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of the State as may be by law set apart for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated for establishing and maintaining the free public schools and the State University in this article provided for, and for no other uses or purposes whatsoever.

SEC. 7. In case the public school fund now provided and set apart by law, for the support of free public schools, shall be insufficient to sustain à fret school at least four months in every year in each school district in this State, the General Assembly may provide for such deficiency in accordance with section eleven of the article on revenue and taxation; but in no cast shall there be set apart less than twenty-five per cent. of the State revenue, exclusive of the interest and sinking fund, to be applied annually to the support of the public schools.

SEC. 8. All moneys, stocks, bonds, lands and other property belongiuz : to a county school fund, also the net proceeds from the sale of estrays, als the clear proceeds of all penalties and forfeitures, and of all fines collected in the several counties for any breach of the penal or military laws of the State, and all moneys which shall be paid by persons as an equivalent for exemption from military duty, shall belong to and be securely invested and sacredly preserved in the several counties as a county public school fund; the income of which fund shall be faithfully appropriated for establishing and maintaining free public schools in the several counties of this state.

SEC. 9. No part of the public school fund of the State shall ever be vested in the stock or bonds or other obligations of any other State, or of any county, city, town or corporation; and the proceeds of the sales of any lands or other property which now belong or may hereafter belong to mi school fund shall be invested in the bonds of the State of Missouri, or the United States.

SEC. 10. All county school funds shall be loaned only upon unencumbered real estate security of double the value of the loan, with personal security addition thereto.

SEC. 11. Neither the General Assembly nor any county, city, town, tone ship, school district or other municipal corporation, shall ever make an appre priation or pay from any public fund whatever, anything in aid of any religie creed, church or sectarian purpose, or to help to support or sustain any pri vate or public school, academy', seminary, college, university or other institutio of learning controlled by any religious creed, church or sectarian denomina tion whatever; por shall any grant or donation of personal property or rea estate ever be made by the State, or any county, city, town or other munici corporation, for any religious creed, church or sectarian purpose whaterer,

ARTICLE XII.

CORPORATIONS. SECTION 1. All existing charters, or grants of special or exclusive prin leges, under which a bona fide organization shall not have taken place, am business been commenced in good faith, at the adoption of this Constitution shall thereafter have no validity.

SEC. 2. No corporation, after the adoption of this Constitution, shall created by special laws; nor shall any existing charter be extended, change or amended by special laws, except those for charitable, penal or reformatur purposes, which are under the patronage and control of the State.

SEC. 3. The General Assembly shall not remit the forfeiture of the chil ter of any corporation now existing, or alter or amend such forfeited charte or pass any other general or special laws for the benefit of such corporatie

SEC. 4. The exercise of the power and right of eminent domain shal never be so construed or abridged as to prevent the taking, by the General Assembly, of the property and franchises of incorporated companies already organized, or that may be hereafter organized, and subjecting them to the public use, the same as that of individuals. The right of trial by jury shoku be held inviolate in all trials of claims for compensation, when in the error

se of said right of eininent domain, any incorporated company shall be interted either for or against the exercise of said right.

SEC. 5. The exercise of the police power of the State shall never be bridged, or so construed as to permit corporations to conduct their business

such manner as to infringe the equal rights of individuals, or the general ell-being of the State.

Sec. 6. In all elections for directors or managers of any incorporated mpany, each shareholder shall have the right to cast as many votes in the gregate as shall equal the number of shares so held by him or her in said mpany, multiplied by the number of directors or managers to be elected such election; and each shareholder may cast the whole number of votes, ther in person or by proxy for one candidate, or distribute such votes among o or more candidates; and such directors or managers shall not be elected any other manner.

SEC. 7. No corporation shall engage in business other than that expressly thorized in its charter or the law under which it may have been or hereter may be organized, nor shall it hold any real estate for any period nger than six years, except such as may be necessary and proper for carry& on its legitimate business.

SEC. 8. No corporation shall issue stock or bonds, except for money paid, por done or property actually received, and all fictitious increase of stock

indebtedness shall be void. The stock and bonded indebtedness of corporaus shall not be increased, except in pursuance of general law, nor without è consent of the persons holding the larger amount in value of the stock st obtained at a meeting called for the purpose, first giving sixty days' public tice, as may be provided by law.

SEC. 9. Dues from private corporations shall be secured by such means may be prescribed by law, but in no case shall any stockholder be inridually liable in any amount over or above the amount of stock owned by n or her. • SEC. 10. No corporation shall issue preferred stock without the consent all the stockholders.

SEC. 11. The term “corporation," as used in this article, shall be construed include all joint stock companies or associations having any powers or Irileges not possessed by iudividuals or partnerships.

RAILROADS. SE. 12. It shall not be lawful in this State for any railway company charge for freight or passengers a greater amount, for the transportation the same, for a less distance than the amount charged for any greater stance; and suitable laws shall be passed by the General Assembly to enrce this provision; but excursion and commutation tickets may be issued special rates.

