Imágenes de páginas

On the other hand; would not greater bene- Oh yes, a good lady in our neighbourhood sent Seed. This, at the present price of flax and seed fits flow, was every dollar of capital that can us six pence and some rasberry wine ; but alas would amount to about sixty dollars the spared from commerce and manufactures, ap-sit was too late, but it was the will of heaven 11 The expense of seed, cultivation, and cleaning, propriated to those vast improvements of which should be so, and it is our duty you know to bear according to the usual tedious mode, could not be the soil of Massachusetts is susceptible? And the afflictions of God with patience.-Will you more than thirty dollars ; here then would be a should a mania for water works arise, it mayshonor buy a bow-pot?

clear gain of thirty dollars on an acre of land, in have ample and profitable gratification, by cut- No: keep your bow-pots for better customers; one year; and when the new machines get into ting trenches on the ridges, and tunnels through but here's a shilling for you.

Tuse, ten dollars of that expense will be saved on the hills, thereby draining the numerous ponds, A shilling, your honor, cried the other, but live hundred and sixty pounds; which would swamps and bogs, creating luxuriant meadows;|lack-a day, I am so poor I have no change ; leave a profit about equal to the value of the and by erecting hydraulic machines on the innu-want no change, said Edwin ; you have given acre of land. This, it is true, is an extraordina merable streams and brooks, to irrigate theme a lesson of Philosophy, that has done me ry yield, in the present neglected state of the arparched fields on their borders! It is by such more real service than all the sophistry of|ticle, but if our farmers would turn their attenenterprizes that the Massachusetts farmers may (Shaftsbury, the black ethics of Hume, or the le-tion to the subject, and make themselves acexpect to prosper, aided by a regular system of vities of a Voltaire. The practice of Christianity Iquainted with, and pursue the best mode of culmanagement, with the application of all the must be the foundation of happiness—and who-tivating flax, we venture to say, that the yield manures that can possibly be collected, on soever disputes its pre-eminenee over every would not be considered so large. one third part of the soil that usually receives other system of morality, is not only an enemy them, and by enriching the remainder by that to himself, but a foe to the general interest of joint process of nature and art, PLOUGHING IN human kind.

Selections from late numbers of the London FarOF GREEN CROPS.

mers' Journal, received at the office of the Brighton, 3d, June, 1822.

What a lesson and what materials for reflection American Fermer.

and profitable commentary does the foregoing SIR JOHN SINCLAIR ON THE TURNIP
anecdote afford! Let those who are really ren-


dered miserable by the petty concerns of life, by George Street, Edinburgh, 12th May 1821. Edwin, the celebrated comedian, went from a the want of a rigid compliance with orders to Sir, rehearsal with the most uncomfortable sensations. domestics, probably indistinctly given, or not un- I am a great friend to discussion, and I am glad -The futile cause was, having a dramatic part derstood by the too great length or shortness of to find that the letters I sent you have drawn forth assigned him, which he imagined not precisely to a trimming, or the inaccurate cut of a dress—or the observations of some very respectable farhis ability. Going through and round the court, by the numerous, but really unimportant crosses mers on some important subjects of husbandry, gnashing his teeth and biting his nails in the bit-we often meet with, reflect upon the philosophy who might not otherwise have been induced to terest vexation, his perturbation was suspendedland truly pious resignation of the old widow Lew- communicate their thoughts, or the results of by the following event

ton, on the death of her “poor Billy and her their experience, to the public. * Green and pretty bow pots, two a penny, husband,” and take shame at the misery they To Mr. Paul's merits as a farmer, and more escome buy my bow pots, ye pretty maids; ah ! bring on themselves and those connected with pecially his attention to the nature of the turnipGod Almighty bless your honor, will you buy a them, by giving way to morbid feelings, or ner- fly, or beetle, and the means of effecting its debow pot for your window-madam-of the hazle-vous instability. What, when we are reclining struction, I am no stranger, having occasionally tree with the nuts placed in order, some lilies of on beds of down, or a golden sofa ; rolling in a met, and conversed with him on that subject al the valley, wild rosemary, and a few violets.”-isplendid equippage, or “ clothed in fine linen, Holkham; and I wish much that other intelligent Sung, or rather whistled the old woman, who of- and faring sumptuously every day” are we to be farmers would adopt the plan that he has done, fered him the most rural bouquet, with a look rendered unhappy by the want of etiquette, in that of directing particular attention to one usefraught with so much wistfulness, that Edwin those from whom we expect deference, by de ful object, and publishing the result of their excould not refrain asking her a few questions. rangement of our plans, which we are not sure perience respecting it. In this way much valua. How old are you, my poor woman?

would have increased our happiness had they ble information might be obtained, by which the Eighty-five, your honor, next Martinmas. succeeded, or by diappointments, which it is agriculture of the country would be most essenWhere do you live?

quite probable prevented the occurrence of a tially benefitted. At Finchly, replied the woman. .

serious real misfortune to us! When we look In regard to the point to which I wish once What is your name?

around, and see the world full of real, poig- more to call the attention of your readers, I think Ann Lewton, an' please your honor.

nant distress; of sickness and poverty combined, it right to state that the information I transmitAnd did you walk from Finchly, to-day? in- and in those too, who likewse once enjoyed the ted to you in my former letter, on the means of terrogated Edwin.

