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SEC, 271. The laws of this Stute now in force, not repugnant to this cou stitution, shall remain in force until amended or repealed by the legislature or until they expire by limitation. All statute laws of this state repugnan: to the provisions of this constitution, except as provided in the next thre: sections, shall continue and remain in force until the first day of April, a. D. 1892, unless sooner repealed by the legislature.

SEC. 275. All laws of this State which are repugnant to the following portions of this constitution, shall be repealed by the adoption of this consti tution, to-wit: laws repugnant to:

(a) All the ordinances of this convention.

(b) The provisions of section 183, prohibiting counties, cities and towns from voting subscriptions to railroad and other corporations or associatiolis,

(c) The provisions of sections 2:23 to 226, inclusive, of Article X, penhibiting the leasing of penitentiary convicts.

SEC. 276. All laws of the State which are repugnant to the provisions of sections 240 to 253, inclusive, of Article XII, on the subject of franchise and elections, shall be and remain in force until the first day of January, d. D. 1891, and no longer.

SEC, 277. All laws of this State which are repugnant to the provisions of Article XIII, sections 254 to 256, inclusive, on the subject of the apportivement of representatives and senators in the legislature, shall be and remain in force until the first day of October, A. D. 1891, but no longer.

SEC. 278. The governor shall as soon as practicable, appoint three suit able persons learned in the law, as commissioners whose duty it shall be to prepare and draft such general laws as are contemplated in this constituba and such other laws as shall be necessary and proper to put into operation the provisions thereof, and as may be appropriate to conform the general stat utes of the State to the constitution. Said commissioners shall present the same when prepa red to the legislature at its next regular session, And th legislature shall provide reasonable compensation therefor.

SEC, 279. All writs, actions, causes of action, proceedings, prosecution and rights of individuals and bodies corporate and of the State, and charter of incorporation, shall continue; and all indictments which shall have been found or which shall hereafter be found, and all prosecutions begun, or thi may be begun, for any crime or offense committed before the adoption of the constitution may be proceeded with and upon as if no change had taken plaa

SEC. 280. For the trial and determination of all suits, civil and crimine begun before the adoption of this constitution, the several courts of this Stat shall continue to exercise in said suits the powers and jurisdictions heretofat exercised by them; for all other matters said courts are continued as orkat ized courts under this constitution, with such powers and jurisdiction ist herein conferred on them respectively.

SEC. 281. All fines, penalties, forfeitures and escheats accruing to u State of Mississippi under the constitution and laws heretofore in force sia accrue to the use of the State of Mississippi under this constitution, excepit i herein otherwise provided.

SEC. 282. All recognizances, bonds, obligations, and all other instrumen entered into, or executed, before the adoption of this constitution. to the Staa of Mississippi, or to any State, county, public or municipal officer or how shall remain binding and valid, and the rights and liabilities upon the si shall be continued and may be prosecuted as provided by law.

SEC. 283. All crimes and misdemeanors, and renal actions shall be 10 prosecuted and punished as though no change had taken place, until othersi provided by law.

SEC. 284. All oflicers, State, district, county and municipal, now in ** in this state, shall be entitled to hold the respective offices now held by the (scept as otherwise herein provided, and until the expiration of the time to which they were respectively clected or appointed: and shall receive the sun pensation and fees now fixed by the statute laws in force when this constit tion is adopted.

SEC. 285. The adoption of this constitution shall not have the effect, nor all it be construed, to revive or put in force any law heretofore abrogated or pealed.

Thi constitution, adopted by the people of Mississippi in convention asmbled, shall be in force and effect from and after this, the first day of Novaber, A. D. 1890.


President and Delegate from Hinds county, TEST: R. E. WILSON,

Secretary. E. L. MARTIN,

Ass't Sec'y and Recording Clerk, H. DENIO.

Ass't Sec'y and Journal Clerk. W. H. MADDEN,

Asst Sec'y and Engrossing and Enrolling Clerk.


PREAMBLE. We, the people of Missouri, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, and grateful for His goodness, do, for the better gor. ernment of the State, establish this Constitution.


BOUNDARIES. SECTION 1. The boundaries of the State, as heretofore established by law, are hereby ratified and confirmed. The State shall have concurrent juris diction on the river Mississippi, and every other river bordering on the State. so far as the said rivers shall form a common boundary to this State and any other State or States; and the river Mississippi and the navigable rivers and waters leading to the same shall be common highways, and forever free to the citizens of this State and of the United States, without any tax, duty, impost or toll therefor, imposed by this State.


BILL OF RIGHTS. In order to assert out rights, acknowledge our duties, and proclaim the principles on which our government is founded, we declare:

SECTION 1. That all political power is vested in and derived from the people; that all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole.

SEC. 2. That the people of this state have the inherent, sole and excit sive right to regulate the internal government and police thereof, and to alter and abolish their Constitution and form of government whenever ther may deem it necessary to their safety and happiness: Provided, Such change be not repugnant to the Constitution of the United States.

SEC. 3. That Missouri is a free and independent State, subject only the Constitution of the United States; and as the preservation of the States and the maintenance of their governments are necessary to an indestructible Union, and were intended to co-exist with it, the Legislature is not authorized to adopt, nor will the people of this State ever assent to any amendment or change of the Constitution of the United States which may in any wise im pair the right of local self-government belonging to the people of this State.

SEC. 4. That all constitutional government is intended to promote the general welfare of the people; that all persons have a natural right to life liberty and the enjoyment of the gains of their own industry; that to give security to these things is the principal office of government, and that whet government does not confer this security, it fails of its chief design.

SEC. 5. That all men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own conscience; that person can, on account of his religious opinions, be rendered ineligible

of trust or profit under this State, nor be disqualified from testi fying, or from serving as a juror; that no human authority can control interfere with the rights of conscience; that no person ought, by any law to be molested in his person or estate, on account of his religious persuasio

* The convention which drafted the constitution of Missouri assembled at Jeffer City on May 5, 1875, and adjourned on August 2, 1875. The constitution was submitted to the electors on October 30, 1875, and was ratified by a vote of 91,205 to 14,517. BI proclamation of the governor it became the organic law of the state on November 31 1875. The constitution was submitted as a whole and no proposition was submitte separately.

any offi

profession; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be so trued as to excuse acts of licentiousness, nor to justify practices inconnt with the good order, peace or safety of this state, or with the rights thers. SEC. 6. That no person can be compelled to erect, support or attend any e or system of worship, or to maintain or support any priest, minister, cher or teacher of any sect, church, creed or denomination of religion ; if any person shall voluntarily make a contract for any such object, he

be held to the performance of the same. SEC. 7. That no money shall ever be taken from the public treasury, diy or indirectly, in aid of any church, sector denomination of religion, paid of any priest, preacher, minister or teacher thereof, as such; and

no preference shall be given to nor any discrimination made against church, sect or creed of religion, or any form of religious faith or wor

SEC. 8. That no religious corporation can be established in this State, pt such as may be created under a general law for the purpose only of ng the title to such real estate as may be prescribed by law for church es, parsonages and cemeteries, SEC. 9. That all elections shall be free and open; and no power, civil or ary, shall at any time interfere to prevent the free exercise of the right ffrage. SEC. 10. The courts of justice shall be open to every person, and certain dy afforded for every injury to person, property or character, and that

and justice should be administered without sale, denial or delay. SEC. 11. That the people shall be secure in their persons, papers, homes pffects, from unreasonable, searches and seizures; and no warrant to search place, or seize any person, or thing, shall issue without describing the

to be searched, or the person or thing to be seized, as nearly as may por without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation reduced to ng. SEC. 12. No person shall be prosecuted criminally for felony or misdeor otherwise than by indictment or information, which shall be connt remedies, but this shall not be construed to apply to cases arising je land or naval forces or in the militia when in actual service in time ar or public danger.1 SEC. 13. That treason against the State can consist only in levying war ist it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort; that

rson can be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses e same overt act, or on bis confession in open court; that no person can itained of treason or felony by the General Assembly; that no conviccan work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate; that the estates tch persons as may destroy their own lives shall descend or vest as in cases atural death; and when any person shall be killed by casualty, there

be no forfeiture by reason thereof. SEC. 14. That no law shall be passed impairing the freedom of speech;

every person shall be free to say, write or publish whatever he will on subject, being responsible for all abuse of that liberty; and that in all

and prosecutions for libel the truth thereof may be given in evidence, the jury, under the direction of the court, shall determine the law and fact. SEC. 15. That no es post facto law, nor law impairing the obligation of racts, or retrospective in its operation, or making any irrevocable grant cial privileges or immunities, can be passed by the General Assembly. SEC. 16. That imprisonment for debt shall not be allowed, except for non-payment of fines and penalties imposed for violation of law. SEC. 17. That the right of no citizen to keep and bear arms in defense is bome, person and property, or in aid of the civil power, when thereto

Amendment proposed by the general assembly of 1899 and ratified at the election ovember 6, 1900.

legally summoned, shall be called in question; but nothing herein contained is intended to justify the practice of wearing concealed weapons.

Sec. 18, That no person elected or appointed to any oflice or employ. ment of trust or profit under the laws of this State, or any ordinance of any municipality in this State, shall hold such office without personally de voting his time to the performance of the duties to the same belonging.

Sec. 19. That no person who is now or may hereafter become a collector or receiver of public money, or assistant or deputy of such collector or te ceiver, shall be eligible to any office of trust or profit in the State of Missouri under the laws thereof, or of any municipality therein, until he shall have accounted for and paid over all the public money for which he may be accountable.

Sec. 20, That no private property can be taken for private use, with or without compensation, unless by the consent of the owner, except for private ways of necessity, and except for drains and ditches across the lands of others for agricultural and sanitary purposes, in such manner as may be prescribed by law; and that whenever an attempt is made to take private property for a use alleged to be public, the question whether the contenplated use be really public shall be a judicial question, and as such judicially determined, without regard to any legislative assertion that the use is public.

SEC. 21. That private property shall not be taken or damaged for public use without just compensation. Such compensation shall be ascertained by a jury or board of commissioners of not less than three freeholders, in suel mauner as may be prescribed by law; and until the same shall be paid the owner, or into court for the owner, the property shall not be disturtei or the proprietary rights of the owner therein divested. The fee of land taken for railroad tracks without consent of the owner thereof shall remain in such owner, subject to the use for which it is taken.

SEC. 22. In criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the right appear and defend, in person and by counsel; to demand the nature and cause of the accusation; to meet the witnesses against him face to face; to have process to compel the attendance of witnesses in his behalf; and a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury of the county.

SEC. 23. That no person shall be compelled to testify against himself in a criminal cause, nor shall any person, after being once acquitted by a jury, be again, for the same offense, put in jeopardy of life and liberty: but if the jury to which the question of his guilt or innocence is submitted fail to reuder a verdict, the court before which the trial is had may, in its discretion, discharge the jury and commit or bail the prisoner for trial at the next term of court, or, if the state of business will permit, at the same term; and if judgment be arrested after a verdict of guilty on a defe tive indictment, or if judgment on a verdict of guilty be reversed for error in law, nothing herein contained shall prevent a new trial of the prisoner ou al proper indictment, or according to correct principles of law.

SEC. 24. That all persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when the proof is evident or the presumption great.

Sec. 23. That excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted.

SEC. 26. That the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall never be suspended.

SEC. 27. That the military shall always be in strict subordination to the civil power; that no soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, except in the manner prescribed by law.

Sec. 28. The right of trial by jury, as heretofore enjoyed, shall remain inviolate; but a jury for the trial of criminal or civil cases, in courts not ot record, may consist of less than twelve men, as may be prescribed by 1: and that a two-thirds majority of such number prescribed by law concurris: may render a verdict in all civil cases, And that in the trial by jury of si civil cases in courts of record, three-fourths of the members of the jury

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