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Hon. Edward Hoch of Kansas

By Geo. S. Annabel

It was back in 1900. The Republican majority A printer himself, Hoch had at first written his in the Kansas legislature were about to elect a state own copy and put it in type. But as his paper grew printer. Ed Hoch, publisher of a county seat paper he drew about him assistants who became almost as at Marion, wanted the position. In a quietly effect- much a part of the paper as he himself was. His ive way he had done good party service for twenty son, who had grown up in the printing office, took years. He had never asked for an office, and prob- charge of the business during his father's campaign, ably would not have done so then if friends had not and was its editor while Hoch was governor. taken up his cause.

An old-fashioned Methodist and devoted churchAt that time the office of state printer was the man, Hoch is a strong believer in the truth of the most profitable one in the gift of the state. There Bible. In a recent lecture he declared that he bewere several candidates, but members of the legis- lieved the book from “kiver to kiver" and had sɔ lature generally conceded the place to Hoch. His taught it to a bible class in his home town for twenty election was expected. This, however, was before years. He is also a consistent advocate of state prothe boss of the state machine had spoken. Hoch and hibition and has always been a leader of the local his friends had made the mistake of supposing that temperance forces. the people controlled the legislature. More experi- His opponents made much of his reputation as a enced politicians would not have made this mistake. prohibition advocate in an effort to turn the liberal

The machine managers watched developments with element in his own party against him in the campaign. amusement. They had a man for the place, also a After his election, there was considerable conjecture newspaper man who had done good work for the in regard to what his attitude would be toward the party.

He had been promised the position two enforcement of the prohibitory liquor law in the large years before and now, in spite of the lead Hoch towns and cities of the state. The policy of former had secured, word went out that he must be elected.

governors had been to leave the question almost enMembers of the legislature knew that Hoch should tirely to local sentiment. As a result of this policy have the place; the people demanded it and justice there were no saloons in the small towns and rural was on his side, but they owed their election to the communities, while in the larger places the law was machine and were compelled to execute its commands. either disregarded or only half enforced. People

Hoch lost the office of state printer and by its loss who knew Hoch well, felt sure he would make a became governor. The people had watched the con- different record; but men in the liquor business still test in the legislature and were determined to teach relied upon friendly public sentiment in their comthe machine politicians a lesson. They realized how

munities to secure them immunity from executive inpowerless they had become and started out to de- terference. molish the machine. Hoch and his associates were But there were other things that claimed the atcalled the "trust busters" and they gloried in the tention of the reform administration which, and for the title.

time, threw the liquor question into the background. The success of this campaign made Hoch a na- Kansas has one of the richest oil fields in the tional figure, and people expected great things of this United States. In the ten years preceding Hoch's new man in Kansas politics. The morning after election this region had become amazingly prosperous. election, the little town of Marion awoke to a new Little towns had grown into thriving cities, farms were and dazzling fame. Hitherto unknown, it was sold at fabulously high prices, factories started up and now the home of the new governor, elected by a refineries were opened. Prices of crude oil were popular reform movement which had attracted the

high and many were growing rich from the product attention of the entire country. Its citizens were of their wells. proud of the distinction his election brought, but Left to itself the oil territory would have enjoyed nevertheless regretted to have him go away. From

a steadily increasing prosperity which would have the time the town had been little more than a station

been of great benefit to the whole state.

But, quietly on the Santa Fe branch, he had been one of them.

at first, then more openly, Standard Oil began to get An editor who told the news of his neighborhood to

control. Available lands were bought or leased; his neighbors; a citizen who did not dodge the duties producing wells were purchased and then shut down; of his citizenship; a business man whose word was al- independent refineries were crowded out of business. ways good; a friend whose friendship had stood the

When this was done and the control of the market test.

