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Mattie Clarke, aged 13 in December, has worked one year; earns 30 cents per day. Has one younger sister, and a brother aged 15, who has worked three years and is now earning 30 cents per day. Father, Edmund Clarke, does hauling. Rent three-room house at $2 per month.

Erbie Inman, girl, aged 13, has worked one year. Father, R. F. Inman, is a cripple and unable to work. Three older children earn, respectively, $1.05, 75 cents, and $1.25. There are three children younger than Erbie. They rent a three-room house at $2 a month.

NOTE.—This is a thoroughly modern mill. The building is large and light, with good floor space. The houses are comparatively new and in most excellent condition. The employees, almost to a man, declared themselves well satisfied. The mill works too many young children, though I was told by a number of the operators that none under 13 were allowed. In going through the mill I counted five girls and four boys whom I considered less than 13, and it is apparent that I have secured the names and data concerning all these.

RICHMOND MILL, LAUREL HILL, N. C.

This mill has only about 25 operatives at present, and I saw no young children at work. It is a wooden frame building, very low-ceiled, dark, and crowded. The floor was filthy and so worn that I tripped several times in walking through. The homes are absolutely wretched, with roofs leaking, floors falling in, and steps broken down. The people are miserable. I think none stay there who can possibly get away. There appears to be no scale of wages, and what they pay is very low. The immorality among the people is unspeakably gross. Illegitimacy is prevalent in almost every family, and about half of the people are of mixed blood-mulattoes and Croatians. There is no Sunday school, and church services only once a month, when a visiting clergyman comes from Charlotte. The school is 24 miles away, consequently there is much illiteracy; in fact, only six children from the village attend at all, and these very irregularly. It seems incredible that such conditions can prevail anywhere.

SPRINGFIELD MILL, LAUREL HILL, N. C.

Everett White, aged 13, has worked two weeks; earns 50 cents a day. Eldest of four children. Father, Jack White, earns $1 a day. Rent, $2.80 a month.

John Bridgers, aged 14 in January, has worked three months here; prior to that three years at McCalls, S.C. Has three older stepbrothers who work, and one younger brother. Father, A. W. Bridgers, earns $1 a day. Rent, $2.80 a month.

NOTE.—The situation here is much as in Richmond mill, though not as intolerable. It is a wooden building also, and I was told it is so cold when they go in in the morning that they can scarcely stand it. Houses are all in poor condition, and no one appeared satisfied with the living conditions.

IDA MILL, LAUREL HILL, N. C.

Ida Lavina, aged 12, worked some in Rockingham and Laurinburg before coming here; earns 40 cents a day. Has two older sisters who work, and there are four younger children. Father, John Lavina. Rent three-room house, at $3 a month.

Ferman Strickland, aged 13 in April, has worked one year; earns 50 cents a day. Has two older brothers who work. There are two boarders in family, who each pay $3 a week. Father, W. S. Strickland, earns $1.25 a day. Rent four-room house at $3.20 a month.

Nezzie Langley, aged 13 in April, has worked two years; earns 75 cents a day Has older sister who works, and there are four younger children. Mother, Mrs. Far rine Langley. Rent four-room house, at $3.20 a month.

Melton Watts, aged 11, has worked about one year; earns 33 cents a day. Has one younger brother. Mother works, earning 75 cents a day, and father, J. M. Watts, earns $1.25.

Harvey Wright, aged 13 in October, has worked one year; earns 30 cents a day. Has older brother earning $1 a day, and there are four younger children. Father, Zack Wright, earns $1.50 a day. Rent, $1.20 a month.

Note.- This, being under same management, is in much the same condition as Richmond and Springfield. There is much mixed blood among the employees and laxity of authorities regarding either physical or moral welfare of people.

NATIONAL MILL, LUMBERTON, N. C.

Furley Thompson, aged 14 in November, has worked two years; earns 75 cents a day. Attended schooľ during part of that time. Edgar Thompson, aged 12 in August, has worked two years, with irregular intervals of school attendance. There is one boy older than these two, who does night work, earning $1.40 a night, and there are three younger children. Father earns $1.40 a night. Rent three-room house at $1.80 a month.

