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SEC. 2. Reformatory and Penal institutions, and those for the benenit of the Insane, Blind, Deaf and Dumb, and such other institutions as the publie good may require, shall be established and supported by the State in serta manner, ind under such boards of control as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 3. The Public Institutions of the State are hereby permanently located it the places hereinafter named, each to have the lands specifically granted to it by the United States, in the act of Congress, approved July 16th, 1894, to be disposed of and used in such manner as the Legislature may piron vide:

First :--The Seat of Government and the State Fair at Salt Lake City, and the State Prison in the County of Salt Lake.

wisature Second : -The Institutions for the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind, and the

this Com State Reform School at Ogden City, in the County of Weber.

meral e Third:—The State Insane Asylum at Provo City, in the county of liabi.

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ut its ne ARTICLE XX.

+ation sha PUBLIC LANDS.

utes of the SECTION 1. All lands of the State that have been, or may hereafter bir granted to the State by Congress, and all lands acquired by gifts, grant or calidits devise, from any person or corporation, or that may, otherwise be acquired. the State :l re hereby accepted, and declared to be the public lands of the State; all shall be held in trust for the people, to be disposed of as may be provider! by law, for the respective purposes for which they have been or may be granted, donated, devised or otherwise acquired.

ITIOS 1 ARTICLE XXI.

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Tils, acti SALARIES.

Teluals as SECTION 1. ML State, district. city, county, town and school officers, es

change repting notaries public. boards of arbitration, court commissioners, justi of the peace and constables, shall be paid fixed and definite salaries: Pro Drity of t vided, That city justices may be paid by salary when so determined by the mayor and counsel of such cities.

SEC. 2. The Legislature shall provide by law, the fees which shall lui collected by all officers within the State. Vota ries public, boards of arbitration, court commissioners, justices of the peace, and constables paid by fet shall accept said fees as their full compensation. But all other State, dis trict, county, city, town and school officers, shall be required by law to keep

true and correct account of 11 fees collected by them, and to pay thsame into the proper treasury. iind the officer whose duty it is to collet such fees shall be held responsible under liis bond for the sime.

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ARTICLE XXII.

MISCELLANEOL'S. SECTION 1. The Legislature shall provide by law for the selectivult each head of it family, and exemption of a homestead, which may consist of one or more parcels of lands, together with the appurtenances and improve ments thereon of the value of at least fifteen hundred dollars from sale execution.

SEC. 2. Real and personal estate of every female, acquired before marrixct. and all property to which she may afterwards become entitled by purchas gift, grant, inheritance or devise. shall be and remain the estate and property of such female, and shall not be liable for the debts, obligations or eup ments of her husband, and my be conveved, devised or bequeathed his life iis if she were unmarriedl.

ARTICLE XXIII. SECTION 1. Any amendment or amendments to this constitution and be proposed in either house of the Legislature, and if two-thirds of all the three bers elected to each of the two houses. Si vote in favor thereof. such love

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AMENDMENTS.

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mendments shall be entered on their respective journals ar's taken thereon; and the Legislature shall cause the

in at least one newspaper in every county of the State', is published, for two months immediately preceding the

at which time the said amendment or amendments shall electors of the State, for their approval or rejection, and e electors voting thereon shall approve the same, such dments shall become part of this Constitution. If two

are proposed, they shall be so submitted as to enable on each of them separately. rer two-thirds of the members, elected to each branch of all deem it necessary to call a convention to l'evise or ution, they shall recommend to the electors to vote at the on, for or against a convention, and, if a majority of Il

at such election, shall vote for a convention, the Legislasession, shall provide by law for calling the same. The onsist of not less than the number of members in both egislature. onstitution, or amendments adopted by such Convention, shall il submitted to, and adopted by, a majority of the electors ing at the next general election.

ARTICLE XXIV.

SCHEDULE. in order that no inconvenience may arise, by re:ison of the Territorial to a State Government, it is hereby declared that ns, prosecutions, judgments, claims and contracts, as well of of bodies corporate, both public and private, shall continue its had taken place; and all process which may issue, under the e Territory of Utah, previous to its admission into the Union, id as if issued in the name of the State of Utah. Il laws of the Territory of t'tah now in force, not repugnant itution, shall remain in force until they expire by their own

are altered or repealed by the Legislature. The act of the I Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Utah, entitled “In i polygamy and other kindred offenses," approved February 4th, in so far as the same defines and imposes penalties for polygy declared to be in force in the State of Utah. Any person, who, at the time of the admission of the State into may be confined under lawful commitment, or otherwise lawfully ver for alleged violation of any of the criminal laws of the Territh, shall continue to be so held or confined. mmtil olischargral

the proper courts of the State. Il fines, penalties and forfeitures aceruing to the Territory of the people of the U'nited States in the Territory of Utah, shall imure te, and all debts, liabilities and obligations of said Territory shall be ist the State, and enforced as may be provided by law. . MI recognizances beretofore taken, or which may be taken before e from a Territorial to it. State Government, shall remain salid, anal s to and be prosecuted in the name of the State; ind ul bonds to the Governor of the Territory, or to any other officer or court r their official capacity, or to any official board for the benefit of itory of l'tah, or the people thereof, shall pass to the Governor or hver, court or board, and his or their successors in office for the rein, respectively expressed, and may be sued on, and recovery hall gly. Assessed taxes. iud all revenue, Property, real, personal or and all judgments, bonds, specialties, choses in action, claims and debts. tsoever description; and all records and public archives of the Territory hl, shall issue and vest in the State of l’tah, and may be sued for crovered, in the same manner, and to the same extent by the State

