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in any manner, directly, or indirectly, the suspension of specie payments any person, association or corporation issuing bank notes of any description,

Second The legislature shall provide by law for the registry of all ble or notes issued or put in circulation as money, and shall require ample secure in United States stock or State stocks for the redemption of the same specie; and in case of a depreciation of said stocks, or any part thereof, the amount of ten per cent or more on the dollar, the bank or banks owning said stocks shall be required to make up said deficiency by additional struts

, Third--The stockholders in any corporation and joint association for bank ing purposes, issuing bank notes, shall be individually liable in an amuan equal to double the amount of stock owned by them for all the debts of sud corporation or association; and such individual liability shall continue for ca year after any transfer or sale of stock by any stockholder or stockholders.

Fourth-In case of the insolvency of any bank or banking association the bill holders thereof shall be entitled to preference in payment over other creditors of such bank or association,

Fifth-Any general banking law which may be passed in accordance wit this article shall provide for recording the names of all stockholders in su corporation, the amount of stock held by each, the time of transfer, ant whom transferred.

SEC. 14. (a) For the purpose of erecting and completing buildings a hospital for the insane, a deaf, dumb and blind asylum, the state pris the legislature may by law increase the public debt of the State to an am:10 not exceeding $250,000, in addition to the public debt already heretofore thorized by the Constitution; and for that purpose may provide by law issuing and negotiating the bonds of the State, and appropriate the ne only for the purpose aforesaid; which bonds shall be payable in not less the ten nor more than thirty years from the date of the same, at the option the State,

SEC. 14. (b) The legislature sball not authorize any county, towns city or other municipal corporation to issue bonds or to become indebtel any manner to aid in the construction or equipment of any or all railrg to any amount that shall exceed ten per centum of the value of the taxa property within such county, township, city, or other municipal corporatie the amount of such taxable property to be ascertained and determined by last assessment of said property made for the purpose of state and cum taxation previous to the incurring of such indebtedness, Nov. 3, 1872.39

SEC. 15. The legislature shall not authorize any county, township, or other municipal corporation to issue bonds, or to become indebtel in an manner, to aid in the construction or equipment of any or all railroads any amount that shall exceed five (5) per centum of the value of the taxa property within such county, township, city, or other municipal corporatia The amount of such taxable property to be ascertained and determined the last assessment of said property made, for the purpose of state and count tixation, previous to the incurring of such indebtedness, 40

Sec. 16. For the purpose of lending aid in the construction and improt ment of public highways and bridges, there is hereby created a fund, to known as the "state road and bridge fund,” said fund shall include all money ilccruing from the income derived from investments in the internal improve ment land fund, or that may hereafter accrue to said fund, and shall ale include all funds accruing to any state road and bridge fund however pro vided.

The legislature is authorized to add to such fund, for the purpose of (ta structing or improving ronds and bridges of this state, by providing, in its ells ('retion, for an annual tax levy upon the property of this state of not

39 Sections 14 (a) and 14 () are new sections; they were proposed by the legis lature of 1872, were ratified by the electors on November 5, 1872, and promulgated December 2, 1872. Section 14(b) was superseded but not expressly repealed by Sim tion 15 following.

10 Section 15 is a new section ; it was proposed by the legislature of 1879 and me ratified by the electors on November 4, 1879.

ment in any year one mill on all the taxable property within the state. prided, that no county shall receive in any year more than three (3) per nt, or less than one-half (12) of one (1) per cent. of the total fund thus prided and expended during such year.41

| SECTION 17. Repealed in 1906.]42

ARTICLE X. OF CORPORATIONS IIAVING NO BANKING PRIVILEGES. SECTION 1. The term "Corporation,” as used in this article, shall be conued to include all associations and joint stock companies having any of powers and privileges not possessed by individuals or partnerships. exit such as embrace banking privileges, and all corporations shall have the ht to sue, and shall be liable to be sued in all courts, in like manner as tural persons.