SEC. 13. Any railroad corporation or association, organized for the purse, shall have the right to construct and operate a railroad between any ints within this State, and to connect at the State line with railroads of ber States. Every railroad company shall have the right, with its road, to tersect, connect with or cross any other railroad, and shall receive and transirt each the other's passengers, tonnage and cars, loaded or empty, withit delay or discrimination,

Sec. 14. Railways heretofore constructed, or that may hereafter be conructed in this State, are hereby declared public bighways, and railroad mpanies common carriers. The General Assembly shall pass laws to correct puses and prevent unjust discrimination and extortion in the rates of freight ad passenger ta riffs on the different railroads in this State, and shall from me to time pass laws establishing reasonable maximum rates of charges or the transportation of passengers and freight on said railroads, and enforce Il such laws by adequate penalties.

SEC. 15. Every railroad or other corporation, organized or doing busiexs in this State under the laws or authority thereof, shall have and main. ain a public office or place in this State for the transaction of its business

where transfers of stock shall be made, and where shall be kept, for public inspection, books in which shall be l'ecorded the amount of capital stock suiscribed, the names of the owners of the stock, the amounts owned by them respectively, the amount of stock paid, and by whom, the transfer of said stock with the date of transfer, the amount of its assets and liabilities, and the names and places of residence of its officers. The directors of every railroad company shall hold one meeting annually in this State, public notice of which shall be given thirty days previously, and shall report annually, under oathi to the State Auditor, or some officer designated by law, all of their acts are: doings, which report shall include such matters relating to railroads as may be prescribed by law. The General Assembly shall pass laws enforcing. suitable penalties, the provisions of this section,

SEC. 16. The rolling stock and all other movable property belonging any railroad company or corporation in this State shall be considered pa sonal property, and shall be liable to execution and sale in the same manne as the personal property of individuals; and the General Assembly shall pa no law exempting any such property from execution and sale.

SEC. 17, No railroad or other corporation, or the lessees, purchasers managers of any railroad corporation, shall consolidate the stock, propert or franchises of such corporation with, or lease or purchase the works franchises of, or in any way control, any railroad corporation owning having under its control a parallel or competing line; nor shall any offic of such railroad corporation act as an officer of any other railroad corpo tion owning or having the control of a parallel or competing line. The qe tion whether railroads are parallel or competing lines shall, when demandel decided by a jury, as in other civil issues.

SEC. 18. If any railroad company organized under the laws of this ste shall consolidate, by sale or otherwise, with any railroad company organis under the laws of any other State, or of the United States, the same shall thereby become a foreign corporation ; but the courts of this State shall reta jurisdiction in all matters which may arise, as if said consolidation had taken place. In no case shall any consolidation take place, except upon puble notice of at least sixty days to all stockholders, in such manner as may provided by law.

SEC. 19. The General Assembly shall pass no law for the benefit of railroad or other corporations, or any individual or association of individual : retrospective in its operation, or which imposes on the people of any coun or municipal subdivision of the State a new liability in respect to transactin or considerations already past.

SEC. 20. No law shall be passed by the General Assembly granting the rigl to construct and operate a street railroad within any city, town, village, any public highway, without first acquiring the consent of the local authoriti having control of the street or highway proposed to be occupied by such stre railroad; and the franchises so granted shall not be transferred without simils assent first obtained.

SEC. 21. No railroad corporation in existence at the time of the adoptie of this constitution shall have the benefit of any future legislation, erre on condition of complete acceptance of all the provisions of this Constitutio applicable to railroads.

SEC. 22. No president, director, officer, agent or employee of any railroa company shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in furnishing material supplies to such company, or in the business of transportation as a comme carrier of freight or passengers over the works owned, leased, controlled worked by such company.

SEC. 23. No discrimination in charges or facilities in transportation shall be made between transportation companies and individuals, or in favor either, by statement, drawback or otherwise, and no railroad company, any lessee, manager or employee thereof, shall make any preference in furnish ing cars or motive power.

SEC. 21. Vo railroad or other transportation company shall grant free

or tickets, or passes or tickets at a discount, to members of the General wy, or members of the Board of Equalization, or any State, or county, uicipal officers; and the acceptance of such pass or ticket, by a member | General Assembly, or any such officer, shall be a forfeiture of his office.

BANKS,

C, 25. No State Bank shall hereafter be created, nor shall the State r be liable for any stock in any corporation, or joint stock company, ciation for banking purposes, now created or hereafter to be created. c. 26. No act of the General Assembly authorizing or creating corporar associations with banking powers (except banks of deposit or dis

nor amendments thereto, shall go into effect, or in any manner be , unless the same shall be submitted to a vote of the qualified voters State, at the general election next succeeding, the passage of the same, approved by a majority of the votes cast at such election. 1. 27. It shall be a crime, the nature and punishment of which shall cribed by law. for any president, director, manager, cashier or other of any banking institution, to assent to the reception of deposits, or the h of debts by such banking institution, after he shall have had knowlf the fact that it is insolvent, or in failing circumstances; and any fficer, agent or manager shall be individually responsible for such de-o received, and all such debts so created with his assent.

