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and out, you observe to the right the Cus-, smoking and gaming. Every basket of tom-house and Café, patronized by a crowd vegetables, fowls,or what not, is taxed on enof Jews, Turks, and Christians, engaged in tering the city. To the left is the present
SARACENIC FOUNTAIN. quarantine station for pilgrims from Egypt. / to the Convent of the Cross, for a quarte: Following the aqueducts along the rral of a mile, we reach the Upper Poul of
VALLEY OF JEHOSH APHAT. Gihon—a public resort in the afternoon for rather than abash the nude Arabs in their all sexes and conditions, and affording in- | aquatic feats of indecent exposure. finite sport to the lookers-on, who encourage. A funeral procession may now be seen
passing, in the centre of which is a bier, car- 1 Squads of Turkish women and children ried on a litter by four men, covered with dra- may be seen along this road, and above peries, and surmounted by thegreen turban the valley, enjoying a fantasia, or gala day, of the Osmanlis, the color of royalty. Arab and are making the valley resound with women, naked to the waist, with long hair their joyous songs, that give a peculiar dishevelled and flowingover theirshoulders, sound, at a distance, particularly in the their faces and breasts bruised, with their instance of one in which they constantly arms thrown up in the air, precede the interrupt the song by throwing their hands corpse, shrieking and singing the most to their mouths, rising from the lowest lugubrious songs, accompanied by a funeral | tone to the highest pitch. dirge from the musicians on the tom-tom. At the end of this valley, turning to the In front are the veiled women, near rela- | left a few paces, we descend a few steps to tives of the deceased, who go to the grave the Pool of Siloam, with its fragments of and utter their piercing death songs. This five columns, indicating the remains of five doleful pantomime, funeral pomp, and porches, which seem to identify this pool hymns of despair, are but slightly varied with the Bethesda of old—where the blind in the circumcision and marriage ceremo
received their sight. nies.
We here change our course, and proceed Following the gentle slope of this valley. | northward up the Valley of Jehoshaphatwe pass the Greek Gardens, on the right.. the former bed of the brook of Kedron. and its convent of Saint George-having |
| Perched on the western side of the Hill also a silk factory beyond. We now cross
of Scandal, is the romantic and sepulchral the Bethlehem Road, an aqueduct from the
village of Siloam, built literally into the Pools of Solomon, which may be observed | tombs of the Jews that were chiseled here on the southern end of the Lower Pool of | two thousand years ago, many of which, Gihon (at present dry.) and observe on the in their secret crypts and niches, contain hill the veritable tree on which Judas is the bodies of the dead as well as of the said to have hung himself. Standing on | living, even at the present day. the ruins of Caiaphas, solitary and alone,
A dirty Arab, with his feet touching the it is easily distinguishable, though unim-ground on either side of the donkey which posing, rather, to the credulous, in its slow he rides, may be observed ascending the growth, of eighteen centuries. If it be hill, while his poor wife is compelled to toil possible to concentrate yourself in such re- and almost faint under her heavy burden, flections as the route we are now travelling
in making the tiresome ascent, which leads and the surrounding objects, consecrated
from this fountain up the foot-path to the by tradition, give birth, then we have quite
southeast angle of the Temple enclosure. an interesting field before us for this sight. We pause here and gaze with wonder-struck seeing stroll, without the wall of the Holy
admiration at the immense stones laid in City.
the angle of the wall at this point, undoubtImmediately above, overhanging the edly placed, just as they now appear, durdeep gorge of the Hinnom Valley, is the
ing the Solomonic reign in Jerusalem. Field of Aceldama, whose earth is said to Immediately above, jutting forth from the consume the flesh of the bodies committed wall, is the traditional seat of Mahomet in to it, in forty-eight hours. A portion of the final day of reckoning, when he is to the field is called the Hill of Evil Council, judge the assembled universe in the Valley where Judas and the betravers of our Lord of Jehoshaphat below. Every Mussulman, consulted as to the manner in which they by virtue of his true faith, will walk over might take him. Many interesting tombs this valley on an iron wire, which admits may here be seen, of very fine workman- | him on the other side of the Gulf, into the ship.
