Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

improvement or development of the islands, not, however, including

barracks, and other works undertaken by the United States, shall, s otherwise specifically provided by the Congress, be paid by the ent of the Philippines. 5. That the statutory laws of the United States hereafter enacted

apply to the Philippine Islands, except when they specifically so or it is so provided in this Act. 6. That the laws now in force in the Philippines shall continue in | effect, except as altered, amended, or modified herein, until altered,

or repealed by the legislative authority herein provided or by Act ess of the United States. 7. That the legislative authority herein provided shall have power, t inconsistent with this Act, by due enactment to amend, alter, modepeal any law, civil or criminal, continued in force by this Act as it

time to time see fit. power shall specifically extend with the limitation herein provided e tariff to all laws relating to revenue and taxation in effect in the es. 8. That general legislative power, except as otherwise herein prohereby granted to the Philippine Legislature, authorized by this Act. 9. That all the property and rights which may have been acquired hilippine Islands by the United States under the treaty of peace with igned December tenth, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, except such other property as has been or shall be designated by the President of ted States for military and other reservations of the Government of ted States, and all lands which may have been subsequently acquired government of the Philippine Islands by purchase under the provisions ons sixty-three and sixty-four of tbe Act of Congress approved July neteen hundred and two, except such as may have heretofore been i disposed of in :iccordance with the provisions of said Act of Conre hereby placed under the control of the government of said islands dministered or disposed of for the benefit of the inhabitants thereof,

Philippine Legislature shall have power to legislate with respect to

matters as it may deem advisable; but acts of the Philippine Legisvith reference to land of the public domain, timber, and mining, herelacted, shall not have the force of law until approved by the Presithe United States: Provided, That upon the approval of such an act Governor General, it shall be by him forthwith transmitted to the nt of the l’nited States, and he shall approve or disapprove the same six months from and after its enactment and submission for his apand if not disapproved within such time it shall become a law the s if it had been specifically approvel: Provided further. That where n the Philippine Islands have been or may be reserved for any publie e of the United States, and, being no longer required for the purpose ich reserved, have been or may be, by order of the President, placed the control of the government of said islands to be administered for nefit of the inhabitants thereof, the order of the President shall be y as effectual to give the government of such islands full control and to administer and dispose of such lands for the benefit of the inhabiif said islands. C. 10.

That while this Act provides that the Philippine government have the authority to enact a tariff law the trade relations between the : and the United States shall continue to be governed exclusively by of the Congress of the l'nited States: Provided, That tariff acts or acts atory to the tariff of the Philippine Islands shall not become law until hall receive the approval of the President of the United States, nor shall ct of the Philippine Legislature affecting immigration or the currency mage laws of the Philippines become a law until it has been approved e President of the United States: Provided further, That the President approve or disapprove any act mentioned in the foregoing proviso within onths from and after its enactment and submission for his approval,

[graphic]

and if not disapproved within such time it shall become a law the same as if it had been specifically approved.

SEC. 11. That no export duties shall be levied or collected on exports from the Philippine Islands, but taxes and assessments on property and license fees for franchises, and privileges, and internal taxes, direct or indirect, may be imposed for the purposes of the Philippine government and the provincial and municipal governments thereof, respectively, as may be provided and detined by acts of the Philippine Legislature, and, where necessary to antieipate taxes and revenues, bonds and other obligations may be issued by the Philippine government or any provincial or municipal government therein, as may be provided by law and to protect the public credit: Provided, however, That the entire indebtedness of the Philippine government created by the authority conferred herein shall not exceed at any one time the sum of $15,000,000, exclusive of those obligations known as friar land bonds, nor that of any Province or municipality a sum in excess of seven per centum of the aggregate tax valuation of its property at any one time.

SEC. 12. That general legislative powers in the Philippines, except as herein otherwise provided, shall be vested in a legislature which shall consist of two houses, one the senate and the other the house of representatives. and the two houses shall be designated “The Philippine Legislature:" Provided, That until the Philippine Legislature as herein provided shall have been organized the existing Philippine Legislature shall have all legislative authority herein granted to the government of the Philippine Islands, except such as may now be within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Philippine Commission, which is so continued until the organization of the legislature herein provided for the Philippines. When the Philippine Legislature shall have been organized, the exclusive legislative jurisdiction and authority exercised by the Philippine Commission shall thereafter be exercised by the Philippine Legislature.

