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the same offense; but there must be an actual acquittal or conviction on the merits to bar another prosecution.
SEC. 23. The people shall be secure in their persons, houses and posses. sions, from unreasonable seizure or search, and no warrant shall be issued without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, specially designating the place to be searched and the person or thing to be seized,
Sec. 24. All courts shall be open; and every person for an injury done him in his lands, goods, person or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law, and right and justice shall be administered without sale, denial or delay.
SEC. 25. No person shall be debarred from prosecuting or defending any civil cause, for or against him or herself before any tribunal in this State, by him or herself, or counsel, or both.
Sec. 26. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have a right to be heard by himself or counsel, or both, to demand the nature and cause of the accusation, to be confronted by the witnesses against him, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and in all prosecutions by indictment or information, a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the county where the offense was committed ; and he shall not be compelled to give eridence against himself; but in prosecutions for rape, adultery, fornication, sodomy or the crime against nature, the court may in its discretion exclude from the court room all persons except such as are necessary in the conded of the trial.
SEC. 27. No person shall for any indictable offense, be proceeled against criminally by information, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces or the militia when in actual service, or by leave of the court for misdemeana in office; but the legislature in cases not punishable by death or by imprison ment in the penitentiary, may dispense with the inquest of the grand jun and may authorize prosecutions before justices of the peace, or such othe inferior court or courts as may be established, and the proceedings in such case shall be regulated by law.
SEC. 28. Cruel or unusual punishment shall not be inflicted, nor excesit fines be imposed.
Sec. 29. Excessive bail shall not be required; and all persons shall, befon conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses whe the proof is evident or presumption great.
Sec. 30. There shall be no imprisonment for debt.
Sec. 31. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate, but the legit lature may, by enactment, provide that in all civil suits tried in the circuit chancery courts, nine or more jurors may agree on the verdict, and return as the verdict of the jury.1
SEC. 32. The enumeration of rights in this constitution shall not be con strued to deny or impair others retained by, and inherent in, the people.
LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT, Sec. 33. The legislative power of this State shall be vested in the legisla ture, which shall consist of a senate, and a house of representatives.
Sec. 34. The house of representatives shall consist of members chosen every four years by the qualified electors of the several counties and represent ative districts.
Sec. 35. The senate shall consist of members to be chosen every foot years by the qualified electors of the several districts.
SEC. 36. The legislature shall meet at the seat of government in regulat sessions on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January of the year A. D. 1912, and every two years thereafter, unless sooner convened by the Governor.2
1 Amendment proposed by the legislature of 1914, ratified by the electors on Xor. 3, 1914, and formally inserted in the constitution by the legislature of 1916.
? Amendment proposed by the legislature of 1910, ratified by the electors on XoT, 8, 1910, and formally inserted in the constitution by the legislature of 1912.
Sec. 37. Elections for members of the legislature shall be held in the veral counties and districts as provided by law.
SEC, 38. Each house shall elect its own officers, and shall judge of the alifications, return and election of its own members.
SEC. 39. The senate shall choose a president pro tempore to act in the sence or disability of its presiding officer.
QUALIFICATIONS AND PRIVILEGES OF LEGISLATORS. SEC. 10. Members of the legislature before entering upon the discharge their duties shall take the following oath: “I,
do solemnly swear br affirm) that I will faithfully support the constitution of the United States ad of the State of Mississippi; that I am not disqualified from holding office by e constitution of this State; that I will faithfully discharge my duties as a gislator; that I will, as soon as practicable hereafter, carefully read (or ive read to me) the constitution of this State, and will endeavor to note, M as a legislator, to execute all the requirements thereof imposed on the vislature; and I will not rote for any measure or person because of a promise
any other member of this legislature to vote for any measure or person, its a means of influencing him or them to do so. So help me God."
SEC. 11. No person shall be a member of the house of representatives who hall not have attained the age of twenty-one years, and who shall not be a valified elector of the State, and who shall not have been a resident citizen
the State four years, and of the county two years, immediately preceding selection. The seat of a member of the house of representatives shall be grated on his removal from the county or flotorial district from which he was eted,
SEC. 12. No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained the # of twenty-five years, who shall not have been a qualified elector of the tate four years, and who shall not be an actual resident of the district or terriory he may be chosen to represent, for two years before his election. The ki of a senator shall be vacated upon his removal from the district from hich he was elected.
SEC. 13. No person liable as principal for public moneys unaccounted for ball be eligible to a seat in either house of the legislature, or to any office ľ profit or trust, until he shall have accounted for and paid over all sums or which he inay have been liable.
SEC, 14. No person shall be eligible to a seat in either house of the legisture, or to any office of profit or trust, who shall have been convicted of ribery, perjury, or other infamous crime; and any person who shall have Hu convicted of giving, or offering, directly, or indirectly, any bribe to proure his election or appointment; and any person who shall give, or offer uy bribe to procure the election or appointment of any person to office, shall, on onviction thereof, he disqualified from holding any office of profit or trust under he laws of this State.
