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TABLE 23.—Showing, for all branches of the classified service, the number examined, the

number that failed, and the per cent of failures, the number that passed, the number appointed, and the per cent of those that passed who were appointed during the several periods covered by the reports of the Commission.

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July 16, 1883, to January 15, 1884..
January 18, 1884, to January 15, 1885..
January 16, 1885, to January 15, 1886.
January 16, 1886, to January 15, 1887.
January 16, 1887, to June 30, 1887
July 1, 1887, to June 30, 1888
July 1, 1838, to June 30, 1889.
July 1, 1889, to June 30, 1890
July 1, 1890, to June 30, 1891
July 1, 1891, to June 30, 1892
July 1, 1892, to June 30, 1893
July 1, 1893, to June 30, 1894
July 1, 1894, to June 30, 1895
July 1, 1895, to June 30, 1896

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69 119 169 641

July 16, 1883, to January 15, 1884
January 16, 1884, to January 15, 1885.
January 16, 1885, to January 15, 1886.
January 16, 1886, to January 15, 1887.
January 16, 1887, to June 30, 1887
July 1, 1887, to June 30, 1888
July 1, 1888, to June 30, 1889
July 1, 1889, to June 30, 1890
July 1, 1890, to June 30, 1891
July 1, 1891, to June 30, 1892
July 1, 1892, to June 30, 1893
July 1, 1893, to June 30, 1894
July 1, 1894, to June 30, 1895
July 1, 1895, to June 30, 1896.

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340 331 375 320

14.8 22 16.2 25. 2 22. 7 24 20.8 32.3 16.7 22.6 13. 9 15. 7 16.6

161

287 280 272 460

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822

42.3
30
28.2
30.1

1, 119 2, 262 2,953 5, 222

372 1, 249 1, 473 3, 254

33. 2 55. 2 49.9

971 1,160

2, 245

62.3

TABLE 23.—Showing, for all branches of the classified service, the number examined, the

number that failed, and the per cent of failures, etc.—Continued.

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July 16, 1883, to January 15, 1884
January 16, 1884, to January 15, 1885..
January 16, 1885, to January 15, 1886.
January 16, 1886, to January 15, 1887.
January 16, 1887, to June 30, 1887.
July 1, 1887, to June 30, 1888
July 1, 1888, to June 30, 1889
July 1, 1889, to June 30, 1890.
July 1, 1890, to June 30, 1891
July 1, 1891, to June 30, 1892
July 1, 1892, to June 30, 1893
July 1, 1893, to June 30, 1894
July 1, 1894, to June 30, 1895
July 1, 1895, to June 30, 1896

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1, 800 1,881 4, 442 2, 616 3, 781 5, 182 5, 395 3, 961 4, 291 4, 704 4, 793 5, 086

38 31.6 37.2 42 32.5 30.6 19.8 24. 2 24. 6

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a The report for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1893, gave the number of persons appointed in the departmental service during the period covered by that report as 286. That number did not include 79 persons appointed as printers' assistants and skilled helpers, which would have made the total number 365 instead of 286.

b The total number shown as examined does not include about 3,900 who took supplementary examinations, of which number about 1,300 passed and 2, 600 failed.

cThis total includes about 725 who were either reinstated or appointed upon noncompetitive examinations.

NOTE.-The revision of the civil service rules on May 6, 1896, placed the railway mail service and the Indian service under the departmental service, but for purposes of comparison with previous years it is deewed advisable to keep the statistics for these services separate on this table.

PART III.—BRIEF OF INVESTIGATIONS MADE BY EXAMINERS AND BY CORRESPONDENCE SUBSEQUENT TO JANUARY 5, 1893.

AKRON, OHIO, post-office. File 9461.
Charge.—That William B. Dobson, the postmaster, solicited and collected from

certain of the employees in his office subscriptions and payments of money

for campaign purposes. Date of investigation.—September, 1896.

Result.-Charges not sustained and dismissed.
ALLEGHENY, PA., post-office. File 6844.

Charge.—That political assessments were being levied on the office employees.
Date of inrestigation.—October 13, 1894.
Result.-It was found that owing to postmaster's attitude in supporting the law

the attempt to levy assessments in Allegheny was a failure. No attempt
had been made in Federal building except by letter, which action, according

to Attorney-General's letter of April 14, 1894, was no violation of law. ANNISTON, ALA., post-office. File 9634. Charge.—That Dr. J. C. Le Grand solicited and Postmaster M. A. Smith received

in the post-office building contributions for political purposes. Date of investigation.-September 29, 1896. Result.-Recommendation made to the Attorney-General that Postmaster Smith

and Dr. Le Grand be prosecuted for violationof sections 11 and 12 of the

civil-service law. ANNISTON, ALA., post-office. File 9587. Charge.—That Frank H. Snow, a carrier in the post-office, had received contri

butions for political purposes. Date of investigation.-September 29, 1896. Result.-Snow,'together with Carriers Johnson and Crawley, was suspended for

twenty days without pay, it appearing that the contributions were entirely

voluntary, no persuasion, coercion, or solicitation being used. ANSONIA, CONN., post-office. File 9302. Charge.—That the postmaster discriminated against Thomas Hyde, an eligible

on the clerk register, on account of his religious faith. Date of investigation.—June, 1896.

Result.-Charges not sustained, and dismissed. ATHENS, Ga., post-office. File 4946. Charge.—That July 1 and August 5, 1893, examinations had been improperly held,

and that postmaster was purposely obstructing execution of civil-service

law. Dale of charge.-See minutes September 8 and October 16, 1893. Date of investigation.-November 3, 4, 5, 1893. Result.--New examination held November 4. All competitors who desired,

together with improper appointees, reexamined. Postmaster found to have obstructeil law through ignorance and not design. Appointments

properly made afterwards, through certification.