good things of this life, can we reconcile it to destroying the fly, by flame and smoke," was Yes indeed, Sir, and I hope with God's bless-Jourselves to be made unhappy by trifling events, founded upon actual experiments, reported to me ing, to sleep there this night.

or by an anticipation of evils? The author of from a most respectable quarter, and represented How much shall you make if you sell your the first of moral Codes tells us, hat “sufficient to have fully answered in practice, even on alterbow pots?

unto the day is the evil thereof”, and shall nate ridges. The plan is, therefore, entitled to Seven pence half-penny, sir.

we take distress on interest, and permit a fair trial above all, in cases where the first crop And when you have disposed of them, you will ourselves to be miserable by the prospect of its has failed. In that event, Mr. Paul will admit that return contented to your cottage ?

possible occurrence? The philosophy of the the fly has been decoyed into the field, and is, Yes, indeed, I shall.

ancient Pagan teachers was directed against therefore, placed in a situation where its destrucOh Heavens! exclaimed Edwin, and shall we such weakness, and shall we give way to it, and tion may be effected in the manner I have propopresume to murmur at the dispensations of Pro-Istill lay claim to the name of christians ? Our sed. Under this system, therefore, if the first vidence, when this calamitous creature bending duty requires, even when real misfortune assail crop should not have succeeded, the second one under the infirmities of age and the pressure of|us, to be prepared, to sanctify the affliction, and may almost be confidently relied on at a very tripoverty, can be thankful to her Creator for ad-be thankful that our lot is so much more happy, Aing expense; and thus it is in the power of evevantages that comparatively is misery in the ex- that so many more blessings and enjoyments ry active and intelligent farmer to insure a crop of treme. -Do you enjoy a good state of health ? are left to us, than numerous fellow creatures turnips.

I never was sick but twice in my life your hon-within our knowledge, whose merits are even In regard to Mr. Paul's modes of destruction, or, once on the death of my poor Billy-and ano-Igreater than our own, and whose sufferings, as the plan of a decoy seems to be ingenious; but ther time when my husband lay ill of an ague, for far as we are enabled to judge, are less deserving after the insects have been brought there, I think Dive weeks almost without food. than those of which we complain.

it would be a shorter and simpler plan to destroy Did he survive the illness?

J. M. them by flame and smoke, than by any otner Ah! no, my sweet gentleman, said the hoof

means that can be suggested ; and I hope that worn doe with her eyes full of tears ; it was in ENCOURAGEMENT TO RAISE FLAX. 'Mr. Paul himself, with his well known zeal for the winter of the hard frost, and he could not The following is copied from the Goshen (Or- improvement, will try the experiment, and asbear up against the blight ; he died, and the ange County) Patriot.

certain how far it will answer. stroke would certainly have broke my heart with Mr. Silas Newman, of the town of Goshen, Having much advocated the use of salt for ag. grief, if it had not pleased God that it should be sowed last spring thirty-one quarts of Flaxseed, ricultural purposes, I derived much pleasure from otherwise.

on an acre and a quarter of ground from which he the perusal of a letter, signed W, T. in your paAnd did no one contribute to your relief? said raised five hundred and sixty-four pounds of per ot the 7th May. I must again express my the repentant comedian.

Flax, and fourteen bushels and four quarts of Iregret, that your correspondents will not sub



scribe their names and places of abode to their loins : none of the lambs were subject to it till readers in selecting such publications as are of letters, as it gives the information they transmit they were many weeks old, and, when first affect-real practical value. much greater authority. Mr. W. Ti's communi-ed, were very ricketty, and in a short time reel- Impressed with these ideas I send to your nocation is of very great importance, and if his ed so much in their hind quarters, as to be able tice an Essay on the diseases of the eye of the plan were generally adopted, it would materially to walk but a short distance without falling ; and Horse, by James Wardrop, Esq. Surgeon extraimprove the art of feeding stock on green crops, the disease has generally so speedily increased, ordinary to his Majesty. It is from the hands of and the profit to be derived from that practice.-as to make them incapable of getting up, when it such men of science, who stand at the head of It would be desirable, however, that he were was of course necessary for me to kill them their profession, that the practical man can look more explicit as to the sorts of green crops he My flock is of the Merino breed, but I con- for first principles, as the leading guides of his cultivates, and whether he tried salt with cattle-ceive the sort of sheep can have nothing to do practice, and by which he can never be misled. feeding upon clover, to prevent their being hoven. with the cause of disorder.

To those who are acquainted with the deplorable I hope that any of your readers who may have If you, Mr. Editor, or any of your correspon- deficiency in the practice of country farriers, or other facts to state in favor of the use of salt, will dents, will favour me with their sentiments as to leeches, the score of humanity will be more than a send you an account of them for insertion in The the cause, as well as with their advice what mea- sufficient reason for extending by every means Farmers' Journal.

sures to adopt respecting it, I shall be most the knowledge of the diseases of the eye of the I remain, Sir,

thankful, and I am Sir your obedient servant, horse ; and when the importance of that noble Your very obedient servant,


animal to agriculture is superadded, it becomes a JOHN SINCLAIR.

duty of every friend to the art to render his asN. B. All along the coasts of the kingdom, The disorder is so prevalent in some coun

sistance however small, to the furtherance of so dried seaweed would be an excellent means of de-tries as to preclude breeding with profit and suc

desirable an end. As you have my name and adstroying vermin in the ground, by means of flame cess : in comparative instances that we have no-dress, I have only to say with how much respect and smoke. It is to be observed, tilat land, when ticed, it appeared to be occasioned by the pover-|I am, Sir, your obedient servant,

