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COMMUNICATED FOR PUBLICZ TION IN THE AMERI- The following Report of the Committee of the the 23d of May, the first tassel appeared; it reCAN FARMER.
South-Carolina Agricultural Society, for promo-ceived two ploughings, and was hoed every 10 or
ting and improving Agricultural and other rural 12 days ; the first hoeings were rear the Corn, SOUTH CAROLINA GRICULTURAL
concerns, appointed to award Premiums, was and then this earth thrown back to the crop.-On SOCIETY.
read and confirmed at the Stated Meeting, held the 20th June, the three lower leaves were cut off The above Society has resolved to award the
at the Old Race Course, on Tuesday, the 18th from each stalk-from this time to the 22d July, following premiums at their stated Meeting in inst. to wit:
some more of the blades were cut off, and, on February, 1824, to consist of the Gold Medal,
dal, 'That they met on Monday the 17th, and awar- that day, the tops, together with the remaining value twenty Dollars and the Silver Medal, va-ided as follows.
leaves, were cut off. lue ten Dollars, or pieces of plate of equal value,list To Lamec Ferruson the cold medal for value, 1st. To James Ferguson, the gold medal, for! On the 27th July, the Corn was turned down.
On the 27th July, th at the option of the fortunate competitor, with exhibiting his horse Dockon. aged 3 years, On the 17th April, 100 bushels of Cotton seed appropriate inscriptions : viz.
I raised by himself, in the Parish of St. Johns', were thrown in the alleys, and, on the 29th, this For the best conducted experiment, to be madel Berli
being in vegetation, was well drawn up to the in the year 1823, on not less than one acre of 2d. To Jacob l'On Lowndes, the gold medal, for Corn with the hoe. On the 30th May, 200 bushland, not inore than 210 feet square, whereby exhibiting his horse Independence, aged 5 els of Cotton seed were applied to the sides of rany mode of culture, not heretofore generally
years, raised by himself, in the Parish of St. the Corn, and covered with earth. On the 5th used in the State, or by thc application of any Bartholom
September, the Corn was broke in, and, when kind of Manure, or in quantities not generallyl3d. To Dr. John S. Bellinger, for having raised shelled, measured 45 antities not generally
Dr Johns Bellinger for having raised shelled, measured 45 bushels and an half of practised, the production of Black Seed Cotton from one acre of land he createst quantity of Corn. It was fine Corn, and remarkably sound, shall be materially improved.--For the greatest flint Corp. to wit : 64 bushels and 5 quarts-not having more than one quart of rotten Corn, quantity, and not less than two hundred pounds,
the cold med
|(this was not measured.) All the blades and from one acre. The Gold Medal.
14th. To Dr. John S. Bellinger, for having raised tops were put in the rows, and were covered For a similar experiment on Green Seed Cot-1
to the greatest quantity of sweet potatoes, the with earth in hoeing. As well as I could ascer. ton, and not less than two hundred and fifty
na nity produce of one square acre-the gold medal. tain by weight, the cobs of the Corn weighed pounds from one acre, The Gold Medal.
15th. To Charles E. Rowand, for having raised 546 pounds; the stalks and shucks 4900, and, at For do. on Rice, and not less than sixty bush
the greatest quantity of green Seed Cotton, the a moderate estimation, the blades and tops must els from one acre. The Gold Medal.
produce of one square acre of swamp or re-have been 1100 lbs.; so that 6546 lbs. of vegetao, on Flint Corn, and not less than nity claimed marsh-the gold medal.
ble matter, were restored to the acre of the probushels from one acre. The Gold Medal.
A very large Hog, weighing 1146 lbs. aged 5 duct of this crop. For do. on Gourd Seed Cord, and not less years belonging to Captain j J. Reardon was! On the 21st of May, the alleys having been than fifty bushels from one acre. The Gold also exhibited, but not coming under that de well ploughed the day before-l planted a seMedal.
scription of character to entitle him to a pre-cond crop of Flint Corn at the distance of two For do. on Sweet Potatoes, and not less than m
an miuin, the Committee regret it is not in their feet three inches, in the centre of the alley. On two hundred and fifty bushels from one acre.
power to award one. A great many more ani-the.za of June, it was thinned to one sta The Gold Medal.
mals were expected, but on account of the se-grains having been planted in each chop, which For the best Stallion for improving Coach verity of the weather and the badness of the had been soaked 12 hours in Salt Petre and waHorses. The Gold Medal.
roads, they could not be brought to town. Your ter. On the 11th of June, all leaves of this For do. for improving Farm Horses. The Committee beg leave to mention, in justice to Corn were broken off to the stalk, to retard its Gold Medal.
those gentlemen to whom premiums are awar-growth, and perhaps strengthen the stalk. On For the best Mare for each of the above pur-Ided for the productions of the earth that in the 30th of June applied to this Corn seventy poses. The Gold Medal.
their opinion, much more would have been rais-five bushels of Cotton seed, some being placed For the best Bull. The Gold Medal.
led. had not the frost in the latter end of April.Jaround each stalk. This second crop was also For the best Ass. The Gold Medal.
land the disastrous hurricane of the 27th Septem-manured with rich earth, and Cow pen manure. For the best Boar. The Silver Medal,
ber taken place, which must have tended in a about 100 bushels, of each. The first crop was For the best Sow. The Silver Medal. Igreat degree, to diminish the quantity.
also manured with 300 bushels of Stable and For the best Calf. The Silver Medal.
BENJ. SEABROOK, Chairman.