Because he was all of these to his home people secured, the company refused to pay a price for their joy at his success was not unmixed with regret. crude oil that would pay a profit to the producer. Hundreds of paying properties became worthless. In- tirely successful. The Mayor, thrown out of office, dependent plants were helpless because they owned no was elected a second time, but was compelled to repipe lines and could not transport their oil by rail, sign to escape a second expulsion. The saloons were on account of favorable traffic arrangements, secured closed and kept closed. What astonished the people by their great rival, that they were unable to get. most was the fact that their financial affairs were in

This was the condition of affairs when the new better condition without the saloon revenue than with governor was inaugurated and the legislature as- it, and that the community was more prosperous than sembled. He believed that the greatest need of his it had been before. state was to secure the right to develop her own It was during the progress of the law enforcement natural resources and find a market for her products. campaign that Hoch's first term expired. The result His first message to the legislature was devoted almost was still uncertain at the time of his fight for re-elecentirely to that question. So the fight was started tion. The enthusiasm of the contest with the powerful which was known over the country that winter as enemy in the oil fields had cooled; many people honthe struggle between Kansas and Standard Oil. Un- estly doubted the governor's sincerity and some deder Hoch's leadership a state refinery law was nounced his methods as spectacular and unfruitful. passed; a law making pipe lines common carriers was At this time the success of Gov. Folk, of Missouri, in enacted; another measure prevented discrimination in enforcing the laws of his state was attracting much prices between different parts of the state. These attention. He was a Democrat, and the Democrats and other statutes were the result of the fight.

of Kansas saw their opportunity. Taking Folk as The state refinery law was declared unconstitu- their model and making of law enforcement a rallytional by the courts, but the other laws stood, and ing cry, they selected the strongest Democrat in the was a result of the legislation secured by the new state for their candidate and began a spirited contest governor. The oil fields today are reasonably pros- for the governorship. perous. Independent concerns are doing business; Governor Hoch made his campaign on the record both light and heat are cheaper than they ever were of his first term. The benefits obtained from the oil before; oil properties are again a paying investment. legislation were tangible and were a credit to his

As the stress of the battle passed, Hoch's friends, administration and to him. But the people were who had expected so much of him in the way of law anxious that something more be done in law enforceenforcement, became impatient. To them there was ment and demanded that proceedings against the no more important question and the governor seemed saloons in other large towns outside the state metropto be giving it no attention whatever. They urged olis be brought. him to do something, and do it at once.

In spite of the determination of the oppɔsite party getting ready, he said, and would begin when he was to defeat him, and the treachery of his own followers, prepared. Zealous, but lacking in practical wisdom, Hoch was elected for the second term. Soon after the temperance enthusiasts accused him of being rec- this the wisdom of his policy was demonstrated. The reant to his oath of office and untrue to his own law had secured a victory in Kansas City. Other principles.

cities saw that resistance would be useless and all over Only a strong man has the patience to await his the state, in places where the prohibitory law had time in the face of biting criticism. Hoch carefully been held in contempt, it began to be enforced. matured his plans and, when he was ready, struck, One day during the winter following the successnot in several places at once, but in the largest city ful termination of his law enforcement struggle, Gov. of the commonwealth, Kansas City. This is one of Hoch addressed a meeting of Southern business men the cities where the prohibitory law had been nulli

at a waterway's convention in Memphis. Introducing fied by a system of fines, assessed by the police judge him, the chairman of the meeting had spoken rather and collected by the patrolmen in the different pre- lightly of Kansas as the home of prohibition. When cincts. Thus a considerable revenue was secured he began, Hoch resented sharply the tone of the chairand a majority of the voters believed that this revenue man's remarks and gave his listeners a glowing account was a necessity, if the financial obligations of the city of the fruits of prohibition in his state. No part of were to be met.

his address made a greater impression than this, though The County Attorney refused to bring action to

it was in no sense a part of what he had expected close the saloons; the mayor of the city would not

to say. enforce the law. The governor instructed his attor- Reluctant to leave his home town and his newsney-general to appoint an assistant prosecutor for that

paper there, this man who had twice been elected county; as the law authorized. He also began ouster

governor, went back gladly after his task at the state proceedings against the mayor of Kansas City because capital was finished.

capital was finished. His outlook had broadened, of his failure to uphold the law.

his interest in the great movements of national life The struggle was long and hard but it was en- had been quickened, but he was the same friend.