S-r. smoked, for a long time retains a smell offensive ty of the ewes in winter, and is often fatal to three to insects.

fourths of the flock. It is called in the Fens! Do We can assure this esteemed correspon

cockspring, from the vulgar name of a plant grow-dent that we are very much of his opinion, exON FEEDING OFF CLOVERS SAFELY ling early in spring by the sides of ditches, the cepting as to the praise he is pleased to bestow on WITH BREEDING STOCK.

eatirg of which erroneously supposed to cause it. us. Nothing would give us so much satisfaction Yorkshire, May 10, 1821. This plant is the reed canarų (nhalaris arun- as the rational pursuit of agricultural improve

Idinacea), and is very innocent and agreeablement, were those engaged in it enjoying that comMany years ago I lost a considerable number of food to voung stock in spring when grass is scarce, stort and security in their avocation, and that resheep in the manner J. G. states, which induced The disease is a species of tabe dorsaliz, or con-ward for their labour to which industry and skill me to sow with the clovers one and a half or two sumption of the spinal marrow, and evidently are entitled, and which their importance to the pecks of long grass* upon an acre, which va-l affects the head in its progress, producing a wild- public welfarer

icino a wild-Ipublic welfare renders indispensable : the controriety, I believe, is very pleasant to the sheep, ness of look, and a clearness (or bloodless appear-versy, however, is now at an end, although we are and not injurious to the land as some suppose.—ance) of the eye. It is wholly incurable, and the yet to learn the event. The treatise above menAnd when I remove the sheep (which is frequent-lambs which are seized ought to be killed at first: tioned is a most excellent one, and we shall shortly) it is in an evening, when they are pretty well they will sometimes be in good condition, incli- v extract from it the practical treatment of insatisfied with food, and least dew upon the grass, ning to fat, and very good meat : we have slaugh- Hammation.- Editor Farmer's Journal. for I consider the clovers sufficiently succulent;tered them at eight or nine weeks old, to weigh without dews. Since the above practice, I have from 6 to 8 lb. per quarter. The way to prevent it experienced very little loss, not one this season; is to keep the ewes in fair condition through the UN

TheON IMPROVING THE BREED OF HORNand I find my sheep to improve as much as any winter, i nd not to let them winter on low or cold

ED CATTLE. upon land of the same quality. land, without a preparation in a corner for lodg

“We want only such a stanciard of value as I remain, Sir,

ing, and some dry food, with a little salt, to wont is proportioned to our political and financial state, Your obedient servant, .. them to their lair.---Editor Furmer's Journal.

to render all other contrivances unnecessary.”JOHN HOIGATE.

The Farmers' Journal, May 7.
P. S. I presume W. 7. has had his ewes too

Akehead, May 11, 1821. high in condition, particularly the shearlings,


Suffolk, May 12, 1821. which has occasioned the loss he states, My rea

Your sensible reporter for Durham has re

Sir, son for believing so is, that before I had much

.: marked, “that ruinously low prices deprive us of " I should wish to be informed, through the mediexperience I suffered in a similar way; however,

alall hope from the fruitful appearance of our for the last thirty years I have been very fortu

v fortu-lum of your valuable journal, the advantages ae fields; and we do not hesitate to say, that no

uured from under draining rich old pastures (sub-lthing but ruin can be the inevitable fate of nine nate, which I impute to keeping them (the ewes) soil strong clay), as opinions amongst eminent (tenths of the cultivators, if some efficient remedy low, after taking from the ram, until within three

agriculturists are much at variance as to whe:hweeks of lambing.

be not applied speedily to stay the overwhelming er, or not, any benefit is derived from under

torrent of disaster.” This is very true. I have drainings any description of pasture land. I am, 1.

I am, long been of opinion, that if we are to have low* By long grass, que supp090 our corrrsfondent Sir, your constant reader, &c. to mean rye grass, either the common or the im

priced gold, low-priced labour, and low-priced

A SUFFOLK FARMER. P proved ; if any other grass, we should be glud to

corn, our knowledge in practical agriculture would know its name.-Edit, Farmers' Journal

Iprove useless, because the relations of industry 17o Query to the Querisi.-Does the water, af-11

er, at would be broken up and destroyed, by the orer

Iter heavy rains rcst any where long on the sur-Ithrow of our personally religious and civil instiQUERIES ON A DISEASE IN SHEEP. face?-Editor Furmera' Journal.

tutions. Indeed, I hold this as a regular and cerLee, May 16, 1821.

tain effect arising out of low prices. SIR,

ON THE MIS APPLICATION OF THE CO- But the arguments of my honest and industriAs the columns of your Paper are so usefully; LUMNS OF THE FARMERS'JOURNAL. Jous neighbour, farmer Jobson, has taught me to employed in the general spread of agricultural

. Bertfordshire, Mlay 4, 1821. hope that I have looked too much on the gloomy improvement, I shall make no apology for troub- Sur,

side of the shield. Well, then, as my voice has ling you with the following description of a com- in common with many of your readers, I am been every where closed on the Currency Ques. plaint to which several of my lambs of this year sorry to see that arcry interesting and useful por-tion, and as that question does not involve my have been subject.