Gates of Paradise; but the Infidel Chris
tians and Jews are to be telegraphed to stones at its base, which is daily augmenthe world of punishment by the fiat of his ted by the devout pilgrim of every creed, omnipresent will.
who casts a stone with a curse at the monOpposite the southeast angle of the Tem- ument of the undutiful Absalom. But we ple wall, one hundred and twenty feet below, | hasten our walk to the small inclosure of in the Valley of Jehoshaphat, is the beauti- stone wall now surrounding the Garden of ful monolith, said to be that of Hezekiah, Gethsemane. This spot, beyond a doubt, which is defaced by the Hebrew inscrip- is hallowed ground, and fraught with soultions. Opposite, but a few steps to the stirring emotions. If appearance of age north side of this tomb, is the entrance to be admitted in evidence of high antiquity, the tomb of James the Apostle, which ap- then the old olive trees in the inclosure pears to much better advantage below. are the very ones which sprung from the The pillar of Absalom, immediately in roots of those which witnessed the bloody front of the tomb of Jehoshaphat, is one sweat of our adorable Saviour. Their great of the most symmetrical and beautiful spreading boughs and thick foliage flood pieces of Eastern architecture. And as you the spot with a deluge of delicious shade pass this tomb notice the accumulation of for the weary pilgrim from distant lands.
CITY WALL ON BEZETHA HILL, OVER “COTTON MEGARA," THE GREAT CAVERN QUARRY. Immediately without the Garden is a large the city, immediately opposite the Cave of rock, where, tradition says, the Saviour Jeremiah, his attention was attracted by prayed before his betrayal. A few steps his dog, apparently on the scent of game, beyond is the subterranean Church of the for which he forth with commenced active Virgin Mary, said to contain her tomb, mining operations, and soon effected an scarcely observable in the view here pre- entrance at the point immediately under sented.
the bighest part of the city wall, represented Dr. Barclay, having heard vague rumors so faithfully in the sketch of this most of an immense cave beneath Mt. Bezetha, | interesting and romantic spot. The Doctor covering a large area of nether Jerusalem, was so fortunate as to evade the watchfulwas constantly on the alert to gain informa- ness of the guard at Damascus, and effect tion that might lead to its discovery. In an entrance through a round hole, barely taking a stroll around the northern wall of large enough to admit his body, and now
discovered a gigantic Cavern Quarry, which, stones in the Temple wall, the place from during the night, with torches, tape line, whence they were obtained at once was seen, and other apparatus, he fully explored. and the ease with which, on an inclined The plat showed it to be about a thousand plane, Hiram and others, could have put yards in circumference, following its irreg- them in their appointed places,-a fact that ularities, with immense labyrinthian halls, has hitherto puzzled all the antiquarians their roofs supported by pillars, left for who have speculated on this subject. Doubtthat purpose, and galleries and crypts; in less this is the very quarry in which the the end of which were visible the marked chisel and hammer wrought out so skilfully blocks, to be cut, also many large masses the materials for the silent growth of the prepared, but never moved. Here he found Great Temple of Solomon. petrified stalactites, numerous stalagmites, 1 Ain Yalo is generally supposed to be that crockery-ware, and a pellucid pool of vile celebrated “fountain of waters,” on the brackish water. In the southren end of boundary line between Judah and Benjathe quarry, in a deep pit, he picked up a min, called Nephtoah; but it is very evident most singular skull of a man, of gigantic from Joshua's indication of the dividing size. Imagination is left free, in assigning line between the lots of these two tribes, to this person a locality. He may have that the present Ain Lifta is identical with belonged to the age of Solomon, and, for the Nephtoah of the Scriptures; and a more aught we knew,
beautiful and inviting camping-ground “Held by his own invitation,
| during the warm summer months, is noA torch at the Great Temple's dedication." where to be found in the environs of JeruOn comparing some of the chippings salem. The Anglican Bishop has spent of the blocks in the quarry with the huge bis tenting season for two or three years at
this delightful retreat, distant a mile and a pilgrims, upon whom he bas levied taxes half from the city; and is not unfrequently and extorted buckshish, to the amount of visited by the lawless and rapacious Arab thousands of piastres. His family is quite chief, Abu Ghaush, who for the last half numerous, amounting to sixty or seventy century, by his exactions and robberies, has males. He is represented as seated at the been the terror of travellers and defenceless foot of the large olive tree, above the pool,
with his numerous body-guard. The tardy
THE RAINY DAY. vengeance of the Turkish Government has
THE day is cold, and dark, and dreary; at ength overtaken them, and confined 1 It rains, and the wind is never weary ; some in Constantinople, another is in exile
The vine still clings to the mouldering wall,
But at every gust the dead leaves full, in Bosnia, and a third died in banishment
And the day is dark and dreary. some years since.