SEC. 2. No corporations Shill be formed under special acts, except for micipal purposes. SEC. 3. Each stockholder in any corporation (excepting those organized

Section 16 is a new section; it was proposed by the legislature of 1897, was ratil on November 8, 1898, and was proclaimed on December 29, 1898; the section as pod was niodified by an amendment proposed by the legislature of 1911, ratified by +lectors on November 5, 1912, and officially proclaimed on December 3, 1912.

The t of the section as originally adopted is as follows: Sec. 16. For the purpose of ding aid in the construction and improvement of public highways and bridges, there #rhy created a fund to be known as the “State Road and Bridge Fund." Said fund di include all moneys accruing from the income derived from investments in the ual improvement land fund, or that may hereafter accrue to said fund, and shall binclude all funds accruing to any state road and bridge fund, however provided.

The legislature is authorized to add to such fund for the purpose of constructing ipproving roads and bridges of this State, by providing, in its discretion, for an enl tax levy upon the property of this State of not to exceed in any year onemleth (1-20) of one (1) mill on all the taxable property within the State.

The legislature is also authorized to provide for the appointment, by the governor the State, of a board to be known as the “State Highway Commission," consisting three (3) members, who shall perform such duties as shall be prescribed by law but salary or compensation other than personal expenses.

Such commission shall have general superintendence of the construction of State les and bridges and shall use such funds in the construction thereof and distribute

same in the several counties in the State upon an equitable basis. Provided, furI, that no county shall receive in any year more than three (3) per cent or less til one-half () of one (1) per cent of the total fund thus provided and expended ring such year: and, provided furtherthat no more than one-third (1-3) of such d cruing in any year shall be expended for bridges, and in no case shall more in one-third (1-0) of the cost of constructing or improving nay road or bridge be Id by the State from such fund.

Section 17 was superseded by Section 1 of this Article. See Note 34. The text Rection 17, which was proposed as a new section by the legislature of 1895, ratified the electors on November 3, 1896, and officially proclaimed on December 29, 1896, is follows: Sec. 17. The legislature may impose, or provide for the imposition of. ioon

property within the State of any and all owners or operators, whether corporate or iividual, or otherwise, of any and all sleeping, parlor and drawing room cars, or any rither of the same, which run in, into or through this State; also upon the property thin this state of any and all telegraph and telephone companies, or owners, whose Ps are in, or extend in, into or through this State; also upon the property within this ate of all express companies, or owners, or any or either of the same, doing business this State; also upon the property within this State of all domestic insurance commies of this State of any kind; also upon the property within this State of all owners

oftrators of any and all mines or of mineral ores situated in this State; also upon e property within this State of all boom companies or owners, and of all ship builders kauniss doing business in this State or having a port therein; provided, that this act all not apply to property owned by railroad companies, their lands other pronty: and upon the property of either or any of such companies or owners a tax, as niform as reasonably may be with the taxes imposed upon similar property in Suidt tare, or upon the earnings thereof within this State, but may be graded or progressive plooth, and in providing for such tax, or in providing for ascertaining the just and Plt value of such property, it shall be competent for the legislature, in either or all I such cases, to impose such tax. upon any or all property thereof within this state nd in either case by taking as the basis of such imposition the proportionate business, arnings. mileage or quantity of production or property now or hereafter existing of ny such companies, persons or owners, transacted or existing in this State, in relation the entire business, mileage or quantity of production or property of such comunies, persons or owners as aforesaid; or in such other manner, or by such other mathod, as the legislature may determine: but the proceeds of such taxes upon mining purty shall be distributed between the State and the various political subdivisions hmment wherein the same is situated in the same proportion as the proceeds of taxes

use.

for the purpose of carrying on my kind of manufacturing or mechanical business) shall be liable to the amount of stock held or owned by him. 43

SEC. 4. Linds may be taken for public way, for the purpose of granting any corporation the franchise of way for public

In all cases, how. ever, il fair and equitable compensation shall be paid for such land, and the lamages arising from the taking of the Same: but all corporations being common carriers enjoying the right of way in pursuance of the provisions of this section, shall be bound to carry the mineral, agricultural and other productions of manufacturers on equal and reasonable terms.

ARTICLE XI.