ARTICLE XIII.

MILITIA.

TiOx 1. All able-bodied male inhabitants of this State between the

eighteen and forty-five years, who are citizens of the United States, declared their intention to become such citizens, shall be liable to mility in the militia of this State: Provided, That no person who is sly scrupulous of bearing arms can be compelled to do so, but may elled to pay an equivalent for military service, in such manner as shall cribed by law.

2. The General Assembly, in providing for the organization, equipment cipline of the militia, shall conform, as nearly as practicable, to the ons for the government of the arnies of the United States.

3. Each company and regiment shall elect its own company and tal officers; but if any company or regiment shall neglect to elect ficers within the time prescribed by law, or by the order of the Gorhey may be appointed by the Governor.

4. Volunteer companies, of infantry, cavalry and artillery may be in such manner and under such restrictions as may be provided by

The volunteer and militia forces shall in all cases, except treason, und breach of the peace, be privilegerl from arrest during their attend

musters, parades and elections, and in going to and returning from

6.

The Governor shall appoint the Adjutant-General, Quartermasterand his other staff officers. He shall also, with the advice and consent Senate, appoint al Major Generals and Brigadier Generals.

7. The General Assembly shall provide for the safe keeping of the rms, military records, banners and relics of the State.

ARTICLE XIV.

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. TiOx 1.

The General Assembly of this State shall never interfere with nary disposal of the soil by the United States, nor with any regulaich Congress may find necessary for securing the title in such soil to le purchasers. No tax shall be imposed on lands the property of the States; nor shall lands belonging to persons residing out of the limits

where transfers of stock shall be made, and where shall be kept, for public inspection, books in which shall be recorded the amount of capital stock subscribed, the names of the owners of the stock, the amounts owned by them respectively, the amount of stock paid, and by whom, the transfer of said stock, with the date of transfer, the amount of its assets and liabilities, and the names and places of residence of its officers. The directors of every railroad company shall hold one meeting annually in this State, public notice of which shall be given thirty days previously, and shall report annually, under oath, to the State Auditor, or some officer designated by law, all of their acts ani doings, which report shall include such matters relating to railroads as may i be prescribed by law. The General Assembly shall pass laws enforcing. by suitable penalties, the provisions of this section.

SEC. 16. The rolling stock and all other movable property belonging tot any railroad company or corporation in this State shall be considered personal property, and shall be liable to execution and sale in the same manner ils the personal property of individuals; and the General Assembly shall pas no law exempting any such property from execution and sale.

SEC. 17. No railroad or other corporation, or the lessees, purchasers or managers of any railroad corporation, shall consolidate the stock, property or franchises of such corporation with, or lease or purchase the works of franchises of, or in any way control, any railroad corporation owning of the having under its control a parallelor competing line; nor shall any office of such railroad corporation act as an officer of any other railroad corpon tion owning or having the control of a parallel or competing line. The ques tion whether railroads are parallel or competing lines shall, when demanded, decided by a jury, as in other civil issues.

SEC. 18. If any railroad company organized under the laws of this stage shall consolidate. by sale or otherwise, with any railroad company organiza under the laws of any other State, or of the United States, the same shall ng thereby become a foreign corporation; but the courts of this State shall retak jurisdiction in all matters which may arise, as if said consolidation had taken place. In no case shall any consolidation take place, except upon puld notice of at least sixty days to all stockholders, in such manner as may provided by law.

SEC. 19. The General Assembly shall pass no law for the benefit of railroad or other corporations, or any individual or association of individual : retrospective in its operation, or which imposes on the people of any count or municipal subdivision of the State a new liability in respect to transaction or considerations already past.

SEC. 20. No law shall be passed by the General Assembly granting the rid to construct and operate a street railroad within any city, town, village. any public highway, without first acquiring the consent of the local authorita having control of the street or highway proposed to be occupied by such stree railro:d ; and the franchises so granted shall not be transferred without simili assent first obtained.

SEC. 21. Yo railroad corporation in existence at the time of the adoptie of this c'onstitution shall have the benefit of any future legislation, excep on condition of complete acceptance of all the provisions of this Constitut ipplicable to railroads.

SEC. 22. No president, director, officer, agent or employee of any railr company shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in furnishing material supplies to such company, or in the business of transportation as a com carrier of freight or passengers orer the works owned, leased, controlled worked by such company.

Sec. 2:. No discrimination in charges or facilities in transportation sta be made between tramsportation companies and individuals, or in favor either, by abatement, drawback or otherwise; and no railroad company any lessee, manager or employee thereof, shall make any preference in furi ing cars or motive power.

SEC, 21. No railroad or other transportation company shall grant tre

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