Alden Edwards, aged 13 in June, worked during last summer, earning 60 cents a day. Has older brother and sister, who earn, respectively, $1.40 a night and 75 cents a day. One younger brother in school. One boarder, who pays $3 a week. Father is a carpenter. Rent three-room house at $1.80 a month.

Lelia Parker, aged 14, has worked three years; earns $1 a day. William Parker, aged 13, has worked irregularly for three years; earns 75 cents a day. There is one child younger than these two, and three older, who earn, respectively, $1.35, $1.15, and $1.50. Father, W. P. Parker, farms. l'ents four-room house at $2.40 a month.

Montgomery Clewis, aged 14 in November, worked last winter and during past summer; earned 75 cents a day. Had older brother, who earns $1.25 a day, and there are three younger children. Rent three-room house at $1.80 a month.

Homer Bodehamer, aged 12 in March, has worked one year. Has older brother who works, earning 90 cents a day, and there are four younger children. Stepfather, Troy Brisson, earns $1.70 a day. Rent two-room house at $1.20 a month.

Byrd Taylor, aged 15 in May, has worked five years; earns 75 cents a day. Has two older brothers, who each earn $1 a day. Married sister and her child live with them. Father, G. W. Taylor, is invalid from pellagra. Rent four-room house, at $2.40 a month.

Homer Penny, aged 14 in July, has worked two years off an' on "; earns 75 cents a day. Had older brother who works and one younger sister in school. Father, T. E. Penny, earns $1.25 a day.

Foster West, aged 13 in November, has worked two years; earns 50 cents a day. There are three younger children, and three older who earn, respectively, $1.40, $1.10, and 75 cents. Father, W. P. West, “jest knocks about.” Rent three-room house at $1.80 a month.

Allen Lambe, aged 14; earns 50 cents a day. Has two younger sisters in school, and three older brothers who earn, respectively, 90 cents, 75 cents, and 70 cents a day. Father, A. R. Lambe, earns $1.40 a night.

Freddie Brit, aged 14 in September, has worked one year; earns 50 cents a day. There are three younger children, and four older, two of whom work, each earning $1 a day. Father, P. M. Brit, earns $1 a day. Rents three-room house, at $1.80 a month.

Joe Teedon, aged 13, has worked one and one-half years; earns 55 cents a day. Has one younger sister, and there are three older children who earn, respectively, $1.25, 54 cents, and 60 cents a day. Father, George Teedon, earns $1.10 a day.

Note.-Found no cases of desperate poverty here. Operatives speak very highly of mill authorities, and appear reasonably well satisfied, though some complain about low wages. Houses are reasonably good. Counted two girls and five boys apparently under age in mill, two of the latter being extremely small, fairly babies; they did not come above my elbow. Am not sure they were on pay roll, but they were at work while I was in mill.

DRESDEN MILL.

Hadley Gilmore, aged 13 in December, has worked 7 months; earns 44 cents a day. Oldest of five children. Father, J. R. Gilmore, earns $1.10 a day. Rent, including doctor's salary, 60 cents a week.

Fred Parrish, aged 14 in October; has worked two years; earns 44 cents a day. Marvin Parrish, aged 13 in August; has worked one year; earns 44 cents a day. These boys have one older sister. Father, A. Parrish; does hauling. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Edward Ellis, aged 14 in April; has worked two years; earns 66 cents a day. Fred Ellis, aged 13; has worked two years; earns 33 cents a day. Older sister and brother earn, respectively, 75 cents and 44 cents a day. Father, Štedman Ellis, earns $1.10 a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Člaude Smith, aged 14 in February; has worked one year; earns 44 cents a day. Has older sister who earns about 66 cents a day. There are two younger children. Mother, Mrs. Annie Smith. Rent, 80 cents a week.

Wiley Owens, aged 14 in July, has worked two weeks here; prior to that in Lumberton Mill and elsewhere for some two years; earns 44 cents a day. Has older brother and sister who work, earning, respectively, $1 and 75 cents a day. Take one boarder,

who pays $2 a week. There are four younger children. Father, R. S. Owens, is a carpenter. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Robert Duncan, aged 13 in June, has worked nine months; earns 75 cents a day. Has older sister who earns $1 a day, and there are three younger children. Father, M. A. Duncan, keeps store. Rent, 80 cents a week.

