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The other day I watched a young fellow one that if made, where the world could hear, backing up a big work horse. A tug of the it would know that you mean business. No reins and a few words guided the horse wher- matter in what condition of life a man is born ever the lacl wanted. With the veriest ease the acquisition of a habit of thrift will make the animal might have dragged the boy any. him a better man and a better citizen. where. However, it was a simple demonstration of the power of the will. In just such a
Wherever we go we find the “dandy," the way as this boy guided the strong horse as he willed may we guide ourselves by our will
well dressed "sport" who adorns his person
with fine clothes and boots, and like the vain power. So long as we make up our minds to do a thing we will have control of ourselves.
peacock believes in “showing off," but ask But just as scon as we allow doubt to feel its
many of these "dandies" to deliver a short adreal strength and power over us we are lost.
dress or write a brief article on some important
subject, and they reveal the brain of an oyster A bishop used to say to his children when
and a backbone as soft as a stick of macaroni. they had used some new article of comfort,
How much better to give attention to the **There, you have added to your troubles by development of the brain rather than the builda new want!".
ing of a reputation as a “dandy." A few well
chosen words reveal the caliber of a man-a "Thanks be to God, all attempts at restraining
few well made clothes prove only the skill of knowledge, in the present day, are likely to be
his tailor. A beautiful mind is, if anything, vain. The spirit of inquiry has gone forth; and
everlasting ; handsome apparel only the object no human power can now say, thus far thou shalt
of an hour. Don't strive for outward showgu and no farther. Men may still be worried,
look at and care for what is within because irritated, goaded, by restraint; but the night of
character and not your dress is the pride of clarkness is passing away, and the day-star of
vour worthy friends and the making of your knowledge has risen upon the world. May its
future. cheering omens be fulfilled!"-Cooper.
Benjamin Franklin was not a college man. What is thrift? It is living within one's in
His education was received through the study come, anticipating the future and making habit acquired in his youth, and which soon provision for old age. What a sad sight
What a sad sight became a pleasure to him and a comfort in to see old men bent with years of toil, strug
his old age. Franklin was a printer, a pubgling under heavy burdens or those who have lisher, a proof-reader, a linguist, a scientist, a
In his given out physically and are dependent on the financier, a diplomat, a philosopher. generosity of relatives or friends. While in autobiography he says: "In this little club young and vigorous manhood they gave no
called the Junta, were seven young men. We thought for the future-they lived up to all
met weekly to read and discuss the papers we that they earned: they did not compel their
had prepared. If any one of us traveled we selfish bodies to save fuel for the autumn
wrote letters back to the rest. This writing to blasts.
some one, and the preparation of lessons led to Thrift is not an instinct; it is an acquired mental growth in us all and the acquisition of habit formed to counteract a natural tendency.
the study habit without which there is no proBy nature we are all spendthrifts and to save
gression." often requires Spartan discipline. It has been
The editor of Common Sense would be glad said that “ Americans are a thriftless race."
to hear from young men and women who are
ambitious and willing to devote their spare Every foreign visitor observes this fact. The
hours to self culture and home study. Write nation dissipates more energy, mentally and
him relative to your ambitions—what you are physically, in the accumulation of wealth than any other and is, at the same time, more assid- striving to do—the ultimate goal you intend to uously engaged than any other in devising reach-it may be that a few suggestions will be frivolous ways and means of spending that of great benefit to you. Those who are interestwealth." Do not eat up or wear up all that ed in the Study Flabit who need advice as to you earn; resolve to put away part of your what study to pursue are requested to ask any salary-do not form a half-hearted resolve, but questions upon which they desire information.