He was

neighbor and citizen as before. He had served the Department of Correct English whole people for four years; now he returned to take up his old work again, a lesser, perhaps, but an

Questions Asked by Our equally important service.

Subscribers As governor he had not always been sure of his

Question. In the following sentence which form path. He had been forced to learn by his mistakes,

should be used and why? I do not know “but that" but here at home he was sure of his ground, knew

or "but what I shall go.” all that was expected of him and was not misunder

Answer. “But that” is the correct expression to stood.

be used in this sentence, because “but” is a preposiAfter all, this ability of a man to take up a position

tion. “But what" is only used when “what” is a relof trust and lay it down again, himself unchanged,

ative pronoun. Example:—He never had any money is the strongest test of our citizenship. Like many

but what he absolutely needed. before him, Ed. Hoch has done this and is the better

Question. Is "have done" in the following senequipped for any other public service he may be

tence meaning "to finish” correct?

He has gained, called upon to give in later years.

Let us “have

done" counting the tags. and so has his state, by the mistake made by an arro

Answer. Let us “finish” counting the tags. "Fingant state machine in crowding the people too far.

ish" signifies to bring to an end what was previously A photograph of Mr. Hoch appears on the cover

begun, to do the last thing there is to "do." "Do" page.

is the one comprehensive word which includes accomFrom Factory To School

plish, achieve, completed, execute, finish, work out,

etc. We may say of the least item of daily work, Probably no class of people on earth were ever

"It is done,” and of the greatest human achievement, so hard pushed for honest or even plausible argu

"It is well done!" ments as to why they should be tolerated as the saloon

I don't know whether or not he is married. This is keepers and the men engaged in the liquor traffic. Among the silly sophistries foisted on a suffering

used correctly as it is a correlative injunction (one public by those fugitives from aroused public opinion,

used in pairs) answering to each other in the same

sentence. is that the public schools would have hard sledding if it weren't for the license money.

I don't know whether he is married or no. This They put up that argument out in a certain western is idiomatic and strictly speaking is not proper. city when 256 joints were flourishing. But when Iced-cream is the correct form to use. The manuthese joints were closed tight a lot of interesting facts

facturers have named their product "Ice-cream" came to the surface and among them these:

and it has been used so universally both in pronounThe schools were suddenly and unaccountably

ciation and spelling, that in itself it has become proper. crowded, and an investigation was set on foot to find out the reason why; it developed that six hundred pupils under the age of fifteen who had been working

A pamphlet that will be of interest to Nature in factories to help support their families had quit their jobs and started to school for the excellent reason

lovers, and especially to those contemplating an outthat with the saloons closed, the fathers had “quiting in the Rocky Mountain region, is Stanley Wood's, boozing" and were earning a good enough living so "With Nature in Colorado", just published by the that they could take care of their families and put Passenger Department of the Denver & Rio Grande the children at the school desk instead of keeping them Railroad. The illustrations, of which there are many, at the lathes and the benches.

harmonize with the title and text. When the biggest part of the United States is under

This is one of the best of the score of publications fairly enforced prohibition we do not believe that there

put out by the Railroads this year and no doubt will will be 2,250,000 children under fifteen years of age working for hire as there are now.

License money

be in great demand. may seem, for a time, to make a big show in putting

A Doctor's View up a lot of school houses, but at the same time it is very busy in cracking the cruel lash of poverty over

Medical Student: “What did you operate on that the children and driving them into shops and factories and stores when they should be in school laying the

Eminent Surgeon: “Five hundred dollars.” foundations of healthy citizenship. Don't forget it: A dry town means a fat school

Medical Student: “I mean, what did he have?" house; a wet town means a fat poorhouse.—Woman's Eminent Surgeon: “Five hundred dollars.”ExWorld.

change.

man for?”