George Smith, aged 13 in June, has worked one year; earns 44 cents a day. Has two older sisters and one brother, who earn, respectively, $1, $1, and 66 cents a day, Father, C. P. Smith, earns $1.10 a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Tommie Lewis, aged 14 in June; has worked three months here, and prior to that one year in Bladenboro; earns 75 cents a day. Has three older sisters who earn, respectively, $1, $1.15, and 80 cents a day. There are two younger children. Father, G. W. Lewis. Rent, 80 cents a week.

Plumie Stankwych, aged 14 in March, has worked seven years here, in Lumberton mill, and elsewhere; earns 75 cents a day. Has older sister who earns $1 a day. There are two younger children. Father, Alex Stankwych, earns $1.90 a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Retha Bullard, aged 13 in October, worked irregularly during last winter, three months during summer, and after attending school some weeks during fall, is again at work; earns 50 cents a day. Has two older brothers who each earn $1 a day. There are two younger children. Father, C. H. Bullard, "does first one thing and then another.” Rent, 60 cents a week.

Gladys Tyner, aged 14, has worked six years; earns 52 cents a day. Oldest of three children. Mother, Mrs. Richard Tyner.

Robert Gore, aged 12 in December, works in mill. Has two older brothers and one sister who work. Has one younger brother. Take two boarders. Father, S. J. Gore, farms. Moved to mill only a few days ago.

LUMBERTON MILL.

James Grainger, aged 14 in November, has worked irregularly for one year; earns 40 cents a day. Mary Grainger, aged 11 in August, has been “ in and out” of mill since last December; earns 40 cents a day. There are two younger children. Father, D. B. Grainger, earns $1.10 a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Angelo Wiggins, aged 12, worked in mill last winter, earning 25 cents a day; is now in school. Has older sister and brother, who each earn 50 cents a day. There are two younger children. Father, Vester Wiggins, earns $1 a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Esther McCallum, aged 13 in September, has worked one year; earns 75 cents a day. Has older sister, who earns 75 cents a day. There are five younger children. Mother, Mrs. Hattie McCallum. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Lloyd McClure, aged 13 in February, has worked three months at Bladenboro and six here; earns $1 a day. There are two younger children. Father, B. F. McClure, earns $2 a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Minnie Clewis, aged 12 in February, has worked one year; earns 50 cents a day. Has older sister, who earns 50 cents a day. There are two younger children. Father, W. W. Clewis, earns $1.21 a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Dolar Pittman, aged 14 in September, has worked four years; earns 50 cents a day. Has two older sister, who each earn $1 a day. There is one younger child. Mother, Mrs. Eliza Pittman. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Maude Perry, aged 15 in July, has worked one year here and six years at Dresden; earns 52 cents a day. Lena Perry, aged 12 in July, has worked one year; earns 32 cents a day. There are four younger children. Father, S. J. Perry, earns $1.35 a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Mary Frances Sewell, aged 13 in March, has worked six years in Fayetteville and other places before coming here. Father has deserted family several times before; just now he has been away some six months. There are three younger children. Mother, Mrs. Julia Sewell. Rent, 40 cents a week.

Blanche Pate, aged 13 in September, has worked three months; earns 35 cents a day. bias two older brothers, who earn, respectively, $1.02 and 50 cents a day, There are three younger children. Father, Will H. Pate, earns 99 cents a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Willie Osborne, aged 12 in July, worked three years at St. Pauls and has been employed here for three months; earns 75 cents a day. Has two older brothers, who earn, respectively, $1.25 and $1 a day. There are three younger children. Father, John Osborne, earns $1 a day. Rent, 60 cents a week.

Daisy Shaw, aged 13 in May, has worked one year; earns 50 cents a day. Frank Shaw, aged 12 in March, worked three months during summer, earning 50 cents a day. These children have an older sister, who earns 50 cents a day. There are five younger children. Father, Fred Shaw, earns $1.15 a day. Rent, 80 cents a week.

