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not willing to eat their morsel alone. The which we venture to speak of this producpriests and the captains of the temple, and tion. the Sadducees came upon them.' Wicked He begins by saying, that he has selected a priests always keep bad company. Being topic, purely practical and not speculative. grieved that they taught the people.' Poor. And yet there is not in the whole range of narrow souls! would you keep the gospel to moral subjects, one which in its details and yourselves ? 'And preached, through Jesus, multiform relations and issues, is more inthe resurrection of the dead. The Apostles volved in complexity and mystery. His own bad too much love for the poor, to puzzle discussion is an illustration of this fact. For them with words and disputes. They told though, he says, it is practical, he does not the poor they were to rise from the dead, and proceed to the third page, before he is plungto be judged for the deeds done in the body. ed into the most abstruse problems of hu. And so the poor old Christian man went on man life, and goes floundering in mysticism, to read, and express his thoughts and feel- with only glimpses of the real at intervals, ings."

amidst abounding speculation. The very These stories illustrate the design of this basis of our responsibility, as indicated in book. The author directs the reader of the the beginning of the address, we believe to Bible, by the exercise of common sense—and be radically wrong, as unphilosophical as it the comparison of parallel passages—making is unbiblical. There is no federative relation the Scriptures explain themselves——to seek subsisting between man and his race, such as the true meaning of the sacred text. It is an is predicable of Adam and his posterity. The admirable book for young students of the only relation that approximates such a conBible. It cannot fail to facilitate the acqui- dition, is the relation of parents to their chilsition of correct and defined apprehensions of dren. But even this relation is wanting in the great truths of revealed religion.

some of the elements of the federal relation SCRIPTURE Characters. By Robert S.

of Adam to the race. And yet the Doctor CANDLISH, D.D. London: T. Nelson & Sons.

proceeds throughout his whole essay, on the

assumption, that my relation to men, is essenSmith & English.

tially the same as that between-Adam and Dr. Candlish is regarded as one of the most | his posterity. Consequently, many of his eminent and eloquent ministers of Scotland.

startling sequences are mere phantoms of He was appointed the successor of Dr. Chal

speculation. He says, that upon this repremers, in the University of Edinburgh. And sentative principle—"Cain became the repre. no man, in Scotland, could so deservedly and

sentative of a series of violations of the dicompetently fill the place, of his illustrious vine law, which were repeated from one genpredecessor. These portraitures of Scripture eration to another." Now, we should like to Characters, are manifestly the productions of know upon what principle, Cain is held rea high order of genius. They are living pic sponsible for all the murders of the world? tures of a master hand. With original pow It is sheer nonsense. If you want to trace ers of mind, scarcely, if at all, inferior to the tainted stream of humanity, you must go those of Chalmers, he has more of the prac back to Adam, not Cain.-He only transmittical in his discourses, and to our taste, a ted what he received. purer and chaster style, more terse, copious, Now the theory of responsibility, projected rich and versatile. It is true, he never rises from such a basis, must, to say the least, be to the magniloquence and gorgeous imagery a mere paralogism. I have as little faith in of Chalmers, but we like him the better, on this infinitesimal reduction, or monstrous elonthat very account.

gation of human responsibility, as I have in His Discourses on the Character of Peter, the physical theory, that the slightest moand the friendship of Peter and John-are tion of a pebble in my path, is felt at the among the best things of the kind we have antipodes. The simple statement of our resever read. Ministers will find this a great ponsibility, as it appears in the Bible, is book, for the quickening of thought, as well solemn enough, without any exaggeration as a rich treasury of ideas, to enrich the from human speculation. And it is a fact, mind and heart. It is one of the books, we tbat any truth, if pushed to unwarrantable should not like to miss from our library. extremes, is subversive of the very end it OUR RESPONSIBILITY. By Rev. D. F. Bit

aims to accomplish. The doctor, however,

has said many good and solemn things in TLE, D.D., President of Roanoke College, Va.

this address, which we may ponder with proGettysburg: Neinstedt.