tion of The Farners' Journal, which has been personal interests further than as a member of Amongst your numerous and enlightenerl cor- usually devoted to Notices or short Reviews the whole community, I shall for a moment step respondents, I hope some may be found capable of Essays and other publications bearing direct-out of the mazy paths of political economy, and of explaining the nature of this complaint ; and ly on practical agricultural subjects, of late al- turn my attention to what is ten thousand times should they know of any remedy by which the most discontinued by you: the remarks with which more congenial to my mind-practical agriculture. disease may be cured, they will confer a particu- you have hitherto introduced the readers of The Bilt the arguments of farmer Jobson may be worth Jar obligation on me, and probably on many others Farmers' Journal to new interesting agricultural recording. by having the kindness to communicate it through publications have been alike distinguished for “I can see clearly enough,” says he, and he the medium of your Journal.

Igreat ability, culour, clcarness, and precision; spoke feelingly, for he had the appearance of one The complaint appears to be wholly in the thereby acting as a safe guide to your numerous interested, "the present race of farmers must be


ruined if the prices continue at this rate. But fribly numerous will weigh but a feather in the The following anecdote illustrates the dry huwere we all insolvent to-morrow, there is sutti-scale of power. This is my notion of public af-mour of the sailor, and his indifference to hardcient capital in the country to cultivate the ground fairs.”

ships of the severest kind :-A party belonging without ours. The Legislature know this, and "Well, but Jobson," sail I, “in what way will to the Griper being sent to surprise some rein therefore care nothing about us. Though there all this right the national dubt?” Having assumed deer, unfortunately lost themselves for several may be too much truth in what he urged, I at- a solemn air, he continued, “ depend upon it, the days, and were obliged to live upon raw grouse, tempted to appease him by stating, that every moment taxation cannot be carried higher, and I which they shot. One of them named Peter one who had monied obligations must share one think it is at that height at present, should the Fisher, being asked on his first arrival on board common fate; and, therefore, what involved the public revenue then fall below the public expen- what they have lived upon--" Lived upon." said ruin of the farmer, must pull down the whole fa- diture, that expenditure, along with the interest | Fisher, dryly, “the Duke of Wellington never bric of society. Your landlord, for instance, of the national debt, would be cut down to the lived so well. We had grouse for breakfast, though he may have property worth £20,000, aniount of the public revenue. Remember the grouse for dinner, and grouse for supper, to be yet, from what I have learnt, his debts amount to old adage, half u loaf is better than no bread; and sure." 10 or £12,000. What ruins you must ruin him you must see the fund-holder would remain satisat the same time; and, depend upon it, this gene-fied with what was unavoidable.” ral system of ruin cannot be persisted in, because, Though the arguments urged by farmer Jobson

ASTRONOMY. to the distresses of the labouring classes, it will gave me no better opinion of the theory of low-pri- Dr. Olbers has calculated that, once only in a add those of almost every other rank in the ced gold, however it might be supported by the period of 8,800 years, a comet will come as near walks of active life. Farmer Jobson replied as original bullionists, Messrs. Horner, Brougham, to the earth as the moon is. Once only in four fullows:

and Huskisson, or since confirmed by the support millions of years, a comet will approach the earth “You contend, the ruin of those who have mo-'of my Lord Liverpool, Messrs. Vansittart, Ricar-within 7,700 geograpical miles; and if it be equal nied obligations will be added to the distresses of do, &c. than I had formerly held, yet, I confess, in size to the earth, will raise the water to the the labouring classes. I cannot admit that. So-lhe quieted my apprehensions in an extraordinary height of 13,000 feet (a second deluge.) And onciety will right itself. The capital stock of Bri-'degree. I cannot, however, banish from my mind ly in 120 millions of years will such a body come tish agriculture, along with its well cultivated tie frightful picture of insolvency he had sketch- in contact with the earth !!! soil, will change hands. I will show you how.”, ed in clear and distinct lines, should this political With all my supposed knowledge of political rage for low prices continue. economy. I listened to him with profound atten-i But as I have not yet mentioned what I sat down! TO THE EDITOR OF THE AMERICAN FARMER. tion. He continued: “ The moment my land- to write about, “ The improvement of the Breed lord and myself are ruined, most probably the am-'of Horned Cattle,” as my paper is done, it must ple fortune of young Benfield (a more clever and be deferred to some future opportunity. I remain, John S. SKINNER, Esq. amiable a man lives not) will be laid out in the Sir, your obedient servant. JOHN ROOKE. 1 purchase and cultivation of my farm. Perhaps P. S. Tillage and Hay-making farmers havel. Your last paper, No. 8, contains a letter signed you may not be aware (farmer Jobson talked of stated their losses on the last crop. I should feel“ Francis Valck," which presents in a new arthese things with coolness) I already pay two thirds much obliged to any of your correspondents who rangement, some old arguments for additional cf my rent to him as interest of a mortgage. Now, occupy grazing farms, if they would favour me protecting duties in favour of manufactures. As should both my landlord and myself become in- with a statement of the disbursements and receivtslthis letter states nothing which has not been besolvent to-morrow, and it cannot be otherwise in of actual grazing farms in 1818, 1819 and 1820. tore repeatedly advanced by Messrs. Carey and

Co. and as often answered, (of which your cothe end, should things go on at this rate, are you through the medium of your paper.

lumns alone afford suificient evidence,) I preof opinion my farm would be worst managed by Benfield, a man of talents, information, and for- Captain Parry's account of the late voyage to

sume that this letter was intended solely, as the

vehicle of the following panegyric.* tune, than at present? Besides as I have strength, the Arctic Regions has just been published.