SEC. 15. No senator or representative during the term for which he was lectual, shall be eligible to any office of profit, which shall have been created, p the emoluments of which have been increased, during the time such senator r representative was in office, except to such offices as may be filled by an elecion of the people.
SEC. 16. The members of the legislature shall severally receive from the State treasury, compensation for their services, to be prescribed by law, which may be increased or diminished, but no alteration of such compensation of pembers shall take effect during the session at which it is made.
SEC. 17. No member of the legislature shall take any fee or reward or he counsel in any measure pending before either house of the legislature, under enalty of forfeiting his seat, upon proof thereof to the satisfaction of the jouse, of which he is a member.
SÆ. 18. Senators and representatives shull. in ill cases, except treason, felony, theft or breach of the peace, be privileged from irrest during the vion of the legislature, and for fifteen days before the commencement and after the termination of each session.
TRIAL OF OFFICERS.
SEC. 19. The house of representatives shall have the sole power of impeachment; but two-thirds of all the members present must concur therein. All impeachments shall be tried by the senate, and, when sitting for that purpose, the senators shall be sworn to do justice according to law and the evi. dence.
SEC. 10. The governor, and all other civil oflicers of this State, shall Im liable to impeachment for treason, bribery, or any high crime or misdemeanor in office.
Sec. 51. Judgment in such cases shall not extend further than remoral from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust or profit in this State; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment according to law.
SC. 32. When the governor shall be tried, the chief justice of the supreme court shall preside; and when the chief justice is disabled, disqualified or refuses to act, the judge of the supreme court, next oldest in commission, shall preside; and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of all the senators present.
SEC. 33. For reasonable cause, which shall not be sufficient ground of impeachment, the governor shall, on the joint address of two-thirds of eacta branch of the legislature, remove from office the judges of the supreme and inferior courts; but the cause or causes of removal shall be spread on the journal, and the party charged be notified of the same and have an oppurtunity to be heard by himself or counsel, or both, before the vote is finally taken and clecided.
RULES OF PROCEDURE.
SEC. 51, A majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do busis ness; but a less number nay adjourn from day to day, and compel the attend ance of absent members in such manner and under such penalties as each skall provide.
Sec. 55. Each house may determine rules of its own proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior; and with the concurrence of two-thirds the member's present, expel il member; but no member, unless expelled for theft, bribery or corruption, shall be expelled a second time for the same offense) Both houses shall from time to time, publish journals of their proceedings except such parts as may in their opinion require secrecy; and the yeas and nays, on any question, shall be entered on the journal, at the request of one tenth of the members present; and the yeas and nays shall be entered on the journal on the final passage of every bill.
SEC. 56. The style of the laws of the State shall be: “Be it enacted be the legislature of the State of Mississippi.”
SEC. 57. Neither house shall, without the consent of the other, adjourt for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the twe houses shall be sitting.
SEC. .. The doors of each house, when in session, or in committee the whole, shall be kept open, except in cases which may require secrecy; and each house may punish, by fine and imprisonment, any person not a member who shall be guilty of disrespect to the house, by any disorderly or contemptumus behavior in its presence, or who shall in any way disturb its deliberations during the session; but such imprisonment shall not extend beyond the final ade journment of that se ion.
SEC. 33. Bills may origiuate in either house and be amended or rejected in the other; and every bill shall be read on three different days in each houw unless two-thirds of the house where the same is pending shall dispense with the rules; and every bill shall be read in full immediately before the vote e its final passage; and every bill having passed both houses, shall be signal by the president of the senate :und the speaker of the house of representatives, in open session; but before either shall sign any bill, he shall give notice thereof, susjiend business in the house over which he presides, hare the bir
ad by its title, and on demand of any member, have it read in full; and I such proceedings sba]l be entered on the journal.
SHO30. No bill shall be so aumended in its passage through either house to change its original purpose, sind no law shall be passed except by bill; but ders votes and resolutions of both houses, affecting the prerogatives and ities thereof, or relating to adjournment, to amendments to the constitution, the investigation of public officers, and the like, shall not require the signare of the governor; and such resolutions, orders and votes, may empower legise committees to administer oaths, to send for persons and papers, and nerally make legislative investigations effective.
SEC. 61. No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its title is, but the section or sections as amended, or revived, shall be inserted at gtb.
SEC. 02. Yo amendment to bills by one house shall be concurred in by other, except by a vote of a majority thereof, taken by yeas and nays 1 the names of those voting for and against recorded upon the journals; 1 reports of committees of conference shall in like manner be adopted in h house.
