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for the purpose of securing the regularity and purity of general, local mary elections, and preventing and punishing any corrupt practices in ion therewith; and shall have power in addition to other penalties and nents now or hereafter prescribed by law for such offences, to provide rsons convicted of them shall thereafter, be disqualified from voting or office

37. The General Assembly, may provide for the use, throughout the c in any one or more counties, cities, or towns, in any election, of maor receiving, recording, and counting the votes cast thereat; provided,

secrecy of the yoting be not thereby impaired. 38. After the first day of January, nineteen hundred and four, the r of each county and city shall, at least five months before each regular file with the clerk of the circuit court of his county, or of the, corcourt of his city, a list of all persons in his county or, city, who have t later than six inonths prior to such election, the State poll taxes

by this Constitution during, the three years next preceding that in ich election is held ; which list shall be arranged alphabetically, by magisstricts or wards, shall state the white and colored persons separately, I be verified by the oath of the treasurer, , The clerk, within ten days

receipt of the list, shall make and certify a sufficient number of copies and shall deliver one copy for each voting place in his county or city beritf of the county or sergeant of the city, whose duty it shall be to copy, without delay, at each of the voting places and, within ten days

receipt thereof, to make return on oath to the clerk, as to the places ad dates at which said copies were respectively posted; which return

shall record in a book kept in his office for the purpose; and he shall his office for public inspection, for at least sixty days after receiving not less than ten certified copies thereof, and also cause the list to hed in such other manner as may be prescribed by law; the original ned by the treasurer shall be filed and preserved by the clerk among c records of his office for at least five years after receiving the same. hirty days after the list has been so posted, any person who shall have capitation tax, but whose name is omitted from the certified list, may,

days' written notice to the treasurer, apply to the circuit court of his r corporation court of his city, or to the judge thereof in vacation, to

same corrected and his name entered thereon, which application the judge shall promptly hear and decide. clerk shall, deliver, or cause to be delivered, with the poll þooks, at a e time before every election, to one of the judges of election of each of his county or city, a like certified copy of the list, which shall be e evidence of the facts therein stated for the purpose of voting. The Il also, within sixty days after the filing of the list by the treasurer.

certified copy thereof, with such corrections as may bave been made by he court or judge, to the Auditor of Public Accounts, who shall charge nt of the poll, taxes stated therein to such treasurer unless previously

for. er evidence of the prepayment of the capitation taxes required by titution,, as a prerequisite to the right to register and vote, may be by law.


DIVISION OF POWERS! 39. Except as hereinafter provided, the legislative, executive, and departments shall be separate and distinct, so that neither exercise s properly belonging to either of the others, nor any person exercise of more than one of them at the same time.

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LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. 0. The legislative power of the State shall be vested in which shall consist of a Senate and House of Delegates.

à General

Soose in which it originated, wit

tbe bill can be accomplished Each house shall judge of the election, qualification, and usided by section Fifty. The

Tünd in section Fifty for the disc

SEC. 41. The Senate shall consist of not more than forty and not less the SEC. is. Members of the Gener's thirty-three members, who shall be elected quadrennially by the voters of a felony, or breach of the peace, several senatorial districts, on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday tens of their respective houses; ane November.

all not be questioned in any other SEC. 42. The House of Delegates shall consist of not more than one bo der any civil process, during the dred and not less than ninety members, who shall be elected bi-ennially by ti ifteen days next before the beginni roters of the several house districts, on the Tuesday succeeding the fire Va Sec. 19. Each house shall kee day in November.

te piblished from time to time, and Sec. 43. The apportiomwent of the State into senatorial and house districte tase on any question shall, at the made by the acts of the General Assembly, approved April the second, ninete po on the journal. hundred and two, is hereby adopted; but a re-apportionment may be made SEC. H. Yo law shall be enale the year nineteen' hundred and six, and shall be made in the rear nimeed Aber house. to be approved or rej hundred and twelve, and every tenth year thereafter.

itber, with the concurrence of the SEC. 44. Any person may be elected senator who, at the time of electie No bill shall become a law un is actually a resident of the senatorial district and qualified to vote for me (a) Referred to a committee bers of the General Assembly, and any person may be elected a member of witte in session, and reported; House of Delegates who, at the time of election, is actually a resident de (b)