“But on industry, and some little knowledge, on my side, Among the numerous interesting facts contained in

this subject,” (manufactures) says Mr. Valck, I may expect him to engage me as his head hus- it, the following, on the singular effects experien-..

“I beg leave to refer you to two most lumina bandman.” Jobson rather faultered here, but my ced from the intense coid, are not the least curi-la.

ous essays, which Mr. M. Carey has written feeling rendered me mute, and he went on.

“ upon the subject : They are entitled the New ous :“Low-priced gold, low-priced labour, and low- The effect of the intense cold was such on the

“ Olive Branch, and an appeal to common sense

" and coinmon justice, &c. These are the very priced corn, may ruin both myself and my land- 29th October, when the mercury in tne barometer, lord ; but in what way will that affect the circum- stood at 29.70 inches, that “ it became rather al.

best things I have ever read on this interesting stances of the labouring classes ? I know you painful experiment to touch any metalic sub

" " subject; they contain the soundest doctrines, have long pitied, I own justiy enough, the starv- stance in the open air with the naked hand ; the

“ because they do not deal in theories, but stubed condition of the operative cotton weavers. feeling produced by it exactly resembling that oc

" born facts, which leave no doubt upon the

" mind.You have frequently said this state of starvation casioned by the opposite extreme of intense heat, coinpelled them to execute ar, unusual quantity of and taking oil the skin fro.n the part affected. There are two peculiarities for which the wriwork: now take your own THEORY, and as corn|The eye pieces of the telescope, if suifered to ters of the Carey school are noted : 1st. They gris low in price, their condition will be bettered, touch the face, occasioned an intense burning continually repeat over and over and over again, less work will be done, the supply of the market pain.”

the same "fucts,and arguments, and every time will be diminished, and the price of their wages When the thermometer stood at 265 degrees, assume the tone of telling something new : 2dly. will rise, when the low price of corn has had its the smoke of the fires in the vessels as it escaped They pass without notice the most ample refu. natural effect upon the market of cotton goods. from the funnels, scarcely lose at all above the tation of these said “ facts,and arguments, or To show you a little of this experimentally, the hawsings oi the ships.

merely give for answer a repetition of the old asprice of corn has come down, they get the same On Christmas-day, the officers of the Hecla sertion. It is not my intention, Mr. Skinner, W ces as before that occurrence, their actual cir-had a picce of roast beef for uinner, which had either now or hereafter, to oppose such reaChistances are somewhat better, and you do not been on board since the preceding May, and was soning as this ; but merely to refer Mr. Valck hear a word among them of that radical spirit preserved without salt, merely by the antiseptic trich alarmed you so much lately. A little hap-properties of a cold atmosphere. pier times have dispeiled it. Besides, look around The distance at which sounds were heard in * This inference will not be considered unfair if where you will, in this neighbourhood, and you the open air during the continuance of intense the first leaves of the New Olive Branch," are do not find the husbandry labourers in worse cir- cold, was a matter of great suprise. People examined. Nr. Carey has there advertised his cunstances than are usual; in fact, the weekly were often heard distinctly conversing, in a com- previous writings, with such recommendations as payments to the poor are lower now than at this mon tone of voice, at the distance of a mile, and she could obtain. Among the rest, his addresses,time last spring. even a greater distance.

Jare accomjaunied with a long fulsome compliment “In this way society will righit itself. As the An artilleryman named John Smith running in- " from the American Farmer,which every reaprice of corn gets lower, the difficulties of the ope- to the air without his gloves, had his fingers in der would of course attribute to its Editor. Bcrative weavers will be alleviated, and their former half an hour so benumbed, and animation so com-llieving it impossible that the sentiments could pro

alty will return. The labouring classes make pletely suspended, that on having his hands ceed from Mr. Skinner, I took the trouble to look by the great mass of society. They who hoid the plunged into a basin of cold water, the surface of uniil I found the piece. It was extracted from the

wledged rights to the wealth of the country the water was inmediately frozen by the intense essays of an anonymous contr.uuuur to the first 3 be most powerful. Then they who are ruin- cold thus sudienly coininunicated to it. His fin- volume, for whose words Mr. S. is no more reBu by mouied obligations, though they may be ter-gers were obliged to be amputated.

Isponsible than for mine, or for Mr. Valck's.

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to preceding numbers of the American Farmer, you know me, and that whoever may have a right are informed that they have now an opportunity which at least strongly contradict what he says to ask it of you, is welcome to know it also. of doing so by sending their Cows to him near the “leaves no doubt upon the mind," and which if

ANTI-MONOPOLY. first toll gate on the Reisterstown turnpike road, he had read, I presume that both his candour and

two miles from Baltimore, at Five Dollars for his chivalrous spirit would have induced him to

each Cow, the money to be sent with the Cow.