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i ppointments in this Territory by authority of law, shall continue to hold and exercise their respective oflices and appointments, until superseded under the the pravisions of the Act of Congress, providing for the admission of the State of Utah, approved by the President of the United States on July 16th, 1991.

of Utah, as the same could have been by the Territory of l’tab; and all the state of tines, taxes, penalties and forfeitures, due or owing to any county, municipality at the first . or school district therein, at the time the State shall be admitted into the Union, are hereby respectively assigned and transferred, and the same shall be payable to the county, municipality or school district, as the case may set as was be, and payment thereof be enforced under the laws of the State.

al Conventio SEC. 6. All criminal prosecutions, and penal actions, which may have provided

. T arisen, or which may arise before the change from a Territorial to a State one years Government, and which shall then be pending, shall be prosecuted to judgirent election and execution in the name of the State, and in the court having jurisdictions Constite thereof. All offenses committed against the laws of the Territory of Utah

Ts of said before the change from a Territorial to a State Government, and which shall te the same not have been prosecuted before such change, may be prosecuted in the name,

ainst the and by the authority of the State of Utah, with like effect as though“ soch

her require change had not taken place, and all penalties incurred shall remain the store Gate of elec ils if this Constitution had not been adopted.

e and file SEC. 7. All actions, cases, proceedings and matters, pending in the $

hen, of the preme and District Courts of the Territory of Utah, at the time the State the total shall be admitted into the Union, and all files, records and indictments re

Na, 12. T lating thereto, except as otherwise provided herein, shall be appropriately trais ferred to the Supreme and District Courts of the State respectively; al

Treasurer thereafter all such actions, matters and cases, shall be proceeded with in the proper State courts. All actions, cases, proceedings and matters which shall

mt Judges be pending in the District Courts of the Territory of Utah, at the time of

f. 13. I the admission of the State into the Union, whereof the United States Cirtit

tal dation or District Courts might have had jurisdiction had there been a State Goiernment at the time of the commencement thereof respectively, shall be traleferred to the proper United States Circuit and District Courts respectivels: and all files, records, indictments and proceedings relating thereto, shall be transferred to said United States Courts : Provided, That no civil actions. other than causes and proceedings of which the said United States Courts

i Tote of th shall have exclusive jurisdiction, shall be transferred to either of said l'altel States Courts except upon motion or petition by one of the parties- thereti made under and in accordance with the act or acts of the Congress of the l'nited States, and such motion and petition not being made, all such cases shall be proceeded with in the proper State Courts.

SEC. 8. Upon it change from Territorial to State Government, the sea in use by the Supreme Court of the Territory of Utah, until otherwise po vided by law, shall pass to and become the Seal of the Supreme Court of the State, and the several District Courts of the State may adopt seals fw their respective courts, until otherwise provided by law.

SEC. 9. When the State is admitted into the Union, and the District Courts in the respective districts are organized, the books, records, papers proceedings of the probate court in each county, and all causes and matter of administration pending therein, upon the expiration of the term of ofier of the Probate Judge, on the second Monday in January, 1896, shall pas into the jurisdiction and possession of the District Court, which shall prezent to final judgment or decree, order or other determination in the sereral ters and causes.

as the Territorial Probate Court might have done, if this Constitution had not been adopted. And until the expiration of the term office of the Probate Judges, such Probate Judges shall perform the dutin now imposed upon them by the laws of the Territory. The District Court shall have appellate and revisory jurisdiction orer the decisions of the Probate Courts as

now provided by law, until such latter courts expire by limită tion, SEC. 10.

All officers, civil and military, now holding their offices and

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for the adoption or rejection of this Constitution, in provided for, shall be held on the Tuesday next November, 1895, and shall be conducted according ory, and the provisions of the Enabling Act; the shall be canvassed, and returns 'made," in the same for in the election for delegates to the Constitu

ale citizens of the United States, over the age of ce resided in this Territory, for one year next prior eby authorized to vote for or against the adoption I for the State Officers herein provided for. The shall be made to the Utah Commission, who shall nvassed, and shall certify the result of the vote for ion, to the President of the United States, in the

Enabling Act; and said Commission shall issue cerne persons elected to said offices severally, and shall

Secretary of the Territory, an abstract, certified to of votes cast for each person for each of said offices, r of votes cast in each county.