Cow-pen manure, in addition to the Cotton seed. For the bes: Cow. The Gold Medal.
As the second crop grew, the earth was drawn For the best Ewe. The Silver Medal.
up, so as to make a small bed, and when the first For the best Ram. The Silver Medal.
FROM THE CHARLESTON COURIER.
crop was turned down, at least half of the earth For the best conducted experiment, by which
of the first beds was drawn to the second plant. the superiority of any Manure (farm-yard and Mr. Editor-The following Communication ing. On the 15th of July, the first tassel
ame stable Manure excepted) shall be clearly proved from Dr. JOHN S. BELLINGER, of Barnwell Dis-out. On the 12th o
Jeori proved from Dr. John S. BELLINGER, of Barnwell Dis- out. On the 12th of September this Corn was
d Potatrict, to the South Carolina Agricultural Society turned down ; the blades of this crop were left
The materially on the great production of flint Corn and Sweet on the stalks. On the 10h of October it was improved. This experiment to be conducted on Potatoes, from one acre of high-land, was read shelled, and measured 18} bushels and 5 quarts : not less than one quarter of an acre. The Gold at their meeting, on Tuesday the 18th instant, making in all 64 bushels and 5 quarts from the Medal.
for which he received two premiums of the Gold acre. The Corn of the first planting weighing In order to obtain either of the above prizes, Medal. As much good may result from
ove gripes Medal. As much good may result from the pub-58 lbs, and of the second crop 54 lbs. per bushel.
etary of lication of it, by making known the cultivation The cobs of both plantings weighed at the rate the Society, a particular detail of the quality of practised to obtain so great a product, the Socie- of 12 lbs. to the bushel of Corn. The stalks the soil, the preparatory culture, the quantity Ity request the insertion of it in your paper. blades, cobs, and half of the shucks of the sea and preparation, if any, of the seed, the kind
I remain, respectfully,
cond crop, were listed in, and covered with earth.
CHARLES E. ROWAND, and quantity of Manure, and time of its appli
As well as I can estimate the vegetable matter cation, the culture while the crop is growing,
Secretary and Treasurer. (restored to the acre, it must be 10,000 lbs.--conthe mode of collecting or harvest, and the pro
sisting of cobs, stalks, shucks and blades. duce ; stating also the produce of the same quan
| GENTLEMEN-I beg leave to communicate tol I must add, the last season has been an unfatity of land, of similar natural quality, cultiva- you, the result of an experiment of an acre, vorable one for Corn
22 you, the result of an experiment of an acre, vorable one for Corn crops. Most crops in my ted in the usual manner, in the same season.
(210 feet square) of old high-land, planted this neighbourhood, falling short from 25 to 35 per
sted by season with flint corn. The land has been in cent. of the last vear. Much of our field Corn one or more respectable witnesses. The animals cultivation for more than 20 years, and being ma- fired, especially, such as was planted thick to be produced before the Society at the House nured the three last years, produced three fine Neither of the plantings of this acre. shewed of their Meeting at the Old Race Course, on crops, viz: In 1819, 330 lbs. of short staple cot- any such appearance, and I must think. had
Races ton--in 1820, 26 bushels of Oats, and 52 bushels both crops been planted the same time, the proWhen convenient - specimen of the proceny oflot yellow Connectiout Corn-and the last year duct would have been less My acre contained each, to be produced as the best evidence of the 300 lbs, of long staple Cotton. The acre being about 7900 stalks of a
Certificate of well ploughed, was made into 35 beds, running to the production of great Corn Crops in our
ed and in all cases nearly east and west, and planted on the 5th State appears to be, if planted any thing like Certificates of their having been bred within the March last, with genuine flint Corn, at the dis-the proportion whic State.
tance of 18 inches, on the top of the beds. On plant for a great crop, the heat of the Suminers (Signed) JOHN HUME, President.
the 7th April, it was thinned to one stalk, two in most instances within my knowledge injures CHARLES E. ROWAND. Secretary grains having been planted in each chop. On the same-to obviate this, my experiment was
instituted, and further experience can alone del 2d Premium, to John S. Bellinger for the great-stove pipe must be conducted into the funnel of a cide upon its propriety. I tried the second crop est crop of Slipp Potatoes, from one acre of high chimney.--The building of this funnel will take in two other instances, the first of very old land, land, viz 280 bushels and 3 pecks.
2000 bricks, and will cost in bricks, mortar and the second crop, was half of the first crop, and in Wm. R. Bull made 185 bushels from his acre. masons work not less than $20.-Thus this fix to the other of better land, the second planting was 3d Premium, to Wm. R. Bull for the best year a dairy to simmer four pans of milk at a time one third of the first crop. An acre of old land, old Calf.
will cost $100.-And if the same end cannot be without manure, and planted in the usual way, all 4th Premium, to John Nimmons, a cup of the attained on better terms, it is worth the moner so in Flint Corn, produced 10 bushels. During the value of $10, for the best year old Hog.
