Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

Dutch East Indies, Australia, China and Bolivia. Tinplate · mills are for the most part located in the great iron and steel producing region of the country, extending from Pennsylvania westward to Ilinois Pennsylvania produces about one-half of the tinplate of the country. The great bulk of the tinplate of the world is produced in the United States and Great Britain. In 1910 the production of tinplate in the United States was 444,933 long tons; in 1916, about 1,139,386 long tons; and in 1919, 1,074,235 long tons.

In some cases tinware is manufactured directly from steel sheets and afterwards coated with tin. In the manufacture of certain milk churns this coating of the receptacles is frequent.

Equipment.--Much of the equipment used in the manufacture of tinware consists of automatic machinery.

Geographical distribution and organization.- The manufacture of tinware is widely distributed in the United States. The leading States are New York, Illinois, Maryland, Ohio, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and California. The industry shows no tendency toward centralization or monopolization. In 1914 there were 294 establishments distributed among 19 States and with a capital represented by a large number of different and competing interests. "Sixty-two establishments with an output valued at $14,362,697 were located in New York State. Production in that State in 1914 was considerably over one-sixth of the total for the United States.

History of the industry. With the development of the preservation of fruits, meats, vegetables, and other articles, the manufacture of tinware has grown rapidly during recent years. The value of the products of the tinware industry in 1914 was approximately double that of the year 1904.

Domestic production and consumption.—The value of the output of tinware in 1914 was $81,930,880. This output shows a marked increase over that of the year 1904 when it amounted to $41,893,000. The manufacture of tinware is intimately related to the production of tinplate. About two-thirds of the tinplate manufactured in this country is consumed in coast regions. Some tinplate, such as milk churns and cans is manufactured from steel sheets (called "black plate") and is afterwards coated with tin by immersion in a bath of molten tin. Consumption of tinware in the United States is practically equal to that of production. Exports exceed imports, but the percentage of tinware imported and exported as tinware (not as containers of other articles) form a small fraction of the country's production.

Domestic exports.-Exports were not listed separately until the year 1918 when they amounted in value to $530,571. Exports in 1919 and 1920 were valued at $863,447 and $877,179, respectively. These exports are negligible in comparison with domestic production. Tinware, however, is exported in much larger quantities than these figures indicate, as receptacles for fruits, fish products, packinghouse products, and the like. These classes of goods are produced for specialized uses and the industries utilize tinware in marketing their products. Tinware, therefore, is usually exported in the form of containers of products of other industries and not as tinware.

IMPORTS. The imports of tinware are not separately listed in the reports of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Such imports are negligible. The imports for consumption under the caption of “Tin, all other manufactures of” amounted in 1920 to $86,784.

TARIFF HISTORY.

* *

*

*

In the act of 1890 there was the following provision:

Prorided, That on and after July 1, 1891, manufactures of which tin, tinplates. terneplates, taggers tin, or either of them, are component materials of chief value. and all other articles, vessels or wares manufactured, stamped or drawn from sheet iron or sheet steel, such material being the component of chief value and coated wholly or in part with tin or lead or a mixture of which these metals, or either of them is a component part, shall pay a duty of 55 per cent ad valorem.

In subsequent acts articles of tin were included in the basket clause covering manufactured articles and wares of metal. In the said act of 1890, however, there was a provision that "no article not specially provided in this act, wholly or partly manufactured from tinplate, terneplate * or of which such tinplate, terneplate, *

shall be the material of chief value, shall pay a lower rate of duty than that imposed on the tinplate, terneplate,

* from which it is made, or of which it shall be the component thereof of chief value.” A similar provision was included in subsequent acts and is contained in paragraph 115 of the act of 1913.

COMPETITIVE CONDITIONS. As there are, practically speaking, no imports of tinware, there is no problem at present with reference to foreign competition. The manufacture of tinware is a highly specialized industry and generally serves directly other industries making use of articles requiring special make and definite specifications. As a result the industry is usually located in the immediate vicinity of concerns making use of its products. Tinware not being a standardized article, like tin plate does not move in international trade to any large extent as a ware of commerce.

TARIFF CONSIDERATIONS. At present there is no problem with reference to foreign competition. Neither is there any problem with respect to tariff classification. The grouping of tinware under the general head of “ manufactures, articles or wares of metal” is sufficient under present conditions. Tinuare' not elsewhere specified--Production in United States.

(From Federal Census.)

Year.

Quantity.

Value.

1904. 1909. 1914.

$41,893,000 58,814,000 $1.930,880

1 This classification includes tin pails, buckets, cans, boxes, household and cooking utensils, cabinet, and other tinware. It does not cover the manufacture of tin cans and other containers by establishments engaged in canning and preserving.