Sec. 13. That the members of the senate of the Philippines, except as herein providel, shall be elected for terms of six and three years, as here inafter provided, by the qualified electors of the Philippines. Each of the senatorial districts defined as hereinafter provided shall have the right to elect two senators. No person shall be an elective member of the senate of the Philippines who is not a qualified elector and over thirty years of age. and who is not able to read and write either the Spanish or English language, and who has not been a resident of the Philippines for at least two consecutive years and an actual resident of the senatorial district from which chosen for a period of at least one year immediately prior to his election.

SEC. 14. That the members of the house of representatives shall, except as herein provided, be elected triennially by the qualified electors of the Philippines. Each of the representative districts hereinafter provided for shall have the right to elect one representative. No person shall be an elective meniber of the house of representatives who is not a qualified elector and over twenty-five years of age, and who is not able to read and write either the Spanish or English language, and who has not been an actual resident of the district from which elected for at least one year immediately prior to his election ; Provided, That the members of the present assembly elected on the first Tuesday in June, nineteen hundred and sixteen, shall be the members of the house of representatives from their respective districts for the term expiring in nineteen hundred and nineteen.

SEC. 15. That at the first election held pursuant to this act, the qualifiel electors shall be those having the qualifications of roters under the present law: thereafter and until otherwise provided by the Philippine Legislature herein provided for the qualifications of voters for senators and representatives in the Philippines and all officers elected by the people shall be as follows:

Every male person who is not a citizen or subject of a foreign power twenty-one years of age or over (except insane and feeble-minded persons and those convicted in a court of competent jurisdiction of an infamous offense since the thirteenth day of August, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight). whe

shall have been a reside ipality in wbich he shall of roting, and who is co

(a) Those who unde the right of suffrage.

(b) Those who own nually pay 30 pesos or m

(c) Those who are al native language.

SEC. 16. That the Ph
districts, as follows:
First district: Batanes

La C
Second district :
Third district: Tarlac,
Fourth district : Bataa
Fifth district : Batanga
Sixth district : Sorsogon
Serenth district : Iloilo

Eighth district : Negros avan.

Ninth district : Leyte an
Tenth district: Cebu.
Eleventh district : Suriga

Twelfth district: The M the Department of Mindanao a

The representative district and three in the Mountain Pı Department of Mindanao and

The first election under th first Tuesday of October, nine General in bis discretion shall later than sixty days after the ernor General's proclamations to the date fixel for the electie one senator from each senated six years. Thereafter one sena each senate district for a term General of the Philippine Islan senate and without restriction : who will, in bis opinion, bestre sentative districts which may be in the Philippine Assemblr: Pror be held only on such days and aud qualifications of electors as lature, to which is bereby given a and modify, amend, or repeal ang refer to a ppointire senators and

Sec. 17. That the terms of of shall be sis and three years, respec election. the house of representatives, speci wherein such racancy occurred ung by law; but senators or representat. only for the tinexpired portion of Senators and representatives appoir office until removed by the Governo

SEC. 18. That the senate and in be the sole judges of the elections, i members, and each house may deter its members for disorderly behavior. expel an elective member. Both hou

In case of vacancy among

ve been a resident of the Philippines for one year and of the munien which he shall offer to vote for six months next preceding the day g, and who is comprised within one of the following classes :

Those who under existing law are legal voters and have exercised it of sutfrage.

Those who own real property to the value of 500 pesos, or who anpay 30 pesos or more of the established taxes.

Those who are able to read and write either Spanish, English, or a language. . 16. That the Philippine Islands shall be divided into twelve senate s as follows: st district : Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Ilocos Norte, and Ilocos Sur. ond district : La Union, Pangasinan, and Zambales. ird district : Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, and Bulacan. irth district : Bataan, Rizal, Manila, and Laguna. th district : Batangas, Mindoro, Tayabas, and Cavite. th listrict : Sorsogon, Albay, and Ambos Camarines. enth district : Iloilo and Capiz. hth district: Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, Antique, and Pal

ath district : Leyte and Samar. nth district : Cebu. erenth listrict: Surigao, Misamis and Bohol. elfth district: The Mountain Province, Baguio, Nueva Vizcaya, and partment of Mindanao and Sulu. e representative districts shall be the eighty-one now provided by law, ree in the Mountain Province, one in Nueva Vizcaya, and five in the ment of Mindanao and Sulu. e first election under the provisions of this Act shall be held on the uesday of October, nineteen hundred and sixteen, unless the Governor i in his discretion shall fix another date not earlier than thirty nor han sixty days after the passage of this Act: Provided, That the GovGeneral's proclamation shall be published at least thirty days prior

date fixel for the election, and there shall be chosen at such election nator from each senate district for a term of three years and one for ar's Thereafter one senator from each district shall be elected from senate district for a term of six years: Provided, That the Governor u of the Philippine Islands shall appoint, without the consent of the

and without restriction as to residence, senators and representatives vill, in his opinion, best represent the senate district and those repreive districts which may be included in the territory not now represented