Ito any one, who wishes to turn his attention to a progress of my experiment, I had reason to believe A silver cup of the above value ($10) was winter dairy. But we have great doubts about
planter of our State once made a great crop of awarded as an extra premium, to Barnet H. this fix suiting a summer dairy ; the heat of the corn, from an acre of land planted in a similar way, Brown, for a fine young Bull 15 months old. stove would certainly prove an insuperable ob. but cannot learn his name, or the part of the State The Rev. Hansford D. Duncan made 30 bush-Ijection-and if the stove is to be removed to a he resides in. A certificate relative to the pro-els of Rough Rice from a pond of half an acre ;distance, this would be inconvenient. duce of my acre of Flint Corn, from Messrs. W. the seeds sown in the water and not cultivated. If to the aforesaid chimney funnel you will add J. Duncan, Wm. R. Bull, C. W. Stewart and John Ashley, made from an acre of old upland a block of brick work six feet by four, and five Henry Touchstone, accompany the few obser- not manured, with the drili husbandry, 18 bush-feet high from the foundation, and three thouvations I offer for your consideration. Jels and 1 peck of clean Oats.
sand bricks will do the work. In this brick work I planted an acre (210 feet square) of old land The President of the Society distributed among fix a little concealed fire place on a grate, and with Potato slips in the following way. After the members some Seeds, received from John S. directly over the fire fix four dutch ovens, five having well broken up the same with the plough Skinner, Esq. Editor of that valuable work, the or six inches deep, and each of the size exactly it was made into flat beds, six feet wide and 210 American Farmer ; and also some seeds of a to contain a milk pan with its water round it feet long, with an alley of two feet, between kind of Guinea Corn, presented him by Captain The four dutch ovens would not cost more than each bed. It had been well Cow penned and Jacob Wharley, of Colleton District, and which $10—the block of brick work $30-to which add ploughed up, three times while the cattle were is said to be very productive when cut as fodder, the cost of the chimney funnel $20. Thus for penned on it.-No other manure was used. or used as a pasture.
$60 you can be better fixed than the Orange farm From the 25th to the 28th of May, three-quar- Two very fine Ruta Baga, or Swedish Turnips, dairy has been for $100.-We have a practical ters of the acre were planted with slips, the in a state of perfection and vegetation were pre-Jacquaintance with both these modes of heating vines being cut from eighteen inches to two feet sented to the Society by Wm. R. Bull.
water-and we state from knowledge that the long, and being doubled, were stuck in the
water in the dutch ovens will heat in less time earth eighteen inches square, and from four to
than the water in the boilers, and if you choose
Sec’ry pro.tem. of the Farmers' Society of in five inches deep. On the 6th of June, more vines
ners' Society of to go to the expense of shallow coppers instead
Barnwell District. were planted, and on the 30th the acre was fin
of the dutch ovens, they will heat quicker stillished On the 17th and 18th July, the vacancies Barnwell Court House, Jan. 20, 1823.
for two reasons, there is not more than a third as were supplied. It was hoed only twice, the
much water, nor more than one third of the vines soon covering the ground, so as to prevent
depth of water to be heated ; and the fire comes the use of the hoe. On the 13th and 14th of ON MAKING SWEET BUTTER IN WIN
directly in contact with the bottom and sides of November, they were dug and measured 280
the dutch oven, and only in contact with a very
TER SEASON. bushels and 3 pecks-each half bushel being|
small portion of the copper boilers to the stove. hooned but not packed in, and heaped in the way! In the 46th number page 367 of this volume, \The fire in the brick work will also heat the wa
blow our Negroes to take them, but heaped (we had the satisfaction to publish an interesting ter with a less consumption of fuct, as little as in che manner as to be a full and just mea-communication signed“ A Friend of Farmers," Mr. Baer's stove is known to consume. The fire sure, such as they are measured when sold or ex- stating the process pursued in making Orange in the brick work will not keep your dairy any changed for grain.
Farm butter in cold weather ; and explaining in thing like as warm in winter, as the fire from the
clear and intelligible terms, the rationale of but-stove ; but we do not consider much warmth neOn the 18th of the same month, an acre (2101cea
ter making generally. The communication hasłcessary-and the fire in the brick wor feet square) planted with slips on four feet beds
been copied by the Editor of the EASTON GA-little heat into the dairy, that it would be much in the usual way, was dug, and ineasured 68 been copie
OF ZETTE with the following remarks. bushels-this acre (as well as the others) is of
less likely to incommode you in the summer.-
Edit Am. Farmer. However complete the exclusion of the smoke a light soil and was not measured. A certificate from Mr. H. Touchstone, relative to the Potato
[The water should be heated about half way in the Orange farm dairy while the stove is new
to the boiling point before the pan of milk is set and every joint tight, we aver the fact, that the crop accompanies this.
in it-and the heat should be kept up to the same separation in the other mode is more certainly (Signed) JOHN S. BELLINGER.
or about the same degree, while the milk pan is perfect. The bill of repairs on one of Mr. Baer's December 17, 1822.
in it. If the nilk pan be of tin, it may be filled stoves used two years, has been more than the two thirds full of milk, and will float in the wa- repairs of the brick and grate fire place would
ter safely.-But if of pewter or other heavy come to in ten.-The fix at the Orange farm The Farmers' Society of Barnwell District ware it will sink, if the pan be half full. In the Dairy is beautiful and very complete. But the this day awarded the following Premiums of latter case therefore the vessels containing the fix we point to, well built and plaistered, is neat. Twenty Dollars, or a Silver Cup of the same hot water should be just large enough to receive er-at least forty per cent.cheaper, will take less value:
the pewter basin, the water coming between the fuel, and is more durable.-ib.
