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Nickel, nickel oxide, and matte-Domestic exports (fiscal years).

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Pounds.
5, 234, 727 $1,694,927
2,871, 18 865,500

563, 199 213,950
529,648 195, 163
462, 640 175, 350
172, 917 52, 593
44,611 15, 458

29
1,847

587

Pounds.
3,352, 310
3, 539, 274

762,377
506, 100
321, 913
615, 635
34, 540

$1,023, 354
1,067,950

293, 720
195, 268
125, 200
226, 0.53
12,083

100 3,681

Pounds,
2, 381, 029
5,746, 271

134,543
627, 534
224, 167
891,624

4,578

$734,7 1,937, 14

51.9 241,8

40 340,

1, 88

247

10,516
1,570

40

1,030 10,013, 776

Total.

9,880, 859 3, 218, 862

9, 148, 482

2,948, 058

3,395, 17

1910

1911

1912

Exported to

Quantity.

Value.

Quantity.

Value.

Quantity.

Value.

Pounds. 3,697, 124 7, 166, 322 1,212, 339

436,953
546,983
548, 5.99
47,091

Pounds.
4, 456, SSO
8, 205, S36
3,765, 510

United Kingdom.
Netherlands.
France.
Belgium
Italy.
Germany
Canada
Mexico..
Japan..
All other..

$1,537, 329
2,594, 680
1,309, 100

$1, 186, 100
2, 369,955

455, 100
163, 350
214, 276
120, 55
15, 358

Pounds.
8,989, 878
7,544,653
5, 579, 335

551, 740 1,321, 733 2,527, 273

3,373

$3,111, 453 2,337,33 2,099.)

2119,22 309, 100 480,000

1,111

604,939 1,902, 393

8, 926

232,950 326, 245 2,920

15 628 547

4,005

1,039

6,806

2, 303

1, 957
1,330

Total

13,652, 407

4, 532, 897 18,947, 810

6,004, 414 26, 561, 990

8,749, 675

1913

1914

1915

Exported to

Quantity.

Value.

Quantity.

Value.

Quantity.

Value.

1

::

United Kingdom.
Netherlands.
France.
Belgium.
Italy.
Germany
Austria-Hungary
Denmark.
Norway
Russia
Spain.
Sweden.
Canada.
Mexico.
Japan.
All other.

Pounds.
Pounds,

Pounds.
9, 213, 109 $3,300, 500 7,604, 392 $2,702, 000 16, 352, 802
9, 164,012 2, $12, 300 2,376,216 840, 269
4, 197, 110

22,033
1,577, 500 4, 419, 663 1,553, 830
1, 719, 285

3, 210, 980
664, 108 1, 230, 274 475, 175
1,075, 303

210, 612
414,100 1, 276, 905 446, 900
2, 346, 325

2, 365, 177
411, 147 11,081, 366 3,007, 786
134, 400

1,036, 242
51, 500
672, 013
259, 100

67,200
43, 830

31, 159
7,250 2, 800

186, 626
72,000 5,505, 310

700
16, 379

367,696
6, 204
42, 529
16, 112

52, 949
5, 417

1, 779 1,913 2,028

537 308, 444 2,657 1,012

22, 700 27,881,277 9, 275, 714 | 28, 895, 242 9, 403, 709 29,599, 612

$5, 878, 719

8,513 1, 168, 022

79, 00 970,617 250, 100 20,000 17,512

10, 117 2, 340,900

300 168, 420 19, 223

751 131, 465 10,21

Total.

11, 110,699

Includes Russia in Europe and Russia in Asia.

Nickel, nickel ocide, and matte-Domestic exports (fiscal years)-Continued.

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84, 225, 822

765,671 2,077, 802

United Kingdom..
Netherlands..
France.
Italy.
Germany
Denmark
Norway
Russia
Spain.
Sweden
Canada
Mexico.
Japan.
Portugal.
Cuba..
Australia
All other.

534

Pounds.
Pounds.

Pounds.
14,086, 676 85, 183,551 15,844,743 $5,928, 862 11,001, 562

139, 300 60,049 506, 588 220, 777
1,871, 595 723, 628 2,336,684 976, 845 1,904, 131
1,880,661 788, 441 5, 471, 426 2,312, 925 4,723, 940

1,168,086 584,043
2,174

983 29, 051 11, 702
34, 460 15,809

33,614 13, 200
6,598,079 2,633,018 4,917, 075 1,910, 799
112, 450
45, 760

158

79 313, 958

1,098
144, 616 28, 554

14, 416
11, 646
4,783 25, 572

9, 153 10,363
249

142

4,000
597, 257 274,947 287,944 130, 980 886, 337

66,520 35, 760 14,844
34, 410 16,704

527
217, 280 87,600
1,739

70, 254
818
38,652
18,867

201, 156
25,649,995 9,876, 403, 31,005, 606 | 12,270,854 18,818, 212

4,948

2,000 459, 689 7,800

318 33,759 102, 159

Total..