British Students of the Page-Davis School Present a Silver Statuette, “The Standard Bearer," To Their Instructor Edward T. Page, At Banquet Given In His Honor At

London, England, June 17 An enthusiastic gathering of Page-Davis students A little further to the left sits a man who was ammet in London, England, on June 17, for the purpose bitious to leave the ranks of the employee. He too, also of showing their great esteem for their instructor, Mr. recognized his opportunity in the advertising business, Edward T. Page, by presenting him with a silver started upon the lessons and even before his course statuette entitled, “The Standard Bearer."

was completed, he began to establish a clientelle of his No stronger evidence of the value of correct in- own which eventually grew into a prosperous business. struction could be given than this demonstration. The One very young man can be seen in the group countenance of every student and graduate present with a bright, wide-awake expression. He saw the glowed with pleasure and pride, and all took part in advantage of beginning early to lay the foundation a spirited manifestation of appreciation. A note- for his life work. There are also men of mature years worthy fact is that the students at this gathering, came present, with heads and beards that are gray, who in personal contact for the first time with their in- have found success in the advertising field late in life, structor and the intense feeling of fellowship that ex- because all their previous knowledge and experience isted, showed conclusively that the correspondence could be utilized successfully in this line. which passed between the student and teacher was The banquet hall is full of men, each of whom has ample to inspire a full measure of enthusiasm and in- his own peculiar history of success attained through terest which is supposed to be engendered only by an advertising education in the Page-Davis School to daily association in the class room.

relate. To enumerate them all, and to list each diLet us glance over the banquet hall and see what verse trade with which they are connected would rewe can glean from the scene. Here, in the foreground quire an enormous volume. Among the scores of stusits a man who was, not long since, a clerk at dents attending the gathering were men in the drapery, £2:10:0 per week. Today he is an advertising man tailoring, publishing, billposting, laundry, photography, at £375:0:0 per year. Three years ago he saw a chemical, soap manufacturing lines, etc. Even the small advertisement in a newspaper which contained mention of these few branches will show the wide the statement “Learn to Write Advertisements," with range of usefulness in which an advertising training a further suggestion of the opportunities that await can be applied. the man who will spend a few hours occasionally in The school, not being conducted for children, has preparation for the advertisement profession. He an- arranged the studies to meet the requirements and conswered the invitation to apply for a prospectus, and veniences of men and women who know the value of upon receiving a clear insight into the possibilities if their time and money. It appeals to people who poshe would study and qualify himself as an advertise- sess the ambition to rise high above the common level. ment writer and manager, he enrolled, entering im- Such men and women have had sufficient experience mediately upon the instruction, which resulted in his in life and sufficient practice in wrestling with the present success.

problems of business to properly appreciate superior Glancing across the table our eyes rest upon the service when it is rendered to them, and any expresman who is conducting a business of his own. He sion of gratitude tendered has naturally been based too, felt the value of an advertising education in pro- upon practical lines. Their judgment is wrought from moting his business interests, and likewise began the contact with the world in the business sphere. study which qualifies him to write strong and striking Therefore this demonstration is not surprising. advertisements, which eventually brought a very per- That these men are so appreciative of the correct and ceptible increase in his trade.

careful training they have received, when such tangible By his side sits a man who is an important factor in

results in the form of increased salaries or promotions a much larger business, and who has taken up the were obtained, is but a natural result. study of advertising with an entirely different point in In presenting Mr. Page with a "Silver Standard view. This man is a man of great responsibilities.