fit. He has introduced many anecdotal facts, This address was delivered before the Alum- | which serve to enliven the discussion and ni of Pennsylvania College, and published by deepen the impression; but he sometimes request. As the Dr. was our class-mate at mistakes the real point, in the anecdotes he College, he will pardon the freedom with tells. He says, "All the results, political, religious, and literary, of the Independence | interweaving the Scriptural references to a of the United States, may be traced to the region which, as a sanctuary of holy thought, advice, in a precarious moment of a mother will yield to no other in sacred story." to her son." Now, in the first place, we believe, that the existence of the United States

RECANTATION.-Having seen testimonials of was not dependent absolutely upon the fact,

two respectable and reliable ministers, of that there was such a man as George Wash

Gettysburg, to the fact, that Dr. S. S. S. did ington. And then, historically, it was not ad

actually, when signing the Overture of Peace, vice at all, which intercepted young George's

reserve the right of replying to Dr. Mannpropensity for the sea. If there bad not been

we desire thus publicly to retract the charge something anterior to that crisis, he would have gone to sea in spite of his mother's

of duplicity and tergiversation, which we

alleged against the doctor. In the absence tears. What he did then, was only a result of what had been done for him before.

of the facts, we could not resist the convicHis ideas of moral progress and develop

tion, of gross inconsistency on the part of the

doctor, in signing the overture. The fact, ment, drawn from analogous mutations in

that he reserved the right of replying to Dr. our globe, are merely speculative, if not fanciful. But we have transgressed our limits,

Mann, ought not to have been withheld from

the public by those in Gettysburg, concerned and must arrest this protracted criticism. Notwithstanding the exceptions taken to the

in the overture. We feel it but sheer justice

to Dr. S. to make this formal retraction of all doctor's theory of responsibility, we regard

we said in the Observer, asparsive of his inthe production as highly creditable to our old friend and class-mate—and we trust it

tegrity. We hope we shall never want the

moral honesty, and Christian humility, to will do good in the direction intended.

acknowledge even our sins of ignorance, and MACDUFF.—Thousands of the readers of the

make the proper reparation of wrongs, uncon"Words of Jesus," " Faithful Promiser," "Foot

sciously committed against the innocent. In steps of St. Paul,” &c., will be happy to know

making this confession, we feel assured of the name of the author, who, in his inimitable

that forgiveness from the doctor, for which devotional works, has given them so many

he pleads, at the hands of our Heavenly

Father. heavenly suggestions, so much material for devout meditation, and so many sacred impulses. It is to the Rev. John R. Macduff, of | Publishers seem to understand the advanGlasgow, an eloquent minister of the estab- tage of a notice of their works in the Home lished church of Scotland, we are indebted Journal. The Journal visits nearly every for those incomparable Christian manuals, minister in the Lutheran Church, and finds which have dropped manna round the tents its way into thousands of our families. of thousands of pilgrims in Great Britain and Books, on our table, will be noticed in due America. He is to most of us a familiar time. friend, although till now we have not known The Guardian.-A Monthly Magazine, edited his name.

| by Rev. H. Harbaugh, is one of the very best Memories of Gennesaret.—This is his last periodicals of the kind in our country. The work, published by the Carters. The authoreditor is well known as a writer of fine literhas grouped the varied scenes which give an ary taste and ability. The February number "undying interest to the shores of Tiberias-T is one of unusual interest.


Oh! cling not to earth, for its sunshine and roses ¡Oh! cling not to earth, though it promises pleasure, Oft flatter the heart in life's youthful morn,

It will not, it cannot, true gladness impart; But the sunlight withdraws when the cloud interposes, Rather lay up, in heaven, a permanent treasare,

And iife's smiling rose-buds have many a thorn. Which will now and forever bring peace to the heart.
Oh! cling not to earth, for its glories are fleet, | Oh! cling not to earth, though its cups of delight
And its purest enjoyments but bloom to decay,

Are sparkling in beauty to tempt thee to sip,
You will find them, at best, but a glittering cheat You will find that their dregs are but mildew and blight,
Still smiling and tempting, and passing away.

And even while tasting, they pall on the lip.

Church Intelligence.