7,680,502

Nickel, nickel oxide, and matte--Domestic exports (calendar years).

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Belgium.
France..
Italy.
England
Canada,
China.
Janan.
All other

Pounds.

442, 680
1, 346, 119

525, 940
736, 033

35,9 2
20,780
582, 946
120, 186

2, 233, 736
5, 100, 847
6,571, 178

4,095

69, 622
1,145

$221,043
533, 228
192, 435
319, 170

12,067
11, 417
352, 672
55, 512

$864, 966 2,085,912 2, 254, 393

1, 491

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61, 960 2,063, 933 1,433, 751 17, 469, 500

30,889 1, 102, 197

587, 193 6,927,041

547 352, 834 123, 196

333 164, 781 62 211

Total..

3,810, 656

1,697,544 1,215, 232

574, 845

Prices."
(Published quotations in cents per pound.)

Year.

Nickel shot Monel-metal
andingots. ingots.

Year.

Nickel shot. Monel-metal and ingots. ingots.

1913. 1914. 1915. 1916. 1917.

40-45
40-45
40-45
40-45
38-43

17
16
15
20
21

1918.
1919.
1920.
1921.

343
40-45
40-45
40-45

25 32 35 35

According to Price Bulletin No. 34 of the War Industries Board, the average contract price (governing the bulk of sales) of shot and ingot was 36.50 cents per pound throughout the period 1913-1918 (inclusive). * Electrolytic nickel as quoted from 3 to 5 cents per pound additional over ingot and shot prices.

Nickel--Rates of duty.

Act of - Par.

Tariff classification or description.

Rates of duty, speció

and ad valorem.

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Nickel, nickel oxide, alloy of any kind in which nickel is the 15 cents per pound.

element of chief value.
Manufactures, articles, or wares, not specially enumerated or 45 per cent ad valoren

provided for in this act, composed wholly or in part of *
nickel, * *

or any other metal, and whether partly or
wholly manufactured.
Nickel, nickel oxide, allov of any kind in which nickel is the 10 cents per pound.

component material of chief value.
Manufactures, articles, or wares, not specially enumerated or 45 per cent ad valores

provided for in this act, composed wholly or in part of *
nickel, * * *

or any other metal, and whether partly or
wholly manufactured.
Nickel, nickel oxide, allov of any kind in which nickel is the 6 cents per pound.

component material of chief value.
Manufactured articles or wares, not specially provided for in this 35 per cent ad valorem

act, composed wholly or in part of any metal, and whether
partly or wholly manufactured.
Nickel, nickel oxide, alloy of any kind in which nickel is a com- 6 cents per pound.

ponent material os chief value, in pigs, ingots, bars, or sheets.
Articles or wares not specially provided for in this act, composed 45 per cent ad valorem

wholly or in part of * nickel, * * or other metal,
and whether partly or wholly manufactured.
Nickel, nickel oxide, alloy of any kind in which nickelis a com- | 6 cents per pound.

ponent material of chief value, in pigs, ingots, bars, rods, or
plates.
Sheets or strips...

35 per cent ad valorem. Nickel, nickel oxide, alloy of any kind in which nickelis a com- : 10 per cent ad valorem.

ponent material of chief value, in pigs, ingots, bars, rods, or |
plates.
Sheets or strips.

20 per cent ad valorem. Articles or wares not specially provided for in this section; Do.

* if composed wholly or in chief value of * * nickel,

or other metal, but not plated with gold or silver, and whether partly or wholly manufactured.

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Nickel ore and nickel matte-Rutes of duty.

Act of-, Par.

Tariff classification or description.

Rates of duty, specific

and ad valorem.

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Nickel, in ore, matte, or other crude form not ready for consump- 15 cents per pound.

tion in the arts, on the nickel contained therein.
Ores, of * *' nickel and nickel matte..

Free.
Provided, That ores of nickel, and nickel matte, containing
more than 2 per cent of copper, shall pay a duty of one-half of 1
cent per pound on the copper contained therein.
Ores, of * * nickel, and nichel matte.

Do.
Ores, of * * nickel, and nickel matte * the

Do,

Do. ..do..

Do.

*

1894 1897 1909 1913

573 629 613 565

...do.

COURT AND TREASURY DECISIONS.

Pure nickel in the form of plates was held dutiable under the provision for nickel in paragraph 192 of the act of 1883, which, being without limitation as to form, was applied to that metal whether in granules, cubes, ingots, plates, or otherwise, so long as it had not been manufactured in some particular article or ware. (Appeal, T. D. 6064.)

So were nickel rods and sheets under paragraph 1671 of the act of 1894. (Dept. Order, T. 1. 19776.)

Wire made of nickel alloy was held not dutiable under the act of 1894 as an alloy, but as a manufactured article n. s. p. f. (Boker 1. U. S., 97 Fed., 205.)