side of the basin and the vessel, and yet the top 1st. To James D. Erwin, for the greatest
of the containing vessel catching the ledge of the quantity of Grain, from one acre of highland. 101
The proprietors of American Porcelain Clay, top of the milk basin, and thus preventing it from are requested to apply to the Post Master at Saviz. 46 bushels of Corn, and 49 bushels of Peas, Jop
sinking.-We doubt whether the process of se-lisbury, Rowan county, (N.C.) for a letter to them, being 94 bushels to the acre. It is proper to S
parating the cream from the milk is completed which will answer all the questions the advertiser state, that from some misunderstanding, relative Par
when the milk has been in hot water for 30 min-wished to ascertain. to the time of gathering the crop from the acre,
Glutes. This may be about the right time for the a part of the Peas were unripe, which would
milk pan to remain in the hot water-it ought to make a reduction of that part of the produce of remain in long enough for the milk to be well
FOR THE AMERICAN FARMER. warmed; but it should then be carefully set aw :v Joho S. Bellinger made 64 bushels and 5 quarts on the dairy shelf, and what has been in the hot|
ALBION'S THIRD LETTER TO HIS SON. of shelled Flint Corn. His acre was cultivated water in the morning should not be skimmed till.. in the following manner-a first planting on the the evening, or perhaps not till next morning.]
"" Here then, my soul, thy darling theme pursue, sth of March, yielding 454 bushels, and a second-Ed. E. Gazeite.
8:J|For every day was Giles a shepherd too." planting on the 21st of May, 18 4 bushels and 5
In the second letter I gave you a plan of the quarts. Jennings O'Bannon's product was 52 bushels.
We give our readers to-day a very excellent Albion farm, and also a statement of the live
essay upon the art of making good winter butter. stock on i:, and how the same was depastured on and 1 peck of Gourd Seed Corn to his acre. Ji vith the ingenious fixtures of Mr. Baer's Stove the first of May-and now I intend to give you a
Wm. R. Bull gathered 16 bushels of clean we have some acquaintance.-The Stove with description of our sheep, with some hints to assist Oats, 22bushels of Corn, and 3 bushels et its four beautiful copper boilers will cosi from 75 you in the selection of these most valuable aniPeas ; being 41:) bushels from his acre.
Tio 80 dollars, and to insure it against smoke, the mals.
These sheep were of the Bakewell kind, with ders, following it as before to the setting on of] As I intend to give you, in the form of a a slight cross of the Lincolnshire breed, which the tail, where, if it be a fat sheep, you ought to monthly journal, the mode of managing our increased the size of the carcase, and also the find a gutter nearly the whole length, occasioned farm, there then, of course, will be a number of fleece, but still they retained all the beauty of by the flesh being very high on each side the other particulars mentioned, respecting sheep. the Bakewell, for bone, so that when the animal is a little raised
ALBION on his fore legs, water poured on the back, near
0 Of all the various breeds of sheep,
the shoulders, would run off at the tail-then feel That butchers kill, or graziers keep, at the front of the shoulder, near to the chest
Middle Town, Kentucky, May 18t, 1822. From which do we most comforts reap?
and neck, and also on the opposite side of the John S. SKINNER, Esq. The Bakewell.
shoulder, on the ribs, where you ought to find a Dear Sir,--At a called meeting of the agri
quantity of firm fat, then take hold of the ends cultural society of Louisville, I delivered the What sheep, produce the richest meat, of the short ribs of the loin, which ought to be seeds forwarded by you for them, to my care.And in appearance look most neat,
very thick after this examination, lay hold of When distributing these seeds, much anxiety And pay best for the food they eat?
the near hind foot, and jerk it smartly under him, was displayed by the members to get them. The Bakewell. towards the off fore foot, bringing the neck, And I am directed by the society to return you
with the left hand and knee, at the same time, their thanks for your friendly attention in colWhich most of all, the landscape grace, smartly upwards, in a direction, towards the lecting and forwarding the donation. Contain most bulk, in smallest space,
near hind leg of the sheep, anj if properly mana- I wish their attention to the culture of the And where they feed, adorn the place?
ged, he will drop on the near side of his rump, when plants may be equal to the anxiety displayed to The Bakewell. the head may be raised, in a way to cause the set the seeds.
back to rest against your legs, with the view to In your communication of the fourth of April Which best our craving wants supply,
examine his underparts ; the four legs, should last, you express a wish for further information, To feed, and keep us warm and dry,
now incline outwards, the chest feel Hat, broad relative to the Farina fecundans of vegetables, And make both cold and hunger fly?
and fat, and the legs full of firm flesh on the when seen through high magnifying glasses as The Bakewell.
inside, down to near the hock; then examine animalculæ.
the belly, sides and shoulders, to ascertain if they I met with the discoveries of Mr. John BywaWhich are most tractable and tame,
are well set with good long wool, and that the ter of Liverpool, on that subject; at page 341, of And will so long as sheep remain,
thighs are not coarse and hairy ; again set him "The travels in the interior of America in the Immortalize great Bakewell's name?