Jimmy Taylor, aged 14 in December, has worked three years; earns 44 cents a day. Has an older brother, who is an invalid, and an older sister and brother, who earn, respectively, 50 cents and 60 cents a night. L'as one younger brother. Father, David Taylor, does hauling, etc. Rent, 60 cents a week.

The Lumberton and Dres len Vills are owned and controlled by the same company, the homes of employees being in same village. The houses are in unusually good condition, repairs being kept up. so that there were no complaints about walls leaking, etc. The Lumberton Mill is now installing a water and sewerage system in that village.

As it seems by report these mills work too many young children, and I understand that the authorities are not in sympathy with the movement to abolish child lakor. In an interview with Mr. Jennings, secretary. found that he opposed the Federal bill on the grounds of being unconstitutional, and expressed the desire that the State should regulate the matter, but I also understand that he went personally to Raleigh in order to oppose the Weaver bill. “I feel that we are doing more for our people than the State is doing,” said Mr. Jennings, remarking also that he knows nothing of conditions prevalent in other mill villages, and consequently will not say whether or not he considers new regulations advisable elsewhere.

JENNINGS MILL, LUMBERTON, N. C.

Oscar Horne, aged 13, has worked four months; earns 35 cents por day. Father, N. E. Horne, earns $1.25 a day. Two older brothers earn 75 cents apiece. One of these, aged 16, has been at work four years. Rent, three-room house, at 45 cents a week. (The doctor's salary is paid by adding 5 cents to room rent, so that real rent paid is 60 cents per week.)

Altie Ward, aged 14, has worked two years; earns 60 cents a day. Gertrude Ward, aged 12, has worked two years; earns 35 cents a day. Father, W. P. Ward, earns $1.25, and older brother and sister, respectively, 60 cents and 75 cents. There are four children younger than these. Rent, including doctor's salary, 60 cents a week.

Lettie Boseman and Florrie Boseman, aged 14 in December, have worked 13 months; earn 55 cents each a day. There are three younger children. Older brother and sister earn, respectively, 75 cents and 55 cents a day. Father, Martin Boseman, is unable to work. This family has been afflicted with pellagra. The oldest daughter died from that cause, and two of the younger children now have the disease. The father has somewhat recovered, but will never be strong enough to work again. They are very needy now, and could not have lived without aid given by neighbors. He says that groceries there are very high, and that as wood costs him $1 a week and his rent, including doctor's salary, $1.20 a week, it is almost impossible to buy medicine necessary for himself and his children.

Mattie Pridgen, aged 13 in February, has worked two years; earns 75 cents a day; youngest of five children. Father, W. P. Pridgen, does not work, but four older brothers earn, respectively, $1.25, $1.40, $1.75, and $1.25 a day, so it should not be necessary for this child to work.

Soland Norris, aged 12 in November, has worked two months; earns 40 cents a day. Has older brother and sister who earn, respectively, $1.40 a night and 75 cents a day. There are two younger children and one boarder. Father, M. Morris, earns $1.35 a day.

Bulah Sellers, aged 14 in December, has worked two years; earns 40 cents a day. Has one older brother, who earns $1.10, and two older sisters, one of whom earns $1.20. Father, W. A. Sellers, earns 99 cents a day.

Jonnie White, aged 14 in August, has worked nine months; earns 60 cents a day. Has older brother, who earns $1.10 a day. Family take one boarder. Father, B. White, earns $1.21 a day.

Carolina Warick, aged 13 in July, has worked two years; earns 80 cents a day. Has older brother, who earns $1.50 a day, and two sisters, earning, respectively, $1.10 and $1. There are four younger children. Mother, Mrs. Annie Warick.

James Jolly, aged 13 in August, has worked two years; earns 30 cents a day. Has older brother and sister, who earn, respectively, $1.40 a night and 50 cents a day. Has younger sister and brother. Father, D. J. Jolly, earns $1.50 a night.

Curtis Hickman, aged 13 in September, has worked one year; earns 50 cents a day. Has older sister and brother, who each earn $1.10. There are three younger children. Father, W. M. Hickman, earns $1.10 a day.

Edgar Merritt, aged 14 in July, has worked two years; earns 66 cents a day. Has older brother and sister, who each earn $1.25 a day. Father, E. M. Merritt, earns $1.38 a day.