Officers to be voted for at the time of the adoption all be a Governor, Secretary of State, State Auditor, ey-General, Superintendent of Public Instruction, mem

House of Representatives, three Supreme Judges, nine Representative to Congress. of a contest of election between candidates, at the first

this Constitution, for Judges of the District Courts, taken in the manner prescribed by the Territorial laws, taken shall be certified to the Secretary of State, and vith the Governor and the Treasurer of the State, shall nd determine who is entitled to the certificate of election. nstitution shall be submitted for adoption or rejection, fied electors of the proposed Státe, at the general election nesday next after the first Monday in November, A. D. ection the ballot shall be in the following form : tion. Yes. No.

each of said ballots there shall be printed on each ballot tions to Voters : iring to vote for the Constitution must erase the word

ring to vote against this Constitution must erase the word

egislature, at its first session, shall provide for the election se election is not provided for elsewhere in this Constitume for the commencement and duration of their terms. provisions of this Constitution shall be in force from the President of the United States shall issue his proclamation, e of Utah admitted into the Union; and the terms of all the first election under the provisions of this Constitution, the first Monday, next succeeding the issue of said proclamaS of office shall expire when their successors are elected er this Constitution. vention at Salt Lake City, in the Territory of Utah, this y, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and of the Independence of the United States the one hundred

JOHN HENRY SMITH, President.

STENSEN, Secretary.

council of censors met in 1841 and proposed 10 amendments, all of which were
of censors met in 1848 and proposed 15 amendments and a convention asserted

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ART. 4. E

Wat the part

CONSTITUTION OF VERMONI –1793 AND 1913.*

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nice, freely A DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE INHABITANTS OF THE STATE OF TEXX057. rithout any ARTICLE 1. That all men are born equally free and independent, and bare

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.. certain natural, inherent, and unalienable rights, amongst which are the ex sale, inhe joying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting prop uit of the erty, and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety: therefore no male

ART6. person born in this country, or brought from over sea, ought to be bolden br brired from law, to serve any person as a servant, slave, or apprentice, after he arrives atire or exe to the age of twenty-one years, nor female in like manner, after she arrives el may, ito to the age of eighteen years, unless they are bound by their own consent,

ART. 7. after they arrive to such age, or bound by law for the payment of debts exit

, prote damages, fines, costs, or the like.

ART. 2. That private property ought to be subservient to public uses where of men, necessity requires it, nevertheless, whenever any person's property is taken had an iud for the use of the public, the owner ought to receive an equivalent in mones. sternment,

ABT. 3. That all men have a natural and unalienable right to worship wajucive to Almigbty God, according to the dictates of their own consciences and under ART. 8. standings, as in their opinion shall be regulated by the word of God; and the Lat all free no man ought to, or of right can be compelled to attend any religious worsbia went to the or erect or support any place of worship, or maintain any minister, contrante

, agree: to the dictates of his conscience, nor can any man be justly deprived or

ABT. 9. ibridged of any civil right as a citizen, on account of his religious sentiments enjoyme or peculia[r] mode of religious worship; and that no authority can, ribute bis ought to be yested in, or assumed by, any power whatever, that shall in 2 oual se case interfere with, or in any manner control the rights of conscience as person the free exercise of religious worship. Nevertheless, every sector denes ses, witho

* The convention' 'which framed the first constitution of Vermont assembled Windsor on July 2 and adjourned on July 8, 1777, after having composed and mously agreed upon a constitution. for ratification, but was affirmed by the legislature at its sessions of 1779 and 17

This constitution was not submitted to the eart and me The constitution of 1777 4 provided that a council of censors, consisting of thire persons, should be chosen in 1785, and every seven years thereafter to inquire steder the constitution had been preserved inviolate in every part, to see whether the same agencies of government had performed their duties with due vigilance, to amendin amendments to the constitution and to call a constitutional convention. ance with this provision, the first council of censors met in 1785, proposed amendments to the constitution, and called a convention, which assembled at stitution which was affirmed by the legislature of March, 1787. By an act approve the free March 2, 1791, Vermont was admitted to, the Union.

The second council of the met in 1792 and convoked a convention, which assembled at Windsor on July 2: adjourned on July

9, 1793, after having promulgated a constitution. This constituir as established on July 9,"1793, and amended in 1828, *1836, 1850, 1870, 1883 and since its adoption on July 9, 1793 : Chapter 11, known as the Plan or Frame

Chapter I, known as the Bill of Rights, has never been appes ernment, has been amended repeatedly on the dates designated above. fourth council of censors, which met in 1799 and 1806, respectively, declined to rem mend any alterations in the constitution or to summon a convention. of censors, which assembled in 1813, proposed 28 amendments, all of which met in 1820 and recommended five amendments, all of which were rejected rejected by the convention which met on July 7, 1814. The sixth council of proposed three articles of amendment, two or which were rejected and one adorte in 1834 and proposed 20 articles of amendment, el which 12 were ratified rejected on January 14, 1836, by a convention' called by the council. by the convention which met to consider them on January 4, 1843. The eleventh council of censors

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