My life is cold, and dark, and dreary; A passage occurs in Genesis, xxiv. 11, It rains, and the wind is never weary ; seq., which groups together several particu My thoughts still cling to the mouldering past,
But the hopes of youth fall thick in the blast, lars, that make up an oriental scene entirely
And the days are dark and dreary. unique. The age is that of the Patriarchs:
Be still, sad heart! and cease repining; the actors are Eleazer, Abraham's servant,
Behind the clouds is the sun still shining; and Rebekah, the destined bride of Isaac; Thy fate is the common fate of all
Into each life some rain must fall, the place is a well or tank, in Mesopotamia,
Some days must be dark and dreary. outside of the city; the time nightfall.
LOXGFELLOW “And he made his camels to kneel down without the city, by a well of water, at the
THE AGED PASTOR. time of the evening, even the time that
UE stands in the desk, that grave old man, women go out to draw water. And, behold 11 With an eye still bright, though his cheek is wan, Rebekah came out with her pitcher upon her
And his long white locks are backward rolled
From his noble brow of classic mould, shoulder, and she went down to the well
And his form, though bent by weight of years, and filled her pitcher, and came up.”
Somewhat of its primal beauty wears.
He opens the page of the Sacred Word-
Even Folly assumes a serious look, occurs at the close of every day, in the vici
As he readeth the words of the Holy Book: nity of Eastern cities, than this account,
And the thoughtless and gay grow rev'rent there, written so many thousand years ago. The As he opens his lips in fervent prayer. drawers and carriers of water are the women He stands as the grave old prophet stood, and donkeys, carrying the water upon their Proclaiming the Truth and the living God-
Pouring reproof on the ears of menheads and backs. The burden of bringing
Whose hearts are at ease in their folly and sin, water for domestic purposes is performed With a challenge of guilt still unforgiven, almost entirely by females.
To the soul unfitted, unmeet for Heaven. “A man bearing a pitcher of water," is a 0, who can but honor that good old mau,
As he neareth his three score years and tenrare sight; and the manner in which the
Who hath made it the work of his life to bless Saviour refers to such a circumstance (he
Our world in its woe and wickedness; speaks of it as a sign,) implies that it was Still guiding the few which were wont to stray an uncommon occurrence at that time.
In paths of sin, to the narrow way. Morning and evening the wells and foun
With a kindly heart, through the lapsing years,
He hath shared your joys, he hath wiped your tears. tains are most frequently resorted to by
He hath bound the wreath on the brow of the bride, the people bringing their flocks; and skin He hath stood by the couch when loved ones died, bottles and earthen-ware pitchers and jars, Pointing the soul to a glorious Heaven,
As the ties which bound it to the earth were riven. which having filled, they place on their heads, shoulders, and backs, together with
Methinks ye'll weep another day,
When the good old man has passed away, their little ones, and with merry songs re When the last of his ebbing sands have run, turn to their homes.
When his labor is o'er and his work is done;
When his pulse is still and his heart is cold?
We'll miss him then: every look and tone a weak and pusillanimous temper, than | So familiar now, forever gone, for a man to pass his whole life in opposi
Will thrill the heart with inward pain,
And ye'll long and listen for them in vain : tion to his own sentiments; or not to dare
When a stranger form and a stranger face to do what he thinks he ought to do? Shall stand in your honored pastor's place.