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Company, with their Charter in his hand, he was identified, perhaps beyond all other men, at once with the foundation of our Commonwealth and of our city. And there is not a page of our Colonial Records, or of our Town Records, dur. ing the nineteen years of his living here, which does not bear testimony to his labors and his zeal for the public service. The very first entry in the records of Boston, if I mistake not, was in the handwriting, still extant, of John Winthrop. The first voluntary subscription for the support of Free Schools, in 1636, bore his name, as one of the three equal and largest contributors. The first statute for the establishment of a system of Education in New England, was passed under his auspices as Governor of the Commonwealth. The neighboring Common, the pride of our city, the play-place of our children, the source of so much health and happiness to us all, was originally laid out while he was at the head of the old Town Government, and by a Committee of which he was Chairman. The evidences of his services and of his sacrifices might be multiplied on every side. He spent his whole strength and his whole substance in the service of the infant Colony, and died, at last, a poor man; poor in everything but that good name which is above all price.
But, it is not so much what he did as what he was, that entitles him to the grateful remembrance of the sons and daughters of Boston, and of Massachusetts. He was a man of the purest life, of the sternest integrity, of the loftiest moral and religious principle; and, he has left an example of moderation and magnanimity, of virtue and piety, second to none which can be found in the annals of our country. His residence was near the site of the old South Church,-his garden, I believe, including the land upon which that venerated edifice now stands,—and it would scarcely be too much to say, that the atmosphere within those hallowed walls, purified as it is by the weekly prayers and praises of a thousand worshippers, is hardly more pure than when it was the atmosphere of John Winthrop's mansion.
I know not how, Mr. Mayor, I can do anything more appropriate to this occasion, or furnish any more striking illustration of the principles of him whose name has been inscribed upon these walls, than to read you a few brief sentences from one of his own letters. The letter is dated on the 16th of October, 1622, and was addressed to his eldest son, then a lad of 16 years old, who was pursuing his studies at Trinity College, Dublin. It furnishes ample proof that the writer was not a man to be satisfied with any mere intellectual education; but, that his first care was for the moral and religious instruction of the young.
My dearly beloved Son :-I do usually begin and end my letters with that which I would have the alpha and omega of all thy thoughts and endeavors, viz. : the blessing of the Almighty to be upon thee,-not after the common valuation of God's blessings, like the warming of the Sun to a hale, stirring body,—but that blessing which faith finds in the sweet promises of God and his free favor, whereby the soul hath a place of joy and refuge in all storms of adversity. I beseech the Lord to open thine eyes, that thou mayest see the riches of His grace, which will abate the account of all earthly vanities; and, if it please Him to give thee once a taste of the sweetness of the true wisdom, which is from above, it will season thy studies, and give a new temper to thy soul. Remember, therefore, what the wisest saith, The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. Lay this foundation, and thou shalt be wise indeed.”
Such was the career, and such the character of Governor Winthrop, and I need add nothing more, I am persuaded, to show that his name is worthy of being given to your school. And now, my young friends, it is for you, in your turn, to decide whether the school shall be worthy of the name. No names, however distinguished ; no buildings, however convenient or costly; no committees, however enlightened and vigilant; no instructors, however accomplished and devoted, can make a good school, without the hearty coöperation, and willing compliance, and faithful study of the scholars. Let me conc then, expressing the hope that you will not be unmindful of your opportunities, that you will not be unnindful of the example of him by whose name you are to be designated ; and that, by your diligence, your good conduct, your fidelity to your duties, your reverence for the laws of God and of man, and your observance of the lessons of your instructors, you may strive to render the Winthrop School as much a model school in its internal condition and discipline, as it certainly seems to be in its external structure and arrangement. And, may the blessing of Heaven be upon vour efforts !
PLAN AND DESCRIPTION of Bowdoin GRAMMAR SCHOOL-House.