THINGS FRANCE CAN TEACH US
HOW THE FRENCH SAVE THE SOUS-SENSIBLE MARRIAGES-THE INSTINCT OF
ARTISTIC TASTE-REAL DEMOCRACY
By Rollyn Lynde Hartt
The authcr goes into detail on this subject, British workers catch their zest and their using as his theme a recent report of the well-thought-out schemes for application, we American Consul General, Mr. Mason. We shall disiance our own best records. greatly regret that space forbids our publisii
The French Save the Sous. ing the complete article, but have selected points of especial interest to the readers of And as the Gallic mind abhors futility in COMMON-SENSE. In writing on "Things industry, so it abhors futility in the disposal France Can Teach Us" in The World's Work of the wages of industry. A Frenchman once Mr. Hartt quotes from Mr. Mason's report said to me, “You Anglo-Saxons don't know as follows: “It is well known that notwith- how to spend money; you waste it.” After standing limited resources in coal and metals, a long sojourn among us he had concluded with not a pound of cotton or petroleum, with that in our handling of money we displayed a stationary population and heavy burdens of precisely
precisely thie traits attribute to the public debt, France is one of the most pros- French—heedlessness, impulsiveness, and an perous nations. The underlying causes of this extreme volatility. And when you know prosperity are a genial climate, intensive cul- France as well as he knew England and tivation of a fertile soil, industry and frugality America, you will be inclined to agree with of the working classes, and above all, the in- him. Behind French thrift lies a series of stinct of artistic taste, fostered and developed virtues all too rare-consistency, constancy, by education and governmental influence in- self-restraint, seriousness, and especially the til it has become a national attribute."
readiness to conceive of a man's life as In other words, Mr. Hartt says:
whole, to plan out that whole and to live up France -- a handicapped nation - has tri- to that plan with heroic determination. umphed by the simple and praiseworthy device "Paris," said George Warrington Steevens, of using its wits.
"is a place where they save sous.” It is more The French agriculturist takes thought than that. What tlie tourist usually sees tells both for tomorrow and for the centennial or only a tithe of the story. He sees parades of millennial of tomorrow. He tills every avail
"mutualistes" (societies for saving): he sees able inch of his little holdings and raises them shop-keepers wrapping parcels in old newsto the highest pitch of productivity compati
papers; he sees children wearing black pinable with prudence; he conserves their re
fores to protect their clothes; he sees count
less establishments for mending and dyeing; sources by putting back into the soil all he takes out of it; he has been at this for a great
he sees the middle-class Parisienne lift her
precious skirt ere she takes a seat upon a many centuries, and the farm-lands of France
bench at the wayside, and sit upon her less are today as rich as ever-perhaps richer.
Then he says So in industry—especially in the work of precious petticoat.
wisely. "Ah, yes ! Steevens was right. Paris French women. By an ingenious employment of their native shrewdness they have found
is a place where they save sous."
Taking a bird's-eye view of his entire earnways to make every moment of the day pro
ing and spending career, your typical Frenchductive. While tending sheep, vending flow
man sets before himself two perfectly definite ers or newspapers on the curb, guarding rail
objects—the one to provide for the marriage way crossings, or selling tickets in the sta
dowries of his children, the other to provide tions, or while sitting behind the counters of
for his own retirement from business. Actobacco shops, they diligently ply their
cordingly, he apportions his income so as to needles, and sell their work to the great shops. "equalize his budget" and save a predeterWe associate frivolity with the French peo- mined yearly sum.
If liis income is small he ple; rather ought we to think of them as in
will always ride on the top of an omnibus for credibly industrious and as taxing their wits
a penny instead of inside it for two, always to enlarge their industrial efficiency. When sit on a green bench in the park for nothing
instead of in a chair for a penny, always travel with our immense sixteen-page papers in fine second-class or third, always buy an inexpen- print, devote half our attention to deciding sive seat at the theater.
what to skip. Thus they supply themselves Possessing this scrupulously calculated code with newspapers that suit the hand, the eye, of economics, carried out to the minutest de- and the intelligence. Whatever the failings tail till it becomes a sort of second nature, of French journalism these virtues-together your Frenchman prepares his soul for gaiety. with the dignity that enables them to publishi
. His lightheartedness is largely temperamen- articles by the greatest French authors of tal, of course, but it is at the same time due the time, and the custom that requires rein no small measure to his sense of security porters to sign their work--are certainly in money matters, his consciousness that he
things to be envied. is getting on in the world, however ploddingly, And when the postman arrives he doesn't and his freedom from that self-reproof which load you down with circulars, prospectuses, so grieviously embitters the existence of the announcements and sham letters. The money rasher and less reasonable Anglo-Saxon. that is expended-and two-thirds wastedWhat He Works For.