on his legs, and continue to examine the fleece, year 1809, 10, and 11.-By John Bradbury, F.L. The Bakewell. land if after this examination, you find his back S. &c.” This work was published at Liverpool,
straight, top of the shoulders, ribs, loin, and chest in 1817. If you should not meet with it, and I These sheep produced a fleece, weighing from wide, legs full of flesh, and all his frame full of expect it is not very common in America, I will nine to ten pounds, when washed on the animal's fat mutton, which feels particularly deep on the transcribe some of Mr. By water's communicaback, and of a quality suited for the comb-to be bones, and very solid, even to hardness, bonestions on that subject, and forward them to you afterwards manufactured into bombazeens, bum - light, skin of a pink color, face and ears long. Iby some of my mercantile acquaintances*. bazetts, Shalloons, Calimancoes, Durants, Car- and free from wool, as also the legs, and all the I am Sir, pets, and all kinds of goods requiring long strong rest of him thick set, with long, fine, soft, cruin
With much respect, wool. pled wool, which easily parts into very large
Your very obedient servant, This wool measured in length, from five to Gillets, of the same quality, at the extremity as
WM. CHAMBERS, fifteen inches, but once I saw a small quantity near to the skin, and nearly of the same quality twenty two inches long, and I knew a gentleman on all parts of him, you never need fear pro
Corresponding Secretary to the Louisville whom report said, had a fleece, which weighed nouncing him a good sheep, with good mutton,
Agricultural Society. twenty eight pounds, but both these I imagineland rood wool
P. S. This communication, when written, were not ihe growth of one year : these sheep
was mislaid, and having laid my hand on it a few
In selecting sheep, examine the teeth-when days ago, I now forward it as an acknowledgeusually weighed, when two years old, from twen-l, in ty to thirty five pounds the quarter, but some of lambs, they have eight teeth in the under jaw, Iment of past favors.
tv and none above; when one year old, they hull them have, I think, weighed upwards of scventy:
Your's respectfully, the two middle ones, and get two larger teeth, pounds the quarter.
The grazier in selecting these sheep, is very when two years old, they get one more large January 2d. 1823. particular to have them a good handlers," as it tooth on each side these, at three, the same, and is termed, which mode of selecting animals for the fourth year the same, when the whole set the butcher, is. I believe, almost peculiar to appears large ; but sometimes they lose all thel * We have received this extract, and will Englishmen, and perhaps the principal cause, / lamb teeth, when about nine months old, and af-publish it in our next.-- Edit. Am. Farmer. why their butcher's meat is generally considered terwards, of course they have only these large as very superior-to judge of the quality of the teeth ; shortly afterwards the teeth begin to de
Middle Town, Kentucky, Dec. 3181, 1822. meat of an ox, or sheep by the touch, appears cay, when the sheep should be fattened off withto a superficial observer, as a mere fancy ; butlout delay, or you will always have a bad diseased JAGRICULTURAL E
butout delay, or you will always have a bad diseased AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENTS IN THE surely this is not so difficult a task, as to judge flock.
| WEST-LAUDABLE DISPOSITIONS TO MAKE AND of the nature of a sick person's complaint by In catching sheep, never seize them by the
never seize them by thel REPORT THEM. feeling the pulse-indeed I have no doubt, but I wool on the back, as it hurts them exceedingly. John S. Skinner, Esq. there are Englishmen in the United States, who and in some cases has kiled them, particularly! Dear Sir-By my friend Mr. L- , the bearer would, if blindfolded, select from amongst any in hot weather, if ther are large and fat; indeed of this, you will receive a paper on the near, if number, those beautiful Devonshire cattle sent it is best to avoid the wool altogether, and ac- not inseparable connexion between animal and by Mr. Coke of Holkham, in England, to Mrs. custom yourself to take them by the hind leg, or vegetable productions as promised you in a formPattison of Baltimore.
what is still betler by the neck, placing one hand er communication. In approaching a sheep to handle it, step to it under the jaws, and the other at the back of the If not by this opportunity, it is probable that I on the near side, and putting the left hand to the ears, when by lifting up the head, a child may shall soon afterwards be able to forward you opposite side of the animal's neck, bring the hold almost any sheep ; but much depends on some pacoons in time to put into the ground this front part of its shoulder against your left thigh, how a flock is treated, few people are sufficiently spring. where you may, after a little practice, easily gentle with sheep; indeed by kind usage, a man! The excessive heavy rains, and long continua. hold it, then place the right hand lengthways may have them so totally devoid of fear, that he/tion of them, during the last spring and fall nearupon its back, drawing it with the greatest care may play with them as he would do with his dog, ly defeated all of our agricultural experiments in from the neck, to the setting on of the tail, to as- at any rate never suffer them to be ill treated or this section of the country.-The tall meadow oat certain if the back be perfectly straight, and terrified, there is no occasion for it, and
grass recommended by John Taylor, Esq. of Virfree from a hollow at the back of the shoulders,
ginia, to whom we are indebted for much useful or an elevation on the loin ; then set the same “ I would not enter on my list of friends,
information on the subject of agriculture, has been hand astride the back, and pass it along in the Though grac'd with polish'd manners and finelcultivated here on a small scale under the denosame direction, to ascertain the width of the sense,
mination of the Egyptian grass. It succeeds slioulders, ribs and loin; then place the ends of Yet wanting sensibility, the man
well in our soil and climate, is esteemed a good, your fingers on the back bone, near to the shoul-Who needlessly sets foot upon a worm."
early and late pasture and may possess other quals
ities to recommend it that I am not apprised of mere goutte* was go of Baume's syrup hydrome-ployed to make size, which, mixed with chalk, not having cultivated it.
ter, and the expressed juice was 70. I added good and diluted in a little water, forms a very beautiThe Woald Luteola for dying yellow grows dry brown sugart until 1310.5
ful and good white for ceilings. This size has here and is esteemed an acquisition, by our manu- The juice mixed before sugar was added about no smell, while animal size, which putrifies so facturers, so is the Woad.-The Bene, grew to 71° : aised to 134.
