Reports of the Industrial Commission...

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1901 - 1149 páginas
 

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Página ii - That it shall furnish such information and suggest such laws as may be made a basis for uniform legislation by the various States of the Union, in order to harmonize conflicting interests and to be equitable to the laborer, the employer, the producer, and the consumer, и INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION, December 5, 1901.
Página xvi - The tenant furnishes the mule, and pays the cost of its keeping. The other expenses, including the expense of fertilizers, are equally divided between the two. When the crops are gathered, the landlord is entitled to one-fourth of the cotton, one-third of the corn, and one-half of the small grain ; in...
Página 139 - ... were required to husk a bushel of corn by hand, with the use of a husking peg, and 102 minutes to haul the stalks required to produce a bushel of corn to a barn and cut them into fodder, and the time, as at present, when 17£ minutes are sufficient to...
Página 71 - Then come along, come along, make no delay, Come from every nation, come from every way; Our lands they are broad enough, don't be alarmed, For Uncle Sam is rich enough to give us all a farm.
Página 139 - ... and, by the use of a machine operated by steam, to husk the corn and at the same time cut the stalks into fodder; and there was a transition from one agricultural age to another when a man ceased to expend 100 minutes of labor in shelling a bushel of corn by hand, and employed a steam sheller by which a bushel of corn is shelled in a minute and a half. When farmers reaped their wheat with sickles and bound the straw by hand, hauled the sheaves to the barn and thrashed the grain with flails, these...
Página 131 - Fifty-three stations work to a greater or less extent in horticulture, testing varieties of vegetables and large and small fruits, and making studies in varietal improvement and synonymy.
Página 139 - This is a new age to the farmer. He is now, more than ever before, a citizen of the world. Cheap and excellent books and periodical publications load the shelf and the table in his sitting room and parlor. He travels more than he ever did before, and he travels longer distances. His children are receiving a better education than he received himself, and they dress better than he did when he was a child. They are more frequently in contact with town and city life than he was.
Página ccclxxxvi - Everywhere, without exception, the testimony is that this part of the system of the general property tax is unequal, unsuccessful, often demoralizing to tax officials, always irritating to taxpayers. The experience of Massachusetts is the more striking, because here the difficulty does not lie mainly in the administration of the tax laws. The assessors are usually honest, competent, zealous.
Página 139 - A comparison of the Department of Labor schedules discovers the following reductions in the cost of human and animal labor, per bushel, caused by the use of machines and implements: Corn, from 12.58 to 8.27 cents; wheat, 19.17to 10.13 cents: wheat (another pair of schedules) , 20 to 5.60 cents; oats, 8.88 to 4.07 cents; rye. 21.01 to 17.20 cents; barley, 12.94 to 3.54 cents; Irish potatoes, 5.99 to 2.72 cents. The reduction of the time of human labor, per bushel, is as follows for selected pairs...
Página 141 - ... exceptionally high. The system has proven a curse to many sections of the South. Witnesses before the United States Industrial Commission estimated the interest rates imposed by this system at from 20 per cent upwards. Mr. George K. Holmes of the United States Department of Agriculture testified: The rate of interest on the liens on the cotton crop of the South, it is safe to say, probably averages 40 per cent a year.

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