COUNTIES AND TOWNSHIPS. SECTION 1. The legislature may from time to time establish and organize new counties; but no new county shall contain less than four hundred square miles; nor shall any county be reduced below that amount; and all law's changing county lines in counties already organized, or for removing county seats, shall, before taking effect, be submitted to the electors of the county or counties to be affectel thereby, at the next general election after the pas sage thereof, and be adopted by it inajority of such electors. Counties now established may be enlargel, but not reduced below four humored (400) square miles.

SEC. 2. The legislature may organize any city into it separate conuty, when it has attained it population of 20,000 inhabitants, without reference 144 geographical extent, when a majority of the electors of the county in whi such city may be situated, voting thereon, shall be in favor of a separate organization.

SEC. 3. Laws may be passed providing for the organization for municipal and other town purposes, of any congressional or fractional townships in the several counties in the State, provided that when a township is divided he county lines or does not contain one hundred inhabitants, it may be attached to one or more adjoining townships or parts of townships for the purposes aforesaid.

SEC. 1. Provisions shall be made by law for the election of such counts or township officers as may be necessary.

SEC. 5. Any county and township organization shall have such power of local taxation as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 6. No money shall be drawn from :lny county or township treasury except by authority of law.

SEC. 7. That the county of Manomin is hereby abolished, and that the territory heretofore comprising the same shall constitute and be a part of the county of Anoka.44

ARTICLE XII.

OF THE MILITIA. SECTION 1. It shall be the duty of the legislature to pass such laws for the organization, discipline and service of the militia of the State as may be leeved necessary.

ARTICLE XIII.

IMPEACHMENT AND REMOVAL FROM OFFICE, SECTION 1. The governor, secretary of state, treasurer, auditor, attorney general, and the judges of the supreme and district courts, may be impeached upon real property are distributed; provided further, that nothing in this act containe shall operate to authorize the assessment or taxation of land or ordinary business blocks or property owned by any such corporation, person, firm or company, except is the minner provided by the ordinary methods of taxation.

4 Amendment proposed by the legislature of 1872 and ratified by the electors or Nov., 1872. The part enclosed in parenthesis is the amendment.

" Section 7 is a new section : it was proposed by the legislature of 1869 and #na ratified at the election of Nor. 2, 1869.

cvrrupt conduct in office, or for crimes and misdemeanors; but judgment such case shall not extend further than to removal from office and disalification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit in this State. e party convicted thereof shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictat, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.

SEC. 2. The legislature of this State may provide for the removal of prior officers from office, for malfeasance or nonfeasance in the perform

of their duties. SEC. 3. No officer shall exercise the duties of his office after he shall e been impeached and before his acquittal. SEC. 4. On the trial of an impeachment against the governor, the lieupt governor shall not act as a member of the court. Src. 5. No person shall be tried on impeachment before he shall have served with a copy thereof at least twenty days previous to the day for trial.

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SECTION 1. Whenever a majority of both houses of the legislature shall

it necessary to alter or amend this Constitution, they may propose alterations or amendments, which proposed amendments shall be pubAd with the law's which have been passed at the same session, and said ndments shall be submitted to the people for their approval or rejection any general election, and if it shall appear, in a manner to be provided law. that a majority of all the electors voting at said election shall have * for and ratified such alterations or amendments, the same shall be a to all intents and purposes as a p:irt of this Constitution. If two or

alterations or amendments shall be submitted at the same time, it shall

regulated that the voters shall vote for or against each separately.45 INEX, 2. Whenever two-thirds of the members elected to each branch of legislature shall think it necessary to call a convention to revise this istitution, they shall recommend to the electors to vote at the next general tion for members of the legislature, for or against a convention; and an jority of all the elector's voting at said election shall have voted for a Fention, the legislature shall, at their next session, provide by law for ling the same. The convention shall consist of as many members as the lise of Representatives, who shall be chosen in the same manner, and shall

within three months after their election for the purpose aforesaid.

ARTICLE XV.

MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS.

