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shall state distinctly the object of the same, to which only it 1. The power of taxation shall never be surrendered or suspended Or contract to which the state or any county or other municipal all be a party.

ARTICLE XVI.

PUBLIC INDEBTEDNESS.

1. The state of Wyoming shall not, in any manner, ereate any

exceeding one per centum on the assessed value of the taxable the state, as shown by the last general assessment for taxation, except to suppress insurrection or to provide for the public defense.

No debt in excess of the taxes for the current year, shall in any created in the state of Wyoming, unless the proposition to create shall have been submitted to a vote of the people and by them

except to suppress insurrection or to provide for the public defense. 3. No county in the state of Wyoming shall in any manner create btedness, exceeding two per centum on the assessed value of taxable

in such county, as shown by the last general assessment, preceding; , however, that any county, city, town, village or other subdivision in the state of Wyoming, may bond its public debt existing at the time adoption of this constitution, in any sum not exceeding four per centum assessed value of the taxable property in such county, city, town, village er subdivisioni, as shown by the last general assessment for taxation. EC. 4. No debt in excess of the taxes for the current year shall, in any er, be created by any county or sub-division thereof, or any city, town llage, or any sub-division thereof in the state of Wyoming, unless the osition to create such debt shall have been submitted to a vote of the le thereof and by them approved. SEC. 5. No city, town or village, or any sub-division thereof, or any subision of any county of the state of Wyoming, shall, in any manner, create

indebtedness exceeding two per centum on the assessed value of the taxle property therein; provided, however, that any city, town or village may

authorized to create an additional indebtedness, not exceeding four per entuin on the assessed value of the taxable property therein as shown by the ist preceding general assessment, for the purpose of building sewerage therein. lebts contracted for supplying water to such city or town are excepted from The operation of this section.

Sec. 6. Neither the state nor any county, city, township, town, school (listrict, or any other political sub-division, shall loan or give its credit or make donations to or in aid of any individual, association or corporation, except for necessary support of the poor, nor subscribe to or become the owner of the (apital stock of any issociation or corporation, The state shall not engage in any work of internal improvement unless authorized by a two-thirds vote of the people

SEC. 7. No money shall be paid out of the state treasury except upon appropriation by law and on warrant drawn by the proper officer, and no bills, claims, accounts or demands against the state, or any county or political sub-division, shall be audited, allowed or paid until a full itemized statement in writing, verified by affidavit, shall be filed with the officer or officers whose duty it may be to audit the same.

SEC. 8. No bond or evidence of indebtedness of the state shall be valid unless the same shall have endorsed thereon a certificate signed by the auditor and secretary of state that the bond or evidence of debt is issued pursuant to law and is within the debt limit. No bond or evidence of debt of any county, or bond of any township or other political sub-division, shall be valid unless the same shall have endorsed thereon a certificate signed by the county anditor or other officer authorized by law to sign such certificate, stating that said bond or evidence of debt is issued pursuant to law and is within the debt limit.

SEC. 9. The provision of Section 6 of Article 16 of this Constitution prohibiting the state from engaging in any work of internal improvement unless

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SECTION 1. So armed police

EIFutire, when the legislature can

of state, shall constitute a board authorized by a two-thirds vote of the people shall not apply to or affect the

tions as may be provided by la construction or improvement of public roads and bighways, but the legislature

and care of all lands that hare shall have power to provide for the construction and improvement of public

to the state. 10 roads and highways in whole or in part by the state, either directly or by extending aid to counties; and, notwithstanding said inhibition as to works of

SEC. 4. The legislature sha internal improvement, whenever grants of land or other property shall have

posal, leasing or care of all lan been made to the state, especially dedicated by the grant to particular works

to the state, and shall, at the ea of internal improvement, the state may carry on such particular works and

location and selection of all lan shall devote thereto the avails of such grants, and may pledge or appropriate

by congress to the state, and sh the revenues derived from such work in the aid of their completion.

and disbursement of the land charged with the same or the sa

moneys and funds received by th ARTICLE XVII.

SEC. 5. Except a preference STATE MILITIA.

provided, no law shall ever be SECTION 1. The militia of the state shall consist of all able-bodied male

ileges to persons who may have citizens of the state, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years; except

to the state subsequent to the such as are exempted by the law of the United States or the state. But all

which the amount to be derived such citizen having seruples of conscience reverse to bearing arms shall be

shall be diminished directly or i excused therefrom upon such conditions as shall be prescribed by law.