SEC. (13. No appropriation bill shall be passed by the legislature which not fix definitely the maximum sum thereby authorized to be drawn from treasury. SEC. 64. No bill passed after the adoption of this constitution to make propriations of money out of the State treasury, shall continue in force re than six months after the meeting of the legislature at its next regular sion; nor shall such bill be passed except by the votes of a majority of all members elected to each house of the legislature. SEC, 65. All votes on the final passage of any measure shall be subject to onsideration for at least one whole legislative day, and no motion to reconer such vote shall be disposed of adversely on the day on which the original
was taken, except on the last day of the session. SEC, 66. No law granting a donation or gratuity in favor of any person object shall be enacted except by the concurrence of two-thirds of the members ft of each branch of the legislature, nor by any vote for a sectarian purpose use 3
SEC. 67. Yo new bills shall be introduced into either house of the legis. ure during the last three days of the session.
SEC. 68. Appropriation and revenue bills shall, at regular sessions of the islature, have precedence in both houses over all other business, and no b bills shall be passed during the last five days of the session.
SEC, 69. General appropriation bills shall contain only the appropriations defray the ordinary expenses of the executive, legislative and judicial departents of the government, to pay interest on State bonds, and to support the nmon schools. All other appropriations shall be made by separate bills, th embracing but one subject. Legislation shall not be engrafted on approtation bills, but the same may prescribe the conditions on which the money ir be drawn, and for what purposes paid.
SEC. 70. No revenue bill nor any bill providing for assessments of propy for taxation, shall become a law, except by il vote of at least three-fifths the members of each house present, and voting.
Sec. 71. Every bill introduced into the legislature shall have a title, and e title ought to indicate clearly the subject matter, or matters, of the proseul legislation. Each committee to which it bill may be referred, shall exPas in writing its judgment of the sufficiency of the title of the hill, and is, too, whether the recommendation be that the bill do pass, or do not
SEC. 72. Every bill which shall pass both houses shall be presented to le governor of the State. If he approve, he shall sign it, but if he does not prove, he shall return it. with his objection, to the house in which it origi
* Amendment proposed by the legislature of 1906, ratified by the electors on Nov. 1906, and formally inserted in the constitution by the legislature of 1908.
nated, which shall enter the objections at large upon its journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of that house shali agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other house. by which, likewise, it shall be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law; but in all such cases, the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for, and against the bill, shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively, If any bill shall not be returned by the governor within five days (Sunday excepted) after it has been presented to him, it shall becon a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the legislature, by adjournment, prevent its return; in which case it shall be a law unless sent back within three days after the beginning of the next session of the legislature. Su bill shall be approved when the legislature is not in session.
SEC. 73. The governor may veto parts of any appropriation bill, and approve parts of the same, and the portions approved shall be law.
SEC. 74. No bill shall become a law until it shall have been referred to a committee of each house and returned therefrom with a recommendation in writing.
SEC. 75. No law of a general nature, unless therein otherwise provided, shall be enforced until sixty days after its passage.
SEC. 76. In all elections by the legislature the members shall vote viva voce, and the votes shall be entered on the journals.
SEC. 77. The governor shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies is may occur in either house of the legislature, and the persons thereuja chosen shall hold their seats for the expired term.
INJUNCTION. SEC. 78. It shall be the duty of the legislature to regulate by law the cases in which deductions shall be made from salaries of public officers, for neglect of official duty and the amount of said deduction.
SEC. 79. The legislature shall provide by law for the sale of all deli quent tax lands. The courts shall apply the same liberal principles in favor such titles as in sale by execution. The right of redemption from all sales o real estate, for the non-payment of taxes, or special assessments, of any and every character whatsoever, shall exist, on conditions to be prescribed by law, in favor of owners and persons interested in such real estate, for a period of not less than two years.
SEC. 80. Provision shall be made by general laws to prevent the abuse by cities, towns and other municipal corporations of their powers of assessment. taxation, borrowing money and contracting debts.
Sec. 81. The legislature shall never authorize the permanent obstruction of any of the navigable waters of this State; but may provide for the removal of such obstructions is now exist, whenever the public welfare demands; this section shall not prevent the construction, under 'proper authority, of draw bridges for railroads, or other roads, nor the construction of "booms and chutes for logs in such manner as not to prevent the safe passage of vessels, or logs under regulations to be provided by law.
SEC. 82. The legislature shall fix the amount of the penalty of all official bonds, and may, as far as practicable, provide that the whole or a part of the security required for the faithful discharge of official duty shall be made by some guarantee company or companies.
SEC. 83. The legislature shall enact laws to secure the safety of persons from fires in hotels, theatres and other public places of resort.
SEX, 87. The legislature shall enact laws to limit restrict or prevent the acquiring and holding of land in this State by non-resident aliens, and may limit or restrict the acquiring or holding of lands by corporations.
SEC. 85. The legislature shall provide by general law for the workin of public roads by contract or by county prisoners, or both. Such law may be put in operation only by il vote of the board of supervisors in those countie where it may be desirable.
SEC. $6. It shall be the duty of the legislature to provide by law fura