice-President of the Convention.


Vice-President of the Conrention. Attest: S. W. VANCE.

* (Article XVIII) is a new article ; "it was proposed by the general assembly of 0, adopted by the lectors on November 6, 1900, and ratified by the general assemof 1901. No article or section number was assigned to this amendment by the lution by which it was proposed; for convenience it has been placed here.



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We, the people of South Dakota, grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious liberties, in order to form a more perfect and independent gosernment, establish justice, insure tranquility, provide for the common defense. promote the general welfare and preserve to ourselves and to our posterity the blessings of liberty, do ordain and establish this. Constitution for the State of South Dakota.


SECTION 1. The name of the state shall be South Dakota.

SEC. 2. The boundaries of the State of South Dakota shall be as follows: Beginning at the point of intersection of the western boundary line of the State of Minnesota, with the northern boundary line of the State of Toxi and running thence northerly along the western boundary line of the Stätt of Minnesota, to its intersection with the 7th standard parallel; thence west on the line of the 7th standard parallel produced due west to its intersectiu with the 27th meridian of longitude west from Washington; thence south on the 27th meridian of longitude west from Washington to its intersectie with the northern boundary line of the State of Nebraska; thence eagerly along the northern boundary line of the State of Nebraska to its intersectio. with the western boundary line of the State of Iowa; thence northerly aloo. the western boundary line of the State of Iowa to its intersection with thir northern 'boundary' line of the State of Iowa ; thenee east along the norther, boundary line of the State of Iowa 'to the place of beginning.


DIVISION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. The powers of the government of the state are divided into three distili departments—the legislative, executive and judicial; amil the powers ap! duties of each are prescribed by this constitution.


LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. SECTION 1. The legislative power of the state shall be vested in a les lature which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives, eloid that the people expressly reserve to themselves the right to propose measin. which measures the legislature shall enact and submit to it rote of the electi of the state, and also the right to require that any laws which the legislaturr may have enacted shall be submitted to a vote of the electors of the stair before going into effect (except such laws as may be necessary for the im diate preservation of the public peace, health or sa fety, support of the stat government and its existing public institutions), Provided, that not more to five per centum of the qualifiedt electors of the state shall be required to iava either the initiative or the referendum.

* The constitution of South Dakota was drafted by a convention which assok at Sioux Falls on July 4, 1889. The following propositions were submitted to : electors on October 1, 1889: The adoption of the constitution as a whole, which ratified by a vote of 70,131 to 3,267; for minority representation, being Article 1 which was rejected by a vote of 24,161 to 46,200 ; for the location of the seat of ernment, being Section 1 of Article XX, which resulted as follows: Pierre, Huron, 15,647: Watertown, 12,012 ; Sioux Falls, 11,888; Mitchell, 7,793; Chatbertus 2,421; scattering, 42; prohibition, being Article XXIV, which was adopted by a of 40,234 to 34,510. The constitution became effective on November 2, 1889, th when the state was admitted to the Union.

ull any person halding, ang office of honor or states, except postmasters

This section shall not be construed so as to deprive the legislature or y member thereof of the right to propose any measure.

The veto power the executive shall not be exercised as to measures referred to a vote of e people. This section shall apply to municipalities. The enacting clause

all laws approveil by vote of the electors of the state shall be: "Be it acted by the people of South Dakota." The legislature shall make suitable ovisions for carrying into effect the provisions of this section.1

SEC. 2. The number of members of the house of representatives shall not less than seventy-tive nor more than one lumdrell and thirty-five. The mber of members of the senate shall not be less than twenty-five nor more un forty-five.

The sessions of the legislature shall be biennial except as otherwise proled in this Constitution,

SEC. 3. No person shall be eligible to the office of senator who is not a alified elertor in the district from which he may be chosen, and a citizen the United States, and who shall not have attained the age of twenty-five irs, and who shall not have been a resident of the state or territory for 0 years next preceding his election.

No person shall be eligible to the office of representative who is not a alified elector in the district from which he may be chosen, and a citizen the United States, and who shall not have been a resident of the state or ritory for two years next preceding his election, and who shall not have ained the age of twenty-five years.

No judge or clerk of any court, secretary of state, attorney general, te's attorney, recorder, sheriff or collector of public moneys, member of her house of congress, or person holding any lucrative office under the ited States, or this state, or any foreign government, shall be a member the legislature: Provided, That appointments in the militia, the offices of ary public and justice of the peace shall not be considered lucrative; nor

under any foreign goviment ose annual compensation does not' exceed the sum of three hundred dollars, d any office in either branch of the legislature or become a member thereof.

SEC. 4. No person who has been, or hereafter shall be, convicted of bery, perjury, or other infamous crime. nor any person who has been, or y be collector or holder of public moneys who shall not have accounted for 1 paid over, according to law, all such moneys due from him, shall be sible to the legislature or to any office in either branch thereof.

SEC. 5. The legislature shall provide by law for the enumeration of the tabitants of the state in the year one thousand eight hundred and ninety

and every ten years thereafter; and at its first regular session, after each imeration and also after each enumeration made by authority of the United ites, but at no other time, the legislature shall apportion the senators and resentatives :lccording to the number of inhabitants, excluding Indians not el and soldiers and officers of the United States army and navy. Proleil, that the legislature may make an apportionment at its first session er the admission of South Dakota as a state. SEC. 6. The terms of the office of the members of the legislature shall two years; they shall receive for their services the sum of fire dollars for h day's attendance during the session of the legislature, and five (ents for ry mile of necessary travel in going to anul returning from the place of eting of the legislature on the most usual route.

Each regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty days, except cases of impeachment, and members of the legislature shall receive no other ť or perquisites except per diem and mileage.?

SEC. 7. The legislature shall meet at the seat of government on the first 1 Amendment proposed by the legislature of 1897 and ratified at the election of vember 8, 1898.

* Amendment proposed by the legislature of 1891 and ratified by the electors on rember 8, 1892. The amendment reduced the mileage of members from "ten" to re" cents.

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