SEC. 6. If any portion of t SEC. 2. The legislature shall provide by law for the enrollment, equip

fund be not expended during a ment and discipline of the militia to conform as nearly as practicable to the

become a part of the said schoc regulations for the government of the armies of the United States.

SEC. 3. All militia officers shall be commissioned by the governor, the manner of their selection to be provided by law and may hold their commissions for such period of time as the legislature may provide.

SEC. 4. No military organization under the laws of the state shall carry any banner or flag representing any sect or society or the flag of any nationality but that of the United States,

SECTION 1. The legislature Sec. 5. The governor shall be commander-in-chief of all the military forces

the protection of live stock again of the state, and shall have power to call out the militia to preserve the public

uonia. glanders, splenetic or Tex peace, to execute the laws of the state, to suppress insurrection or repel

alisases The legislature shall a invasion,

Section, and such other regulatio ARTICLE XVIII.

stock owners, and most conducive PUBLIC LANDS AND DONATIONS. SECTION 1. The state of Wyoming hereby agrees to accept the grants of lands heretofore made, or that may be hereafter made by the United States

SECTION 1. Eight (8) hours to the state, for educational purposes, for public buildings and institutions

work in all mines, and on all stat and for other objects, and donations of money with the conditions and limits. tions that may be imposed by the act or acts of congress, making such grauts or donations. Such lands shall be disposed of only at public auction to the highest responsible bidder, after having been duly appraised by the land conmissioners, at not less than three-fourths of the appraised value thereof. and for not less than $10 per acre; provided, that in case of actual and bona fide settlement and improvement thereon at the time of the adoption of this constitution, such actual settler shall have the preference right to purchase the land whereon he may have settled, not exceeding 160 acres at a sum not less than the appraised value thereof, and in making such appraisement the value of improvements shall not be taken into consideration. If, at any time hereafter, the United States shall grant any arid lands in the state to the state, on the condition that the state reclaim and dispose of them to actual settlers, the legislature shall be authorized to accept such arid lands on such conditions, or other conditions, if the same are practicable and reasonable.

SEC. 2. The proceeds from the sale and rental of all lands and other property donated, granted or received, or that may hereafter be donated, granted or received, from the United States or any other source, shall be inviolably appropriated and applied to the specific purposes specified in the original grants or gifts. SEC. 3. The governor, superintendent of public instruction and respetary

See Note No. 5. ? Section 9 is a new section; it was proposed by the legislature of 1915. ratifie

See Note No. 2. the election of Nov. 7, 1916, and effective on Dec. 22, 1916.

CON

LABOR

SECTION 1. No person not a declared his intentions to become s with any state, county or municipa

SEC. 2. The legislature shall, visions of the foregoing section are

BOARDS

SECTION 1. The legislature sba organizations or associations of lab submitted to them in such manner

POL

a unarmed body of men, shall ever son of domestic violence, except u

te a board of land commissioners who, under such reguladed by law, shall have the direction, control, disposition that have been heretofore or may hereafter be granted

lature shall enact the necessary laws for the sale, disof all lands that have been or may hereafter be granted , at the earliest practicable period, provide by law for the

of all lands that have been or may hereafter be granted tate, and shall pass laws for the suitable keeping, transfer f the land grant funds, and shall require of all officers me or the safe keeping thereof to give ample bonds for all received by them. t a preference right to buy as in this constitution otherwise shall ever be passed by the legislature granting any privwho may have settled upon any of the school lands granted equent to the survey thereof by the general government, by it to be derived by the sale, or other disposition of such lands, bied directly or indirectly. any portion of the interest or income of the perpetual school spended during any year, said portion shall be added to and of the said school fund.

ARTICLE XIX.

MISCELLANEOUS.

LIVESTOCK. 1. The legislature shall pass all necessary laws to provide for ion of live stock against the introduction or spread of pleuro-pneuuders, splenetic or Texas fever, and other infectious or contagious

The legislature shall also establish a system of quarantine, or inand such other regulations as may be necessary for the protection of mers, and most conducive to the stock interests within the state.

CONCERNING LABOR.

"TION 1. Eight (8) hours actual work shall constitute a lawful day's n all mines, and on all state and municipal works.

LABOR ON PUBLIC WORKS.

SECTION 1. So person not a citizen of the l'nited States or who has not ired his intentions to become such, shall be employed upon or in connection Tany state, county or municipal works or employment.

Suc. 2. The legislature shall, by appropriate legislation, see that the proions of the foregoing section are enforced.

BOARDS OF ARBITRATION.

SECTION 1. The legislature shall establish courts of arbitration, whose duts it shall be to hear, and determine all differences, and controversies between organizations or associations of laborers, and their employers, which shall be submitted to them in such manner as the legislature may provide. 11

POLICE POWERS.

SECTION 1. Xo armed police force, or detective agency, or armed body. or unarmed body of men, shall ever be brought into this state, for the suppression of domestic violence, except upon the application of the legislature, or executive, when the legislature cannot be convened.

10 See Note No. 5.
11 See Note No. 2.

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giren, in the manner and for the

created and made elective by this tion, which shall not be less than fos por more than ninety days after th

SEC. 10. The board of commis

DDOD Order such election for said

LABOR CONTRACTS.

corporate, shall continue as if no

and all process which may, before SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any person, company or corporation,

under this constitution, be issued to require of its servants or employees as a condition of their employment, or

Wyoming, shall be as valid as if i otherwise, any contract or agreement, whereby such person, company or cor

SEC. 2. All property, real and poration shall be released or discharged from liability or responsibility, on

and choses in action, belonging to t account of personal injuries received by such servants or employees, while in

adoption of this constitution, shall the service of such person, company or corporation, by reason of the negligence

the state of Wyoming. of such person, company or corporation, or the agents or employees thereof, and

SEC. 3. All laws now in force such contracts shall be absolutely null and void.

Tepugnant to this constitution, shal ARBITRATION.

own limitation, or be altered or re SECTION 1. The legislature may provide by law for the voluntary submis

SEC. 4. All fines, penalties, for sion of differences to arbitrators for determination, and said arbitrators shal!

tory of Wyoming, shall accrue to th

SEC. 5. All recognizances, bon have such powers and duties as may be prescribed by law, but they shall hare

tofore taken, or which may be tal no power to render judgment to be obligatory on parties, unless they voluntarily submit their matters of difference and agree to abide by the judgment of sned

department under this constitution,

and may be prosecuted in the nam arbitrators.12 HOMESTEADS.

other undertakings executed to thi

capacity, shall pass over to the pro Section 1. A homestead as provided by law shall be exempt from forie!

in office, for the uses therein respe sale under any process of law, and shall not be alienated without the joint

recovered accordingly. All criminal consent of husband and wife, when that relation exists; but no property sball

arisen or which may arise before be exempt from sale for taxes, or for the payment of obligations contracted

under this constitution, and which for the purchase of said premises, or for the erection of improvements therean.

judgment and execution in the nam

Sec. 6. All officers, civil and ARTICLE XX.

ments in this territory, under the

authority of this territory, shall co SECTION 1. Any amendment or amendments to this constitution may be offices and appointments until susi

Sec. 7. This constitution shall proposed in either branch of the legislature, and, if the same shall be agree!

a yote of the qualified electors of to by two-thirds of all the members of each of the two houses, voting see

the first Tuesday in November, A. I rately, such proposed amendment or amendments shall, with the yeas and

shall be conducted in all respects nays thereon, be entered on their journals, and it shall be the duty of the

laws of the territory for general legislature to submit such amendment or amendments to the electors of the

made to the secretary of said terri state at the next general election, and cause the same to be published without

tice thereof, or any two of them, si delay for at least twelve (12) consecutive weeks. prior to said election. in '

tbe legal votes cast shall be for least one newspaper of general circulation, published in each county, and it

the result to the president of the a majority of the electors shall ratify the same, such amendment or ameal

tbe rotes cast thereon and a copy ments shall become il part of this constitution.

and ordinances.