THE FARMER. notice, previous to putting forward his re-re-as

| YOUNG COMET is two years old and was sertions. At pages, 348 and 389, of vol. 1; 57,

shipped from Liverpool, a calf of seven weeks, 89, 156, 339 and 377 of vol. 2, and 364 of vol. 3, BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, JUNE 28, 1822.

when a farmer there offered for him thirty guiyour correspondent may find the restrictive sys

neas, saying " so fine an animal ought not to be tem ably opposed on general principles by the ag

lip The communication addressed to the Edi- suffered to leave the country " YOUNG COM. riculturists for whose benefit he urges its completor of the Farmer through the Easton Gazette of ET is of the celebrated improved short horned tion. At page 322, vol. 3, there is a statement of the 22d, has been cut out and forwarded to New- breed, but belongs to the tribe of deen milkers. the dreadful effects on agriculture, arising from York, to the gentleman alluded to; at the same combining also early maturity and great disposithe existing high duties, and at page 182, vol 3, time it is but fair to state that our impressions tion to fatten. At 13 months old he weighed 843. he may see tested the truth of some of the inost are, that he will settle either in the immediate vi- and eleven months after 1624 pounds. His dam. important " facts” of his “ very best” author in cinity of a large sea port town, or in the Western which was imported with him and belonged to the favour of manufacturing monopoly.

parts of Pennsylvania or New York ; with every present owner of YOUNG COMET, was a very Mr. Carey writes a new book in support of pro- wish to serve the writer of the communication, extraordinary milker, and the admiration of all tecting duties by merely copying out of his old he will admit that the matter is one, in interest, who saw her. Pasture 'f required will be furnish. ones ; hence his rapidity in composition (so far as too limited, to appear as a communication in this'ed without charge, and Cows from a distance will it respects bulk, and new titles) almost equals Journal. To advertisements of that character, be taken care of and well milked. that of the author of Waverly. But we are no we give insertion for $1 per square, but neveri YOUNG COMET will be let for the season more to expect a change of matter in a new pub-repeat them; nor is that necessary, as nine persons commencing the first of July, or by the monthlication, than to change the quality of small beer, out of ten preserve their papers.

fr Enquire of the keeper of the first toll gate by pouring it out of a junk bottle into a decanter.

: AN ERROR-in Mr. Smith's Address to on the Reisterstown turnpike roak. Thus his “ three letters, &c.” were poured out of .,

new, the Agricuitural Society of Maryland, as pubhis “ addresses," again poured into his “new

lished in our 11th No. of this Vol. instead of elec- PATENT HAY AND GRAIN RAKE. Olive Branch,” (all of which I have seen, and

e trick force and electrick fluid, near the bottom of what is more, have read,) and I have no doubt the ric! same stale draught is again presented in his late

in his late the middle column, it should have been printed appeal to common sense, which appeal it is much elastick. to be regretted he did not make at least ten years

GENUINE SEED, sooner. If this author and his followers would 1 The great inconvenience which he has only vary their eternal fare ever so little, if they Iseen resulting from the want of genuine seed of would only convert their cold broken meat into a la few of the vegetables most generally in usel hash or a broth, it would be more tolerable : but for stock, and a desire to see greater attention it is past endurance to be called to “cut and come given to the raising of roots and vegetables for again,” to the same poor dish, until repetition winter feed, have induced the Editor to have doubles our first feelings of disgust.

some cultivated under his own eye, that he You lately intimated a wish to exclude all pie-Imight feel confidence in recommending them ses on this or other subjects, relating to the inter-land accordingly he can now supply Ruta Bagal ests of Agriculture, unless signed by the real seed, White Norfolk, and red top (very large) names of their writers. This custom is excel-Iturnip seed-also a great variety of Shaker's lent when agricultural experiments and facts are seeds-hitherto advertised by Mr. Redding, and

Messrs. Pennock and Pierce, of Chester cousstated, because their value rests entirely on the which may be depended on. The genuine mangell'y, rem

ity, Pennsylvania, have lately patented, and used credibility of the author, and we ought to attach wurtzel seed, will be for sale also by Mr. Red during the last and present season. a horse none to a fictitious signature. But I protest ding in due season.

rake for gathering hay or grain, into wind-row, against the rule being extended to arguments

or heaps, as desired. The plan of this machine which necessarily rest upon their own strength, Fourth of July Parties

is uncommonly simple, and one of them may be and not at all (or at least they ought not) on the

made by any rough carpenter, or person accusname of their author. I wish to see your paper).

| Would manifest their patriotism by taking out tomed to the use of tools. The price of this rake

Ja portion of American wine, manufactured by complete, including the patent right, will not exfairly open to both sides, on every question affect

Major Adlum, of the District of Columbia. It ceed ten dollars, or for the patent right, two doling the welfare of agriculture, and it is admitted

may be had in varieties of Messrs, Marple andia by all, that none affects it more than this. By ex

Williams, and the Editor of the American Farcluding anonymous pieces, you would forbid all

We have seen this machine in operation ; it on mer will be thankful for the candid opinion of confarmers to join in the debate, while enough men.

