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city paper, about the Synod of East Pennsyl- will have to grow somewhat older, before he vania, says among other considerable gener- discovers that there is anything honorable in alities, " It is a fact peculiar to this body, that age, or that years may teach wisdom. But its clerical members are all either young men “Observers" do sometimes make strange work or not past the meridian of life.” The con- with Synods, or at least they often attempt nection may indicate, that this is intended to it. So may the Lord always preserve in our add so much to their praise. We should in- Synods some aged and venerable men, at fer that the author of this communication is least a few who are past the meridian of himself decidedly a young man, and that he life.

Editorial Miscellany.

THE SCENES OF THE" AUSTRIA." -The terri- | committed his soul to the God who gave it, ble scenes that occurred on board and around and soon sank beneath the remorseless sea! the Austria during the recent conflagration, The feelings, the emotions of that father and have only been partially described. Enough, his family, can never be realized by any livhowever, has been told to render the catas- ing human being. The incident, every thing trophe one of the most painful and appalling considered, was one of moral sublimity, and that ever took place on the ocean. There are the annals of the world may be investigated few who have read the details as given by Mr. to find its superior. But there were doubtBrews, Mr. Vezin, Mr. Berry, and others of the less many other acts of devotion and fidelity, rescued, who have not found their minds revert- even unto death, while we fear that not a few ing again and again to the fearful incidents, and instances occurred, in which cowardice and their hearts sympathizing deeply and keenly selfishness triumphed over the higher and with the sufferers. The two young sisters who holier principles of human nature, and life embraced, clasped and kissed each other, and was prolonged at the sacrifice of duty and of then sprang into the sea, exhibited an instance principle. The exhausted husband who, as as well of devoted affection as of moral hero he trembled between life and death, begged ism that has few parallels in history. They Mr. Vezin to say that his last thought was were compelled to choose between two awful of the wife he loved, the partner of his affecdeaths-one by fire and one by water-and tions, will, it is to be hoped, never be forgotresolving to die together as they had lived ten by his bereaved widow. The father, too, together, they doubtless made a last appeal as he made a final and fruitless struggle to the Almighty, and then took the final to get into one of the boats, and at the plunge. The steward and the stewardess, same time said that he "was satisfied if his both young Germans and lovers, probably boy was saved,” exhibited a truly noble inbetrothed and the wedding-day fixed, also stance of parental affection. But the calamtook a last and a long embrace, wound their | ity, take it all in all, was most appalling. The arms about the bodies of each other, uttered more we dwell upon the terrible details, and a few fond words, and imitated the example ponder over the touching and thrilling inciof the gentle sisters. They were seen for a dents, the more are we impressed with the moment, still united, upon the bosom of the terror, the anguish, and the agony by which ocean, and then they sank never to rise, but the minds and the hearts of the wretched in a condition of immortality. But perhaps victims must have been torn, before they the most touching scene was that of the Hun- breathed their last. Some, doubtless, met a garian gentleman who, when satisfied that speedy death, others struggled on in the all was lost, gathered his wife and children waves while the faintest hope remained. around him, calmly described the fearful po- Others again were suffocated in the cabins, sition in which they were placed, and then while not a few-and the thought is truly induced them, one by one, the wife leading awful-were consumed by a slow fire. But the way, to rush into a watery grave. Child let us draw a veil over the horrors of the after child followed the fearful example, and scene. And yet, that is impossible, for the then, when all had gone but the father and mind will wander to the open sea, the burnthe infant that hung upon his bosom, he also ing ship, the terrified and struggling passengers, while their shrieks, groans, and A Novel LUXURY.—The latest novelty from lamentations still seem to ring through the Germany is a musical bed, which receives the imagination, and to sadden and subdue the weary body, and immediately “laps it into heart.

Elysium." It is an invention of a mechanic

in Bohemia, and is so constructed that by AT THE RECENT COMMENCEMENT of Gettys- means of hidden mechanism, a pressure upon burg College, the honorary degree of A.M. the bed causes a soft and gentle air of Auber was conferred on the Revs. D. H. Focht and to be played, which continues to lull the D. Steck, and James Lynch, Esq. The de most wakeful to sleep. At the head is a gree of D.D. was conferred on the Rev. A. clock, the hand of which being placed at the H. Lochman, of York, Rev. C. P. Krauth, jr., hour the sleeper wishes to rise, when the Pittsburg, and Rev. Geo. Diehl, Frederick, Md. time arrives, the bed plays a march of Spon

toni, with drums and cymbals, and, in short,

with noise enough to rouse the seven sleepers, Scientific PARADOXES.—The water which drowns us, a fluent stream, can be walked

A SWALLOW.—The swiftest rate of locomoupon as ice. The bullet, which, when fired

tion, after the electric spark, light, sound, and from a musket, carries death, will be harm

cannon balls, is ascertained to be the flight of less if ground to dust before being fired. The

a swallow. One of these birds has been let crystalized part of the oil of roses so graceful

off at Ghent, and made its way to its nest, in its fragrance-a solid at ordinary tempera

at Antwerp, in twelve and a half minutes, tures, though readily volatile-is a compound

going at the rate of five kilometres a minute substance, containing exactly the same ele