The new Bowdoin School-house, completed in 1848, is situated on Myrtle street, and with the yard occupies an area of about 75 feet by 68 feet, bounded on each of the four sides by a street. It is built of brick with a basement story of hammered granite, and measures 75 feet 9 inches extreme length by 54 feet 6 inches extreme breadth-having three stories, the first and second being 13 feet, and the third, 15 feet high in the clear. The ground descends rapidly from Myrtle street, thereby securing a basement of 15 feet in the rear. One third of which is finished inió entries, or occupied by three furnaces, coal bins, pumps, &c., and the remaining two thirds is open to the yard, thereby affording a covered play-ground for the pupils.
The third story is finished into one hall 72 feet long by 38 feet wide, with seats and desks for 180 pupils. On the south side of this hall there are iwo recitation rooms, each 16 feet by 12 feet, and a room for a library, &c. There are three rooms of the same size on the two floors below.
The second story is divided into two rooms by a partition wall, each of which is 35 feet by 38, and accommodates 90 pupils, and so connected by sliding doors that all the pupils of both schools can be brought under the eye and voice of the teacher.
The first story corresponds to the second, except there are no sliding doors in the partition, and no connection between the room except through the front entry. The two rooms on this floor have each seats and desks for 100 pupils. Each story is thoroughly ventilated, and warmed by one of Chilson's Fur
In each furnace the air chambers, the apertures for conducting the cold air into them, and the Aues for constructing the heated air into the rooms in each story, being all large, a great quantity of warm air is constantly rushing into the rooms, and the ventilating flues or ventiducis being so constructed and arranged that the air of the rooms will be frequently changed, and that a pure and healthy atmosphere will at all times be found in each of these rooms, provided the furnaces are properly and judiciously managed. On the top of the building there are two of Emerson's large ventilators, connected with the attic and ventilating flues, through which the impure air passes out into the atmosphere above.
To accommodate pupils who come to school with wet feet or clothes, there is an open fire in a grate in one of the recitation rooms.
Each room is furnished with Wales' American School Chair, and Ross's Desk, and both desk and chair are in material, form and style, as described on page 202 and 205.
This is a school for girls only, and consists of two departments, one of which is called the Grammar department, and the other the Writing department; the master of each departmenı being independent of the other.
The number of assistant female teachers in each department of this schoon, when full, will be four, the teachers in each department being independent of the master and teacher in the other.
The master of the Grammar department and two of his assistants will occupy, the large hall in the third story, and his other two assistants will occupy one of the rooms in the first story.
The master of the writing department and two of his assistants will occupy the rooms in the second story, and his other two assistants will occupy the other room in the first story, each master being the superintendence of his own department.
The school, when full, will be divided into five classes, and each class into two divisions, nearly equal in numbers. The first week after the vacation in August, the first division of each class will attend in the grammar department in the morning, and the second division of each class will attend in the writing depariment; and in the afternoon, the second division of each class will attend in the grammar department, and the first, in the writing department. The next week, this order of attendance is to be reversed, and this alteration is to continue through the year, the weeks of vacation not being counted.
This house and the Quincy Grammar School-house are built after designs by
A, A, Entrance for Pupils.
H, Ross' desk, and Wales' chair. B, Ditto tor Teacher.
P, Teacher's platform with desk for C, C, Study halls, each 35 by 38 feet; teacher and assistants.
with seats and desks for 100 pupils. S, S, Staircase leading to second anc D, Sliding door, by which the two third floors.
rooms on the second floor are thrown a, Case with glass doors for appara into one.
tus. E, Study hall, 72 feet by 38.
C, Closet for Teacher. F, F, Two recitation rooms on each 9, Grate. flocr, 16 feet by 12.
1, Hot air register. G, Room 10 feei by 12, for library, ap- v, Flues for ventilation. paratus, &c.
PLAN OF THIRD FLOOR.
PLAN AND DESCRIPTION OF QUINCY GRAMMAR SCHOOL-HOUSE,
This building, which was commenced in 1847, and dedicated on the 26th of
ground plan is in the form of a cross, the exterior dimensions of the body being 80 feet by 58 feet, the end fronting on Tyler street. The wings are 12 feet in front by 36 feet deep. It is four stories high, with a basement 8 feet in the clear, for the furnaces and fuel, and an altic for gymnastic exercises.