BATII, ME., post-office. File 4867.

Charge.—That the board of examiners was not performing its duties properly.
Date of charge.-January 18, 1894. (Reference of chief examiner.)
Date of investigation.—January 23, 1894.

Result.-- Board was reorganized.
BETIILEHEM, Pa., post-office. File 4734.
Charge.—That postmaster had secured the resignation of an eligible on the reg-

ister in order to appoint another eligible who could not otherwise be

reached.
Date of charge.- August 28, 1895.
Date of investigation.-September 3, 1895.
Result.—There had been no intentional wrongdoing on the part of anyone. No

one had been deprived of any right, and the caso was dismissed.
BIRMINGHAM, ALA., post-office. Filo 4859.
Charge. That postmaster had reported eligibles as having declined appointment

when such appointment had not been tendered them.
Date of charge. -Letter of November 28, 1895,
Date of investigation. December 16, 1895.
Result.-There had been no intentional wrongdoing. Confusion resulted from

carelessness of postmaster and secretary of board, who had failed to notify
postmaster that Ullman was an eligible. Secretary was relieved from

board duty. Proper appointment was made. Case dismissed. BRADDOCK, PA., post-office. File 4795.

Charge.—That postmaster was making appointments and removals improperly.
Date of charge.—August 9 and 14, 1894,
Date of investigation.-September 24, 1894.

Result.-Charges proved to be totally unfounded and caso dismissed.
BRIDGETON, N. J., post-office. File 4910.
Charge.—That Carriers A. F. Zane, T. Ewing, R. Bard, and A. Smith, jr., had

been removed for political reasons.
Date of charge.—Letter of August 29, 1894.
Date of investigation.--October 6, 1894.
Result.Report of Commission's examiner submitted to Department October 13,

with recommendation that Bard and Zane be reinstated. October 16

Department refused to reinstate the men. No further action.
DRIDGETON, N. J., post-office. File 9360.
Charge.—That provisions of sections 5, 11, and 12 had been violated by Post-

master Laning at Bridgeton.
Date of charge.- Various dates in April and May, 1896.
Date of investigation.-May 13 and 14 and Juno 5 and 6, 1896.

Result.---Postmaster Laning was removed upon the Commission's request.
CALUMET, MICII., post-office. File 9324.
Charge.—That the papers of James O'Brien, a competitor in the March 7, 1896,

examination, were changed by his brother, Michael E. O'Brien, a member

of the local board.
Date of investigation.—July, 1896.
Result.-O'Brien confessed his guilt, and the Commission requested the Post-Office

Department to remove him from the service. The Department refused,
stating that the offense was not sufficient to warrant such action, and
stating further that $50 of O'Brien's salary had been withheld as punish-
ment. The Commission then referred the matter to the Attorney-General,
requesting O'Brien's prosecution for violating section 5 of the civil-serv-
ice act. February 17, 1897, the Attorney-General advised the Commission
that a letter of instructions had been written the United States attorney

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CALUMET, Mich., post-office-Continued.

at Grand Rapids, Mich., directing him to investigate the case and institute such proceedings as might be proper. No further action up to this time.

February 23, 1897. CANTON, ILL., post-office. File 4737. Charge.—That postmaster had illegally removed James Barron, stamper, and

appointed Stella Knischka as his successor. Date of charge.—September 21 and October 15, 1894. Result.-Case submitted to Department in letters of September 25, October 24,

and November 6, 1894. Investigated by post-office inspector. Barron

ordered retained in service; Miss Knischka removed. CARLISLE, PA., post-office. File 4441. Charge.—That examination of February 10, 1894, had been fraudulently con

ducted by board. Date of charge.—March 5, 6, 7, 1894. Date of investigation.—March 23, 24, 1894. Result.-Competitors reexamined. It was found that the errors made were

chargeable to ignorance and carelessness, and not design. No further

action.
CHARLOTTE, N. C., post-office. File 4408.

Charge.—That Postmaster Robertson was causing removals for political reasons.
Date of charge.-September 27, 1893.
Date of investigation.—October 25, 26, 1893.
Result.-Case submitted to and investigated by the Department. It was found

that the removals had not been made for political reasons. See letter Jan

uary 6, 1894. CINCINNATI, Ohio, internal-revenue office. File 9463. Charge.—That political assessments were being levied daily in the internal-rev

enue district, with headquarters at Cincinnati. Date of charge.- August 1, 1896. Date of investigation.-September 11, 12, 1896. Result.-Case submitted to Attorney-General on September 26, with recommen

dation that the proper United States attorney be directed to institute proceedings against Collector Joseph H. Dowling and Deputy Collector Joseph E. Kinninger for yłolations of the civil-service act. Case also submitted to Treasury Department on September 26, with a request for the removal of Messrs. Dowling and Kinninger for violations of the civil. service act. Dowling and Kinninger were removed by the President on

January 25, 1897. CLARKSVILLE, TENN., post-office. File 4933. Charge.-Fraud in examination of T. T. Gilbert; attempted evasion of the law

by postmaster. Date of charge.-August 20, 1894. Date of investigation.—October 22, 1894. Result.-It was found that while the circumstances aroused much suspicion,

there had really been no fraud in Gilbert's examination, and that the

postmaster had not and did not intend to violate the law. COLUMBUS, OHIO, post-office. File 7773. Charge.—That political assessments were being levied on the employees by the

Democratic committee. Date of charge.-October 3, 1895. Date of investigation.-November 25, 1895. Result.—This case is still pending, awaiting decision from the courts in a similar

case, to establish whether solicitation of Federal employees by mail is a violation of the law.

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