The Gustavus Adolphus Association, nam- tion of Christians, members who were baped in honor of the heroic King of Sweden, tized and brought up in the Episcopal Church, was organized about the year 1842, for the many of them leading men in other Christian purpose of supporting Protestant Churches bodies; and wben asked, why they have in Roman Catholic countries, especially on changed their religion, they are ready with the continent of Europe. Its fifteenth anpi- the reply, because I have found out a more versary, held in September, 1857, was an oc excellent way,' and show that they are precasion of great interest, on account of the pared to enter upon a discussion and prove it. gratifying success by which its operations This is especially the case among the Baptists, had been attended. During the previous among whom I find the larger portion of those year, however, it had suffered great loss by who have strayed away from us." the death of Dr. Grossman, of Leipzig, its Such changes ever have been, and will be. Superintendent, and first founder. Its pre- Sometimes they are sincere, sometimes othersent Superintendent Prelate, Dr. Zimmerman, wise. But as a general thing, prominent as is regarded us every way fitted for his respon- the external movement may be, can it be resible post. Since the time of its origin, it garded as a fair criterion of the progress of has supported 850 congregations, at an ex- the kingdom of God? pense of over nine hundred thousand thalers, and founded more than one hundred new

The doctrine of Baptismal Regeneration, as churches and schools. Yet the more is done,

| it is called, has been engaging much attenthe greater becomes the number of congrega

tion in the Church. From the amount of tions applying for help.

talent arrayed on both sides of the controversy, Among the German people, this Association

and the general good spirit in which it is conseems to become more and more the favorite

ducted, it may be hoped, that clearer and religious Society; and many liberal bequests

more satisfactory views upon the subject, will are made in favor of it. It is now in the midst

prevail in the common walks of Christian life. of a vigorous development, and probably, still

In the Mercersburg Review for January, very far from the zenith of its power.

1858, it is handled under the general head of

66 The Efficacy of Baptism.” This article will If the reports upon the subject that reach

certainly be acknowledged to be a powerful us from different quarters are worthy of cre

one, by all who sympathize with its positions. dit, we might designate the present, as an age | The writer, in allusion to all who entertain of denominational changes, or ecclesiastical

the Presbyterian views of Baptism, says : transmigrations. This feature, indeed, is " We are aware. that our Presbyterian bremuch more prominent, partly lamented, part- l thren, for whom we cherish no other senti

y gloried in, man 18 the gathering up of me, ment but that of affection and regard, pique lost sheep from the wilderness of the world.

themselves on their spiritual religion, and laThe success of the Baptists and Methodists

ment over, and sometimes seem to pity the in Germany, in gaining over the members of

spread of formalism, as they call it, in the other denominations, had been regarded by German Reformed Church. But with what many devout Germans as a serious encroach

propriety? They observe a form, as a form; ment, previous to the meeting of the Evan

they value and adhere to a ceremony which gelical Alliance at Berlin. After a better un- they

they believe possesses neither life nor power, derstanding had been arrived at, this success

and call this spiritual religion. Others obwas admitted to be of comparatively little

serve a form not as a lifeless form, but beimportance to Germany.

cause it is a spiritual reality, because there is Rer. Mr. Kincaid, a British Baptist Mission

in real union with it, a divine life and power; ary, who is on a visit to this country, says, that

and our brethren call this formal religion. “the Baptists in America are going rapidly

Those then, who believe in the form without into Episcopacy, in more ways than one."

the spirit, who observe a religious rite, but A southern Presbyterian, writing from Bos

deny its living power and efficacy, are spiritton, laments, that "hundreds of our best peo

ual Christians; but those who believe in the ple are going into the Episcopal Church to

form with the spirit, who observe a religious find a resting place and peace." Upon this

rite ordained by the Great Head of the Church the editor of an Episcopal paper remarks,

| as an effectual means of supernatural grace, "hundreds and thousands are finding out that

| are formalists. Novel logic." same' resting place and peace,' in many other

It is curious, not to say amusing, to see that regions besides Boston."

" The Churchman," the great organ of highYet, an Episcopalian, writing from the West churchism in New York, calls the Mercersburg says: “I find among every other denomina- Review, a Lutheran Review. Sit nominis venia.

Editorial Miscellany.