Each wing contains a front and back entrance, a flight of stairs from the basement to the attic, and a room on each floor 10 feet by 11 feet, connected with a school-room.
The fourth story of the body is finished in one spacious hall, 16 feet high in the clear, with centre-pieces and a cornice, and a platform at each end 22 feet by 11 feet, and 22 inches high. It is furnished with seltees arranged in 4 rows, sufficient io accommodate 700 children.
The third floor is divided by a corridor 8 feet wide, extending across the main body from one wing to the other, having 2 school-rooms on each side.
These four school-rooms are of nearly the same size, averaging about 311 feet by 26 feet, and 13 feet high. Each room is lighted by 2 windows at the side, and 2 at the end, and has a platform for the teacher 24 feet by about 51, with one end towards the entrance from the corridor, and on the other end is placed a book-case of cherry, 31 feet by 8 feet, with glazed doors, facing the
The scholars' desks front the platform and the windows on the side of the building, and are separated by aisles 1 foot and 4 inches wide. They are 2 feet in length, made of cherry-wood, and varnished and supported by cast iron stands. J. L. Ross, maker. Each scholar has a desk by himself.
The chair is made by Mr. Wales, of Boston. It has a scroll back and cast iron support.
Each room accommodates 56 pupils, one desk and chair being placed on a small movable platform for a monitor.
The rooms are lined with composition blackboards 34 feet wide, 2 feet from the floor.
The school-rooms which have not small rooms attached, are provided with closets for the children's clothes. There are 2 sinks in the corridor, with conveniences for introducing Cochituate water. The description of this story will answer for the two below it, as the first three are essentially the same.
The windows are furnished with inside blinds, having revolving slats, so that the light may be regulated with great ease.
The building is warmed by 4 furnaces placed in the basement, 2 being placed at the middle of each end, each being intended to warm the three rooms immediately over it, the cast iron chimnies being relied upon for heating the hall.
Emerson's system of ventilation has been introduced since the building was finished, each room having a separate air-duct to the roof, 14 inches by 14 inches.
The apparatus consists of the Boston Philosophical set, by J. M. Wightman, Eayrs and Fairbanks' globe, 2 sets of Pelton's Outline Maps, and one of Mitchell's.
A library costing $200 has been furnished by the donation of Mayor Quincy.
To protect the desks from injury, the slate-frames are all required to be covered with cloth, and each scholar is to provide himself with a convenient box to contain his pen, pen-wiper, pez.cils, rubber, &c. Each desk has an inkstand sunk into the right-hand corner, with a revolving metalic cover.
The building is calculated for but one school, and is at present occupied by but one, the organization of which is adapted to the arrangement and construction of the house. When the organization is complete, the school will be divided into 4 classes, each class containing 168 scholars, and each class into 3 divisions. At present the 3 lower classes contain two divisions each, and the first class 3.
On the 3rd floor are the first division of the first class under the instruction of
the Principal, and the several divisions of the 2d class instructed by assistants ; On the 2d floor is the ad division of the 1st class instructed by the sub-master, with the several divisions of the 3d class under assistants; and the usher takes the 3rd division of the 1st class, with the several divisions of the 4th class on the 1st floor. By this arrangement the government is rendered compara. tively easy. The whole school is brought together in the hall for devotional services, and other general exercises.
Plan of First Floor. A, A, Front Door. B, B, Entries. C, Corridor or Hall. T, T, T, T, Teachers' Platform 24 feet by 5}. 1,1,1,1, Hot-air flues. v; y, v, v, Preston's Ventilators for controlling the flues in the partition wall, which communicate with the iron smoke pipes near the top of the building. This plan is adopted in the first story only.
e, e, e, e, Indicates the location of the Aues of Emerson's Ventilators in the second, third and fourth stories.
s, Sink. 6, C. C, C, Closets. d, d, Closets 10 feet hy 11 feet