Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

school lands are, " for pine timber lands the whole amount; for other timber lands, which are chiefly valuable for the timber thereon, seventy-five per cent., to be paid at the time of sale, and all other lands fifteen per cent., to be paid at the time of sale, and the balance of the purchase-money at any time thereafter, from time to time, within twenty years, at the option of the purchaser, with iuterest annually in advance, at the rate of seven per cent. per annum on the unpaid balance, payable on the first day of June, or within six days thereafter, in each and every year.” The purchase-money received "may be invested in Minnesota bonds (railroad bonds always excepted) or in United States bonds bearing not less than six per cent. interest.”

The first sales of school lands occurred in the autumn of 1862, at a most unpropitious period, many able-bodied citizens having volunteered as soldiers in defence of the nation's honor, and hundreds having abandoned their farms in the frontier counties to escape the tomahawk and scalping-knife of the savage Sioux, while those who expected to settle in the State halted in regions supposed to be more secure. The results of the sales in the face of all these discouragements surprised the most sanguine, and created a fresh interest in popular education. More than thirty-eight thousand acres were disposed of, at a little more than 6f dollars per acre, as will be seen by examining the following

Statement of annual sales of school lands.

a

[blocks in formation]

Acres of school land unsold June 1, 1867, 2,775,898.

The total permanent school fund of the State, arising from the land grant, on November 30, 1866, was $1,333,161 60.

The current school fund distributed in 1866 amounted to $78,519 60, and the number of persons between five and twenty-one, 87,244, making an apportionment of ninety cents for each person.

The interest on school fund for the year 1867, according to estimate of the Hon. Mark H. Dunnell, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, will amount to $117,435.

LAND GRANT FOR TERRITORIAL UNIVERSITY.

In February, 1851, the Territorial legislature memorialized for a grant of lands for a Territorial University. On the 19th of February of the same year it was enacted by Congress, says a report of the Regents

“That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he hereby is, authorized and directed to set apart and reserve from sale out of the public lands within the Territory of Minnesota, to which the Indian title has been or may be extinguished, and not otherwise appropriated, a quantity of land not exceeding two entire townships, for the use and support of a University in said Territory, and for no other use and purpose whatever, to be located in legal subdivisions of not less than one entire section."

Shortly after this congressional enactment the Regents of the Territorial Univer. sity organized, obtained a site, erected a building thereon, and commenced in. struction therein-the first instance on record of a Territorial University going into operation at so early a period in the history of a Territory.

The Regents also, with the approbation of the Secretary of the Interior, proceeded to select a large portion of the lands granted for the Territorial institution. Subsequently they erected a costly edifice and mortgaged it, by virtue of a power granted by the Territorial Legislature of 1856, for $15,000, to secure the payment of certain bonds, and by another act passed in 1858, on the eighth day of March, before the admission of Minnesota into the Union, mortgaged lands that had been selected

by the Regents, to secure the payment of a further sum of $40,000 borrowed by the Regents for the Territorial institution.

The whole number of acres obtained by act of 1851 is 46,080, of which there has been sold 10,750 for the sum of $52,412. Acres unsold of the Territorial grant are 35,530.

STATE UNIVERSITY LAND GRANT.

[ocr errors]

are

Governor Marshall, in his last message to the Legislature, alludes to a claim of the State for a land grant for a State University not yet perfected. This claim was first made by the Regents to the Governor, April 5, 1860, in this language:

Heretofore Congress has made grants to Territories not having organized any Universities, and the lands being free from all prospective incumbrances, the Enabling Acts of Michigan, Wisconsin, and Iowa have used the following similar phraseology:

“Seventy-two sections of land set apart and reserved for the use and support of a university, by an act of Congress approved on

day of hereby granted and conveyed to the State, to be appropriated solely to the use and support of such university in such manner as the legislature may prescribe.”

The condition of Minnesota being different, so far as a territorial university was concerned, we expect and find different language in the enabling act. There is no reference, as in acts alluded to, to previous reserves, but it is prospective. It says, if certain provisions are accepted :

“That seventy-two sections of land shall be set apart and reserved for the use and support of a State University to be selected by the governor of said State, subject to the approval of the Commissioner of the General Land Office.”