Philippine Assembly: Provided further, That thereafter elections shall a only on such days and under such regulations as to ballots, voting, ualitications of electors as may be prescribed by the Philippine Legis, to which is hereby given authority to redistrict the Philippine Islands hodify, ilmend, or repeal any provisions of this section, except such as to appointire senators and representatives. EC. 17. That the terms of office of elective senators and representatives be six and three years, respectively, and shall begin on the date of their

In case of vacancy among the elective members of the senate or in ouse of representatives, special elections may be held in the districts in such vacancy occurred under such regulations as may be prescribed W; but senators or representatives elected in such cases shall hold office for the unexpired portion of the term wherein the vacancy occurred. ors and representatives appointed by the Governor General shall hold

until removed by the Governor General. EC. 18. That the senate and house of representatives, respectively, shall e sole judges of the elections, returns, and qualifications of their elective vers, and each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish embers for disorderly behavior. and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, an elective member. Poth houses shall convene at the capital on the

[ocr errors]
[graphic]

or call out the militia or other suppress lawless violence, invasio

in case of rebellion or invasion, or

ORGANIC

If

sixteenth day of October next following the election and organize by the election of a speaker or a presiding officer, a clerk, and a sergeant at arms for each house, and such other officers and assistants as may be required. . majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may meet, adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members. The legislature shall hold annual sessions, commencing on the sixteenth day of October, or, if the sixteenth day of October be a legal holiday, then on the first day following which is not a legal holiday, in each year. The Legislature may be called in special session at any time by the Governor General for general legislation, or for action on such specific subjects as he may designate. No special session shall continue longer than thirty days, and no regular session shall continue longer than one hundred days. exclusive of Sundays. The legislature is hereby given the power and authority to change the date of the commencement of its annual sessions.

The senators and representatives shall receive an annual compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the Philippine Islands. The senators and representatives shall, in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective houses and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either house they shall not be questioned in any other place.

No senator or representative shall, during the time for which he may bave been elected, be eligible to any office the election to which is vested in the legislature, nor shall be appointed to any office of trust or profit which shall have been created or the emoluments of which shall have been increaseil during such term.

SEC. 19. That each house of the legislature shall keep a journal of its proceedings and, from time to time, publish the same; and the yeas and pays of the members of either house, on any question, shall, upon demand of one tifth of those present, be entered on the journal, and every bill and joint reselution which shall have passed both houses shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the Governor General. If he approve the same, he shall sigo it; but if not. he shall return it with his objections to that house in which it shall have originatel, which shall enter the objections at large on its journal and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, twothirds of the members elected to that house shall agree to pass the same, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to that house it shall be sent to the Governor General, who. in case he shall then not approve, shall transmit the same to the President of the United States. The vote of each house shall be by the yeas and nays, and the names of the members voting for and against shall be entered on the journal. If the President of the United States approve the same, he shall sign it and it shall become a law. If he shall not approve the same, he shall return it to the Governor General, so stating, and it shall not become a law: Providel. That if any bill or joint resolution shall not be returned by the Governor General as herein provided within twenty days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him the same shall become a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the legislature by adjournment prevent its De turn, in which case it shall become a law unless vetoed by the Governor Ger eral within thirty days after adjournment: Provided further. That the Pres ident of the United States shall approve or disapprove an aet submitted to him under the provisions of this section within six months from and after is enactment and submission for his approval; and if not approved within such time, it shall become a law the same as if it had been specifically approred. The Governor General shall have the power to veto any particular item o items of an appropriation bill, but the veto shall not affect the item or items to which he does not object. The item or items objected to shall not take effect except in the manner beretofore provided in this section as to bills and joint resolutions returned to the legislature without his approral.

