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aforesaid shall have taken an
mately sixty-four square miles. to the United States jointly by t the Virginia part of the Distric government which had develope
ernment and establishing the Di:
shall be submitted to the Congress by the President of the l’nited States, and. if disapproved by Congress, they shall be null and of no effect.
Approved, August 24, 1912,
an det to amend an act entitled “An Act creating in legislative assembly in the
Territory, of Alaska and conferring législative power thereon, and for other purposes," approved A'ugust twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and twelve.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the t'nited States of America in ('ongress assembled :
That nothing in that Act of Congress entitled "An Act creating a legislative assembly in the Territory of Alaska and conferring legislative power thereon, and for other purposes," approved August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and twelvé, shall be so construed as to prevent the courts now existing or that may be hereafter created in said Territory from enforcing within their respective jurisdictions all laws passed by the legislature within the power conferred up a it, the same as if such laws were passed by Congress, nor to prevent the legis lature passing laws imposing adilitional duties, not inconsistent with the present duties of their respective offices, upon the governor, marshals, deputy marshals. Clerks of the district courts, and United States commissioners acting as justices of the peace, judges of probate courts, recorders, and coroners, and providing the necessary expenses of performing such duties, and in the prosecuting of all crimes denounced by Territorial laws the cost shall be paid the same as is now or may hereafter be provided by Jct of Congress providing for the prosecution of criminal offenses in said Territory, except that in prosecutions growing out of any revenue law passed by the legislature the costs shall be paid as in civil actions and such prosecutions shall be in the name of the Territory.
Approved, Jugust 29, 1914.
An Ict providing a permanent 1
Be it enacted by the Sena
SEC. 2. That within twent
SEC. 3. That as soon a
The District of Columbia is
let providing a permanent forni of government for the District of Columbia.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United ites of America' in Congress assembled, That all the territory which was ceded
the State of Maryland to the Congress of the United States for the permaut seat of the Government of the l'nited States shall contimie to be designated
the District of Columbia. Said District and the property and persons that y be therein shall be subject to the following provisions for the government
the same, and also to any existing laws applicable thereto not hereby realed or inconsistent with the provisions of this act. The District of Columbia all remain and continue a municipal corporation, as provided in section two the Revised Statutes relating to said District, and the Commissioners herein ovided for shall be deemed and taken as officers of such corporation; and all v's now in force relating to the District of Columbia not inconsistent with the ovisions of this act shall remain in full force and effect.
SEC. 2. That within twenty days after the approval of this act the Presint of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate hereby authorized to appoint two persous, who, with an officer of the Corps Engineers of the United States Army, whose lineal rank shall be above that a captain, shall be Commissioners of the District of Columbia, and who, from i after July first, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, shall exercise all the vers and authority now vested in the Commissioners of said District, except are hereinafter liniited or provided, and shall be subject to all restrictions i limitations and duties which are now imposed upon suid Commissioners. e Commissioner, who shall be an officer detailed from time to time from the ps of Engineers by the President for this duty, shall not be required to form any other, nor shall he receive any other compensation than his regular
and allowances as an officer of the Army. The two persons appointed from il life shall, at the time of their appointment, be citizens of the United States, I shall have been actual residents of the District of Columbia for three years at before their appointment, and have, during that period, claimed residence vhere else, and one of said three Commissioners shall be chosen president of · Board of Commissioners at their first meeting, and annually and whenever vacancy shall occur thereafter; and said Commissioners shall each of them, ore entering upon the discharge of his duties, take an oath or affirmation support the Constitution of the United States, and to faithfully discharge the ties imposed upon him by law; and said Commissioners appointed from civil e shall each receive for his services a compensation at the rate of five thoud dollars per anmum, and shall, before entering upon the duties of the office, h give bond in the sum of fifty thousand dollars, with surety as is required existing law. The official term of said Commissioners appointed from civil e shall be three years, and until their successors are appointed and qualified ; : the first appointment shall be one Commissioner for one year and one for o years, and at the expiration of their respective ternis their successors shall appointed for three years. Neither of said Commissioners, nor any officer atsoever of the District of Columbia, shall be accepted as surety upon any nd required to be given to the District of Columbia ; nor shall any contractor accepted as surety for any officer or other contractor in suid District.