Bearer, Mr. W. R. Irvine, who made the presentaHe has no time to construct the large amount of ad- tion speech, said: vertising matter used by his firm, but he is studying "Mr. Page:-It is with unbounded satisfaction and from a scientific standpoint, so that he might use his pleasure that we, British students of the Page Davis knowledge in a judicial capacity. He knows that a School, seize the opportunity of your sojourn in this knowledge of the department over which he has juris- country to greet you as our chief, and to offer you, diction is essential to the greatest success.

cn many grounds, our sincere congratulations. Thos. of us who are here deem it a high privilege to assist on think the value of the Page-Davis course is pre-emithis occasion, whilst as to the greater number through- nently shown by the emphasis it lays on this side of out the country who for various reasons are unable to the training. Throughout the lessons we find a sprinkbe present, you may be assured that they are with us ling of what in this country we call without the slightest in spirit, and they are in hearty accord with what we intention of offence Americanism, those bright are doing tonight.

phrases which fasten themselves on the imagination, I have said, sir, that we wish to congratulate you and will not let you forget them. I am going to quote on many grounds. May we first congratulate you on one, which has become a favorite saying of mine, bebeing a citizen of that great country beyond the seas. cause I think it embodies what I spoke of just now as Believe me, sir, the people of this country have an un- “the genius of the American nation." In one of the bounded admiration for the genius of the American lessons the student is exhorted to "get down to work nation, and if this is so in a general sense, it is es-' and show himself.” You, sir, when you initiated and pecially so in the sphere of business. We marvel at elaborated the Page-Davis course, "got down to work the thoroughness, the resource, the alertness, the in- and showed yourself." ventiveness, of the American in business, and when "And then, we want to congratulate you on your we want a concrete instance in exemplification of those British representative. He is the right man in the qualities, we could not find a better than the Page- right place. From first to last, from the day when I Davis School, which brings me to my second point, hlled out my application as a student, to the present for most heartily do we congratulate you on being time, I have had a good deal to do with James Black, the originator and the builder-up of that great insti- and you may take it from me, sir, if you do not know tution. In view of the present event I have been going it, but I am sure you do, that he is in the strictest sense back in my mind to the time—now rather long ago of the word “one of the best." Abounding in energy, when I went through the course. I say nothing of tactful in negotiation, facing every difficulty with a the crude beginnings out of which you, sir, moulded ready smile and a brave heart, he is indeed a worthy me to what I am, an advertising man, but in recalling representative. my happy days of my correspondence with Chicago, “And now, I will ask that you accept as a mark of I have been struck with two things:/First, the skill

our appreciation, a silver statuette, 'The Standard with which the lessons are designed to draw out the

Bearer,' there could be no better title." latent ability of the student-almost without his know

The presentation was followed by a happy hour of ing it; secondly, the care with which the sense of taste

goodfellowship in which many pleasant and profitable is formed, cultivated and educated.

friendships were formed. An advertising club of "Of course many things go to make a successful advertisement writer, but I venture to think, none is so

Page-Davis men and women was suggested and the important as this sense of taste, for however brilliant proposed alumni is now in process of organization. a man may be, if he has not a sure and unerring per

The value of such an association to the members ception of the fitness of things, he may frequently do cannot be over-estimated, for there is no line of other more harm than good. That we all know, and I work in which an exchange of ideas is so beneficial.

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The savage

“While you continue to do a thing simply because you have always done it, your competitors feel perfectly satisfied."

“The man who is fitted to take care of himself in all the conditions in which he may be placed, is, in a very important sense, an educated man. who understands the habits of animals, who is a good hunter and fisher, is a man of education, taking into consideration his circumstances. The graduate of a university who cannot take care of himself- -no matter how much he may have studied—IS NOT AN EDUCATED MAN."-Ingersoll.

“Material opportunities are not less 'opportunities' because they are ‘material,' if we but realize they are opportunities and act accordingly.

"Tomorrow's accomplishments depend upon realization of the opportunities of today—and the manner in which we take advantage of them.

"This applies to every department of life and effort.

“The achievements of both artisans and artists may be justly measured only by the capabilities of eachfor each may become what he will—limited only by his capabilities.

"Faithful performance—be the duty never so material—is the one thing most to be desired.

The stability of American business life must rest upon the honorable relation which employer and employee and seller and buyer maintain with each other. In the wholesome preservation of the given word lies the present and future safety of our financial and commercial institutions.--Grover Cleveland.

As good almost to kill a man as kill a good book; who kills a man kills a reasonable creature, but he who destroys a good book kills reason itself."--Milton.

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