readily, always exhales a very disagreeable a great size, but did not ripen its seed. It was Specific gravity-1.050 raised to 1.1014. odour. That of potatoes, as it is very little subplanted too late by 3 or 4 weeks. I am appre-/ On the 12th August the residue of my grapes ject to putrefaction, appears, from experience, hensive our seasons are too short for it. It were gathered, and gave me 32 gallons more to be more durable in tenacity and whiteness; and, might answer in this latitude on a sandy soil.-must. It was 7o and added sugar as before. for white-washing, should be preferred to animal My experiments on the different kinds of Peas October 13th racked off, fumigated with sul- size, the decomposition of which is always accomand Beans have produced great crops of vines, phur, on trying the strength with the hydrometer panied with unhealthy exhalations. with but little seed, and those which I sowed it sunk to-1° or 1° less than rain water, so that it broad cast were overrun by the weeds several was 14° lighter, by the change of the saccharum experiments go to prove that the vetches will not into alcahol. I added 3 per cent. of good French
FOR THE AMERICAN FARMER. answer here.
brandy, and bunged up. The wine was quite Owing to the fine navigable state of the western clear. December 24th I racked off again. and/ ANSWER TO A “NORTH CAROLINA waters, for the last three or four months, so large had 61 gals. of very nice Madeira Wine. It was
FARMER.” a portion of the productions of our soil, has gone so good that I bottled off 16 bottles-lightly fumi- The best preventives against fleas in hogs, lice on to New Orleans, that the prices must be low gated again with sulphur, added 2 per cent. more in cattle, and ticks in sheep, are corn meal, and beyond any former precedent. We are advised brandy, and bunged it up. I do you assure that care. The best remedy for the evils they create, that fresh flour is selling at from one to two this wine would be pronounced Madeira of very is a strong decoction of tobacco, obtained by dollars per barrel—and no doubt other articles fine quality of the last year's vintage.
boiling. Hickory ashes, thrown upon swine, not will be as much below their former prices.
It seems to be agreed that the grape in the only assists in destroying feas, but in removing Inclosed I send you some of the seed of a sweet United States is deficient in saccharum for good cutaneous diseases, by causing the animals to rub scented grass. It is but little inferior to the wine. It is necessary to make it about as heavy themselves frequently. Sarilla in point of flavour-accept sir, my best as 14° of Beaume, or the specific gravity of 1,114,
CURWEN. wishes for the success of your laudable under- which is rather greater. I hold it to be indiffer-1 Philadelphia County, March 5th, 1823. takings, and believe,
ent whether the saccharum is native, or added,
FOR THE AMERICAN FARMER.
New Kent, Virginia, Feb. 15th, 1823. P.S.-You sent to my neighbour Mr. Lacre will produce three pipes of wine.
QUERIES RESPECTING BEANS AND CLEANING a few of the seed of the mangel wurtzel.
WOOD MARSH LAND. They proved to be of marbled kind and 4-5 of the
* The inic
* The juice which flows spontaneously from 1 have observed in the statement of prices length grew out of the ground and produced im-lo
m.Igrapes without other pressure than their own contained in the Farmer, that northern beans are mense roots. The bearer, Mr.
L h as in-liu
as, in weight is called mere goutte by the French.-quoted at a much higher price than wheat, corn, stuctions to get as much of the seed as will plant] Edit. Am. Farmer
Jor peas. I wish to be informed, the appropriate half an acre of ground. It is important to us that We think that the best refined or loaf su gar name of these beans, whether they succeed best it should be of the same kind, if to be haå.
ought, alone to be employed on such occasions, in a northern climate, and if a light or stiff soil as it contains scarcely any ferment or leaven; is preferred ? (We have with us a variety of which always and most injuriously abounds in beans which bear well; but the small white bean
unrefined or brown sugar, and is generally accom. called the Bonny Bess, is the kind preferred here TO THE EDITOR OF THE AMERICAN FARMER. Spanied with some unacceptable flavoring princi- for a large, or field crop), also the probable prople.
duct to the acre and the time and manner of Belmont, (near Annapolis,) 23d Jan. 1823. Our must might, we conceive, be of an approv- planting; if in these respects they are peculiar. SUCCESSFUL CULTIVATION OF GRAPES AND FA-ed specific gravity and yet contain too little In a former communication I asked for informa
BRICATION OF GOOD WINE IN GEORGIA. saccharum to exhaust the active powers of the tion if conveniently to be obtained, relative to the Dear Sir The following is an extract of al.
af fermenting principle-it is therefore expedient reclamation of marsh land, which is covered with letter I received a few days ago from a friend in
when we add sugar, to see that it contains no a heavy growth of trees, ash, maple and gum.-I Georgia, Mr. Thomas McCall, who is seatedren
Uleaven. We repeat that this pr nciple should be have attended to the various communications on
rendered effete before we permit the saccharum the subject of reclaiming marsh lands, which have upon the Oconee river, about 4 miles below theles town of Dublin. It is upon the very interesting
to be quite consumed by it or converted into appeared in the Farmer and elsewhere, but do not subject of the cultivation of the vine, and making an
S alcohol, for upon this point depends the durability recollect any in which this kind of marsh is wine, which I am very glad to see is beginning
Sor soundness of all wines. "Hence it may be spoken of. An impression exists in this neighto be attended to in several parts of our country ;)
ng readily perceived how desirable it is to employ borhood, when large bodies of that land are to be and I have no doubt the day is fast approaching/re
sugar that has been deprived of leaven by the met with, that wood land marsh when reclaimed when that delicious and useful fruit will be as
Srefiner: more especially when we recollect that will sink more than that which is free from wood..