( i. e, four and a half miles.) ments, and in exactly the same proportions as the gas with which we light our streets. | VALUE OF A DAY OF SUNSHINE.-One of our The tea which we daily drink, with benefit readers, fond of profound investigation, took and pleasure, produces palpitations, nervous pains on the last hot day, to study the census tremblings, and even paralysis, it taken in reports of agricultural productions, and to calexcess; yet the peculiar organic agent called culate therefrom the value to the country of theine, to which tea owes its qualities, may I each warm growing day between seed-time be taken by itself (as theine, not tea) without and harvest." He found it above $18,000,000 any appreciable effect. The water which will -and this is a low estimate. allay our burning thirst, augments it when congealed into snow; so that Captain Ross In the Grecian navy there is just about one declares the natives of the Arctic regions | officer to every two-and-a-half men; in the I prefer enduring the utmost extremity of | army, which numbers nine thousand, all told, thirst rather than attempt to remove it by

there are no less than seventy generals! The eating snow." Yet if the snow be melted, it

royal palace at Athens cost two millions of becomes drinkable water. Nevertheless, al

dollars, for which the Greeks have an immense though, if melted before entering the mouth,

ugly pile of Pentelic marble, as large as Buckit assuages thirst like other water, when melt

ingham. ed in the mouth it has the opposite effect. To render this paradox more striking, we have

The CHERBOURG WORKS, the completion of only to remember that ice, which melts more

which the French and English monarchs have slowly in the mouth, is very efficient in allay- 1

been celebrating, are marrels of engineering ing thirst. — Blackwood.

skill. The breakwater is 12,000 feet long

between the arms which enclose Cherbourg A Curious Hebrew publication has just | roads. At the bottom of the water (averaging issued from the Berlin press-a Biography of Alexander von Humboldt, written in the while it rises to the height of 22 feet above ancient tongue and destined to extend the low water mark, with a top-width of 103 feet. • knowledge of the life and scientific labors of The great basin will have capacity for conthis celebrated man in the wide circle of the taining twenty ships of the line. Vast magaRusso-Polish and Asiatic Jews. The full title zines line the banks, and workshops of every is: “ Alexander von Humbolt; a Biograpical character for constructing and fitting out Sketch, Dedicated to the Nestor of Wisdom ships of war. Every rock in the roadstead is on his eighty-eighth Birthday, by S. Slomin- | a fortress, and the breakwater bristles with ski." The author is a Russian Israelite, who | batteries. A great semi-circular fortress faces some years ago invented a clever calculating the seas. The works are guarded by twenty machine, and drew upon himself at that time, forts and redoubts, and an amount of cannon by his mathematical knowledge, the attention never before united for the defence of one of the celebrated astronomers Herren Bessel | place. Military engineers pronounce Cherand Jacoby, of Konigsburg.

bourg impregnable.

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THE

Lutheran Home Journal.

DECEMBER, 1858.

FISIIING-CORMORANT. what to do. He turns himself around in THERE is in China, a bird somewhat the water several times, keeping his dark

1 inimical in its habits to the bird with eyes fixed on his master's as if asking us, known as the king-fisher. This bird is permission to try it again. Suddenly his domesticated and becomes to the China- master makes a motion with his hand, and man, a lucrativo laborer, so much so, that down he goes. it is not unusual to find men, who depend He comes up with quite a large fish, solely upon these birds for their support. struggling violently, as though surprised

This bird is known as the fishing-cor- at the unusual situation in which he has morant, having a duck-like appearance, found himself. He too is put into the and is conveyed from place to place, upon basket, the proud cormorant is once more a raft constructed of bamboo, which to caressed, and then placed gently in the gether with a paddle and a basket, consti centre of the raft instead of upon its edge tute the fisherman's stock in trade. Atas formerly. He knows that his services, the call of the fisherman, the bird marches are no longer needed for a time at least, to the spot designated upon the edge of the and with the stately step of a conqueror, raft, seemingly pleased to enter the water; he moves to the rear, while the next in he pauses a few moments, then suddenly turn advances to supply his place. dives beneath the surface of the turbid Their movements are regulated by a nod stream, seldom coming up without having or motion of the hand from their master. in his bill a fish. This his master trans- Here we see one who is unsuccessful, he fers to his wicker-basket, and apparently sits a few moments perfectly motionless, whispers some charmed words into his ear, but, seeming suddenly to see a fish, he places the diver again upon the edge of drops into the water like a piece of lead, the raft.

and nothing more is seen of him for at Sometimes they are unsuccessful: and least fifteen seconds. Then he comes to frequently after remaining ten or fifteen the surface with a spring that takes him seconds groping about in search of fish, almost out of the water, but has no fish. they return to the raft unable to add to His actions now express his disappointtheir master's stock.

ment almost as plainly as words could do. When the diver is successful, he receives IIe evades his master, by sculling many caresses from the hand of his master, about in a small circle with his bright, as well as a liberal share of fish for his re- unsteady glance fixed on him, at the immiward ; but not so, if, after several attempts, nent risk of dislocating his neck. His he fails to bring a prize to the surface, for master points down with his finger, and he is then punished. He seems at a loss down goes the unsuccessful fisherman.

VOL. III, No. 12

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