Printed by the house, in house district and qualified to vote for members of the General Assembly. I berpin ; no person holding if salariend office under the State government, and no ja re)

Reid at length on three of any court, attorney for the Commonwealth, sheriff, sergeant, treasurer, Dess, sessor of taxes, commissioner of the revenue, collector of taxes, or clerk

1 yea and nay vote has iny court, shall be a member of either house of the General Assembly during the names of the members ro his continuance in office, and the election of any such person to either barse a majority of those roting, uof the General Assembly, and his qualification as a member thereof, shall va abers elected to each house, reany such office held by him, and no person holding any office or post of me

And only in the manner requi or emolument under the United States government or who is in the emanendment to a bill by one hou ment of such government, shall be eligible to either house. The remoral ference report be adoptel by eith senator or delegate from the district for which he is elected, shall vacate wittee from the consideration of office.

jcovided, that the printing inndres SEC. 45. The members of the General Assembly shall receive for their rind () of this section, may be di ices a salary to be fixed by law and paid from the public treasury; but the State, and in any case of enne act increasing such salary shall take effect until after the end of the term les voting in each house taken li which the members voting thereon were elected; ud no member duringlers voting for and against entere term for which he shall have been elected, shall be appointel or elected to bill which creates, or establish civil office of profit in the state except offices filled by election by the people revires a debt or charge. or n

SEC. 46. The General Assembly shall meet once in two years on the public or trust money, or prope Wednesday in January next succeeding the election of the members of

raim or demand of the State, or House of Delegates and not oftener unless convened in the manner preseran be brassed except by the atti hy this Constitution. No session of the General Assembly, after the first lens elected to each house the vote this Constitution, shall continue longer than sixty days; but with the cum toting for and against entered on rence of three-tifths of the members elected to each house, the session retiring a tax shall specifically held under this Constitution, members shall be allowed a salary for not. The presiding officer of each at any extra session. Neither house shall, without the consent of the cits enrollel. Immediately be for adjourn to another place or for more than three days to do mundories de fended. the title of the bit

Entered on the journal. smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and shall have power to de

SEC, 51. the attendance of members in such mamer and under such penalty 33 king of sexeu members appointe house may prescribe.

SEC. 47. The House of Delegates shall choose its own speaker: al. the absence of the Lieutenant-Governor. or. when he shall exercise the contine and local legislation of Governor. the Senate shall choose from their own body o presidente de referred to in considerente tempore. direct writs of election for supplying vacancies which may occur during session of the General Assembly; but, if vacancies occur during the reces

bereapon. the hill, with the ac writs may be issued by the Governor, under such regulations as may be scribed by law. concurrence of two-thirds, expel

Sic. 52.


There shall be : jo

So law shall embra

SEC. 18. Members of the General Assembly shall, in all 'cases, except trea

felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during the sesis of their respective houses; and for any speech or debate in either house Il not be questioned in any other place. They shall' not be subject to arrest. er any civil process, during the sessions of the General Assembly, or the en days next before the beginning or after the ending of any session. SEC. 49. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, which shall published from time to tiine, and the yeas and ways of the members of either ce on any question shall, at the desire of ove-fifth of those preserit, be end on the journal. SEC. 50. No law sliall be enacted except by bill. A bill may originate in er house, to be approved or rejected by the other, or may be amended by er, with the concurrence of the other. No bill shall become a law unless, prior to its passage, it has been, (a) Referred to a committee of each house, considered by such coinee in session, and reported ; (b) Printed by the house, in which it originated, prior to its passage in; (c) Read at length oil three different calendar days in each house; and

d) A yea and nay rote has been taken in each house upon its final pas

the names of the members voting for and against entered on the journal, a majority of those roting, which shall include at least two-fifths of the bers elected to each house, recorded 'in the affirmative. ind only in the manner required in subdivision (d) of this section shall nendment to a bill hy oue house be concurred in by the other, or a conce report be adopted by either house, or either house discharge à come from the consideration of a bill and consider the same as if reported: ded, that the printing iind reading, or either, required in subdivisions (b) c) of this section, may be dispensed with in a bill to codify the laws of tate, and in any case of enrergency by a vote of four-fifths of the memvoting in each house taken by the reas and nays, the names of the memvoting for and against entered on the journal; and provided further, that 1 which creates, or establishes a new office, or which creates, continues fires a debt or charge, or makes, continues or revives any appropriation blic or trust money, or property, or releases, discharges or commutes any or demand of the State, or which imposes, continues or revives a tax, be passed except by the affirmative vote of a majority of all the memlected to each house, the vote to be by the yeas and nays, and the members

for and against entered on the journal. Every law, imposing, continuing iring a tax shall specifically state such tax, and no law shall be construed stating such tax which requires a reference to any other law or any other The presiding officer of each house shall, in the presence of the house over

he presides, sign every bill that has been passed by both houses and nrollendi. Immediately before this is done, all other business being sus. 1, the title of the bill shall be publicly read. The fact of signing shall ered on the journal. C. 51. There shall be il joint committee of the General Assembly, con

of sever members appointed by the Ilouse of Delegates and five memppointed by the Senate, which shall be it standing committee on special, e and local legislation. Before reference to a committee, as provided by - Fifty, any special, private, or local bill introduced in either house shall erred to and considered by such joint committee and returnerl to the in which it originated, with a statement in writing whether the object

bill can be accomplished under general law or by court proceeding: apon, the bill, with the accompanying statement, shall take the course ed by section Fifty. The joint committee may be discharged from the

ration of a bill by the house in which it originated in the manner jiron section Fifty for the discharge of other committees. T. 32.

No lar shall embrace more than one object, which shall be ex.


rich, in its judgment, may be pre

Puis shall enact general laws. Ang SEC. 60. No lottery shall hereafter be anthorized by law; and the buying to repeal, but the amendment or


Sr. 61. No new county shall be to its title, but the act revived or the section amended shall be re-enacted and square miles; nor shall the cou published at length. tomo la

sinced below that area; nor shal Sec. 53. No law, except a general appropriation law, shall take effect eight thousand. But any county until at 'least ninety days after the adjournment of the session of the General breadth, or which exceeds fifty Assembly at which it is enacted, unless in case of an emergency (which emer- tion of the General Assembly. gency shall be expressed in the body of the bill), the General Assembly shall SC, 62. The General Assembly sha otherwise direct by a yote of four-fifths of the members voting in each house, sensry laws, or any other laws such wote to be taken by the yeas and nays, and the names of the members facture or sale of intoxicating li voting for and against entered on the journal.

SI. 63. The General Assembly sh HL SEC. 154. The Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Attorney-General, judges mes change the names of persons, members of the State Corporation Commission, and executive officers at the ants and other persons under leg seat of government, and all officers appointed by the Governor or elected by tien, grant relief in these or oth the General Assembly, offending against the State by malfeasance in office, als may have jurisdiction. The

to peached by the House of Delegates, and prosecuted before the Senate, which eact any local, special, or private shall have the sole power to try impeachment. When sitting for that purpose

L For the punishment of crime. the senators shall be on oath or affirmation, and no person shall be convicted Providing a change of venue in without the concurrence of two-thirds of the senators present. Judgment in Regulating the practice in, or ti case of impeachment shall not extend further than removal from office and pidence in any judicial proceedings disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust, or profit under the maks. or providing or changing the State; but the person convicted shall nevertheless be subject to indictment.ants, or prescribing the effect of j trial, judgment, and punishment according to law. The Senate may sit during Changing or locating county sex the recess of the General Assembly for the trial of impeachments.

For the assessment and collectie W SEC, 53. The General Assembly shall, by law, apportion the State into dis eral Assembly may deem dange tricts, corresponding with the number of representatives to which it may be Extending the time for the ass entitled in the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States; i Exempting property from taxa which districts shall be composed of contiguous and compact territory couRemitting, releasing, postponin taining, as, nearly ils practicable, an equal number of inhabitants.

sans personl, corporation, or ass tu Sec. ,56. The manner of conducting and making returns of elections of rices thereof. determining contested elections, and of filling vacancies in office, in cases not Refunding money lawfully paid specially provided for by this Constitution, shall be prescribed by law, and they of any political subdivision tl General Assembly may declare the cases in which any office shall be deemed Granting from the treasury o Jacant where no provision is made for that purpose in this Constitution, szanied from the treasury of any

SEC. 57. The General Assembly shall have power, by a two-thirds vote asution to any public officer, ser to remove disabilities incurred under section Twenty-three, of Article Two, o L For conducting elections or de this Constitution, with reference to dueling,

2 Regulating labor, trade, minin 11. SEC. 58. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended e money. unless, when in cases of invasion or rebellion, the public safety may require Granting any pension or peus The General Assembly shall not pass any bill of attainder, or any ex post facto Creating, increasing, or decre law, or any law impairing the obligation of contracts, or any law abridging the l or decreased, the salaries, fees. freedom of speech or of the press. It shall not enact any law whereby private during the term for which they : property shall be taken or damaged for public uses, without just compensa Declaring streams navigable, tion. No mau shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worships therein, or the removal of place, or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, molested, or Affecting or regulating fencing burthened in his body or goods, nor shall otherwise suffer on account of bis at large of stock. religious opinions or belief; but all men shall be free to profess, and by argu

1. Creating private corporations ment to maintain, their opinions in matters of religion, and the same shall in sarters thereof. no wise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities. And the General

Granting to any private cort Assembly shall not prescribe any religious test whatever, or confer any peculiar al or exclusive right

, privilege or privileges or advantages on any sect or denomination, or pass any law requiring * Naming or changing the nan or authorizing any religious society, or the people of any district within this on

3. Pemitting the forfeiture of the house of public worship, or for the support of any church or ministry; but it

ter the condition that such corpo shall be left free to every person to select his religious instructor, and to make to the provisions of this Constit

SEC. 59. The General Assembly shall not grant a charter of incorporation to any church or religious denomination, but may secure the title to church property to an extent to be limited by law. selling or transferring of tickets or chances in any lottery shall be prohibited.

In all the cases enumerate

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W county shall be formed with an area of less than six

nor shall the county or counties from which it is formed hat area ; nor shall any county be reduced in population .d. But any county, the length of which is three times its which exceeds fifty miles in length, may Þe divided at the eneral Assembly. ieneral Assembly shall have full power to enact local option

or any other laws controlling, regulating, or prohibiting the ule of intoxicating liquors. General Assembly shall confer on the courts power to grant ne names of persons, and direct the sale of estates belonging ier persons under legal disabilities, and shall not, by special relief in these or other cases of which the courts or other ve jurisdiction. The General Assembly may regulate the exerthe right to punish for contempt. The General Assembly shall al, special, or private law in the following cases: punishment of crime.

a change of venue in civil or criminal cases, is the practice in, or the jurisdiction of, or changing the rules my judicial proceedings or inquiry before the courts or other viding or changing the methods of collecting debts or enforcing rescribing the effect of judicial sales of real estate. s or locating county seats.

assessment and collection of taxes, except as to animals which sembly may deem dangerous to the farming interests. ing the time for the assessment or collection of taxes. ing property from taxation. ing, releasing, postponing, or diminishing any obligation or liaerson, corporation, or association, to the State or to any political ereof. ving money lawfully paid into the treasury of the State or the ny political subdivision thereof. ting from the treasury of the State, or granting or authorizing I from the treasury of any political subdivision thereof, any extra to any public officer, servant, agent, or contractor. conducting elections or designating the places of voting. nating labor, trade, wining or manufacturing, or the rate of inMey. mting any pension or pensioiis, iting, increasing, or decreasing, or authorizing to be created, inlecreased, the salaries, fees, percentages, or allowances of public offi

the term for which they are elected or appointed, klaring streams navigable, or authorizing the construction of booms erein, or the removal of obstructions therefrom. ffecting or regulating fencing or 'the boundaries of land, or the runrse of stock. reating private corporations, or amending, renewing, or extending ers thereof. ranting to any private corporation, association, or individual any - exclusive right, privilege or immunity. Naming or changing the name of any private corporation or asso

Remitting the forfeiture of the charter of any private corporation exn the condition that such corporation shall thereafter hold its charter to the provisions of this Constitution and the laws passed in pursuance . tit. In all the cases enumerated in the last section, and in every other rich, in its judgment, may be provided for by general laws, the General ly shall enact general laws. Any general law shall be subject to amend. r repeal, but the amendment or partial repeal thereof shall not operate

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