Although a territorial university had been in existence for years, and the regents had selected lands, there is no reference thereto, but the language prescribes selections for a future State university.

[ocr errors]

Certainly it was not the intention of Congress to turn over the debts and prospectively encumbered lands of an old and badly managed territo::al institution, but to give the State that was to be, a grant for a State university, free from all connections with territorial organizations.

Will you, therefore, take the steps indicated in the enabling act, and appoint, at an early day, some one to select two townships of land for the State university, incorporated by the last legislature ?

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE LAND GRANT.

Under "An act donating public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts," approved July 2, 1862, Minnesota is entitled to 120,000 acres, of which none has been sold.

THE FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND ACRES DUE THE STATE.

The five hundred thousand acres due the State by the provisions of an act of Congress entitled "An act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of the public lands," etc., approved the fourth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and forty-one, wbich, by provisions of the Constitutions of Wisconsin, Iowa, Oregon, Kansas, California, and Nevada, are appropriated to educational purposes, do not appear as yet to have been set apart by Minnesota.

Table I.- Historical and statistical data of the United States.
(Compiled from Report of the Commissioner of the Land Office for 1867.)

States and Territo.

ries.

Act organizing Territory. Act admitting State.

Area in sq. Populat'a

miles. in 1863. U.S. Statutes. Vol. Page. U. S. Statutes. Vol. Page.

Original States.

New Hampshire.
Massachusetts
Rhode Island.
Coonecticut
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania.
Delaware
Maryland
Virginia--East and

West.
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia .

9, 280 326, 073 7,800 1, 231, 066 1, 306 174,620 4, 750 460, 147 47,000 3,880, 735 8,320

672, 035 46,000 2,906, 115 2, 120

112, 216 11, 124 687, C49 61, 352 1,596, 318 50, 704 992, 622 34, 000 703, 708 58,000 1,057, 286

States admitted.

[blocks in formation]

Feb. 4, 1791
Feb. 18, 1791
June 1, 1796

Apr. 30, 1802
331 Apr. 8, 1812

58 Dec. 11, 1814
549 Dec. 10, 1817
514 Dec. 3, 1818 3
371 Dec. 14, 1819

Mar. 3, 1820
743 Mar. 2, 1821
493 June 15, 1836 5
309 Jan. 26, 1837
651 Mgr. 3, 1845
235 .do

5
Dec. 29, 1845 9
Mar. 3, 1817 9
Sept. 9, 1850

9
403 Feb. 26, 1857 11
323 Feb. 14, 1859 11
277 Jan. 29, 1861 12

Dec. 31, 1862 12 209 Mar. 21, 1861 13 172

13 277 Mar. 1, 1867 13

Ecosserererer wwwwww 1919 h

189
191
491
173
701
399
672
536
608
544
645

50
144
742
742
108
178
452
166
383
126
633
30
32
47

37, 680 | 1, 155, 684 *10,212 315, 098 45, 600 1, 109, 801 39, 964 2, 339, 502 *41,346 70%, 002 33, 809 350, 428 47, 156 791, 305 *55, 410 | 1,711, 951

50, 722 964, 201 *35, 000 628, 279 *65, 350 1, 182, 012

52, 198 435, 450 *56, 451 749, 113 59, 268 140, 425

55, 045 674, 943 *274, 356 604, 215

53, 924 775, 881 *188,981

305, 439 83, 531 173, 855 95, 271 52, 465 81,318

107, 206 23, 030 112, 090

16,857 *104, 500

134, 277 75, 995

28, 841

Apr. 20, 1836

[ocr errors]

10

Mar. 3, 1849
Aug. 14, 1848
May 30, 1854

Mar. 2, 1861
Feb. 28, 1861
May 30, 1854

12
12
10

Territories.

New Mexico...
I'tah...
Washington
Dakota
Arizona
Idabo
Montana
Indian Territory.
Dist. of Columbia..

Sept. 9, 1850 9
do

9
Mar. 2, 1853 10
Mar. 2, 1861 12
Feb. 24, 1863 12
Mar. 3, 1863 12
May 26, 1864 13

446 453 172 239 664 808 85

121, 201 88, 056 69, 994 240, 597 113,916

90, 932 143, 776 98, 991

9.360,000

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

1110 m. sq.