Ida Harrelson, aged 14 in July, has worked three years, first in National Mill, Lumberton, N. C., then Bladenboro, then here since last July; earns 54 cents a day. Has two older sisters and one brother, who earn, respectively, 90 cents, 99 cents, and 66 cents a day. There are two younger children. Father, N. M. Harrelson, earns 99 cents a day.

Lillie Baxley, aged 12 in May, has worked two months; earns 18 cents a day. Has three older brothers, who earn, respectively, $1.10, $1.50, and $1 a day. There are two younger children. Father, Mac Baxley, earns $1.10 a day.

JENNINGS MILL.

Ada Jones, aged 13, has worked one year; earns 54 cents a day. Has older sister and brother, the latter earning 54 cents a day. There are three younger children. Father, Henry Jones, earns 60 cents a day.

Lawrence Wiggins, aged 14 in July, has worked three years; earns 66 cents a day. Wilbur Wiggins, aged 13 in August, has worked one year; earns 66 cents a day. These chil. dren have an older sister and brother working who earn, respectively, 90 cents and 66 cents a day. There are five younger children. Father, M. B. Wiggins, earns $1.25 a day.

Lizzie Smith, aged 14 in September, has worked six weeks in this mill; prior to that, two years at St. Pauls; earns 50 cents a day. Older brother earns 60 cents a day. Has one younger brother. Father, Charlie Smith, works at some trade in town.

Sallie Pridgen, aged 14 in March, has worked three weeks here; earns 30 cents a day. Worked before this in National Mill, Lumberton, N.C., and in mill at Bladenboro. Has three older sisters who work, and one older brother, who is an invalid. Father, George Pridgen.

Ruth Hayes, aged 14 in January, has worked four years; earns 40 cents a day. Has older sister, who earns 40 cents a day, and there are three younger children. Father, J. W. Hayes, earns 90 cents a day.

Lonnie Fenters, aged 14 in January, has worked here eight months; prior to that nine months at Bladenboro. Has one younger brother. Father, D. T. Fenters, earns $1.10 a day.

Mamie Ransom, aged 14 in December, has worked three years here and one year in Bladenboro; earns 54 cents a day. Has older sister and brother who work, earning, respectively 75 cents and 60 cents a day. There are five younger children. Father, J. W. Ransom, earns $1 a day.

Everett Hardee, aged 14 in January, has worked two years; earns 66 cents a day. Has two older brothers and one sister who work, averaging $1 a day each. There are five younger children. Father, T. D. Hardee, farms.

Recently a representative of the mill company came to this Mr. Hardee and requested him to find some person to care for a family named Simmons, three of whom had typhoid. This man assured Mr. Hardee that the company would pay for such services. Fearing to contract the disease, no one would consent to nurse the cases, so Mr. Hardee himself agreed to undertake the work, provided his pay should go on his rent.” This rent was for a tract of farm land some distance from the mill. Having arranged this to his satisfaction, he took charge of the family, and either he or his son stayed there day and night for 29 days doing the washing and all necessary services for the sick. Another child developed the disease and died during time. When Mr. Hardee rendered a bill to the company for $30, saying he would pay the difference in that and his rent, which was $40, his answer was: “Very well, we will pay you, but will charge the $30 to Mr. Simmons.". Hr. Hardee protested at this and then asked if he could "take around a paper for the Simmons, but this also was refused. This method of raising money for an unfortunate family is a frequent occurrence in a mill village, so the debt still stands against Mr. Simmons.

This incident would probably have raised no comment but for the fact that the company sought and engaged the services of the nurse.

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HIGH SHOALS, N. C.

Frank Reynolds, aged 14 in April, has worked two years; earns 78 cents a day. Has two older brothers and one sister who work. There are four younger children. Father, J. F. Reynolds, earns $1.10 a day. Rent, 50 cents a week.

Jennie Revels, aged 13 in February, has worked one year; earns 90 cents a night. Bessie May Revels, aged 12 in February, has worked seven months; earns 75 cents a night. There are five younger children. Father. \\'. N. Revels, earns $1.25 a day. Rent, 50 cents a week.

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