Udoes the work quite as well, if not much better, of different habits would have no objection to pla-1" o pla-noisseurs concerning its qualities.

than it is generally performed by the hand rake, cing their names before the public, for the pur- PRICES CURRENT.-CORRECTED WEEKLY. and with one man and a horse it is believed that pose of attacking our dearest interests. Nor will Wharf Aour $6,50 cash-Howard street do $6,75 it will do the labour of ten or twelve men. Its adyou do us more justice by allowing a fair field to-Corn, white, 75 cts.-yellow do. 72–Red wheat vantages over the common horse rake are very societies. Agricultural societies are necessarily -$1 38 to 1 39—white do, $1 40 to 1 45-Rye 68 important, equal to a saving of one half slow moving bodies, and serviceable as some of to 70-Herrings, No. 1, $2 87 to 3-No. 2, ditto of the time; because with this rake the tem have been, our cause would be desperate, $2 50.

horse proceeds continually on, the hay or grain wis it left entirely to be defended by such inert Tobacco MARYLAND.-Sales have been made being discharged at pleasure, and without any champions. On the other hand, in towns, (par- the present week, at the following prices :-Fine stoppage or impediment; by the means of which ti ularly Philadelphia,) Societies, Conventions vellow $25 to $35-fine spangled, $18 to $25—fine facility, also, it passes over any obstruction that and Institutions, for supporting the views of the red, $12 to $18-good, do. %6 to 12—Inferior, $4 to may happen to be in a field. The simplicity, utilimanufacturers, may be easily made upon any oc- $6–common, $2 50 to 350-seconds, $1 to 6. ty, and cheapness of this instrument, renders it an casion, taking new names every month, and each One Hogshead of fine spangled, raised on the object highly to he desired by agriculturists, for its individual acting as many characters, as the farm of the late Dr. Colegate, sold for $18–one saving of labour in hay making time, when labormembers of a reduced company of strolling play- Jo. by H. Duvall, for $20—one by John Duvall, $25 ers are always so much wanted. ers. Besides, your correspondents could easily -3 hhds. raised by Mr. Henry Jones, of Benedict, This machine, price $10, can be had of Jodeceive you into violating your own rule, by sold for $13 and $19—seconds, at $4.

SEPH T. FORD, Baltimore, manufacturer of Agmerely signing John Smith, William Thompson, All other articles same as last report.

ricultural Implements generally ; GIDEON Davis on any other unappropriated name, which you

George Town, D.C. and JACOB LITTLE, of Fredcould not possibly know to be fictitious. For myself, I am not willing to place my name before the

erick Town, Md. Orders to either of the above YOUNG CO.MET.

named persons will meet with prompt attention. public, except in stating facts in agriculture, in Many persons having expressed a desire to obwhich cases, it shall always as heretofore be sub-tain Stock from the fine imported Bull YOUNG sined. For other matters, it is sufficient that|COMET, exhibited at the last Cattle Show, they} PUBLISHED BY JOHN S. SKINNER.


No. 15.-VOL. 4.


um exhibited, &c.—and the members of theag, propriation of one of the discretionary premi.

ricultural society, strangers from other states and ums set apart for objects not coming within the Maryland Cattle Show, No. 2.

the owners and attendants on the animals exhibit-specified limits of competition, to R. Patterson, ed, were only permitted to enter within the Esq. for his imported horse Exile.* The Com

square. Every one was however, invited to be-mittee cannot pass without notice some beautiFIRST DAY.

come a member on payment of $2 per annum, and ful young stallions; especially one exhibited by The exhibition held on the two last days of if he felt too little interest in the success of the Gen. Ridgley, of Hampton, and two by R. CaMay, by the Maryland Agricultural Society was Society to enter it on these terms, he was still ton, Esq. all pure and fine specimens of the attended by a great number of Farmers and Citi- at liberty to view the animals on the outside, as best English racing stock, and well qualified to zens who appeared to take an increased interest the members did from the inside of the square impart some of the most indispensible quali in the concerns of agriculture : this is as it ought formed by the pens. The committee of arrange-ties for the saddle, or the harness—such ani. to be The silent and unostentatious life of the ment in their address to the public, stated the mals are the more valuable as, in the appre. Irmer deprives him in a great measure of those absolute necessity of adopting some such regula- hension of the Committee, they are of late adventitious stimulants to action, which are found tion, and the order in which the business of the years becoming more rare. in the plaudits and cheers of our fellow men, in day went on fully proved its great advantage.

The reputation

and performances of Mr. Lawrence's sorrel sther walks of life.

Recent experience will no doubt enable the so- stallion, Tuckahoe, were too well known for The successful merchant upon change, the skil- ciety to rectify some of the inconveniences which him to pass in review without attention and ad. ful seaman returning from his fortunate voyage, were found to exist; but on the whole, the order miration ; but having been bred the eloquent advocate in the crowded court room, and regularity preserved, was highly gratifying state, as well as the fine horse Fagdown, proo

in another the politician, and the soldier all receive an im- The forenoon of the first day was occupied in perty of Mr. Boyce; and Mr Enson's stallion, mediate reward for their exertions in the notorie-examining and discussing the points and qualities the Committee are precluded from considering ty and applause which follow them. Not so the of the numerous fine animals, implements of hus-them as competitors for premiums, and can ono husbandman. In the retirement of the country he bandry, &c. and at one o'clock the stallions hitherto ly recommend them as animals of great merit, pursues his round of toil, and the satisfaction he confined in their stables, were led out under the entitled to the notice and patronage of the feels at the success of his plans is now and then bridle, and paraded before the judges and the so-public. increased by the approval of a friend or neigh- ciety, and made truly a magnificent display, exbor; and when he lights upon some new discove- hibiting samples of the best blood of that noble ry or improvement, how long does it remain animal ; at two, the society dined together in