Plates were held excluded from paragraph 185 of the act of 1897 because not regarded as being in any of the forms therein mentioned. Provision was made in that paragraph for nickel, nickel oxide, and alloy of any kind in which nickel is a component material of chief value, in pigs, ingots, bars, or sheets. A distinction was declared to be made in the trade between bars and rods on the one hand and sheets and plates of nickel on the other hand. (Abstract 17563, T. D. 28597.)

Resistance strips composed of nickel alloy 200 feet long and 2 inches wide were held excluded from paragraph 185 under the act of 1897 because not nickel alloy in pigs, ingots, bars, or sheets. They were held dutiable as manufactures of nickel under paragraph 193. These strips were apparently rolled from wire. (G. A. 5373, T. D. 24561.)

But nickel in pieces 6 or 7 feet long, from 23 to 6 inches wide, and 0.025 of an inch thick, which had been cut from sheets of the same length and thickness, '10 to 12 inches wide, was found to be known as sheet metal or sheet nickel and were held dutiable accordingly under the provision for nickel in sheets. (G. A. 6046, T. D. 26375.)

Anodes consisting of nickel plates about 12 inches long, 6 inches wide, and io of an inch thick, cut from nickel sheets and with holes drilled in them for suspension in a bath in electroplating, were held not dutiable as sheets of nickel, but as a manufacture of nickel under the act of 1897. (Boker v. U.S., 157 Fed., 1003.) Nickel in any one of the forms enumerated was held covered by the provision in the act of 1897 for “nickel, nickel oxide, alloy of any kind in which nickel is a component material of chief value, in pigs, ingots, bars, or sheets."

Anodes consisting of plates of nickel, whether with holes drilled through or without, were likewise held dutiable under paragraph 193 of the act of 1897 as a manufacture of nickel n. s. p. f. (G. A. 6693, L'. D. 28624.)

Hot-rolled wire rods or bars, composed of an alloy of nickel and copper, nickel chief value, were held dutiable as nickel in bars under the act of 1897. The only question was whether the imported article Was in the form of bars. (lbstract 14017, T. D. 27801.)

A plate of iron or steel of an inch thick, on which a sheet of nickel or copper, varying in thickness from 1} to 20 per cent of the iron or steel and about three times as valuable as the iron or steel, had been laid and welded by hot rolling, the combined parts varying in thickness after the rolling process from 0.015 to 0.070 of an inch and exceeding No. 10 wire gauge in thickness, was held dutiable under the act of 1897 as a manufacture of metal and not as a sheet of iron or steel. The welding together of pieces of metal by a process of hot rolling such as was pursued in this case was declared not to come within the meaning of the word “coating." (Boker 2. U. S., 2 Ct. Cust. Appls.,

Wire made of nickel and iron produced by forcing an iron or steel wire core into a nickel tube or shell and then drawing down the article to the required size was held dutiable as wire, n. s. 1. f., and not as iron or steel wire coated with nickel. (G. A. 6414, T. D. 27544.)

Nickel-plated zinc sheets were held dutiable as manufactures of metal and not as zinc in sheets under the act of 1909 and prior laws.

162.)

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(Victor v. U. S., 128 Fed., 472, T. D. 25005; Eckstein v. U. S., 145 Fed., 1021, T. D. 27229, affirming 140 Fed., 94; followed in G. A. 6347, T. D. 27303; G. A. 78, T. D. 10387; G. A. 5296, T. D. 24281; Abstract 30645, T. D. 32997.)

Strips of metal assessed under paragraph 199 of the act of 1909 were found to be nickel specially provided for in paragraph 185. (Abstract 33730, T. D. 33778.)

Wire composed of nickel alloy was held properly classified under paragraph 199 of the act of 1909 as a manufacture of metal. (Abstract 34906, T. D. 34219.)

Nickel-plated steel strips put up in coils, nickel chief value, were held dutiable as manufactures of metal and not as strips of steel under the act of 1909. They were held not galvanized or coated within the meaning of paragraph 122 of that act. The article was commercially known as strip steel nickel plated. (Hirsch v. U. S., 4 Ct. Cust. Appls., 82.)

Eccentrics made of cast iron, drilled, reamed, and nickel plated for sewing machines, were held dutiable as manufactures of metal under paragraph 199 of the act of 1909, the provision in paragraph 147 claimed as the proper classification being limited to castings made wholly of iron and not broad enough to cover articles made of cast iron and some other metal. (United States v. Durbrow & Hearne Manufacturing Co., 5 Ct. Cust. Appls., 410.)

Nickel steel in bars, classified under the provision in paragraph 110 of the act of 1913 for "steel by whatever process made containing alloy such as nickel” was held not shown by the evidence to be dutiable under paragraph 155 as in chief value of nickel. (Abstract 38980.)

Nickel sulphate was held not to be an alloy of nickel, nor nickel, nor as nickel oxide, but dutiable as a chemical compound or salt under the act of 1913. (Abstract 36929.)

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