an addition of saccharum is most commonly re- If any conclusive experiment has been made on common as any other, and a vast deal of money, be saved to the country, that is now sent abroad leaven in the juice of our fruit. quired in consequence of a superabundance of this kind of marsh, I should be pleased to know
the result, when convenient; if you will make the for the produce of the vine. Mr. McCall is a man of science, and informa.lt
| We wish that the weight of sugar employed necessary enquiries to obtain information on the tion, and accustomed to the best wines; therefore,
"Ito give one gallon of the must, these 64 degrees of subject I shall be obliged.
ererore; Beaume's hydrometer of additional specific gravi. his judgment as to the quality of the wine that). he has made may be depended upon. I send it;
ty had been noted and reported; the cost of this! The Editor unites in the request for informato ou for insertion in the “American Farmer,”
ingredient required per acre could then have been tion on the above, not having it in his power to
arithmetically found by every reader. Yet this add any thing at present to the publications If you think proper, and am, Respectfully your obedient servant,
may nevertheless be ascertained experimentally, which have already appeared in the Farmer. THOMAS CHASE.
as the specific gravity has been given; the
FOR THE AMERICAN FARMER.
I weighing only 1.000. The quantity of any parcell Barnwell District, January 27th, 1823.
or kind of sug ir required to give the additional QUERIES FROM A CORRESPONDENT, AS TO CER" You, my dear sir, engrafted me with the vine 51} degrees of specific gravity may therefore be which has taken deep root, and if I live long it ascertained at pleasure by any person.
T AIN LOOMS AND WOOL SPINNERS. will flourish under my care. I have now half
| In looking over the third volume of the
Edit. Am. Farmer. American Farmer, page 240, I notice the menan acre of fine vines, 3-5ths in bearing last year250 now in nursery to set out.
tion of a new and improved looin, by Mr. B.
TO MAKE SIZE FROM POTATOES. Wells of Pittsburg, of Warner's improved paOn the 8th August, my grapes were generally One of the beneficial uses of potatoes, not per teni loom, it states it may be made for ten dolripe-19 bushels were gathered, iro. which I naps generally known, is, that the starch of the lars, and a band accustomed to the use of one of pressed on the same day 45 gallons must-the quite fresh, and washed only once, may be em them, can weave sixty yards per day. I also ro
tice in the same yolume. Dage 99, a wool spin-, Mr. Johnston killed 2 weeks since, 4 pigs got byl Girth round the body close behind the fore legs ner worked by hand, drawing six threads, in-this boar, whose average age was not quite 2017 feet 3 inches. vented by a Mr. Brown of Rhode Island ; as Ilmonths ; the oldest about 2 months over, and Girth round the body in the thickest part 7 ani a novice in the art of both spinning and weav- the youngest 2 months younger, that weighed feet 8 inches. · ing, will you be good enough through the medi- together 2086 lbs. after they were dressed.- Height, 3 feet 2 inches. om of your paper. to endeavour to procure the This breed of hogs have short limbs, are re-l Breadth across the shoulders 2 feet 5 inches. following ivformation--will this wool spinner,markably square built, and will fatten well, at Age 1 year 8 months and 22 days. spin cotton and what will be the cost of one of at any age; they are more in demand with us, In No. 41, Vol. 2, of the Farmer, I find an acthose looms, and one of those spinners, to be de-than the other breed, on account of the small-count of the weight of a Hog raised by Mr. livered in Charleston. free of all expense, save ness of their bone, square form, and delicacy of Wheaton, in this county, extracted from the Arthe freight?
their meat, joined with the importance of taking chieves of useful knowledge, in which there has on fat well at any age. The weight of Mr. John-Jevidently been a mistake either in the original
ston's hogs, however will not pass for a standard work, or in the extract ; in the next page I find Editorial Correspondence. to judge of our Bridgeton pig by. Let me know another account, which would be the true one,
which to send yon, or whether you would prefer only that the two first figures are transposed, Large hogs of New Jersey-their breed-creditne mixed.
and the 8 is where the 3 should be, his true given to Pennsylvania for breeding fine Heif- With respect to the Foxite potato, I can truly weight was 834 lbs. in which is included the er-due to New Jersey--superior potato culti- I say, that they deserve all the commendations l af fat. vated in that state-Hogs and Potatoes intro-lucu have heard of them they are certainly the
Your's Respectfully, duced by Mr. Johnson. Ginest potato cultivated in this country, remarka
EPHRAIM BUCK. I In No. 47 of this volume, we published a bly white and mealy, and to use the expression challenge from New Jersey to the famous rival of a gentleman, with whom I was tonversing on states of Virginia and New York-that New Jer-the subject, and who has raised them for some
THE FARMER. sey would produce by the 12th of March, a years, they are as much superior to all other heavier hog, than could be found in either of potatoes, as the best superfine wheat flour is to BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, MARCH 14, 1823. these great states, regard being had to age.--common rye flour;" the only objection to them is The challenge was not accepted, and as the hog that they are poor bearers, and yield so badly as
WAR IN EUROPE. has now been killed, we can give his weight, to discourage their cultivation. We grow anoth
A late arrival at New York, brings news of with some interesting particulars, which trans-Jer potato, introduced here by Mr. Johnston, cal- war between France and Spain. The tone and pired, in the course of private correspondence, lled the Mercer potato, which is next in repute fattitude assumed by Spain, towards France and respecting the breed, &c. The extraordinary for the table, and yields bountifully. But as her un-holy allies, induces us to belive that Spain weight of the animal will show that the challengel much depends upon the manner of cooking theni, must have strong assurances of support from was not offered in a spirit of vain boasting, and many potatoes are spoiled in the cooking. They England, and of the co-operation of Portugal.-also that the party from whom it came, was wil-I should be cooked by steam, and as soon as done in that case, the war will be protracted, and the ling to risk a sum, which would have compensa-tremoved from the fire, for if suffered to remain hnal issue of it very doubtful. We shall soon see ted any successful competitor for the trouble of the shortest period afterwards, they are injured. the effect, which this new state of things abroad, the contest ; but we dare say, that those who
will have on the price of American produce.might have felt inclined to take up the wager
- EPHRÁÍM BUCK. [That effect will be greater, and more propitious will now be well content, that they did not ven- John S. SKINNER, Esq.
for us, should England embark in the contest. ture on the hazard.
