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the duties as proposed in that tariff, is equally in- quire the constant fostering protection of govern- whenever any attempt has been made to duord capable of being maintained ; as this point has ment to guard them from the competition of to-relief or protection to manufacturers, have exbeen fairly tested and set to rest for ever, in the reign rivals ; and that where they undergo a se- erted all their efforts to prevent its succes. case of coarse cottons, which are subject to du- vere depression, all classes of society, as well as That past experience forbids us to place de. ties averaging 50 to 85 per cent. and actually pro- the national resources, suffer with them.

pendence on a continuance of the present inhibitory. The consequences have been highly! That to the experience of Holland, so full termission of the public suffering, so long and so salutary in various points of view. A market has fraught with the most irresistible admonitions, severely felt-an intermission, let it be observed, been afforded for a very large quantity of the may be added that of the United States after their far from universal-as it does not extend to the most important raw material of the United States, two wars, which furnishes powerful additional three great western states, Ohio, Kentucky, and whereby a depreciation of the price in Europe proof of the pernicious consequences of exposing Tennessee--hor to the interior part of Pennsylvania has been prevented-employment has been given the manufacturing industry of a nation to the and New-York-embracing, together, about a to thousands of our citizens, of whom many were overwhelming competition of foreign rivals, pos- fiith part of the population of the Union. There in a state of pauperism--the poor rates in our sessed of all the pre-eminent advantages which are strong appearances of at least a partial recities have considerably diminished-house rents improved machinery, consummate skill, immense turn of the scenes we have lately beheld ;-.or, and mill-seats have risen in price--the internal capitals, and the aid of bounties and drawback like causes producing like effects, the great im. trade of the country has greatly increased—and at home, can afford. At the close of those wars, portations recently made, and still expected, can the manufactures thus protected, are better in this country was in a highly prosperous state. Idle- scarcely fail to have a similar effect with those quality, and more reasonable in price, than the ness was banished the land. Every man, woman, or of 1815 and 1816, though probably less extenrival articles formerly imported, but now exclu- child, able and willing to work was fully employed. sive and oppressive in their operation. Nothing ded by prohibitory duties. Here it necessary we Pauperism was in a great degree unknown. Happi- can secure this country from periodical returns Cound add a variety of cases of other articles ness pervaded all ranks of society. But the cessation of those scenes of distress, whose fatal traces, wh ch afford full and complete proof of this of war produced calamities which war had in vain like those of hurricanes and tempests, are to be theory.

attempted to inflict. Enormous importations took found indelibly marked throughout our country, That the accusation of extortion on the part of place, which glutted the markets, and bereft our but a protection of manufacturing industry equal the manutacturers, during the late war which was citizens of a chance of sale, and of that reward to to that bestowed on commerce and agriculture. the principal reason for the reduction of the rates which industry has an indefeasible claim.

mm. Your memorialists, therefore, respectfuiy pray of duties proposed by Mr. Dallas's tariil, was “Goods,” to use a favorite phrase, “were impor-,

you would take the premises into your serious whoily unfounded as the great rise of raw ma- ted cheaper than they could be manufactured at

consideration, and adopt such measures as you terials, of labor, and of sites for manufacturing home.” Ruin spread among our manufacturers.

: may judge adapted to promote the wealth, pow. establishments, would have warranted a greater Thousands of the working classes of society, male Uy took Olace_land female, were bereft of employment an! of them that stand among the nations of the earth

er, and resources of the United States, and give and the extraordinary rise in the price of the the means of supporting themselves and their

" to which the transcendent advantages they enjoy, fruits of the earth, wheat, cotton, and tobacco, helpless children ; devoted to idleness and pau-:

i natural, moral, and physical, give them so fair a which have been often advanced forty, fifty, and perism ; and exposed to the lures of vice and

nice and claim. one hundred per cent. in the course of one, two, crime. The productions of the country were en

een. Philadelphia, Feb. 20, 1822. or three years, and likewise the enormous advan- tirely inadequate to pay for the enormous amount

Signed by order, ces laid on imported goods, fully evince the in- of foreign luxuries calculated to demoralize us,

WILLIAM TILGHMAN, consistency of the accusation of extortion pre-or conveniences and necessaries, most part of

President Pennsylvania Society for the Enferred by so many of the cultivators of the soil which we could ourselves have supplied. To dis

couragement of Manufactures. and the merchants. charge the balance exhausted the metalic medium

Attest, MARK RICHARDS, Sec’y. That the assertion so confidently promulgated. Iof the nation, which spread a paralysis through-i. that " the nations of Eurone. in admiration of out all the operations of society, and produced that success of our policy, are relaxing the rigor!

... that distrees which engendered tender and ap- TO THE EDITOR OF THE AMERICAN FARMER. of their systems," is wholly destitute of founda- pra

praisement laws, and all those unhappy meas-! If the Editor of this excellent paper which we tron-as is proved, among other things, by the

ures, to which embarrassed communities are so have oiten recominended to the patronage or our war of commercial regulations now actually wa-l.

o often driven. Commerce, which had been an ef- readers, would endeavour to call the attention of ging between this country and the two greatest

est ficient agent in producing these scenes, partook his correspondents and that of the intelligent nations in Europe, France and England, which

in both cases of the ruin which it had produced, Farming interest generally to an inquiry into the pertinaciously adhere to the most obnoxious re- Agriculture, by a few year

res Agriculture, by a few years of this ruinous sys- causes or what is called “the sedying of wheat," strictions. potwithstanding repeated efforts on the tem, has lost nearly all the advantages it derived (a term made use of to describe the diseased si te part of the United States to induce “a relaxa-tron

from an uninterrupted course of prosperity for and decline of wheat before it begins to joint, tion of their systems." by negotiation and by!nearly twenty years. And our finances, to which which is marked by its first ccasing to grow and countervailing laws. And in no country whateva

the attention of many of our statesmen appeared then withering away, or growing up in a little er is there any proof of such relaxation. More- exclusively directed: ai

exclusively directed, and of which the lasting bunch like narrow flags and producing nothing) over, “the success of our policy,” for the last prosperity

prosperity was predicted with unlimited confi- he would probably render an essential service to seven years, holds out nothing for other nations to dence,

ato dence, have failed, with the general impoverish- the cause of Agriculture. imitate, but much to avoid.

ment of the nation--an impoverishment which is Our Farniers complain much of this evil the That the immense wealth, power, and resour

as certain a consequence of the sacrifice of do- present year--it has appeared in a great deal of ces acquired by Great Britain, with a popula- "

mestic to foreign industry, as heat is the conse- the best land, and we believe we are correct in tion of only about 14.000.000 of people. obvious- quence of fire or light that of the presence of saying it more commonly appears on light loainv ly by the restrictive system, whereby she keeps on the sun in his meredian splendor.

soils than on stiff lands. We are apprehensive the national industry employed on the raw mate

That we have beheld with satisfaction the fos- this evil is increasing very much. pals or their own soil and on those collected from itering care bestowed on commerce from the or- To find out the cause and the cure of this de.

oment to cvery quarter of the globe-trebling,' quad!u- Sanizati pling, and quintupling their original value--and w and whereby the tonnage of the United States was ele

Editor Easton Gazeite. liki wise the present prosperous state of France,

rannvated in a few years to the second rank among the (notwithstanding all her sufferings during a twen

Inations of the earth; the coasting trade secured The Editor trusts it is unnecessary for him to ty vears' war and her subsequent prostration by prohibitions under penalty of confiscation of say how much he should be pleased, to receive der hostile armies) resulting, in like manner, an

se manner any foreign vessels interfering in it; such a dis- and disseminate observations on the subject adfrom the restrictive system, afford the strongest

i'crimination in tonnage and light money as affords verted to above-which would enable the cultivacorrobation of its soundnessthat can be conceived."

American vessels a decided advantage over fo- lors of the “staff of life,” to arrest an increasing

nereign rivals; the prohibition of the entry of evil. He thinks he has seen, in the memoirs of That the distress and suffering which actually foreign vessels from ports into which our vessels the Philadelphia Agricultural Society, or elseexists in Holland, together with the lamentable are not admitted ; a difference in the duties on all where some remarks on the subject, but whether failure of her finances, in consequence of a sys-iimported teas, except Bohea, amounting to near-remedial or merely descriptive of the disease, tem similar to, and enacted cotemporaneously'ly forty per cent. in favour of American vessels- and declaratory of its existence, he does not rewith ours, whereby the national industry has in one word, the adoption of every practicable collect. He solicits to this enquiry, the particahen paralised, and the national manufactures measure that could be devised to protect and pro- lar attention of his correspondents, to whoin he prostrated, by immense importations of rival ar-mote commerce. And yet too many of the mer-ught to embrace all occasions to tender his acücles, satisfactorily prove, that manufactures re-chants, enjoying these transcendant advantages, knowledgements -Edit. Am. Farmer.

ant concern.




Extracts from the lust file of the London Far-closer; but they kept 24 ewes and lambs six ON SOWING TURNIPS EARLY FOR mer's Journal, received at the office of the Ame-days; and 235 ewes, 206 lambs, and 28 dry ewes,

SOILING. rican Farmer. eight days; and afterwards, at the second feed

Edinburgh, Oct. 24, 1821. ing, which began on the 20th of June, they sup- SIR, ON THE CULTIVATION OF TARES.

ported 458 sheep one day, 637 sheep four days, The result of an experiment made by that in

and 186 sheep one day. On that field I have now defatigable and enlightened agriculturist, J. C. Holly hill, near Titchfield, Hants,

an excellent crop of transplanted Swedes, which Curwen, Esq. M.P., Workington, deserves to be Oct. 31, 1821.

were put in as soon as the tares were finished. On made known to the whole of the larming world.

the whole, I consider tares as one of the most The great difficulties which Mr. Curwen had exObserving in the Farmer's Journal of Oct. 29, an|profitable of the green summer crops ; and I perienced in the soiling of his cattle during the answer to the inquiries of a correspondent on the hope that the statements I have given above will latter part of the season, determined him to sow made of raising and using Tares, I send you the tol- convince other persons of their great utility. his turnips much earlier than on any former occalowing remarks, which may perhaps afford some

I remam your obedient servant,

sion, for the purpose of supplying the deficiency usciul hints to those of your readers who are not

VARRO. of green food during the latter part of August, in the habit of introducing this valuable plant in

September, &c. With this view, he sowed the to their rotation of crops. The spring and winter! We shall be happy at all times to hear yellow, white, and gr

two tare are of a distinct species ; the latter comes from this correspondent. Edit. farm. Jour.

first weeks in May, and his crop is, without exinto blossom soonest, and bears the severest wea

Iception, not only the best in his own neighbourther uninjured, whereas the former will not stand

hood, but is not surpassed in any part, either of the cold of winter. On a farm of 300 acres


the north of England or of Scotland. On the (whereof two thirds are in tillage,) I sow annually

Hants. Nou. 1. 1921. listh of August his turnips weighed 221 tons ; and about 30 acres on part of my wheat stubbles, or


on the 30th of August they were 30 tons on suBiter my early potatoes, and I find them of great Benariolto sheen stock preferably to that peilor soil, and raised with manure ; and on the benefit to any sort of stock that I kee. My plan of lar

an of larger cattle, a considerable part of my lands, 20 Septemberthey weighed 32 tons. On the 10th is to break up the stubbles as soon as possible being i

ble being rather in a strong soil, and subject to poach September, his turnips raised with Dones, sown a ater harvest, and to put in the tares with one in

e in winter, and in moist seasons, some dificulties week later than the former, weighed 22 tons, Lughing, either drilling them, or sowing broad-n.

Thave arisen in my mind, formed upon calculations and those raised with a kind of manure from Gani, after an implement called a pre8867, which

"! of the relative consumption of stock. which] London, 20 tons, 16 stones, whilst the common throu s the land into ridges, and causes the grain

1, wish to submit to some of your best informed cor- town ashes produced a crop of 27 tons. On the toill into the regular furrows prepared for it. Im

respondents, who may possibly solve my doubts 20

doubts 28th September they weighed 36 tons; and on begin to sow in September, and continue to do so,

So, on the subject. It must be an exceedingly pro-!

eedingly pro the 7th October, the green globe weighed upHi the intervals of a fortnight, till the end of Oc-ld

OC-ductive acre of the best meadow grass that will

sethit will 'wards of 40 tons. The great advantage derived tuner. I use about two bushels of seed to the

produce one ton and a half of hay and a ton ot som

a ton of from this system is, that those who soil are not unacre, and sometimes mix a little light wheat with :

a rowen or aftermath, in the whole two tons and a ut

in the whole wo tons and a der the necessity of cutting their clover cropsa scit, which I find of use in supporting the tares hat si

Shali. Supposing the grass or green produce to con

roduce to cond time, which not only very much deteriorates whilst growing. The sowing of the spring crophave Ting crop have sunk one third in weight upon being dried

eine dried the soil, but in some instances, as was the case pragnences in February, and may be continued, and nued, and made into hay, the whole green produce Treque

roduce frequently this season, it hardly repays the extu Jay or June, by which means a constant suc-lu

"I woula be within a fraction of 7332 lbs. Now, sup- pense of cutting. It is very possible, in good scaession of excellent green food will be provided. Teed off as many acres of tares as possible with

sucu. Iposing every sheep of the middling average size to sons, to have the turnips ready for drawing in the sheep (commencing as soon as the first flower consume 6 lbs. of green produce daily, and that end of July, since during this most unfavorabie of "would appear a very scanty allowance, each

h all seasons they have been ready in August. If views itself,) and reserve the rest for my horses, : sheep would consume 2190 lbs. of that produce

* Mr. Curwen had not adopted this plan during 7.4 milch cows, (which are soiled in a yard alli

less than 3 sheep throughout the year upon the

the this season, he could not possibly have continuerl il car,) and my pigs. For the latter animals

very best meadow. Now, suppose the average of

Cemre of to soil his 100 head of very valuable short-horned for horses, they are a most nutritious food in a grass farm produces one moiety of the best mea-.

ased cattle at the most critical period of the year. the autumn, when they are podded and full of

"dow, and that is rather a laige average calcula- 1

Jeula. In average years, one acre of clover, at the sesed. On the land where the tares have been

"tion, then a moiety of that stock would suffice for cond

fice for cond cutting, may be estimated at five tons, so fed off, I immediately put in drilled turnips

Sthe consumption of the whole, or 1x sheep per 1,

heer per that one acre of turnips is equal to five of clover. (without any other manure than what the sheep Placre. Supposing again the average produce of a

Twelve acres of the second cutting of clover this ritte dropped) or transplanted Swedes, or trans-1.

sheep to be 15s, which I consider as a large al- yeri

Larrean. year, would scarcely have produced 30 tons of planted mangel wurtzel. It is also very good husllowance, and certainly rather more than the ac- 5

- grass. The expenses of cutting and securing the bandry to put in a crop of spring tares after the

tual pront, the whole amount per annum would ci

would clover would vary in different situations ; but the sister ones, on the land intended for wheat.

beti. 6s. 3d. ; this would be the whole gross pro- sre

roseno great advantage derived fro:n turnips, and incir Where the clover has been killed during the

duce. Deduct from which, interest of capital,

To comparative cheapuess, must be manifest to all ; willer, spring tares may be put in about Februa

tithcs. Door-rates, expense of shepherds, acci. since it clover be given in a succulent state to ry with great advantage. I this year sowed in idents, &c. &c., the whole would be more than

un milch cows, the quantity consumed of turnips and that month about 15 acres of spring tares on land

swailowed up, and nothing left for rent. If these clov

fines clorer is nearly the same. If clover be given in where the clover had perished, and on the proci t I kept 650 sheep 20 days, besides supporting.

calculations are veritied, it would clearly appear a state not suiticiently succulent, a great loss of Sthat such stock, reported the most profitable of "

tir of milk must always be expected. Besides all 1's borses during the same time; 7 milchcows 14

at these advantages, less injury is invariably susders, and about 100 store pigs two months. A-a

Aany, on grass lands, would be worse than nolie at
Call, leaving the farmer without profit, and the tail

tailed by the good ground in case of pastura e, tout twe've acres of the land were cleared of theli Mlandiord without rent. I contess I suspect some un

a than when cut for soiling a second time. In iata'ts in time for turnips, which are now a goot!

id vorable vers, Mr. Curwen's stock of cattle will crop. These I could have off in time for sewing!

error in these calculations, or farmers would,

e. be supplied with turnips during nearly 46 wecks, Pnever have ventured to encourage this stock pre. b wreat this year, but I shall let them stand through he

and thus he will only find it necessary to supply the winter, and put in a crop of carrots instead, prerably to all others as considering it the most pro

the deficiency of six weeks with clover, vetches, in March or April. I did not plough the land 3 table. In a mixed farm, consisting partly on

er &c. It ought also to be remembered, that the for Spring tares after the clover ; I only scarified darable and partly of meadow and pasture, aided

We period for cutting the second crop of clover is

by sufficient crops of turnips, sheep may not only pe ience, and immediately drilled in the seed. The

Lai very important, being in general the time of har*nier and drill are the same implement, on-10 be useful but necessary : but in a farm wholly laide

Sylvest. Mr. Curwen tipsis that one acre of turnips ly altered a little for their different operations ; ens.down to grass, I fear it is impossible to render.

will support a hundred head of cattle, * which they each work at the rate of six acres per day, The stock productive to any beneficial amount,

affords a clear proof of the great superiority of the former with four, and the latter with two should

should the above calculations prove tolerably cor-an Lurses and perform extremely well. I had there. J'ect, and the reasonings deduced from them valid. Purips over clover, when used for soiling in the

? very little expense in tillage and sowing. Alle opinions of some of your numerous and in-/latter part of the year. ".d of five acres, which in September. 1820. Itelligent correspondents on the subject will in my next, you may expect a more accurate

*"view of the state of the crops in Scotland ; and vith winter tares, was forward enou b’in reatly oblige, Sir, your very obedient servant, hi mring of this year, to receive my ewes ane'!

A. B. Our correspondent probably meant iouine a la in on the 27th of April. I passed the fioc. P.S. The above calculations are supposed to week, which is abou' a hundred weight per diem rap.dly over the first time, and did not eat them de correct, subject to a small fraction.

to each.-Edit. Farm. Jour.




some remarks on Mr. Curwen's plan of im-call the bra.xey, and if this can be ascertained, it in some measure, perhaps assist to dissipate the proving wastes. Your's, &c. F.-SIBSON. I will be well for us to adopt the Scotch name for prejudice against the planting of whole potatoes.

this sort of mortal sickness. We should be hap- from fear of a great quantity of seed being ne17 We have the pleasure of adding to the py to learn from any experienced correspondent in cessary.

I am, Sir, above, an extract of a letter recently received Scotland, what are the symptoms ? What the from Mr. Curwen, wherein he says. “ 1 this vear season? What the keeping and other circum

Your obedient servant,

ROGER POSTLETHWAITE. sowed my white globe, and the'vellow turnips, stances (as the age of the sheep, &c.) of, at, and on the first week in May, and veran to pull them the which sheep die of the braxey. We find by the

ON THE QUARTER, EVIL. 20th of August. weighing then 24 tons, and be-explanation of Hogg (the Ettrick shepherd,) that! fore the end of the month 27 to 30 ditto. By these there are sei oral species of this disease, cr what ineans I can feed more than mive months ou tur is more likely, several diseases called by this The Quarter Evil generally appears after al nips, &c. Tlie difficulty of procuring food for name. That which he.

food for name. That which he calls the water-bruxey, series of dry weather in the end of autumn, or a soiling, in April and September, is by these means answers by

is answers by his description to our red-water, or, long succession of the calm frosty days in winter. removed.” In another paragraph he says,—“If re

" resp (bloody urine). Another species of this, Even in summer, calves are liable to this fata straw and turnips will not fatten cattle, there is called

is called the yellotu sickness, he mentions as a rare distemper, if the juices in their pastures have werede have for some distemper, but by the symptoms it is the bloody been highly concentrated by intense heats. L'n. vers reared and fed niv stock in shads on peen urine', only attended with some peculiarities of equivocal signs of putridity are manifest in the car. food, and I find no difficulty in briuring my three-l appearance, owing to the diferent state of body,'casses of animals that die of the Quarter Evil : Tears-old steers to 80 stone of carcass-014 los period of continuance, or time of examination at-, but one quarter is peculiarly affected, and if the

disease lodges in a fore quarter, the danger is I steam the chaft of grain, which I give them with/ter death. salt ; this keeps thein in good health of body, and, it has long been our

andl It has long been our intention to enter at some greatest, because the neck is tainted, and from

It would length into this subject, with a view to divide and thence to the lungs. As the progress of maladı be a great pleasure and satisfaction to us to be distinguish the diseases of sheep which cause is so rapid, whenever it appears, all the cattle. informed, what may be the expense per head in peedy or s

ad in speedy or sudden death, because no subject re-except inilk cows, should be bled, and medicine fuel and labour.-Edit. Furm. Jour.

lating to stock is so much neglected, or so little given by way of antidote. The instrument em. understood.-Edit. Farmer's Jour.

ployed in bleeding must be specialiy cleaned ON THE RED WATER.

with warm water, and dried between each ope: Kilmarsh, Oct. 30, 1821.

ON PLANTING POTATOES. ration, since the least tincture of blood from a SIR,_Observing in your Journal of yesterday

Gargreave, Kirkby, Lancashire, 2 diseased subject would convey putrescency to a the Query of k'usiicus, I beg to refer him to that

October 15, 1821.

sound animal. One of the most decided in lica. truly valuable work, entitled “Every Man his


tions of the Quarter Evil, is a tension of the own Cattle Doctor," by Mr. Clater ; he will li

ul. From some little knowledge which I possess of skin, which like a dry hide, rattles if we attempt

the physiology of the plant Solamum Tuberosum to handle it. All the cattle should be minutely ciscly, but clearly and satisfactorily explained, or common rotato, as well as from frequently examined, in case ti

nined or common Potato, as well as from frequently examined, in case they require friction with a together with the cure, or rather, perhaps, 1

ins i reading accounts of the superior productiveness hard brush, to remove this symptom. After rubshould say, the prevention of this destructive rom

from whole potatoes, induced me, this season, bing, let them be driven into the sea, or into a oladi shall bowever subjoin the recipe for(early in May) to plant a row and a half through river, lake, or pond, and when they have swam the use of those who may not like to purchase a

a two-acre field of 158 yards in length, at one about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour, give the work of the efficacy of which I can speak/yard between and 15 inches in the row, with large them quick motion onland : and it is hardly with confidence, after repeated trials. Take Ep-whole ones; and getting them up myself a few needful to suggest, th

whole ones; and getting them up myself a few needful to suggest, that the quantity of friction, som salts six ounces. nitre in powder four oun- days ago, the produce was 20 bushels, 75 pounds exercise, and medicine, must be according to the ces, boiling water three pints, which pour upon

into the bushel, which is equal to 408 bushels and age and vigor of each animal. Our prescription the salts. When new milk warm, add spirits of an

of a half per statute acre. I also took up three rows, is adapted for calves three months old; and no turpentine four ounces, bole armoniac in pow. pla

Nu planted at the same time with sets, at 27 inches remedy should be used for an hour at least be der half an ounce: mix well, the dose from three between and ten in the row, which produced 22 fore and after the calf has had milk either from to four table spoonsful, and the above about sui bashels and one third, nearly 305 to the acre.-la dish or hv eur

" cient for 30 sheep. Mr. Clater recommends that!

The potatoes, were subsequently treated alike, it is indispensable so to divide the time for the sheep be fasted two hours before and after with the exception of raking in the dung, in theleach an

e first case, into the furrows on each side of the may be allowed ; and such prescription must be the drink is given; and in order to perform the first

f several require the potatoes, though no more was originally spread up-repeated three or four tin,es daily:but in winter, medicine, a small horn should be provided, hold- on the gro

old on the ground; but it was long and could not be well or chilly days of a milder season, it would be im

s turned down otherwise. The method of planting proper to give a cold bath, therefore the cattle ing the proper quantity. Thaie sustained some turi

i potatoes in the northern part of this county, must have more exercise or land. The drink for loss this year, as I suppose, through the luxuri- pota ance of the Swedish turnip tops, though chang the chief food of the labouring classes, is to put barley meal ; and for medicine, an English pint

where large quantities are annually grown, being cattle in hot weather should be whitened with ing from superior to good grass keeping will of it which for the most part them into furrows, rakilig in the dung, and co-, of warm water, whitened with barley meal, is to

n& vering them with the succeeding furrow upon a be employed to dissolve two tea spoonfulis of saltattacks the best sheep, not one, however, out of sering them 240, has died since I gave the drink. During the nat surface, panting gery third surrow, and petre grossly powdered ; to which add a winetime of giving the medicine it should be con- no

not in the ridge or turnip system. The first glass full of a strong infusion prepared from

metliou I consider better, unless upon heavy, wormwood, or rue, sage, angelica, or juniper bere stantly stirred.

retentive soils, imperfectly under-drained, as the ries. "Asi

ined, as the ries. As juniper berries contain much camphor, WM. TRORIE. common larrow, on the first appcarance of the they are preferable, and should be well bruised

plants, will more effectually extirpate the weeds before the boiling water is poured over them.17- We thank this gentleman for the ready and a greater quantity of fresh mould may be Immediately before the dose is administered, answer to the Querist, and are happy to find, by brought up to the stems ; two very important mix with it two tea spoonfulls of vinegar : put his description of the disease, that he is accu-processes. Every person who communicates his the dose into a bottle and pour it into the throat rate in his notion of its identity ; nobenefit, how- observations to the public, should sedulously en- of the calf. If herbs, or juniper berries, for the ever, is to be expected from the astringent earth deavor not to deceive ; and upon that principle, linfusion cannot be speedily procured, two ounces (bole armoniac) in the foregoing recipe.

I have to observe, that those potatoes which elon- of the best gunpowder. mixed with warm water We learn by perusing Ellis's Gentlemen and gate their bulb fibres to a distance from the root, and bar

e rool, and barley meal, will supply the place of these, Shepherd's Guide, that Red Wuter was the name are the best to plant whole, which are character- and of sal

r; and of saltpetre, until they can be obtained. then generally given to the disease attended with istic generally of those with white flowers, and bloody urine, and the reply of Mr. Thorpe shews, of great increase. Those which formi almost imthat this is the case at present : the name is cer-mediately from the stem, are improper, as they

FOR THE AMERICAN FARMER. tainly a very proper one, although this disease, is occupy too little space in the ground, and mutu- EASTMAN'S CYLINDER STRAW CUTcalled the rest in the fens and marshes, and ally prevent each others' growth.

TER. another disease, of which sheep die more sud- Should you conceive this worthy of insertion in

January 29th, 1822. denly, though not in such numbers, nor on the your valuable miscellany, you may do so, as it Sır, same sort of keeping, is called the Red Water.- will strike the minds of the readers through a I presume you are quite impatient to hear from This latteris probably the same which the Scotch different medium to a verbal communication, and me, respecting your cylinder straw cutter: 1




hould be tte opin: Ce of th

on of 20the

should have written to you sooner, but wished richness of the milk of an Alderney and that o. SWEDISH COFFEE-from Geo. Cox, of Charlesto be perfectly satisfied, that the machine would two other cows, considered the best in a heri

ton, S. C... Remarks thereon. answer the purpose it is intended for. Five months where all have been reckoned very fine, and "I enclose you a few seeds of the Swedish Cof trial has convinced me that this straw cutter far where the three were pastured and managed in tee. It is grown in Sweden for the express pursurpasses any that has been offered to the the same way. There is undoubtedly in this pose-it is a hardy plant and requires to be sown public. I have taken the knives off, ground them breed some peculiar constitutional tendency lin drills about 18 inches apart, but rather thin. I and put them on without any difficulty. I have cut which fits it exclusively for the pail-or rathei

grew a small quantity in my garden last year, about 2500 bushels of straw and find that the for the churn. When the cow has brought her

r the churn. When the cow has brought her and it produced a great abundance. If people knives bear on the steel as hard now as the day I calf, she seems to yield up every thing to its would become acquainted with this grain and aptook it from your shop; to sum the whole togeth-support-the lactescent secretions predominate prove it, it would become a valuable thing to er the machine is simple in its construction, sub-lover all others, and the extraordinary richness of this country.” stantially strong, and easily kept in order, and will the milk, is as visible to the eye, as it is perceivacut, of good straw, 50 bushels per hour with ease; ble in the result, after churning. They are reno person I think who wants a straw cutter, willmarkable for their resemblance to the deer- PRICES CURRENT_CORRECTED WEEKLY. purchase any but yours. I am Your's, would be avoided by a stranger purchasing milch

THOMAS DUER. cows, by the eye, and for the shambles or the Flour from the wagons, superfine, $6 87} to MR. JONATHAN EASTMAN. yoke, are not to be recommended.

$7_Wharf do, free from garlic $6 624 to $6 75.

Edit. Am. Farm. Wheat, white, 143 a 145 cts.-Red, 133 to 145– Mr. Jonathan S. Eastman,

Corn, white, 83 to 85-yellow do. 74 to 76-Rye SIR-I am so well pleased with the operation of

80 cts.--Barley, 55 to 60-Oats, wharf, 35 to 40.

THE FARMER. the cylinder straw cutter (for chaffing all kind of

One parcel of White Wheat, raised by J.P. PACA, long forage,) purchased of you last November,

Esq and fit for family flour, sold for $1 46.- Very for the use of Orange Farm, near this city, be


little Red Wheat sold as high as $1 43, and it is longing to Robert Smith, esq. that I now transmitir In publishing discussions on the great na

flat to day (Wedneslay) at $1 40.--Whiskey, 31 to vou the result of my experiments. Previouslouestion of governmental protection to Domestic!

cts.-Wool, 30 to 50-Beans, N. E. 130 per bush. to the purchase of your machine, Mr. Smith reth re- Industry, some rule must be laid down, lest in

wholesale-Grass Seeds, same as last report.quested me to send for two machines, (say East-Ithe interest excited by the importance of the

Salt, coarse, 54 to 65 cents-Liverpool ground, min's patent, and Barnard's Patent,) and make a subiect and the

50 do.-line, 40 to 44 per bushel-Plaster of Pamake a subject, and the very opposite opinions enter-1: fair trial, and the one that answered the best pur

Tris, ground, $7 per ton or 125 cents per purtained upon it, we should be called upon to ap-1 Dose, he would purchase for the use of the farm, lo ne farm,propriate to the discussion, a greater propor

Mess Beet, $11-do Pork, 13–Shad No. 1, trim

"med, $7—Do, do. No. 2, 96 50_No. 1, untrimlang forage chaffed. The two machines werelhavi, chines were having a just regard to other topicks. It is al-med,

med, $6-No. 2, do. do. 55-Herrings, No. 1, 2 50 procured, and brought to the farm on the same ready known that our first wish is to communi

nito 2 37 \p. bbl.-No. 2, do. $2 to $2 25-Eggs, 12 dav. Barnard's patent had a fair trial but would uld cate the experience of the sun-browned practi

til cents per doz.--Butter 31 to 37 per lb.-Comnot answer the purpose at all ; but whether ow-ical Farmer, 'in preference to the fine spun lu

mon fowls, per pair 75 cts.—Beef, prime pieces, ing to the principle of the machine, or bad work-Icubrations of the Philosopher, or the calcula

8 to 10 cts.-Live Cattle, $5 to $6,-Other artimanship, I will not pretend to say. Yours, tions, however profound, of the political recono

cles same as last report. (Eastman's Patent) had also a fair trial andl mist. Vet it cannot be disputes and we 1 Igo Some hogsheads of very superior tobacco really surpassed my expectations, and has been

been not forget that the plough works most effici Thave been sold lately for $25 per hundred.-One

forcat is operation ever since, (upwards of two months ler ths) ently when industry takes the handles and sci-I made

sci.made by Judge Dorsey sold, we understand for cutting all the long forage of every kind, that le been fed to upwards of seventy head of stock; k; number, it will be seen contains a memorial in

in market by Mr. Montgomery, of Montgomery curring this time the knives have been taken offl relation to the existing tariff, and we give it!

County in this State, sold for S28 the hundredbut once, and then ground on the farm, and re-l place as we have done those from the unitedl.

We have procured a few bundles, that we might sit to the machine. Two hands with this ma-lAgricultural Societies of Virginia. It appears

inclose small pieces to some of our friends, to let chine, will readily cut from sixty to seventylon reflection, that as societies have been organ

them see what it really is that commands this exbushels per hour. I have no hesitation in saying, lised to guard the interests of these two classes,

traordinary price. We should be glad in cases It is far superior to any machine I have ever seen that the better course will be to select for our

of this sort in learn from the growers of the arWirthe same purpose ; and it is my decided opi-l readers. the expositions made by them. without

ticle, any peculiarity which may have existed as linn, that at least one half of all kinds of forage,ladmitting in reply the essays of anonymous

to the soil-time of planting, kind of tobaccoSaled by cutting and steaming it.

commentators, without number. If an indi-management, &c. &c. Respectfully yours,

vidual appear, under his proper name, let him N. UNDERWOOD,

be answered in the same way ; but we should Manager for R. Smith, Esq. at Orange Farm.

prefer, now that societies are organised to con Vlieatland For Sale. February 7th, 1822.

centrate and express the opinions and views of Wishing to remove to a city, for the benest these interests respectively; that our readers of my children, I offer this fine estate for sale.

would feel satisfied with the representations OLDER.WEY CATTLE

WHEATLAND is situated in the fertile county emanating from them. If we have taken a of Jefferson, in Virginia, 44 miles from CharlesHampion, June 181, 1819. l wrong view of the subject we are open to con- town, and a less distance from the celebrated Miss Eve Igau requests to inform you that she viction.

Shannondale Springs, 55 miles from Washington, hid the crean from the English (Alderney) Cow,

and 75 froni Baltimore. It contains about 950 from Friday evening last, churned to-day, (3 days) SEED SENT TO THE EDITOR SINCE LAST NOTICE. acres of first rate limestone land, in the highest fun which she had 3 lbs, butter, and also the

state of cultivation; one third in Wood. The crean from tiro of the others picked out for the best Indian CORN AND NUTMEG SEED-from Eu-water is extremely fine, and the place remarkaDill Cows, churned, which produced 4 lbs.; they

MUND RUFFIN.... Remarks.

Lly healthy. All the buildings are in complete were all in the same pasture, and milked in the

“I have filled in the interstices in the box be-order, and are ample for every purpose either of Shattp pens, for the same length of time.

tween the different parcels of earth, with some of comfort or necessity, and are chiefly constructed I am, Sir, respectfully,

my crossed corn. It retains enough of the flinti- of stone. The stone dwelling-house is spacious Your very obedient servant, JOHN HENRY.

Iness and early maturity of one of the parent stocks and singularly convenient in the arrangement of GENL. RIDGELY.

and yet has 22 rows on all prime ears, and a great-its apartments, containing 14 rooms. The large

for depth of grain than any equally hard corn. I and convenient barn, (60 feet by 40,) is also built The above note from a person employed at tid, however, that its produce shews a continual of stone. The fences and enclosures are all in Panton, to the hospitable proprietor of that effort to run back into one or the other varieties the best state of repair ; they are constructed of 5.cadid estate, relates to a comparison which from which it is made, and not one ear in ten is the most durable materials, a considerable porti irdered to be made between the Alderney | fit to be selected for seed. I believe that all new tion being of stone. c. and two of his best cows. It will be observed varieties produced by crossing, require many ge! A more particular description is deemed supertiit is not stated as the grealist quantity that nerations to become fixed in theircharacters. Som tuous at this time as it is presumed that persons t'u might have given, Dll more tavorable nutmerr seed are also sentif fashion would bei vishing to purchase, would view the property, Constances. It is not adduced as an example of mit, their taste would well admit their stoppins..nd the proprietor will promptly answer any inficut vild, but as a fair comparison between the all further importations of that spice.”

quiry by post.



I will remark however, that I believe it to be SIGN OF WHEAT FAN. ROOT-CUTTERS, a very useful machine the best, and, (at the price I am willing to take

WIRE SAFES and SIEVES, various kinds for it,) the cheapest estate that has at any time

And SMITHS' BELLOWS, been offered for sale in Virginia, or elsewhere.

Wire wove to order for Window Frames, or The payments (being well secured,) will be

other purposes. made perfectly to correspond with the wishes and

J. GRAFFLIX. convenience of a purchaser.

N. B. Wheat Fans and Smiths' Bellows reThe farm will divide advantageously into two

paired. or three sections, and will be sold entire or divided to suit purchasers.

A Gentleman and Lady About 65 or 70 valuable NEGROES, with the

Who has conducted a Seminary in Baltimore for Stocks, and every other description of property

the last four years, wish to remove to a healthy attached to the Farm, will be included in the sale,

situation in the country, and open an Academy at the option of the purchaser.

On Ellicott and Light streets, near Pruit st. charf. for both 81*XC8 ; any information of a suitable HENRY S. TURNER. I The subscriber having provided himself with neighbourhood, either by message or letter, left at For a more minute, and as we are quite confi- good workmen, will inake, and sell on the most the office of E. H. Cummins, Esq. Tammanydent, a just description of the above most valuable reasonable terms

street, will be thankfully acknowledged. A farm estate, the reader is referred to vol. 2, page 401 of WHEAT FANS AND STRAW CUTTERS, in a populous neighbourhood, would be preferred this Journal.-Edit. Am, Farm.


as a residence.


PRINT OF CHERRY, A Tees water Heifer, by George, the Sire of the celebrated Bull BERGAMI.

THE FOLLOWING ANIMALS OF TEESWATER BLOOD, ARE FOR SALE. NELL, a very deep miiker of three years, with) she took the Prize at the Worcester Cattle) Mr. William's Bull Denton, was bred by Mr.

remarkable points, from Countess by Bonaparte,| Show, in October, 1819–in October, 1822, she John Wetherell, of Kirkly. Leicestershire le price $120.

took a silver plate at the exhibition of the same has been invariably considered perfect in form, COUNTESS, the dam of Nell, a very large cow place-price $150.

by all who have seen him in this country. of six years, with great points-her pins are ROB ROY, a three year's old Bull, with very Denton was by old Denton, dam by Baronet, 25! inches apart-she weighed 1344 lbs. in great points, fine head, horns, chaps, and great grandam by Cripple, great grandam by Irishman February last, when she was merely in good! length of carcase, by Denton, from Brindle, re- Old Denton was bỹ Comet. grandam by St. milking condition-price $100. markable as a milker-price $250.

John, great grandam by Sir Old Danby. CHERRY, the heifer described above, price $120. NONSUCH, a large and well formed Bull Call, Persons desirous of nurchasing will please apTOM JONES, a singularly fine Bull Calf, of 8! nearly 12 months old, by Denton, from the lply to the Editor of the American Farmer.-TO months, with extraordinary points, from Cher- Marlborough Cow-price $150.

those taking more than one some abatement may ry, by George-price $120.

STEAM BOAT, an uncommonly large Cow of|be made. BARON, a very large Bull Calf of 10 months, five years, showing much Tees-Water blood, --

from the Queen, by George-he weighed when her pins are 27 inches apart—in February last Printed every Friday at $4 per annum, for JOHN seven months and seven days old, 700 lbs., price i she weighed 1736 lbs.-price $150.

S. SKINNER, Editor, by Joseph Robinson, at the $100.

The QUEEN, the remarkable Cow of five years, North West corner of Market and Belvidere. BILLY AUSTIN, a large Bull Calf of seven which took a silver cup at the Maryland Ex streets, Baltimore, where every description of months, from Prize, by the noted imported hibition in June last-price $150.

Book and job printing is executed with neatness 11 Denton. Prize was by Denton, out of BESS, a large Heifer of three years, of the Hol and despatch-Orders from a distance for Bin'lhorn, (a fine Cow of tried milking stock) stein and Alderney blood-price $75.

ing, with proper directions, promptly attended to.

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