At the said elecSEC. 2. If two or more amendments are proposed. they shall be submitted

form: “For the constitution-Yes. in such manner that the electors shall vote for or ilgainst each of thes

ballots, shall be printed on each separately. SEC. 3. Whenever two-thirds of the members elected to each branch of the - All persons who desire to vote for

All persons who desire to vote ag legislature shall deem it necessary to call a convention to revise or amend this

*Yes,' Any person may have printe constitution, they shall recommend to the electors to vote at the next general

“For the constitution,” or “Agains election for or against a convention, and if a majority of all the electors rating

be counted for or against the const at such election shall have voted for a convention, the legislature shall at the

SEC, S. This constitution shall next session provide by law for calling the same; and such convention shall

upon the admission of the territory consist of a number of members, not less than double that of the most numerus

SEC. 9. Immediately upon the branch of the legislature. SEC. 4. Any constitution adopted by such convention shall have no validity governor of the territory, or in case

tary of the territory, or in case of h until it has been submitted to and adopted by the people.

this conrention shall issue a proclan

thereof mailed to the chairman of ARTICLE XXI.

mounty, calling an election by the pe

AMENDMENTS.

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SCHEDULE.

SECTION 1. That no inconvenience may arise from a change of the terte torial government to a permanent state government, it is declared that al writs, actions, prosecutions, claims, liabilities and obligations against the terri tory of Wyoming, of whatever nature, and rights of individuals, and of bwies

19 See Note No. 2.

hall continue as if no change had taken place in this government. cess which may, before the organization of the judicial department

constitution, be issued under the authority of the territory of shall be as valid as if issued in the name of the state.

All property, real and personal, and all moneys, credits, claims s in action, belonging to the territory of Wyoming, at the time of the of this constitution, shall be vested in and become the property of of Wyoming. 3. All laws now in force in the territory of Wyoming, which are not t to this constitution, shall remain in force until they expire by their tation, or be altered or repealed by the legislature.

4. All fines, penalties, forfeitures and escheats, accruing to the terriVyoming, shall accrue to the use of the state.

5. All recognizances, bonds, obligations or other undertakings hereaken, or which may be taken before the organization of the judicial tent under this constitution, shall remain valid, and shall pass over to ay be prosecuted in the name of the state, and all bonds, obligations or udertakings executed to this territory, or to any officer in his official y, shall pass over to the proper state authority and to their successors e, for the uses therein respectively expressed, and may be sued for and red accordingly. All criminal prosecutions and penal actions which have or which may arise before the organization of the judicial department this constitution, and which shall then be pending, may be prosecuted to nent and execution in the name of the state. BEC, 6. All officers, civil and military, holding their offices and appoints in this territory, under the authority of the United States or under the ority of this territory, shall continue to hold and exercise their respective es and appointments until suspended under this constitution. SEC. 7. This constitution shall be submitted for adoption or rejection to ote of the qualified electors of this territory, at an election to be held on

first Tuesday in November, A. D. 1889. Said election, as nearly as may be, ill be conducted in all respects in the same manner as provided by tbe rs of the territory for general elections, and the returns thereof shall be ide to the secretary of said territory, who with the governor and chief juse thereof, or any two of them, shall canvass the same, and if a majority of e legal votes cast shall be for the constitution the governor shall certify le result to the president of the United States, together with a statement of ne rotes cast thereon and a copy of said constitution, articles, propositions ind ordinances. At the said election the ballots shall be in the following form: "For the constitution-Yes. No." And as a heading to each of said ballots, shall be printed on each ballot the following instructions to voters: "111 persons who desire to vote for the constitution may erase the word 'No.' All persons who desire to vote against the constitution may erase the word Yes.' Any person may have printed or written on his ballot only the words: "For the constitution," or "Against the constitution,” and such ballots shall be counted for or against the constitution accordingly.

SEC, 8. This constitution shall take effect and be in full force immediately upon the admission of the territory as a state.

Sec. 9. Immediately upon the admission of the territory is a state, the governor of the territory, or in case of his absence or failure to act, the secre. tary of the territory, or in case of his absence or failure to act, the president of this convention shall issue a proclamation, which shall be published and a copy thereof mailed to the chairman of the board of county commissioners of each county, calling an election by the people for all state, district and other officers, created and made elective by this constitution, and fixing a day for such elertion, which shall not be less than forty days after the date of such proclamation nor more than ninety days after the admission of the territory as a state.

SEC. 10. The board of commissioners of the several counties shall there. upon order such election for said day, and shall cause notice thereof to be given, in the manner and for the length of time provided by the laws of

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