N. B. As a satisfaction to yourself, and not for What a satire on the boasted philanthropy of It is obvious that Mr. Johnston's hogs possess the public eye, we have no doubt but the pig will human nature, that we should derive gratification uncommonly valuable properties, and must be alweigh when killed and dressed, from 8 to 9 hun from the news of war and bloodshed!!! Yet who great acquisition to the country. Importations dred--say 850 lbs.*
can deny the fact ? Our readers will be kept made like these, with discernment, and calcula-
precisely apprized of any changes which may ted to promote in a matter of substantiai impor-| * A good guess this, as he turned out to weigh occur, in the prices of the commodities usually tance, the best interests of Farmers, ought to be 866 lbs.--Edit. Am. Fariner.
reported in the American Farmer. rewarded and signalized by permanent complimentary and commemorative premiums.
ISEED-ROSE CUTTINGS &c. received late
Erid yeton, West New Jersey, 2
ly for distribution--from Europe, and from five
different states. Bridgepon, West New Jersey, ? In No. 48 of the Farmer I observe that a very. Spanish Tobacco seed, varnish leaf, and mullen
Feb. 12th, 1823. S important error, has been made in noticing the leaf, from Mr. Barkley, of Charles county, Md. DEAR SIR,
fine Heifer, slaughtered by Mr. Lewis Davis of) Kite foot tobacco seed, from Dr. Kent, Prince I received your favor last evening, informing this county ; she is there said to have been rais-/Georges County, Md. me that I had omitted the sum. I was willing toled and fattened in Pennsilvania--we are willingl *Persian melon seed, from Mr. Jay, of N. York. bet on the weight of the Bridgeton hog. How I to give the “devil his due,” but are by no means). *Guinea Grass seed, from W. R. Bull, Esq. of came to omit that most important part of the willing that Pennsylvania should have the credit Barnwell District, S. C. challenge, I am at a loss to account. “One hun-lof all our extraordinary productions, which it is! *Several varieties of Grape seed, and other dred dollars was intended; but if any one should very certain she has been accustomed to re-seed from France, from Peter Minor, Esq. of object on account of the sum being too small, he ceive. I feel assured you will correct the state-/Charlottesville, Va: can be accommodated with still more, you may ment, and place the honor where it belongs. Sol Corn, which produced 136 bushels per acre. say 500—a correct statement of the age howev- much for the Heifer, and now for the Pig
and a beautiful sample of Maple Sugar, from R. er, will be demanded, as we do not expect our The Bridgeton Pig, owned by MR. NORTON H. Rose, Esq. Silver Lake, Susquehanna Co. Pa. pig to outweigh a hog of 2, 3 or 4 years, of age. HARRIS, was slaughtered yesterday, and weigh
and weich: Bread and Hominy Corn, from Peter K. Davis, You may extend the time limited for acceptingled and measured as follows:
"Esq. Warrenton, N. C. he wager to the 1st of March, Weight alive, 975 lbs.
Cherokee rose cuttings and seed, and Magnolia In answer to your queries, respecting the breed Weight when dressed, having all the offal, to-seed, from Charles E. Rowan, Esq. of CharlesI can only say, that he is not, I believe of the gether with the gut fat, neatly taken out, and af-ston, S. C. grass breed; he is descended from a stock, im-Iter having hung up, exposed to the sun and al Those marked thus * have all been distributed. ported from England some years since, but I drying wind, from 7 o'clock, A. M. until 2 o'clock have not yet been able to trace his genealogy P. M. 866 lbs. gut fat 26 lbs. making together back far enough to say from what part of Eng-1892 lbs.
| PRICES CURRENT.-CORRECTED WEEKLY. Jand, or what he is called there-this much I He measured from the end of his nose, to the
Od of his noce to the Flour, best white wheat, $7 25-Howard st. know that they all grow very heavy at from 1 to root of his tail, 7 feet.
Superfine, $6 621_Wharf, do, 6 121_Wheat, 2 years of age; I shall be able to send you pigs,] From the end of his nose to his ears, only 9/white, $1 35 to 1 40-Red do., $1 32 to 1 35from a sow got by the hog, and with pig by a inches.
Rye, 71 to 75 cents-Corn, 60 to 62 cts. boar owned by Mr. Johnston of this place, im- Girth round the neck, close behind the ears, 5 country Oats, 43 cents- Beel, live cattle, $5 ported from Liverpool. Mr. Johnston's boar is a feet.
to $5 50 per cwt,--Beef, 8 cents per ib. very fine one, and has done great service in thel Girth round the neek, close before the fore legs) -Bacon, round, 10 to 11 cts. Other articles neighbourhood, by improving the breed of hogs.16 feet.
same as last week,