SECTION 1. The seat of government of the State shall be at the city of Paul, but the legislature, at their first or any future session, may prole by law for a change of the seat of government by il vote of the people,

my locate the same upon the land granted by Congress for a seat of forument to the State; and in the event of the seat of government being toteal from the city of St. Paul to any other place in the State, the pitol building and grounds shall be dedicated to an institution for the oliwtion of seience, literature and the arts, to be organized by the legisla

& Amandment proposed by the legislature of 1897, ratified by the electors on Nov. 169%, and officially proclaimed on Dec. 29, 1898, The text of the original section is follows: Sec. 1. Whenever a majority of both Houses of the Legislature shall deem necessary to alter or amend this Constitution, they may propose such alterations or endini'nts, which proposed amendments shall be published with the laws which have • passed at the same session, and said amendments shall be submitted to the people I their approval or rejection; and if it shall appear in a manner to be provided by *, that a majority of voters present and voting shall have ratified such alterations or condments, the same shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as a part of this institution. If two or more alterations or amendments shall be submitted at the me time, it shall be so regulated that the voters shall vote for or against each parately.

ture of the State, and of which institution the Minnesota Historical Society shall always be a department.

SEC. 2. Persons residing on Indian lands within the State shall enjoy the rights and privileges of citizens, as though they lived in any other par tion of the State, and shall be subject to taxation.

ŞEC. 3. The legislature shall provide for a uniform oath or affirmation to be administered at elections, and no person shall be compelled to take any other or different form of oath to entitle him to vote.

SEC. 1. There shall be a seal of the State, which shall be kept by the secretary of state, and be used by him officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of Minnesota, and shall be attached to all the official acts of the governor (bis signature to acts and resolves of the legi lature excepted) requiring authentication. The legislature shall provide for appropriate device and motto for said seal.

SEC. 5. The territorial prison, as located under existing laws, shall, afte the adoption of this Constitution, be and remain one of the state prisons the State of Minnesota.

SCHEDULE. SECTION 1. That no inconvenience may arise by reason of a change fre il territorial to a permanent state government, it is declared that all right actions, prosecutions, judgments, claims ilnd contracts, as well of individe as of bodies corporate, shall continue as if no change had taken place; all process which may be issued under the authority of the Territory Minnesota previous to its admission into the Union of the United Sta! shall be'as valid as if issued in the name of the State.

SEC. 2. All laws now in force in the Territory of Minnesota not repr nant to this Constitution shall remain in force until they expire by thy own limitation, or be altered or repealed by the legislature.

SEC. 3. All fines,' penalties or forfeitures accruing to the Territory Minnesota shall inure to the State.

SEC. 4. All recognizances heretofore taken, or which may be taken befe the change from a territorial to a permanent state government shall rema valid, and shall pass to and may be prosecuted in the name of the Stat and all bonds executed to the governor of the Territory, or to any oth officer or court in his or their official capacity, shall pass to the govern or state authority and their successors in office, for the uses therein reş tively expressed, and may be sued for and recovered accordingly; and all estate of property, real, personal or mixed, and all judgments, bonds. (ialties, choses in action, and claims and debts, of whatsoever descripti of the Territory of Minnesota, shall imure to and vest in the State of Miny sota, and may be sued for and recovered in the same manner and to same extent by the State of Minnesota as the silme could have been by Territory of Minnesota. All criminal prosecutions and penal actions whi may have arisen, or which may il rise before the change from a territorial. a state government, and which shall then be pending, shall be prosecuted judgment and exer:lution in the name of the State. All offenses committ against the laws of the Territory of Minnesota, before the change from territorial to a state government, and which shall not be prosecuteil befe such change, may be prosecutel in the name and by the authority of t State of Minnesotal with like effect as though such change had not tak place, and all penalties incurred shall remain the same as if this Constituti had not been adopted. All actions at law and suits in equity which may pending in any of the courts of the Territory of Vinnesota, at the time it change from a territorial to il state government, may be continued transferred to any court of the State which shall have jurisdiction of subject matter thereof.

Sec, 5. All territorial officers, (ivil or military, now holding their offio under the iluthority of the United States, or of the Territory of Minnes

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