All laws enacted by the Philippine Legislature shall be reported to the

Congress of the United S
to annul the same.
tions necessary for the su
not have been made, the
bills for the objects and
be done, shall be deemed
purposes specified in suid
shall act in such behalf ti
General, make the paymen

SEC. 20. That at the
by this Act and triennially
two Resident Commissioner
for a term of three years
their election, and who sha
all departments upon presei
by the Governor General
sioners shall, in addition to
allowed by law, be allowed
necessary clerk hire as is
Representatives of the Unite
l'nited States, and the frank
gress No person shall be e
is not a bona fide elector of
the United States and who
does not read and write ti
(ommissioners shall hold off
and serenteen. In case of v
eaused by resignation or oth
rary appointments until the i
shall then fill such vacancy;
hold office only for the unex
curred.

SEC. 21. That the supren
tive officer, whose official title
ippine Islands." He shall be
advice and conseut of the Se
at the pleasure of the Preside
fied. The Governor General sh
official incumbency, and mainta
shall. unless otherwise herein
the Philippine Senate, such offic
General, or such as he is riutho
bereafter be authorized by law
senate is not in session shall be
next adjournment of the senate.
of all of the departments and
Islands as far as is not inconsist
he commander in chief of all la
is hereby vested with the exclusi
remit fines and forfeitures, and
provided.
session of the Philippine Legisla
which shall be the basis of the
sion all officers that he may be a
for the faithful execution of the
United States operative within t
comes necessary he may call upon
forces of the United States in th

He shall submit with

I States, which hereby reserves the power and authority If at the termination of any fiscal year the appropria

support of government for the ensuing fiscal year shall the several sums appropriated in the last appropriation ind purposes therein specified, so far as the same may emed to be reappropriated for the several objects and

said last appropriation bill; and until the legislature alf the treasurer shall, when so directed by the Governor payments necessary for the purposes aforesaid. at the first meeting of the Philippine Legislature created emmially thereafter there shall be chosen by the legislature missioners to the United States, who shall hold their office ee years beginning with the fourth day of March following

who shall be entitled to an official recognition as such by pon presentation to the President of a certificate of election

General of said islands. Each of said Resident Commisaddition to the salary and the sum in lieu of mileage now be allowed the same sum for stationery and for the pay of hire as is now allowed to the Members of the House of of the United States, to be paid out of the Treasury of the and the franking privilege allowed by law to Members of Conpson shall be eligible to election as Resident Commissioner who

fide elector of said islands and who does not owe allegiance to tates and who is not more than thirty years of age and who ad and write the English language. The present two Resident rs shall hold office until the fourth of March, nineteen hundred en. In case of vacancy in the position of Resident Commissioner resignation or otherwise, the Governor General may make tempontments until the next meeting of the Philippine Legislature, which

fill such vacancy; but the Resident Commissioner thus elected sball e only for the unexpired portion of the term wherein the vacancy

21. That the supreme executive power sball be vested in an execucer, whose official title shall be “The Governor General of the PhilIslands," He shall be appointed by the President, by and with the and consent of the Senate of the l'nitel States, and hold his office pleasure of the President and until his successor is chosen and qualiThe Governor General shall reside in the Philippine Islands during his

incumbeny, and maintain his office at the seat of government. He , unless otherwise herein provided, appoint, by and with the consent of Philippine Senate, much officers as may now be appointed by the Governor eral, or such as he is authorized by this Act to appoint, or whom he may eafter he authorized by law to appoint; but appointments made while the late is not in session shall be effective either until disapproval or until the xt adjournment of the senate. He shall have general supervision and control

all of the departments and bureaus of the government in the Philippine slands as far as is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, and shall he commander in chief of all locally created armed forces and militia. He is hereby l'ested with the exclusive power to grant pardons and reprieves and l'emit fines and forfeitures, and may veto any legislation enacted as herein provided. He shall submit within ten days of the opening of each regular session of the Philippine Legislature a budget of receipts and expenditures, which shall be the basis of the annual appropriation bill. He shall commis- · sion all officers that he may be authorized to appoint. He shall be responsible for the fuithful execution of the laws of the Philippine Islands and of the United States operative within the Philippine Islands and whenever it becomes necessary he may call upon the commanders of the military and naval forces of the United States in the islands, or summon the posse comitatus. or call out the militia or other locally created armed forces. to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion, insurrection, or rebellion: and he may, in case of rebellion or invasion, or imminent danger thereof, when the public

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »