Imágenes de páginas



lich fodder late in the summer. Jt is also prolific a few species which I have in growth, of the gene- articles of beer and British spirits is very nearly of seed, and it possesses the happy quality of not|ra, lathyrus, ervan, and lens.

equal to the decrease in wine and foreign spirits. being stified by grasses when it is intermixed in I am, Sir, your obedient servaut, W.P, T. So that, perhaps, the balance in comfort, as well meadows. It thrives in the stiffest clays, even in

as in revenue, is pretty nearly equal. As for those which are very poor, and in reducing such STATE OF THE BRITISH REVENUE.

those who have sacrificed their taste for tobacco to permanent pasture, this plant, if the seed can Aherr, an Abstract of the Net Produce of the Revenue of

and snuff, we suppose they have sought consolabe procured, should never be omitted. The seed

ution in tea, for here again the increase and de-'

Great Britain (exclusive of the Arrears of War. of this also lies long in the ground, and the plant

Duty on Mali and Property ), in the Years

crease are nearly equal. does not attain maturity till the third or fourth sum

and Quarters ended 5th Jan. 1821, and 5th Jan. mer, but it seems of long duration afterwards. It!

1822, shewing the Increase or Decrease on each ON FEEDING SHEEP WITH MANGEL therefore seems desirable to discover a fit course head thereof.

WURTZEL. of crops with which this may be so combined that

Quarters ended 5th. 1

Herefordshire, Jan. 25th 1822. the ground may not be unproductive, while this

| Dec. | Sir-It is rather unusual for a man to write on plant is attaining its maturity : perhaps, if sown

1821. I 1822.

la subject, which he professes to be totally ignowith wheat early in autumn, and if clover be sown

- rant of; and in addition to this, your corresponin spring, it might succeed.

Customs. - - 2,117,659 2,486,896 369,237|| dent Mr. Thorpe, in his letter of January 3rd, of the annual tares, it may well be doubted Excise. --- 6,315,737 6,390,939| 75,052) scems disposed to doubt the veracity of one who

any will ever be found much superior to Stamps. - . - 1,535,4741 1.497,1281 38,346 has planted and used mangel wurtzel for several the real winter tare, (vicia sativa ) hardiness, nu- Post Office. -1 321.000 308,000) 12,000 years past : however it is done openly, and in an tritive quality, and bulk, being all considered. It Ass'd Taxes. 2.333.674' 9 999 789) 140,966inoffensive manner; therefore I freely forgive is well known to be much superior, in the two firsi Land Taxes. 427,582 473,000 45,418

him. of these qualities, to the vicia lathyroides, or spring Miscellane's. 114,187, 119,696 5,509

I have neither leisure nor inclination to enter tare, although the latter surpasses it somewhat in

into a controversy with Mr. T.; but I deem it bulk, and much in the rapidity of its growth. The

13,165,31313,568,217 495,21692,312 necessary to answer his letter of the 3rd inst, and Canadian lentile or white tare is probably more

to repeat, for his satisfaction, if he pleases, that grateful to sheep, because the haulm is slenderer

Deduct decrease 92,312 " I weighed five wether sheep and put them into and finer than either of the two last preceding

la barn, as stated in my letter of the 12th ult. plants; this, if sown in autumn, comes into blos

| Inc. on the Quarter 402,904 and in that situation they were regularly supplisom a fortnight sooner than the winter tare but it

|Years ended 5th Jan.

led with 25lbs. of mangel wurtzel (less than three suffers much more from a severe winter than does

1821. I the common winter tare. If sown in spring at the

1822. | Inc. Dec. roois) and 5lbs. of good hay during every 24,

hours, for each sheep, and this continued for same time with the spring tare, the Canadian len"] Customs. - - 8,631,891 9,135,102|503,211

five successive weeks, at the expiration of which tile blossoms about a week before the latter, as I

Excise. - -26,364,702 26,546,415 181,713] time they were weighed out, and had gained upon proved in the last summer. It is tolerably prolific

"Stamps. - - 6,151,347) 6,108,640

42,707 an average 8lbs. per quarter.” It seems to of seed, which surpasses in brilliancy of colour

Post Office. I 1,389,0001 1,318,000

71.000 strike Mr T. with wonder, that animals should the most delicate pea, but the plant is much small

Ass'd. Tax. 6,311,346 6,256,811

54,535 gain so much more than he states they would er in bulk than is the spring tare.

Land Tax. | 1,192,257 1,263,274 71,017 gain, when at grass in the month of May and Another annual tare, of which I have conceived

Miscellan's. 293,938 303,463 9,525! the following months; but when it is considered, the highest hope, is a newly discover ed species,

that the sheep were penned up in a warm barn, which Mr. Vilmorin, an eminent botanist at Paris,

150,334,481|50,931,7051765,466|168,242 and without the possibility of exercise, they were has named vicia pseudocracca, from its resem

much on a footing with pigs in a stye, fed on barblance to the vicia cracca : this sown in Septem

Deduct Decrease. 168,242 lley meal and pease, or like unto turkeys, if cramber, had a decided advantage over the winter tare

med with the best Carolina rice. It is not at all in the month of April, in the luxuriance of its

| Inc. on the Year. 597,224 extraordinary for animals having an aptitude to growth ; and it kept the superiority both in height,

The revenue of the year ending the 5th Jan. fatten, to make still greater progress, when fed and probably in weight also, during the whole

11822, therefore, is about L51,000,000, and exceeds on such a sweet succulent root as mangel wurtsummer. It flowered most profusely, but it had

that of last year by nearly £600,000. On refer-zel, corrected with a little goo: hay. Mr. T. been sown too thick for its habits of exuberant

Jience to Mr. Vansittart's budget of June last, it pleads his being a novice in the cultivation and growth; and the seed pods rotted under the bulk

will be seen that he stated the total charge for general knowledge of the root; therefore, unon the ground. It promises a great abundance of

the year to be £52,000,000. The income to meet der such circumstances, it may be difficult for early food for ewes and lambs, and probably would this charge is as follows:

any one to convince him of its extraordinary probear a second growth after once feeding, sufficient

1 Total revenue for England - £51,000.000 perties: it is possessed of greater specific gravily ample for the purposes of hay or a seed crop.

Supposed revenue for Ireland - 3,500,000 fty than that valuable root, the Swede turnip. PerVicia Monantha is too tender to bear severe win

haps Mr. T. is unacquainted with the fact, that ter, if sown in autumn, in wet land ; in a rich warm

£54,500,000 during the reign of that enterprizing man, Buosand, and after a moderate winter, like the last, it

The surplus, therefore, of £2,500,000 may be naparte, he passed a law, that all farmers in is excessively productive of a large matted seed,..

? called the Sinking Fund, available on the 5th of Flanders should set apart a portion of their and its herbage is very considerable. The nar

January, 1822, for the redemption of so much of farms for the cultivation of this root, for the purrowness of its leaf renders it (unless thickly sown)

the debt of £800,000,000 as £2,500,000 will purpose of making sugar, and which experiment less capable of smothering weeds than the broadchase.

more than equalled his most sanguine expectaleaved winter tare.

in those articles which are considered luxuries, tions; good sugar was produced at one shilling Vicia Lutea, or yellow-blossomed tare, also is there ha

ed tare, also is there has been a very considerable decrease. per pound, when at the same time West India very productive of seed, and if sown in September, The du

September, The duty on wine is £8,620 less this year than in sugar was selling in France at five shillings per well endures a moderate winter ; but this like the the preceding; and the demand for foreign spirits pound :* this circumstance will give Mr. T. last preceding species, is of much less bulk thar. has decreased so much, as to make a difference of some idea of the nutritious quality of mangel the winter tare.

£102,306 between the duties of two years : tobac-wurtzel. With regard to the manner of cultivaThe vicia biennis and vicia sylvatica (after sev- co and snuff, no slight sources of enjoyment to altion, I must leave that to the able hand of your eral small experiments,) appear to me lit:le wor- large class of people, have been used with such correspondent Mr Addams, who has, I think, thy of cultivation, at least in a calcareous loam ;comparative temperance as to produce a diminu-promised to give it to us in detail; but as the they have yielded me so little produce, that the tion of £128,251 in the profits of the excise from method I pursued last season may be additional extension of their vegetation to a second year does that source. As a set-off to these reductions, it information, I will briefly state it. The land (a pot appear to compensate for their deficiency of appears that the tea-drinkers have contributed an sandy soil) was prepared as for Swede turnips, bulk and difficulty of growth.

laddition of no less than £158,722 to the revenue good rotten dung placed in drills, at 18 inches I have several other species of tare, of which of the preceding year, while the drinkers of beer distance in the rows, and my plants were full 1? at present I know so little, that it does not become have supplied a quota of £76,750. The compa- inches apart ; the seeds were planted the last me to offer an opinion on their value : after another rative cheapness of British spirits has also creat-week in April, not exceeding two inches under year I shall be better acquainted with their worth. ed a demand for that beverage to the amount (in -

Should these lines be deemerl worthy of inser-duty) of L42,364 above the former year. It is * See that entertaining work Radcliffe's Agrition, I shall, at a future time, state my remarks on soniewhat curious, that the increase on these two'culture of Flanders.

the surface, with a small planting stick, taking wise agreeing, that I am led to enquire the result fine pickle. We all know how delicious roastin care not to put more than one pod which con- of experience, rather than rely upon the opinions cars are ; when fit for this use it will make a suin 18 more than one seed ) in each hole; the plants of theorists, before I discarct, for the favorites of perior s'arch ; if scalded and dried you may have make their appearance in about 21 days; and the day, the stock of my grand-fatlicr's farm.-roasting ears in the middle of winter. When the when about the size of cabbage plants, care was At one time, Alderney's were in iashion ; fitted rain is hardened, you have for all the domestic taken that only one plant remained in a hole; for every purpose ; suited to every soil; peculiar- animals in the shocks, tops, &c. &c. The leaves they were kept clean by a single horse hoe in the 'ly adapted to our climate ; to all but our purses of the shock or husk, by slitting them finely, make

Ows, and hand weeding between the plants; af- Next came North Devons in turn; their beauty, excellent matrasses or under beds. The flour or ter having had immense quantities of the large'agility, vigour, and shape, had attracted the eyc meal of the grain is the most wholesome we use; leaves taken from them during the last four of the “rich Mr. Coke," and had been honored i need only mention a few of the ways in which it months they were in the ground, they were pull- by mingling in “Holkham Park” with his Deer. is managed in this state, for I should never have ed up about the end of November (but this great- As milkers, we are told they were unrivalled in done were I only to give you the receipts for lv depends on the season,) and placed in heaps in Norfolk ; in America, of course tiey could not be making the various kinds of corn bread common the open ground, and covered with straw and earth surpassed. Next came Tees-\Vater in vogue ; in this part of the country. A favorite way of similar to potatoes; scme I placed in an out-house, and Lawrence, and Culley, and Curwen, and making corn bread with us, is to make a batter but I think it matters not which. What remain-Bergami were brought to uphold the renown, of with meal, milk, eggs, and a little shortning, * ed in the month of April following, were as fresh great Colling's name-hand bills, sale bills, and about the consistence of that for pound cake, as when taken up ; but what adds greatly to the prize cups were shown to prove, that we Yankees which it resembles in appearance when baked in value of this root is, that it is taken up in time could boast of distinction as great, as the famed tins commonly used for that purpose. In making to put in wheat, and the land is in very high tilth Breeders of Bulls, on the rich banks of the Tees light bread by mixing the wheat flour and yeast to receive it. It gives me pleasure, Mr. Editor, -that long horns, middle horns, and no horns,” with mush, we consider it adds much to the to be the means of drawing forth cbservations on must yield to “ short horn?in fame. Great sweetness and wholesomeness of the bread; we the cultivation and use of a root that promises to Bergami was sought by the rich and the knowing likewise in all griddle cakes, mix meal with wheat be of incalculable value to the United Kingdom, -his movements were traced upon both shores of flour as tending to make them lighter, with fewer provided we have equal protection with the tra- our state ; his favors, and labors were valued so eggs than they would take with wheat flour ding and commercial interests.

highly, that nothing but congressmen's wages alone-in short, we use corn meal on all occasions I remain your well wisher. could tempt him to move. Importations were either with or without wheat flour-not because

made-new orders were given in support of Tees- we have not flour sufficient, but because we prePEDIGREE OF HUBBACK.

water renown. The animals were brought—the fer meal. I can assure my fair country women, Elemore Hall, Nov. 19, 1821. exhibition was made-scales, milk pails and they need not apply to quacks or perfumers, or (I SIR, -Attempts having been made, through the statesmen decided the question, which no longer forget what they call them) I mean those foreignchannel of your paper, by hearsay evidence and depended upon Bingley, or Bloomfield, but hap- ers who vend poisons, under the pretence of renotherwise to question tlie blood of Hubback, I pily rested, with gentlemen farmers at C*ld dering those that use them more beautiful; and send you his pedigree. I have the authority of Sp***g and B*******d W**d.

recommend them, because a few wornout old woMr Charles Colling to say, he always considered Now again Devons are puffed-perhaps we shall men have made out, by attending to nothing else him a thorough-bred Short-horned Bull. Mr. hear-but to bring some new champion forth, to but the application of various arts to hide their Je, Hunter of Hurworth, who sold his dam, oppose their extravagant praise-As I am not deformity for a short time, who having no beauty with Hubback at her foot, to Mr. Bassnet, of Dar-learned, and your are so skilled, with the aid of a to endanger, cannot fear the consequences. I say linston, says his father bought her of Mr. Ste-sapient throng, do, Mr. Editor, confide to me pri- those who do believe in the virtues of cosmetick's phenson of Ketton, and that she was a pure-bred vately, if you will not do it publickly, whether it will find my favorite corn meal superior to all the Short horn. Mr. Alexander Hall, of Sherraton is, Short Horns, or Devons I should buy.

washes, de Maintenon, &c. &c. it will render the Hill Top, who lived in that neighbourhood, and re Your humble servant,

skin smooth, transparent and white-and withal members her and the calf perfectly well, says

- TIMOTHY CLODHOPPER. it is perfectly safe; only let them try it instead of she was a beautiful colour and handler, and when Baltimore County, 23d April, 1822.

going to one of those venders aforesaid, and spendshe got on to good land near Darlington, she got

ling two or three dollars for a nostrum, which at s0 fat she would not breed again. Hubback, hel

I Would the writer have us destroy the interest best will only be of transitory benefit, leaving a says, was got by Mr. Snowden's bull, a son of Mr.l. Robson's bull of Dinsdale, who was bred by old

of these discussions by a flat palpable demonstra- lasting ill effect ; let them put over the fire a pint

10 tion-if we could ? Oh no! It is our opinion that of water, when it boils stir in as much fine corn Mr. Waistell of Burdon, a very noted breeder,158

as “much may be said on both sides," as upon meal as will make it the consistence of pasteand got by Mr. James Masterman's bull, of

the North West Coast dispute between the Yan- when cooling they may add a spoonfull of honey Coatham, near Darlington, and was a true-bred

Ukees and the great Czar; let the controversy goon; and Short-horn.The above Gentlemen will attest

only have recourse sometimes to facts.-We hope are not necessary-let them use this paste, or as I the same if necessary.

the contest will not be decided until all the best vulgarly call it, mush, instead of soap every time I consider the name of Improved Short-horn to

to breeds have been introduced-one of which may be they perform their morning and evening ablutions, come from the breed of Hubback, and Mr. May

most advantageous for one part of the country and or, in other words, wash themselves. I venture to Dard's cows, which, from time and judicious us another for another part.

affirm their complexions will derive more advancrossing, have brought them to their superior

Editor American Farmer. [tage from the application of this paste, than any excellence. No cow or bull can ever be called a

of those washes which they pay so high for. Short-horn with a cross of Scotch blood; for I

| I come now to the preparation of the grain, would just as soon put the Duke of Grafton's!

ISTON THE VARIOUS WAYS OF PREPAR- which I believe is not as generally known as it Penelope to a Scotch pony, to breed a racer, as a ING AND EMPLOYING INDIAN CORN. ought to be, considering its excellence. It is what cow to the grandson of Bolingbroke, out of a Gal

we call lyed hommony; we likewise have the best loway cow, to breed a Short-horn.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE AMERICAN FARMER. Thommony and small-hommony, both of which are Your obedient servant,

There are many things the rich have no need 'common, are fine dishes and superior to rice when GEO. BAKER.

to think of which would be of infinite advantage properly managed; but the lyed hommony is pre

to the poor : if they had the knowledze necessary ferred by every one who is accustomed to it as beTo cleanse the teeth, and improve the breath.

It is To four ounces of fresh prepared lime water add to turn that product of their labour they haveing more wholesome and more palatable. most in their power, to their own comfort--you Prepared by Do

prepared by boiling the white field corn in ashes ne drachm of Peruvian bark, and wash the teeth

I'may perhaps smile when you perceive this pream- and water, until the husk or skin of the grain is with the water in the morning before breakfast,

ast, ble is to usher into notice the virtues of Indian loosened, which will be the case in a few minutes, and after supper. It will effectually destroy the

e corn. I will allow you to do so, if you can find in and it is necessary to pay attention that it does not tartar on the teeth, and remove the offensive smell

my enumeration one use to which I put that va- remain too long in the ashes, as it will by that arising from those decayed.

luable grain, worthy of being more generally im

of being more venerally means taste of the lye—50 soon as the husk is known. In order to swell the list I mention some loosened, it must be washed and rubbed through

lof the purposes for which it is used, that are the hands in cold water until the grain is cleansel TO THE EDITOR OF THE AMERICAN FARMER.

Lenown to every one : before I enter into the detaillfrom the ashes and skin, it may then be dried to SIR, As a novice in Agriculture. I am anxious tol of preparing a dish, which I consider the best make use of at any time, or boiled immediately

healthiest, and most palatable food we have, I know with what breed of cattle, you would now!!

will begin with it before the seed is perfectly! * A word in Domestic Cookery which implies stock a farm. I have read in new books, and have seen in the Farmer, so many accounts in no!"

A formed; it can then be made if properly done, a that butter, lard, or oil, may be used.

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if wanted. When ready to be cooked for the These beds are made on the surface; probably season. It is a grriss much sought after and table, it must be scalded and put over to boil in they would have done better, it sunk a foot at promises to be very generally cultivated in this plenty of water, observing always to keep suffi-| bottom, below it. During frost they were co- part of our country." cient hot water ready to add to it as the first boils vered with straw mats made about 3 inches; PUCATOESIrish Potatoes from the Hon. S. L. away. The grain bursts open into a white ball thick and 5 or 6 feet square--the warp of white- SOUTHARD, U. S. Senator from Neto Jersey. and becomes soft when sufficiently done. This oak slips, straw for the filling, and this bound to These Potatoes were brought by a Mr. Gage of is the manner we boil it to eat with milk or cream, the warp strips, by passing a smaller slip band New Jersey, from the neighbourhood of Maneither warm or cold. It is also used in this coun-around the straw and warp. The mats were sup-chester in England, and are called the Foxite Pin try by the Indians and Creole boatmen, who pre-ported above the plants on a ridge full 12 inches tato-all who have eaten of them agree that they fer it to any thing else in a soup, by putting the high, and laid on from each side, forming a very much excel any other for mealiness and fine corn over with a piece of beef or pork, leaving comb at top as roofs do. My rough hot-beds are flavour. the water in it which makes the soup—in the other long narrow pens of logs: they are about 2 feet case the grain is taken out of the water. A yankee high, or two logs; 4 feet wide, and the length acquaintance of mine who knew nothing of hom- of each of them about eighty feet, or 3 long PRICE CURRENT-CORRECTED WEEKLY. mony, has become so fond of this dish as to de- logs; they are near water, have a south expo- Flour from the wagons, superfine $6 75clare lyed hommony and milk to be preferable to sure, at the base of a forest hill; had long sta- Wharf do. 96 50 cash, $6 624, 90 daysSusquethe best sweet meats and cream that can be had, ble manure pressed down in them until one foothanna, do, $6 12:}, cash-$6 25, 60 days—Wheat and I doubt not some there are who would think deep, and six inches of virgin soil on the top of white, $1 41 to 1 45-Red, do. $1 38 to 1 140 the same, were they equally to make the trial. Isthis: once made, they are easily renewed ; for White Corn, 78 to 80 cts.-Yellow, do. 71 to 75– have been induced to write the preceding. one bed of this year, will top dress two the next ; Rye, 76 to 78-Oats, 35 to 40-- Barley, out of seaA Missouri Farmer's Wife. the logs are for years in place when once fixed. son-Shad No. 1. trimmed, $ No. 2, 36

No. 1, untrimmed, S5 75 to 6—No. 2, do. do. 35

-Herrings, No. 1, $2 25 p. bbl.--No. 2, do. 82Editor's Correspondence

THE FARMER: Whiskey, 33-Rice, $3 25 to 3 50—Apple Bran

dy, 36 cts.-Peach, do, none-Tar, N. Carolina, ELKRIDGE, May 5th, 1822.

$2 25–Rosin, $2 25-White pine boards, per M BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1822. TOBACCO BEDS.

$10 to 30--Pitch pine boards, $10 to 30--Bees. If my ground had been ready I could yester- 17 THE NEXT MARYLAND CATTLE SHOW

wax, 37 } to 40 cts.—Beef, Baltimore mess, No 1, day have transplanted two acres from rough hot. There is every probability of having at our oto o. o2 do. bo to o 30-Pork, mess do. beds, which I made on the 5th of March. I shall next Cattle Show, a large concourse of distin- 13 to 1350-prime do, $11 to 11 50-Bacon, hams, transplant from them this week, however, with-lguished farmers, from this and other states; but 10 to 12 cts. Viddlings, 7 to 8 cts.-Lard, 8 to ont waiting for seasons. The plants which I we fear that the number of animals exhibited, 2 cts.-Candles, New England, 16 to 19 cts.-Salt, misht have set out yesterday have leaves each will not equal publick expectation. It is to be ap londoto zost the cours

Liverpool coarse, 50 to 55 cents—Turks Isl

...... . as large as a dollar, and with their stein and sprehended that many who have fine animals, will and 65 to 70-St. Ubes, 53 to 55--Sugar, Havana. roct measure four inches long. The field not send them from the fear, either of the trouble Orown $9 to 9 50—White do. $13 to 13 50—Cofbeds made at the same time will not give me or of their being excelled. If all were actuated ice, W., green, 28 50—St. Domingo, $26plants fit to be removed under six weeks at the by this sort of indolence or pride, we should have Molasses, ...) 30 to 32 cts. Soal Leather 28 soonest, which brings me to the midale of June, Inothing for exhibition : it is well known that ma-to 32 cts. -Rough, $450 to 5 per side-Butter 25 to when the sun has great influence, and planting Iny of the animals which took premiums at the Eggs, 10 to 12cts-Live Cattle, $5 to 6 seasons are precarious. Last year, depending last show, might have been beaten by hundreds of beer, prime preces, 8 to 10 cts, chiefly on field beds, I pitched a large part of the same species, if it had been anticipated that

1 TOBACCO, MARYLAND, sales of the presmy crop in the first week of July, and was such would be brought. The society have at con-jent week, of an excellent quality, are, one parpressed closely by frost when housing this in siderable expense, erected a number of addition-C

on. cel from Anne Arundle county, raised by Mr. Ed

Hlward Warfield, $24-do, from Gen. Wm. H. October; but this year, relying principally on al pens, and made such accommodations as ought

"Marriot, Mr. Thomas Anderson, Manager, $20% rough hot beds, I shall plant my whole crop to induce all true friends of these rational and use-M from these, and before the close of May ; ful exhibitions, to bring out whatever their farms 10.

como do. from Mr. Edward Shipley, raised from old whereas if I had relied upon field beds this year, I can produce. in any degree excelient or worthy ground, or a darker colour than the above, $18I could not, owing to some peculiarity of the of notice ; such as are not offered for premiums

Common Tobacco, same as last report, and very spring, plant any part of my crop until late in may be exhibited and offered for sale under thela June.

regulations of the Society, without expense to the I send to you here with, some plants from my owner. Be it remembered, that the Exhibition For Sale-Don Carlos. hot-beds, and others from my field beds; from takes place on the last two days of this month, these you may form an idea of their relative that pieces of silver plate valued at $500 are to :

A fine young Jack, bred on the Island of Macondition, for the plants are selected from qua- be appropriated. That notice of animals inten-Porca, ana, imported

intenJjorca, and imported last summer in the U. S. lities of the best to be found in either kind of my ded to be offered for premiums must be given three

ship of the line, the Columbus. He was sebeds. My corn planting will now be finished in days prior to the show, to J. S. Skinner, Post Mas-1'

McJlected about 18 months ago, by a good judge, three days, so that nothing can interfere with to-ter of Baltimore: that they must be in the pensa

nenc after long examination, as the best to be found bacco planting, until the time for hay making assigned them on the ground at the Maryland!

Jon that Island, famous for the production of anicomes, and long before then my tobacco crop Tavern, on the Frederick road, before 9 o'clock on"

imals of this race. will be established. Is it not important to plan-Ithe first day of the Show. The limits and rules

He is five years old ; upwards of thirteen ters, to be thus certainly assured, as they are of the Maryland Agricultural Society embrace,

hands high, and very stout-remarkably gentle by the hot bed system, the day on which they and apply to the District of Columbia, as well as

Jand good natured-colour brown. It is probable may begin and complete their planting and to the state of Maryland ; but one fifth of the

that he will be at the cattle show, near Baltihousing?

more, on the last two days of this month premiums are discretionary and not subject to any

for What would not most of them give to haveliocal restrictions.

" terms apply to the Editor. their crops pitched, and off hand before hay- AU Editors of papers friendly to the objects of

May 1st, 1822. making, and corn-tending comes on? What, to this society, are requested to insert the above oc. have their tobacco ripe in August, ready to belcasionally until the day of exhibition.

FOR SALE housed half cured, by the drought and heat of

A Full Blooded Bull Calf, that month; uninjured, because unseen, by the latter glut of worms; and completely out of the

OF THE DEVON BREED. way, when we should be saving corn-fodder, fall 7 SEED RECEIVED AT THE OFFICE OF THE Apply at the Office of the American Farmer. grain, and seeding.

AMERICAN FARMER SINCE LAST NOTICE, Much as planters would gladly give to be as

Printed every Friday at $4 per annum, for John sured of these facilities, of this certainty of or I GUINEA GRASS Seed-from JAMES 1 Roup. S. SKINNER, Editor, by JOSEPH ROBINSON, at the der, and regular succession of their labours, is

Esg. Darien, Georgia.

North West corner of Market and Belvidereit not wonderful, nay almost incredible, that they

REMARKS.-“I received your kind favour of streets, Baltimore, where every description of should neglect the easy, cheap, and obvious the 5th inst. covering some Ruta Baga seed. for Book and Job printing is executed with neatness means of accomplishing objects, so desirable which I thank you ; in return I enclose you some and despatch-Orders from a distance for Bindand so important.

I fresh Guinea Grass seed, the product of the last! ing, with proper directions, promptly attended to:

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No. 8.-VL. 4.


varying according to the favourableness of the Lord Bacon says, “It is reported, that the bark

weather when it is collected. Since mushrooms of white or red poplar (which may be classed FROM THE NATIONAL GAZETTE. have been so much grown on hot beds, and more mi- amongst the moistest trees) cut small and cast in

nutely attended to, the plant has been found so to furrows well dunged, will cause the ground to Ertracts from the History of Cultivated Vegeta-perfect, that it can either be raised by seed, or put forth mushrooms, at all seasons of the year,

bles ; comprising their Botanical, Medicinal, propagated by roots, the several filaments at the fit to be eaten ; some add to the mixture leaven Edible and Chemical qualities; Natural histo- root producing tubercles in the manner of pota- bread resolved in water. It is also reported, that Ty; and relation to Arts, Science, and Com- toes, from each of which will arise new roots, if a hilly field, where the stubble is standing, be merce. By HENRY PHILLIPS, author of the and a new plant or flower.

set on fire, in the showery season it will put forth History of Fruits known in Great Britain. The following simple and easy method is re- great store of mushrooms.” London, 1822.

commended for trying the quality of field-mush- The Laplanders have a way of using the conMINT

rooms, take an onion, and strip the outer skin, mon toadstools, as the Chinese do moxa to cure Should be cut for drying, just when it is in and boil it with them; if it remains white, they pains: they collect the large fungi which they tower, and on a fine day; for if cut in damp are good, but if it becomes blue or black, there find on the bark of beech and other large trees, weather, the leaves will turn black. It should are certainly dangerous ones among them.-- and dry them for use. Whenever they have

je tied in small bunches, and dried in a shady Where the symptoms of poison have already ta- pains in their limbs, they bruise some of this driulace out of the wind ; but to retain its natural vir-ken place, the medical assistant recommends an ed matter, and pulling it to pieces, they lay a Pues more effectually, it has been found better to emetic ; drinking plentifully of warm water, and small heap near the part where the pain is situatlace the mint in a screen, and to dry it quickly when the contents of the stomach are brought off, ted, and set it on fire ; in burning away it blisters

jofore a fire, so that it may be powdered, and to have recourse to strong cordials, such as gin-up the part, and the water discharged by this p ediately put into glass bottles and kept welllger-tea, and brandy, with laudanum, or cayenne means, generally carries off the pain. It is a ed. Parsley, thyme, sage, and other herbs (pepper made into pills.

rusle practice, but said to be very effectual, where in their full fragance when thus prepared, and Barham describes the symptoms to be, that soon the patient takes it in time, and has resolution to ait by this mode secured from dust, and always after they are eaten, a hiccup seizes the patient, stand the burning to a necessary degree. runds to the hanrl of the cook.

then a cold or chilling all over the body, attended! PARSLEY.-The seed should be sown in the A conserve made of mint is grateful, and the with tremblings, and at last convulsions and spring ; it remains six weeks in the earth; it distilled waters, both simple and spirituous are death.

never appears in less than forty days, nor does Nach esteemed. The juice of spear mint drunk The most venomous sort is one that rises out of it often exceed fity: thus it takes longer to vein vinegar, often stops the hiccup. Lewis ob-Ithe earth about six inches high, rounding and hol-getate than any other known seed; but it is obseries, what has before been noticed by Pliny, low like a bladder, red as scarlet, full of holes served that old seed comes up earlier than new. it mint prevents the coagulation of milk, and like fue wrought net work: which is most prob-! This herb is good for sheep that have eaten a hence is recommended in milk diets. When dry, lably the Clathrus cancellattus. There is one kind of wild ranunculus, which causes a worm to 2nd digested in rectified spirits of wine, it gives kind of these mushrooms, that is said to kill the destroy their liver. It is also said to be an ex

If a tincture which appears by day-light of a fine very flies that settle on them. According to Hal- cellent remedy to preserve sheep from the rot, dub green, but by candle light of a bright red ler, says M. Valmount Bomare, the Russians eat provided they are fed twice a week, for two Colour ; a small quantity is green by day light or even the mushrooms that the French consider the, or three hours each time, with this herb. Citsille light; a large quantity seems impervious most dangerous, and which they use to kill sies ;; Parsley has been sometimes cultivated in fields to day light, but when held between the eye andlif this be possible, we conclude they have some for this purpose; but hares and rabbits are so ilie candle, or between the eye and the sun, it ap-method of extracting the venomous particles of fond of it, that they will come from a great dispars red. If put into a flat bottle, it appears the plant, unless like Mithridates of old, they have tance to feed upon it, so that those who wish to draw Tln sideways; but when viewed edgeways, become so accustomed to poison, that it loses its ef-hares on their estates have only to sow parsley

fect on their constitution, as the Turks take opi- in their parks or fields.
lum with indifference.

Parsley when rubbed against a glass goblet or So much are mushrooms now in request, that! We have not heard that the morel, a kind of tumbler, will break it; the cause of this phenowe cannot content ourselves with mushroom beds mushroom, has yet been cultivated, although it is non is not known. only, but we have mushroom houses also. The said to be good for creating an appetite, is ac- To preserve parsley for the seasoning of meats, author, on referring to his diary of No einber the counted restorative, and is much used in sauces &c. let it be gathered on a dry day, and immemirteenth, finds a memorandum that would have and ragouts. The following accounts of extraor diately put into a tinned roasting-screen, and puzzled our forefathers.

dinary mushrooms, which we meet with in the placed close to a large fire; it will then soon " While gathering a mushroom, the ladder works of respectable authors, may perhaps sub-become brittle, when it may be rubbed fine, and alipped and I was precipitated to the ground, ject them to the imputation of credulity. I put into glass bottles for use. without injury.”

Matthiolus mentious mushrooms which weigh- PARSNIPS.-Contain a very considerable porThe mushrooms in the house alluded to wereled thirty pounds each. Fer. Imperatus tells us, tion of sugar. In Thuringia, the country peogrowing on becis supported one over the other, by he saw some which weighed above one hundred ple evaporate the juices until it has the consisorxd shelves of elin planks, with a deep ledge pounds a piece. The Journal des Scavans fur-tency of thick syrup, when they eat it on bread to keep up the earth ; but from the necessary Dishes us with an account of some growing on the instead of honey, and use it in many cases as a fermentation of the manure, the planks are lia-frontiers of Hungary, which made a full oart substitute for sugar. nie to rot, therefore, where durability is requir-load.

| Marmalade made with parsnips, and a small ew, large flag stones should be substituted, and A mushroom of the very best quality was late-Iquantity of sugar, is thought to excite apetite,

Jorted by iron props or brackets. Should ly gathered in the neighbourhood of Brigg, in and to be a very proper food for convalescence. She be found too cold for the spawn, any slight Lincolnshire, which measured three feet four Wine male from those roots approaches nearosurds that ary. pot painted, may be laid on it.- inches in circumference; girth of the stalk, five er to the Malmsey of Madeira and the Canaries, As light is put necessary for the growth of this inches and a haif ; it was two inches in thickness, Ithan any other Wine; it is made with little exhigh flavoured vegetable, almost every country and weighed twenty-nine ounces. Six others pense or trouble, and only requires to be kept a Seat mrr furnish an out house for the purpose of were gathered at the same time near the above, few years to make it as agreeable to the palate as otsing mushrooms at all seasons, and of a safe averaging about two feet in circunference. it is wholesome to the body; yet fashion induces us

| Chambers relates, that some years ago, an ex- to give pounds for foreign wines, when we can The author has observed that the upper shelves traordinary mushroom grew upon an old piece of obtain excellent wines of our own country, for as in his Majesty's mushroom house at Kensington, timber in a blacksmith's cellar in the Haymarket, many shillings. Fere equally or more productive than those be- and attained the height of twelve inches or more, In the northern parts of Ireland the poor people low : thus by good arrangement a small shed, or and when cut down, appeared again at the same obtain a sort of beer from parsnips, by mashing even a closet, may be made sufficient for the sup-time the next year, and so for several succeeding and boiling the roots with hops, and then fermenp of a moderate family. As mice will destroy years. In the year 1692, M. Tournefort found ting the liquor tot spawn or young mushrooms, either traps such an one growing on an old beam in the abbey POTATO.-In 1907, Mrs. Vorris of Union rus: be set, or ingress allowed to their purring at St. Germain's: the smell was like that of others street, near the Middlesex Hospital, discovered deny.

of the same kind. An infusion from part of it turned that the liquor obtained in the process of making bothe neighbourhood of London, experienced an infusion of turnsol to a bright red; so that it evi-l potato starch, would clean silk, woolen, or cot. T": room men go about at the proper season, col-dently abounded in acids. This seed must have been ton goods, without damage to the texture or co123 vast quantities of spawn for the supply of brought by some accident to these situations, un-lour. It is also good for cleaning painted wainAlusmen, who sell it by the bushel, the price less the fungi originated in the decaving timber. scots; and the white fecula, the substance of

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which potato-starch is made, she says, will an! Our next example shall be drawn from the commonly tremendous storm of wind and rain a swer the purpose of tapioca, and will make a more familiar Faba or bean.

ine first Monday of September last, blew the rol useful nourishing food with soup or milk. It is The meal of beans is the heaviest made from pulsier to ribuons; and should the method of sivil known to make the best soules, and has witn- and was called in Latin lomentuin. This was nie blamed for not making that good, which 512 in these last few months been introduced at the gled with frumentic corn, whole, and so eaten by been previously ruined? But this saine sur foreigii oil-shops as a new article, under the name the ancients; but they sometimes, by way of complctely prostrated and entangled the como of fecule de Pomme de Terre, for which they having a dainty, bruised it first; it was consider- and those, who did not cut their crop off, after i modestly charge 4 shillings per pound.

ed a strong food, and was generally eaten with the previous trouble and time of catching Potatoes boiled down to a pulp, and passed gruel or pottage. It was thought to dull the sen- straws, in saving good for nothing todder, mal through a sieve, form a strong nutritious gruel, ses and understanding, and to cause troublesome then, before they could seed wheat, either to su that may be given to calves as well as pigs, with dreams. Pythagoras exz:ressly forbade beans to up, after a fashion, (and a very poor one,) every great advantage and saving of milk.

be eaten by his disciples, because he supposed hill, or to turn two rows into one, and after A size is made from potatoes, which has great them to have been produced from the same pu- ploughing the wheat into every other row, to tur advantages over the common size, for the pur-trid matter from which, at the creation of the the corn back into them, and plough the whe pose of white washing, as it does not smell, and world, man was formed. The Romans at one into the alternate rows; or to scramble the whez it has also a more durable whiteness.

time believed, that the souls of such as were de- in after any fashion among the corn lying in every The most simple, and perhaps the most whole- parted, resided in beans; therefore they were direction. The two first will take nearly as mal some way of boiling potatoes, is in an untinned eaten at funerals and obsequies of the dead. ny hands, and as much time, as the whole pry iron pot or sauce-pan; when boiled, pour off the Varro relates, that the great priests or sacrifi-cess of cutting off and shocking the corn on the water, and let them continue over a gentle fire ; cers, called Flamines, abstained from beans on this field ; and the last would not only be very injur: the heat of the iron will cause the moisture to account, as also from a supposition that certainous to both crops ; but disgraceful to the opera evaporate, and dry the potato fit for the table. letters or characters were to be seen in the flow-tor.

ROSEMARY.-It is still the custom in some ers, that indlicated heaviness and signs of death. If you begin to cut off in time to have good fod parts of this country, as well as in France, to Clemens Alexandrinus attributes the abstinence'der, you have “ shrivelled corn ;” and yet il put a branch of rosemary in the hands of the dead. from beans to the opinion that they occasioned again says, “ to the North where the grain is thd when in the coffin : and we are told by Valmont sterility; which is confirmed by Theophrastus, chief object, they cut it off before the fodled Bomare in his Histoire Naturelle. " that when who extends the effects even to the plants. Ci-, dry ;” of course not to the injury or shrivelling of the codins have been opened after several years, cero suggests another reason for this abstinence, the grain, or they would not do it. Indeed we wo the plant has been found to have vexetated so viz. that beans are great enemies to tranquillity,the northern grain is generally very Derfect and much that the leaves have covered the whole of mind; for which reason Amphiaraus is said many pounas

the whole of mind; for which reason Amphiaraus is said many pounds heavier to the bushel, than southert corpse.” This account savours more of supersti- to have abstained.

of superstid to have abstained from them, even before Pytha-icorn. And if F. is correct, that it can thus b. tion than of the nature of the plant. goras, that he might enjoy a clearer divination taken off while the fodder is green, why cannot

this fodder be cured in the nicest and sweetest It is still the custom at the hospitals in France by his dreams. to burn rosemary with juniper berries, to cor

os to cort The Egyptian priests held it a crime to look order. Cut off and put immediately up into

The Egyptian priests held it a crime to lo rect impure air, and to prevent infection. The at beans, judging the very sight unclean. The shocks containing 16 or 20 hills square, it cures custom of using it at funerals may have had re

re Flamen Dialis was not permitted even to mention very gradually, and with the least exposure to ference to this virtue in the plant.

the name. Lucian introduces a philosophier in hell, sun, rain, and dews. And if I am not egregiously Without entering into the extravagant opini- saying, that to é extravagant opini saying, that to eat beans, and to eat our father's mistaken, these are the desirable points to attain

in curing hay, and all kinds of fodder. You mus ons of the ancients respecting odours, we cannot head, were equal crimes. avoid thinking that the effect which differentl Beans make one of the finest of all baits for fish, haul in your blades and top fodder : and it voul smells and perfumes have on the mind as well if prepared in the following manner: Steep them will appropriate a turning row of 25 or at most 30 as the health, is not at present sufficiently atten- in

in warm water for about six hours; then boil feet in width through the middle of your field ded to.

them in river water in a new earthen pot, glazed and rick your corn on this, of the size of one or

in the inside ; when about half boiled, to a quart two cart loads each, well put up, with a hold Most people acknowledge to have felt the re

re- of beans add two ounces of honey, and about a through the foundation lengthwise, made by plat freshing odour of tea and coffee before tasting.

ng grain of musk; after which let them boil for a cing the first buts a foot apart, and roofed oif by them; and in heated rooms the fragrance of a

a short time. Select a clear part of the water, and putting on the last covering buts up, and well in cut lemon, or a recently sliced cucumber, has 11

las, throw in a few of these beans early in the morn- terlocked over the top or ridge, the haul will be been observed to give general refreshment.

ing, and again at evening, for two or three days, shorter, than the haul of carrying your bla les The ancients held certain odours in the high

& which will draw the fish together, and they and tops at once to the Barn and fodder house est veneration. Among the Israelites, the princi- may be taken in a casting net in great numbers. 'yard, and your corn will be every ear saved, and pal perfume of the sanctuary was forbidden

in nice order to go to husking out the moment you for all common uses. The smell of the incense

have finished seeding wheat. And I am clearly and burnt offerings in their sacrifices was thought


of opinion that the fodder, together with the to dispose the mind to devotion; while others

stocks and corn of a field, can be cut off, shocked, were used to excite love. “I have perfumed my

February 15th, 1822. cured, carted off, and ricked on this middle turnbed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.” Some SIR.

ing within the same space of time, that is usually perfumes were prescribed to procure pleasant Your correspondent F., in your 44th No. Vol. 3.'occupied in pulling, curing, tying up, and carrying ditus; whereas others were deemed of a con- rails at what he thinks the growing fashion of sa- out the blades, and cutting and carrying out the tray eiiect. It appears that they also employed ving a field of corn, by the speedy method of ta- tops, hauling in, stacking or stowing blades, and odiour's as a nourishment when the frame exhaust- king each hill off, stock, blade, ear, top and all, toatching the fodder house. In the first method the ed; as it is related that Democritus, when on his at a single stroke, if skilfully applied, with a carting wiil require perhaps three times the numdeath bed, hearing a woman in the house com-sharp tool. That, which appears to be new in his ber of loads ; but the haul will not be half the plain that she should be prevented from being at neighbourhood, is certainly not new in districts distance of the latter. a solemn feast which she had a great desire to see as far south, as parts of Virginia. And if found “ 4th. You increase your labour by present because there would be a corpse in the house, or- a labour saving, and admirable method on the handlings.” dered some loaves of new bread to be brought, rich tract of the South Branch, even where wheat Compare the two methods closely. If you have and having opened them, poured wine into them, is not to follow, it must certainly be vastiy more difficult weather, the difference will be still greatand so kept himself alive with the odour of them expedient where it is to follow the summer crop. er in favour of cutting off the whole plant at once; until the feast was past.

I should hope that this “ fashionable,” yet never- but suppose every day to be favourable, you cut The sprigs of this plant were formerly stuck theless excellent method, will every where re- the tops and throw them down to cure, when cuinto beef whilst roasting, and they are said to ceive a fair trial ; and if it does, it must prevail red you must again pick them up and carry them have communicated to it an excellent relish. The wherever wheat is to succeed corn.

to the turning rows and place them in heas for the leaves were also boiled in milk pottage, to give Permit me to examine a little into Fi's state-carts. Here are at least two distinct operations it an aroinatic flavour; and before simples were ment. He found no good fodder after an exami- and handlings, and twice walking over the held 30 much out of use, the apothecaries made a dis-nation of 20 fields, and if he had gone on to ex-You pull your blades (a tedious and pidaling opera. tilled water, a conserve, and an electuary from Jamine 20 more saved in the old way, he would tion, and the dearest work that the farmer does this plant which also produces by distillation an still have been unsuccessiul in finding good fod- in the whole circle of the year)-again you go essential oil, which was much esteemed for all af der ; for it is within the recollection oi most far- over anu collect them into bundles and tie up: fections of the brain.

mers in Virginia and Maryland, that a most un-again you go and collect into arms full, and carry

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