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This I take to be the most rational and most

profitable way of learning languages, and whereby we may best hope to give account to God of our youth spent herein. And for the usual method of teaching arts, I deem it to be an old error of universities not yet well recover'd from the scholastick grossness of barbarous ages, that instead of beginning with arts most easy, (and those be such as are most obvious to the sense,) they present their young unmatriculated novices at first coming with the intellective abstractions of logick and metaphysicks : so that they having but

newly left those grammatick flats and shallows where they stuck unreasonably, to learn a few words with lamentable construction, and now on the sudden tran-. {ported under another cliinate to be tost and turmoil'd with their unballasted wits in fathomless and unquiet deeps of controversy, do for the most part grow into hatred and contempt of learning, mock'd and deluded all this while with ragged notions and babblements, while they expected worthy and delightful knowledge; till poverty or youthful years call them importunately their leveral ways, and hasten them with the fway of friends, either to an ambitious or mercenary, or ignorantly zealous divinity: tome allur'd to the trade of law, grounding their purposes not on the prudent and heavenly contemplation of justice and equity, which was never taught them, but on the promising and pleasing thoughts of litigious terms, fat contentions, and flowing fees; others betake them to state affairs, with souls so unprincipled in virtue, and true generous breeding, that flattery, and court-lifts, and tyrannous aphorisms appear to them the highest points of wisdom; instilling their

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bárren hearts with a conscientious Navery, if, as I rather think, it be not feign'd: others, lastly, of a more delicious and airy spirit, retire themselves, knowing no better, to the enjoyments of ease and luxury, living otit their days in feast and jollity; which indeed is the witest and the safest course of all these, unless they were with more integrity undertaken. And these are the fruits of mifpending our prime youth at the schools and universities as we do, either in learning mere words, or fuch things chiefly as were better unlearnt.

I hall detain you no longer in the demonstration of what we should not do, but straight conduct you

to a hill-fide, where I will point ye out the right path of a virtuous and noble education; laborious indeed at the first afcent, but elfe so smooth, fo green, so full of goodly prospect, and melodious sounds on every side, that the harp of Orpheus was not more charming. I doubt not but ye shall have more ado to drive cur dullest and faziest youth, our stocks and stubs, from the infinite delire of such a happy nurture, than we have now to hale and drag our choicest and hopefulleft wits to that afinine feast of fowthistles and brambles which is commonly set before them, as all the food and entertainment of their tenderest and moft docible age. I call therefore a complete and generous education that which fits a man to perform justly, skilfully and magnanimously, all the offices, both private and publick, of peace and war. And how all this may be done between twelve and one and twenty, less time than is now bestow'd in pure trifling at grammar and fophiftry, is to be thus or

First, to find out a spacious house, and ground about it, fit for an Academy, and big enough to lodge an hundred and fifty persons, whereof twenty or thereabout

may be attendants, all under the government of one, who shall be thought of defert fufficient, and ability either to do all, or wisely to direct, and oversee it done. This place should be at once both school and university, not needing a remove to any other house of scholarship, except it be some peculiar college of law, or physick, where they mean to be practitioners ; but as for those general studies which take up all our time from Lilly to the commencing, as they term it, master of arts, it Mould be absolute. After this pattern, as many edifices may be converted to this use, as shall be needful in every city throughout this land, which would tend much to the increase of learning and civility every where. This number, less or more thus collected, to the convenience of a foot company, or interchangeably two troops of cavalry, should divide their days work into three parts, as it lies orderly : their studies, their exercise, and their diet,

For their studies, first they Aould begin with the chief and necessary rules of some good gram, mar, either that now us’d, or any better: and while this is doing, their speech is to be fashion'd to a distinct and clear pronunciation, as near as may be to the Italian, especially in the vowels. For we Englishmen being far northerly, do not open our mouths in the cold air, wide enough to grace a southern tongue ; but are observ'd by all other nations to speak exceeding close and inward : G g 2


fo that to smatter Latin with an English mouth, is asill a hearing as Law-French. Next to make them expert in the usefullest points of grammar, and withal to season them, and win them early to the love of virtue and true labour, ere any flattering seducement, or vain principle seize them wandring, fome easy and delightful book of education should be read to them; whereof the Greeks have store, as Cebes, Plutarch, and other Socratic discourses, But in Latin we have none of classic authority extant, except the two or three first books of Quintilian, and some felect pieces elsewhere. But here the main skill and ground-work will be, to temper them such lectures and explanations upon every opportunity, as may lead and draw them in willing obedience, inflam'd with the study of learn'ing, and the admiration of virtue ; ftirr'd up with high hopes of living to be brave men, and worthy patriots, dear to God, and famous to all ages, that they may despise and fcorn all their childish and ill-taught qualities, to delight in manly and liberal exercifes, which he who hath the ait and proper eloquence to catch them with, what with mild and effectual persuasions, and that with the intimation of some fear, if need be, but chiefly, by, his own example, might in a short space gain them to an incredible diligence and courage ; infusing into their young breasts such an ingenuous and noble ardor, as would not fail to make many of them renowned and matchless men. At the same time, some other hour of the day, might be taught them the rules of arithmetick, and foon after the elements of geometry even playing, as the old manner was. After evening-repafts, till bed-time, their thoughts will be best taken up in the easy grounds of religion, and the story of scripture. The next step would be to the authors of Agriculture, Cato, 'Varro, and Columella ; for the matter is most easy, and if the language be difficult, so much the better, it is not a difficulty above their years : and here will be an occasion of inciting and enabling them hereafter to improve the tillage of their country, to recover the bad soil, and to remedy the waste that is made of good; for this was one of Hercules's praises. Ere half these authors be read (which will soon be with plying hard, and daily) they cannot choose but be masters of an ordinary prose. So that it will be then seasonable for them to learn in any modern author, the use of the globes, and all the maps ; first with the old names, and then with the new : Or they might be then capable to read any compendious method of natural philosophy. And at the same time might they be entring into the Greek tongue, after the same manner as was before prefcrib'd in the Latin ; whereby the difficulties of grammar being soon overcome, all the historical physiology of Aristotle and Theophrastus are open before them, and, as I may say, under contribution. The like access will be to Vitruvius, to Seneca's natural questions, ta Mela, Celsus, Pliny, or So.linus. And having thus past the principles of Arithmetick, Geometry, Astronomy, and Geography, with a general compact of phyficks, they may descend in Mathematicks to the instrumental science of Trigonometry, and from thence to fortification, architecture, enginry, or navigation. And in natural philosophy they may proceed lessurely from the history of meteors, minerals, plants and living creatures, as far as anatomy. Then

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