SEC. 3. That as soon as the Commissioners appointed and detailed as resaid shall have taken and subscribed the oath or affirmation hereinbefore
*The District of Columbia is a municipal corporation having an area of approxitely sixty-four square miles. The territory comprised in the District was ceded the United States jointly by the states of Maryland and Virginia in 1789. In 1846
Virginia part of the District was retroceded to that state. The original local ernment which had developed in the District was continued until 1871 when a ritorial government was established. The act creating the present form of govEment and establishing the District as a municipal corporation was passed in 1878.
twentieth, eighteen hundred and and payable; and all amounts sopriation for the year by the Uni of Columbia, as hereinbefore pro
wers within the District of Colare to be substituted in place of
opened, sewers built, or any work
requirel, all the powers, rights, duties, and privileges lawfully exercised by, and all property, estate, and effects now vested by law in the Commissioners appointed under the provisions of the act of Congress approved June twentieth. eighteen hundred and seventy-four. shall be transferred to and vested in ‘and imposed upon said Commissioners; and the functions of the Commissioners so appointed under the act of June twentieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-four, shall cease and determine. And the Commissioners of the District of Columbia shall bave power, subject to the limitations and provisions herein contained, to apply the taxes and other revenues of said District to the payment of the current expenses thereof, to the support of the public schools, the fire department and the police, and for that purpose shall take possession and supervision of all the offices, books, papers, records, moneys, credits, securities, assets, and accounts belouging or appertaining to the business or interests of the government of the District of Columbia, and exercise the duties, powers, and authority aforesaid; but said Commissioners, in the exercise of such duties, powers, and authority, shall make no contract, nor incur any obligation other than such contracts and obligations as are hereinafter provided for and shall be approved by Congress. The Commissioners shall have power to locate the places wbere hacks shall stand and change them as often as the public interests require. Any person violating any orders lawfully made in pursuance of this power shall be subject to a fine of not less than ten nor more than one hundred dollars, to be recovered before any justice of the peace in an action in the name of the Commissioners. All taxes heretofore lawfully assessed and due, or to become due, shall be collected pursuant to law, except as herein otherwise provided; but said Commissioners shall have no power to, anticipate taxes by a sale or hypotbecation of any such taxes or evidences thereof; but they may borrow, for the tirst fiscal year after this act takes effect, in anticipation of collection of revenues. not to exceed two hundred thousand dollars, at a rate of interest not exceeding tive per centum per annum, which shall be repaid out of the revenues of that year, And said Commissioners are hereby authorized to abolish any office, to consolidate two or more offices, reduce the number of employees, remove from office, and make appointments to any office under them authorized by law; said Commissioners shall have power to erect, light and maintain lamp-posts, with lamps, outside of the city limits, when, in their judgment, it shall be deemed proper or necessary : Provided, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to abate in any wise or interfere with any suit pending in favor of or against the District of Columbia ,or the Commissioners thereof, or affect any right, penalty, forfeiture, or cause of action existing in favor of said District or Commissioners, or any citizen of the District of Columbia, or any other per son, but the same may be commenced, proceeded for, or prosecuted to final judg. ment, and the corporation shall be bound thereby as if the suit had been oris inally commenced for or against said corporation. The said Commissioners shal! submit to the Secretary of the Treasury for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth. eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, and annually thereafter, for his examination and approval, a statement showing in detail the work proposed to be undertaken by them during the fiscal year next ensuing, and the estimated cost thereof; alsu the cost of constructing, repairing, and maintaining all bridges authorized by la across the Potomac River within the District of Columbia, and also all other streams in said District; the cost of maintaining all public institutions of charity, reformatories, and prisons belonging to or controlled wholly or in part by the District of Columbia, and which are now by law supported wholly or in part by the United States or District of Columbia ; and also the expense of the Washington Aqueduct and its appurtenances; and also an itemized statement and estimate of the amount necessary to defray the expenses of the government of the District of Columbia for the next fiscal year; Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed as transferring from the United States authorities any of the public works within the District of Columbia now in the control or supervision of said authorities. The Secretary of the Treasury shall carefully consider all estimates subniitted to hiin as above provided, and shall approre. disapprove, or suggest such changes in the same, or any item thereof, as be
Dia y think the public interest de
SEC. 4. That the said Comm
SEC. 5. That hereafter whe
think the public interest demands; and after he shall have consider and ed upon such estimates submitted to him, he shall cause to be made a statet of the amount approved by him and the fund or purpose to which each belongs, which statement shall be certified by him, and delivered, together the estimates as originally submitted, to the Commissioners of the District olumbia, who shall transmit the same to Congress. To the extent to which ress shall approve of said estimates, Congress shall appropriate the amount fty per centum thereof; and the remaining fifty per centum of such aped estimates shall be levied and assessed upon the taxable property and lleges in said district other than the property of the United States of the District of Columbia ; and all proceedings in the assessing, equal
and levying of said taxes, the collection thereof, the listing return penalty for taxes in arrears, the advertising for sale and the sale of erty for delinquent taxes, the redemption thereof, the proceedings to en
the lien upon unredeemed property, and every other act and thing required to be done in the premises, shall be done and performed at the s and in the manner now provided by law, except in so far as is otherwise ided by this act: Provided, That the rate of taxation in any one year shall exceed one dollar and fifty cents on every one hundred dollars of real estate exempted by law; and on personal property not taxable elsewhere, one dollar
fifty cents on every one hundred dollars, according to the cash valuation eof; And provided further, Upon real property held and used exclusively -lgricultural purposes, without the limits of the cities of Washington and getown, and to be so designated by the assessors in their annual returns, rate for any one year shall not exceed one dollar on every one hundred irs. The collector of taxes, upon the receipt of the duplicate of assessment, I give notice for one week, in one newspaper published in the city of Washon, that he is ready to receive taxes; and any person who shall, within y days after such notice given, pay the taxes assessed against him, shall llowed by the collector a deduction of five per centum on the amount of his all penalties imposed by the act approved March third, eighteen hundred seventy-seven, chapter one hundred and seventeen, upon delinquents for ult in the payment of taxes levied under said act, at the times specified ein, shall, upon payment of the said taxes assessed against such delinquent in three months from the passage of this act, with interest at the rate of per cent, thereon, be remitted. SEC. 4. That the said Commissioners may, by general regulations consistent
the act of Congress of March third, eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, tled "An Act for the support of the government of the District of Columbia the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, for other purposes," or with other existing laws, prescribe the time or times the payment of all taxes and the duties of assessors and collectors in rela
thereto. All taxes collected shall be paid into the Treasury of the United es, and the same, as well as the appropriations to be made by Congress as esaid, shall be disbursed for the expenses of said District, on itemized hers, which shall bare been audited and approved by the auditor of the rict of Columbia. certified by said Commissioners, or a majority of them ;
the accounts of said Commissioners, and the tax collectors, and all other ers required to account, shall be settled and adjusted by the accounting ers of the Treasury Department of the United States. Hereafter the Secre
of the Treasury shall pay the interest on the three-sixty-five bonds of the trict of Columbia issued in pursuance of the act of Congress approved June ntieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-four, when the same shall become due
payable; and all amounts so paid shall be credited as a part of the approtion for the year by the United States toward the expenses of the District Columbia, as hereinbefore provided :
SEC. 5. That hereafter when any repairs of streets, avenues, alleys, or ers within the District of Columbia are to be made, or when new pavements to be substituted in place of those worn out, new ones laid, or new streets ned, sewers built, or any works the total cost of which shall exceed the sum
make, at least once in two week
report in writing annually to sa and so much oftener as they sha
of one thousand dollars, notice shall be given in one newspaper in Washington, and if the total cost shall exceed five thousand dollars, then in one newspaper in each of the cities of New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, also for one week, for proposals, with full specifications as to material for the whole or any portion of the works proposed to be done; and the lowest responsible proposa! for the kind and character of payement or other work which the Commissioners shall determiine upon shall in all cases be accepted : Provided, however, That the Commissioners shall have the right, in their discretion, to reject all of such proposals: Provided, That work capable of being executed under a single contract shall not be subdivided so as to reluce the sum of money to be paid therefor to less than one thousand dollars. All contracts for the construction, improvement, alteration, or repairs of the streets, avenues, highways, allers, gutters, sewers, and all work of like nature shall be made and entered into only by and with the official: unanimous consent of the Commissioners of the District, and all contracts shall be copied into a book kept for that purpose and be signed by the said Commissioners, and no contract involving an expenditure of more than one hundred dollars shall be valid until recorded and signed as aforesaid. No pavement shall be accepted nor any pavements laid except that of the best material of its kind known for that purpose, laid in the most substantial mamer; and good and sufficient bonds to the United States, in a penal sumu not less than the aipount of the contract, with sureties to be approved by the Commissioners of District of Columbia, shall be required from all contractors, gua ranteeing that the terms of their contract shall be strietis and faithfully performed to the satisfaction of and acceptance by said Commissioners; and that the contractors shall keep new pavements or other new works in repair for a term of five years from the date of the completion of their contracts; and ten per centum of the cost of all new works shall be retained as an additional security and a guarantee fund to keep the same in repair for said term, which said per centum shall be invested in registered bonds of the United States or of the District of Columbia and the interest thereon paid to said contractors. The cost of laying down said pavement, sewers, and other works, or of repairing the same, shall be paid for in the following proportions and manner, to wit: When any street or a venue through which a street railway runs shall be paved, such railway company, shall bear all of the expense for that portion of the work lying between the exterior rails of the tracks of such roads, and for a distance of two feet from and exterior to such track or tracks on each side thereof, and of keeping the same in repair; but the said railway companies, having conformed to the grades established by the Commissioners. may use such cobblestone or Belgian blocks for paying their tracks, or the space between their tracks, as the Commissioners inay direct; the United States shall pay one-half of the cost of all work done under the provisions of this sectioa except that done by the railway companies, which payment shall be creditel as part of the fifty per centum which the United States contributes toward the expenses of the District of Columbia for that year; and all payments shall be made by the Secretary of the Treasury on the warrant or order of the Coo missioners of the District of Columbia or a majority thereof, in such amounts and at such times as they may deem safe and proper in view of the progress of the work: That if any street railway company shall neglect or refuse to perform the work required by this act, said pavement shall be laid between the tracks and exterior thereto of such railway by the District of Columia; and if such company shall fail on refuse to pay the sum due from them in respect of the work done by or under the orders of the proper officials of said District in such case of the neglect or refusal of such railway company to perforin the work required as aforesaid, the Commissioners of the District of Columbia shall issue certificates of indebtedness against the property, real or personal, of such railway company, which certificates shall bear interest at the rate of teh let centum per annum until paid, and which, until they are paid, shall remain and he a lien upon the property on or against which they are issued together with the franchise of said company; and if the said certificates are not paid within one year, the said Commissioners of the Distriet of Columbia may proceed to
sell the property against which t1
SEC. 6. That from and afte
SEC. 7. That the offices of
SEC. 8. That in lieu of the
SEC. 9. That there may be
SEC. 10. That the Commissio of the health officer, a reasonable be appointed, and no more persothan the public interests demanil
SEC. 11. That the salary of