Russian purchase.

| 126, 990

70,000

577, 390

* Area taken from geographical authorities and pot from public surveys.
+ Total population in 1860 was 31,500,000; estimated in 1867 to be 38,500,000.

To the white population in Nevada should be added 10,507 Iudians; and in Colorado, 2,261 Iodians.

9 As estimated January 1, 1865. || That portion of District of Columbia south of the Potomac river was retroceded to Virginia July 9, 1816, (Stat. vol. 6, p. 35.)

. By census of 1867.

TABLE II.-Showing the area of the several States and Territories containing public lands, and the quantity devoted for educational or

purposes by Congress up to June 30, 1867. (Compiled from Report of the Commissioner of the Land Office for 1867.)

[blocks in formation]

Granted for agricultural col-
leges, act of July 2, 1862.* Granted for

Remaining unsold
deaf and dumb

and unappro.
asylums.

priated June 30,
Selected in Located with

1867.
place.

scrip.

Schools,

Universities.

[blocks in formation]

Ohio
Indiana
Illinois
Missouri
Alalama.
Mississippi
Louisiana
Michigan...
Arkansas
Florida ..
Iowa
Wiscopsin..
California ....
Minnesota
Oregon
Kansas
Nevada
Nebraska
Washington Territory
New Mexico ..
Utah ....
Dakota ...
Colorado.
Montana
Arizona
Labo......
Indian .....
American purchase from Russia.

Total...

1, 760.00 702, 425.07

Sq. miles.

39, 964
33, 809
55, 410
65, 350
50, 722
47, 156
41, 346
56, 451
52, 198
59, 268
55, 045
53, 924
188, 981
83, 531
95, 274
81,318
112, 090
75, 995
69, 994
121, 201

88, 056
240, 597
104, 500
143, 776
113, 916
90, 932
68,991
577, 390
2,867, 185

Acres.
25, 576, 960
21, 637, 760
35, 462, 400
41, 824, 000
32, 462, 080
30, 179, 840
26, 461, 440
36, 128, 640
33, 406, 720
37, 931, 520
35, 228, 860
34,511, 360
120, 947, 840
53, 459, 840
60, 975, 360
52, 043, 520
71, 737, 741
48, 6.36, 800
44, 796, 160
77, 568, 640
56, 355, 635
153,982, 080
66, 880,000
92,016, 640
72, 906, 304
58, 196, 480
44, 154, 240
369, 529, 600
1,834,998, 400

Actes.

704, 488
650, 317

985, 066
1, 199, 139

902, 774
837, 584

786, 044
1,067, 397

886, 460
908, 503
905, 144

958, 649
6, 719, 324
2,969, 990

329, 706
891, 306

985, 430
2, 702, 044
2, 488, 675
4, 309, 368
3, 130, 869
8,554, 560
3,715, 555
5, 112, 035
4,050, 350
3, 233, 137

119, 852. 17

NATIONAL LAND GRANTS FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES.

Acres,

500.CO
2,000.00

2,000.00
1,835, 892 71
6,915, 081.32
4,930, 893. 56
6,582, 841.54
5,180, 640.63
11, 757, 662. 54
17, 540, 374.00
3, 113, 464. 18
10,016, 700.87
106,062, 392. 13
36, 776, 170. 89
52, 742, 078.96
43, 148, 876. 44
67, 090, :182.62
42, 523, 627.38
41, 627, 461. 39
73, 005, 192.00
51, 139, 646.00
145, 295, 284. 97
62, 870, 665. 83
86, 904, 605. CO
68, 855, 954. 09
54,963, 343.00
44, 154, 240.00

369, 529, 600.00 1,414,567, 574. 96

488, 803. 03

1, 920.00
411, 959. 70
475, 989.58

1, 120.00

90, 000. 40

67, 983, 914

1,082, 880

1, 159, 499.65 3, 192, 582. 22

44, 971. 11

• The whole quantity liable to bu issued under tho act of July 2, 1862, is 9,600,000 acres.

« AnteriorContinuar »