BROOD MARES. confined to his own practice, or too often perish harmony and satisfaction, and while the judges/

fertion and while the judges. The Committee award to Mr. Jacob Hollings with him ? It is the business of agricultural asso- retired in the afternoon to make up their reports. J worth the premium for the best brood mare: Gations to supply all these deficiences, and none of other members were agreeably occupied in in-and to Mr. Robert T. Messer the premium for us can look back for a few years without acknowl- terchanging sentiments, and congratulations on the second best-mares of distinguished merit odging the benefits produced by them. On the the prospects of the society, and the improving) were also exhibited by Messrs. Owings, and barren hills and exhausted fields in some parts of interests of the plough.

|Rogers; a very valuable animal of this class, Maryland, where alternate crops of Indian corn The presence of distinguished strangers gave the property of Mr. Lewis, did not come and tobacco, without any intervening meliorating much satisfaction, and many gentlemen from all under the notice of the society until the second course, had exhausted every principle of fertility, parts of the state, meeting their friends and ac-day of the show. The Committee recommend the introduction of plaster, clover and other arti

arti, quaintances, made the day pass very pleasantly. as worthy of a discretionary premium, a grey ficial grasses has been followed by profitable and

mare, Miss Fanny, not bred in the state, property frequently luxuriant crops.


of Samuel W. Smith, Esq.Our instruments of agriculture are receiving

ROBERT LYON daily some improvement, and every combination On this day at an early hour a great concourse

ROBERT N. MOALE, and invention of Mechanics have been put in re- assembled in a neighbouring field, appropriated

JOHN COX, quisition to save animal labour. Foreign coun- by Mr. Skinner, for the first regular ploughing

WILLIAM POTTER, 1 tries are searched for the best seeds and plants, and match, conducted under the management of the

ALLEN THOMAS.. the most improved breeds of domestic animals are society, and this proved as it deserved to be from its imported. By analyses the demands of our differ- objects and the manner of conducting it, one of * Mr. Patterson's Exile is one of the Cleve. ent soils are now particularly ascertained, barren the most prominent and interesting features in land bays, which are very much noticed in Engclay is found by the agency of fire, (the most de- the whole exhibition. The paramount importance land. The qualities of this breed consisting as structive of the elements) to give nourishment of the implement to be tested, the novelty of the they do in the union of strength and feetness. and strength to an exhausted soil, and having competition, the beauty and excellence of the and the capacity to endure fatigue, and to carry been for centuries so long cultivating the surface, operation, the steadiness and skill of the high weights, are well adapted to our purposes

in it is now proposed to go deeper and till as it were ploughmen, the close and critical investigation and the extreme difficulty we meet with a layer or stratum under ground.*

of the judges by the application of various accu-procuring a horse answering to the Englisla On the present occasion it was highly sa- rate tests, all tended to inspire the by-standers hunter, is sufficient to prove that the mixture of tisfactory to observe how fully the committee with the most lively and agreeable impressions the heavy Pennsylvania wagon breed with the of arrangement had availed themselves of the The result of that contest, as well as their decis-blooded horse, cannot be depended on for that experience afforded by the former and first at-lions as to implements generally, will be seen in object: Mr. Patterson was enabled to procure this

horse through means which are accessible to few tempt. The chief defects developed on that occa- the report of the viewing committee. sion were now removed, and all their previous About one o'clock on this day the several com- and we think the admirers of the English hunarrangements for the show were seen to glide at mittees were summoned to attend the President ter and coach horse are under many obligaonce into full and fair operation. The Judges to with their reports, which were read by the chair-stions to him. We hope the stock will be geaward the Premiums appeared on the ground at man of each respectively, and the premiums were nerally spread in the country, as we are confian early hour, and being furnished with a warrant severally delivered to the successful competitors dent that for carriages of quick draught, it will of authority and a designation of the objects to by the President of the Society with appropriate eventually prove to be very superior; and it is much undergo their examination and award. every one remarks of commendation to each and of encour- to be desired that the entire blood should be entered apparently with the greatest cheerful-lagement to others to follow their good example. secured to our country by the importation of one

for more mares of the same stock. ness on the performance of the duties assigned him. To each committee a marshall was ap- REPORT ON HORSES-STALLIONS. pointed by whom all the members were collect The Committee appointed to examine and REPORT ON ASSES AND MULES. ad and made known to each other, and the wholelaward premiums to stallions and brood mares, The Committee appointed to examine the business of the day was entered upon without report, that they have carefully and with great Asses and Mules exhibited for premium, do interruption or delay. The proceedings were satisfaction, viewed the fine animals of both these award as follows: moreover very much facilitated by the way in descriptions exhibited for premium, and are of To. Mr. B. 0. Tayloe the first premium for his which the enclosures were arranged. The pens opinion that Robert Wright, Esq. of Queen Jack three years old, called the Duke of Welformed a hollow square, each one being numbered Anne's county, is entitled to the premium of a lington.t and distinctly labelled with the name of the ani- silver pitcher, valued at $30, for his stallion To Mr. George Howard of Waverly, the first mal, its owner, its pedigree, and for what premi-SILVER Heels, and that" John Perdue, Es-premium for a three years old mule.f

uir , is entitled to the premium for the second] The second premium to Mr. George Howard * See the remunt's crime .458iratum plougni best stallion for his grey horse, Young Sportsman of Waverly, for a mule very little interior to the by the Report of Implemento, EC..

· They beg leave further to recommend the ap-'former.


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