DELHI.-Let the reader imagine himself ad- | Here is the mosque in which Nadir sat during vancing from Agra northward to the ancient the terrible massacre of the inhabitants by his capital of India. His road is through a army. wide plain, everywhere covered with ruins. ' Delhi has many noble buildings worth preAmong prostrate walls and masses of ma- serving. The palace itself ranks next to Windsonry, overgrown with weeds and jungle, here sor as a kingly residence. Its gateway is far and there rise a broken obelisk, gilt dome, handsomer than that of the Great Bazar at or slender minaret. These are the ruins of Kabul. The throne-room is matchless. The ancient Delhi. To the right flows the Jumna or roof rests on massive columns of white marYamuna, Daughter of the Sun, and according ble, and beautiful mosaics adorn the hall. In to the legend, gentle sister of the dread Yama, the centre is the white marble dais on which the Hindu Minos. On a rocky ridge, at the once stood the famous peacock throne. The very edge of a branch from this river, which king's private chapel is of the whitest marble, leaves the main stream five miles to the north and a perfect gem of art. A quarter of a mile of the city, and rejoins it two miles to the to the west of the palace stands the cathedral south of the wall's most southern angle, is mosque, vast, massive, grand. modern Delhi, built by Shah Jehan, in 1631, it may be, to be razed by the English two A CURIOSITY.-A correspondent of a Cincenturies later.

cinnati paper gives the following description A wall, scalloped at the top, and about of a walled Jake in lowa, which must have twenty-five feet high, runs from the Welles- been built hundreds, and probably thousands ley Bastion, the point to the entrance, south- of years since:east where the city touches the river, five “The lake lies in the midst of a vast plainmiles in an irregular semicircle to Selim | the rich, gently undulating prairie extending Garh, an old fortress which rests upon the for many miles in every direction. The lake stream at the northern extremity. Along the covers an area of about 1900 acres. The river, or eastern side of the city, this wall is water is clear and cold, with a hard, sandy replaced, for one-third of the extent, to the bottom, from two to twenty-five feet deep. north, by the walls of the king's palace, which | There is a strip of timber about half way is about balf a mile long from north to south. round it; probably ten rods wide, being the The interval to the Wellesley Bastion has only timber in many miles. T'here is a wall slighter defences, but is protected in some of heavy stone all around it." mcasure by the river, or rather its branch, “It is no accidental matter. It has been between which and the main stream is an built with human hands. In some places the island, more or less sandy, and covered with land is higher than the lake, in which case melon gardens.

the wall only amounts to something like a ripThe ditch at the foot of the city wall is fifty rap protection. This, I believe, is what engifeet broad, and about fifteen feet deep, and neers call it. But in other places the water the glacis so covers the wall that it cannot is higher in the lake than the prairie outside be seen from a distance. The city has eleven | of the wall. The wall in some places is ten gates. To the southeast is the Delhi Gate, feet high; it is thirteen feet wide at the base, and advancing to the west and north the sloping up both sides to five feet wide at the Turkaman, and the Ajnud Gate, outside of top. The wall is built entirely of boulders, which is the vast mausoleum of Ghazi Khan; from three tons in size down to fifty pounds. then the Furosh Khanah, the Lahore Gate, They are all what are called lost rock. I am adjoining the Burn Bastion, so called from no geologist, and consequently can give no Colonel Burn, the gallant defender of the learned description of them. They are not, city against Holker, in 1804. Next comes the however, natives to the manor born. Nor Kabul Gate, close to the canal, the Morea has the wall been made by the washing away Gate, the Kashmir Gate, and, close to Sclim of the earth and leaving the rocks. There is Gahr, the Calcutta Gate. Tracing the river | no native rock in this region. Besides, this are the Lai and Raj Ghat Gate.