Note. Before 1904 manufactures of tinware were included under "tinware, copperware, and sheftiron ware.

Tinware, nol elsewhere specified- Production in United States, by States.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Imported from

2

France. Germany.. Vetherlands Vorway. Spain. Sweder Ved Kingdom. Canada, Paranna..

(Caler.dar years.)

1911 i 1919

1600

Imported !rom

$4, 574

Men,
C..

2,74

Suff

Tta.

2.

[ocr errors]

T'in, all other manufactures of - Imports for consumption--Rerenue.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

From July 1 to Oct. 3, 1913, under act of 1909. : From Oct. 4, 1913, to June 30, 1914, under act of 1913. 3 Reciprocity treaty with Cuba.

Domestic exports.

TIN, MANUFACTURES OF.1

(Fiscal years.)

Exported to

1910

1911

1912

1913

1914

Germany.
Netherlands.
Russia in Europe.
United Kingdom.
Canada..
Panama.
Mexico.
British West Indies.
Cuba...
Argentina..
Brazil.
Chile..
Peru..
Venezuela.
China..
Japan.
Australia and Tasmania
New Zealand.
Philippine Islands.
British South Africa.
All other..

Total...

$51, 739
27,345

4,959
68, 945
367, 391
20, 666
76, 246

15, 293 105, 804

7,079 9,575 4,808 3,050 3, 017 12, 841

4, 494 24, 273

7,310 21,633

6, 434 36,911 879, 813

$31, 900

4,631 2, 869 58, 801 492, 593 10, 705 70, 873 33, 090 150, 797

3, 999 7,928 3,360 2,350 3,218

686 3,108 30, 947

7,607 17, 242 3,640 59, 452

$10,748

533 3,833 65, 607 587, 885 24,933 135, 911

32, 968 180, 293 19,999 21, 629 11,893 8,584 5,321 1,407 2,051 23, 593

7,002 20,792 10,010

59,037 1, 234,029

$16,557

1,609 4,956 49,645 760, 371 21, 742 140, 998

28, 967
208, 751
11, 716
16, 713

7, 824
2, 726
10,692
1, 157
9, 490
22, 105
6,350
27, 846
43, 501
60, 074

$6,515 7,072 2,501 59, 240 879, 527 24,015 46, 841

30, 610 179, 572 13, 571 6,917 5,992 4,080 18,740 12,934 2,572 20, 225

4, 520 41, 248 21, 983

88, 879 1,477,584

1

999, 796

1,453, 790

1 Included in "All other manufactures of tin plates” after 1914.

1918

Articles or if compor. nicke!

Lurope.

Kingdom.. gada. inama. Mexico British West Indies Cuba. Argentina, Brazil. Chile.. Peru. Venezuela China.. Japan.. Australia and Tasmania. New Zealand.. Philippine Islands British South Africa.. All other..

$27 46, 851 2, 205, 134

45, 470 152,214

49, 599 320, 252 35.046 36,753 52,941 26,505 28, 912

3,693 81,052 91, 347

3,211 114, 150

23, 466 163, 871

Total

3, 183,527

1920

France. Greece. Canada. Panama Mexico. Jamaica Cuba. Argentina Brazil. Chile.. Peru.. China.. British Indies. Dutch East Indies. Japan.. Australia. Philippine Islands. All other

3434 12, 675 151, 619 13, 431 67, 417 10, 126 121, 302 29, 881 83, 108 16, 105

4, 606 28, 132 14, 013 12, 311 123, 817 16,518

19, 953 136, 809

Total.

TARIFF INFORM

18-Continued. GENT

ANUFACTURES OF-Continued.

1915

1916

1917

$869

676 9,871 220, 844 579, 214

22.014 102, 424

28, 320 226,084

11,669 110,931 22,632

6,322 12,775

4, 226 28, 009 27, 181

3,957 40,593

10,304 317, 123

$1,611

2,091 509, 925 810, 954 35, 520 78, 204 45, 246 250, 457 101, 816 63, OSS 26,926 18,659 14,622 33, 744 41,952 82.602 12,351 43,070 30, 258 613, 812

$331 15,313 393, 228 3,488, 652

33,958 117, 737

58, 426 350, 876 116, 189 80, 297 43,000 28, 702 35, 967 21.065

10,352 137, 929 15, SOS 57, 694 29, 718 345, 745

1,786,038

2, 849,968

5,411,019

TIN WARE.

(Calendar years.)

Exported to

1918

1919

$6, 363

146, 131

6, 595 20, 413

5, 697 102, 138 19, 617 43, 218 25, 872 5,513 8,668 13, 799 3, 325 7, 126 16, 700, 31, 016 65, 080

530, 571

863, 447

$577, 179

For rates of duty see page 65.

« AnteriorContinuar »