is a continuous wall, two miles of which, at The western side of the city is a sea of least, is higher than the land. The top of the houses, many of them strongly built. The wall is level, while the land is undulatingmain street, the Chandur Chauk, is very wide, so the wall is in some places two feet and in and along the centre of it runs an aqueduct others ten feet high. These rocks, many of them at least, must have been brought a long to Amboy, &c., for which reason we are distance-probably five or ten miles. In obliged to publish this Week's News without Wright county the best rocks are scattered his Advices and Entries from that Port." pretty freely; but as you approach this lake In January, 1722, a list of burials was first they disappear-showing that they have been published. From this it appears that the gathered by some agency-when, or by whom, whole number of deaths in Philadelphia varied bistory will never unfold. Some of the largest from ten to twenty individuals in each month. oaks in the grove are growing up through the For the whole year they amounted to 193. We wall, pushing the rocks in, in some cases out annex the report for March, which shows the side, in the others accommodating their shape largest mortality of any month in the year: to the rocks. The lake abounds with excel * Church of England, 4; Presbyterians, 3; lent fish. The land in that township yet be- | People called Quakers, 6; Baptists, 0; Stranlongs to the government."

gers' Burying Ground, 2; Negroes, 6. Total

for month, 21.” News not New.—The first newspaper published in these parts was “ The American

The Law OF NEWSPAPERS. -- Subscribers Weekly Mercury," the first number being / who do not give express notice to the condated December 22d, 1719. It is printed on

trary, are considered as wishing to continue two pages octavo, single-sheet, measuring

their subscription. about twelve by eight inches. It has the

If subscribers order the discontinuance of imprint, “ Philadelphia, printed and sold by their periodicals, the publisher may continue Andrew Bradford, at the Bible, in Second to send them until all arrearages are paid. street, and also John Copson in Market St." If subscribers neglect or refuse to take Subsequently also by William Bradford

their periodicals from the office to which they in New York. The advertisement states,

| are directed, they are held responsible until “ This Paper will be published Weekly, and they have settled the bill, and ordered them shall contain an impartial Account of Trans

to be discontinued. actions in the several States of Europe, Amer

If subscribers remove to other places, with. ica, &c. All persons that are willing to en

out informing the publishers, and the papers courage so useful an undertaking at the are sent to the former direction, they are held moderate rate of ten shillings a year for responsible. Philadelphia, fifteen shillings for New Jersey,

The Courts have decided that refusing to New York and Maryland, twenty shillings for take periodicals from the office, or removing, Virginia, Rhode Island and Boston, Procla and leaving them uncalled for, is prima facie mation money, are desired to send their evidence of intentional fraud. names." A few items are gleaned from sub

SUBSCRIBERS, in writing, or returning Joursequent numbers.

nals, must give their name and correct Post March 8th, 1720. A stage for New York | Office address ; otherwise, from the necessity and Boston is aunounced to set out weekly of the case, we can take no notice of their until December, and then every two weeks.

communications. March 17th, 1720. “Supertine Bohee Tea at 22 shillings per pound."

AGENCY OF THE LUTHERAN PUBLICATION SoSeptember 28th, 1721. “Sereral Bears ciety.—The undersigned hereby certifies that were seen yesterday near this place, and one the Rev.Jacob Metardt has been regularly apkilled at Gerinan-Town, and another near pointed as Agent of “The Lutheran PubliDerby. Last night, a very large Bear, being cation Society," to visit our pastors and their spied by two Amazons, as he was eating his respective congregations in Maryland and Virlast Supper of Acorns, up in a Tree; they ginia, with a view to collect funds to aid said calling some inhabitants of this place to their Society in carrying on the laudable enterprise assistance, he was soon fetched down from so happily begun. Brother Metardt is a genthence, and entirely despatched by them." tleman of strict integrity and undoubted piety.

January 2d, 1721, (evidently old style, as The Board of Publication have full confidence the year is not changed until February.) | in him ; and, therefore, they take great plea“Our General Assembly are now sitting, and sure in commending him to the favorable rewe have great expectations from them at this ception of our ministers and their respective Juncture, that they will find some effectual

BENJAMIN KELLER, Remedy to revive the dying Credit of this Phila., Dec., 1857.

General Agent. Province, and restore us to our former happy Circumstances."

As some inquiries have been made as to March 10th, 1722. “We have these three who is the author of the Book Notices, we days expected the New York Post, and he would here state that this department of the has not yet arrived. It is supposed that the Home Journal has always been, and still is late strong Winds have hindered his Ferriage under the charge of Rev. T. Stork, D.D.

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