upon that sort of advertising here is mainly
saved in France, and everything you purWhen I think of the Frenchman's deliber
“ ate resolve to retire from business, I endorse
chase is thereby made less expensive. "Send
for our free illustrated catalogue" reads like a it whole-heartedly. Any Frenchman will for
charity, but the proprietor requires his cusgive close-fistedness, but no Frenchman can forgive a man for sticking to his desk all his
tomers to pay the printer. days. No Frenchman can understand it, for,
The Instinct of Artistic Taste. to the Gallic mind, work is only a means to Thus far we have follcwed Mr. Mason's an end. The great affair of life is not work; explanation of French prosperity without difit is life itseli. And if commercial prowess in ficulty, but now we come to what is at first England yields it's splendid rewards--such re- sight a hard saying. He traces that prosperwards as fame, power, and the satisfaction of ity not only to sane agriculture and to rare personal vanity-France has found a way to industry and frugality, but "above all, to the distribute glory without asking a man to instinct of artistic taste, fostered and develsweat for it till he drops. Whereas the toil
oped by governmental influence until it has ing septuagenarian of Lendon may liave his become a national attribute." And yet this, too. palace, his villa, his art-treasures, and his is easy of comprehension, once you gain a ocean-going steam yacht, and rejoice to see broad conception of artistic taste. It isn't them pictured in the illustrated papers, the merely the appreciation of beauty in what we septuagenarian of Paris would give them all call the fine arts-as if no other arts were for the little red ribbon of the Legion of fine! It is also the appreciation of charm and Honour, which, in spite of its widespread dis- grace and excellence in all the things that tribution, to his mind means a larger fame, a make life agreeable, as well as an appreciation more genuine power, and a more soothing of noble qualities in all the work of a man's balm to seli-esteem. It is for distinction as a
hands. Because of the agreeableness of human, rather than as a mere winner and ruler
man existence in France, Frenchmen loathe of goods and chattels, that he yearns. He hon- the thought of emigration; consequently, notours work; but he views it as the great preacher withstanding the appallingly low birth-rate, viewed a certain other factor of human life the country's population has not declined. Bewhen he exclaimed, in a generalization no less cause of the agreeableness of human existence sane than brilliant, “It is the test of every in France, vast hordes of tourists and sogood institution that it digs its own grave." journers flock thither to spend lavishly. BeThe French Press.
cause of the rare artistic feeling put into man
ufactured articles, France maintains an imNow this world is so constituted that whenever a nation applies its mental energies to
mense export trade, despite all the hostile securing certain definite advantages, certain
efforts of rival nations. In these ways taste
is minted into money. minor advantages seem almest to come of themselves: and so it is thrist that has given
Trees and Flowers in Commercial ThoroughFrance its small compact newspapers-of
fares. from four to eight pages, printed in reasona- People talk as if trees would not grow in a bly coarse type, and containing only the read- business street, and certainly they will not ing matter its subscribers want-whereas we, and do not, treated as we treat them. If you were a tree, and the pavement shut away the on it and the rain soaks through it so quickly water from your roots, you would swear a that you can go out directly after a shower. few arboreal oaths, struggle for life a year As compared with our Gallic cousins, we or so, and then wither and die. If, however, are an indoor people. They keep in the open your trunk was encircled by a huge, round air all they can-sit there at their pleasure, grating, six feet across, the moisture would whenever possible at their work. Besides, keep you lusty. It is by this simple arrange- they can let the air into their houses far more ment, chiefly, that the , that the Grand Boulevards freely than we can.
The French windows, maintain their wealth of greenery.
opening like double doors, allow the removal Another thing the returned traveller misses of the whole window from the frame, whereis flowers. Where are the floral embellish- as ours, sliding up and down, leave half the ments for theater fronts, restaurants and space constantly closed. shops—the urns, the window boxes, the gor- Yet it is when you come to the table that geous hanging baskets? A society in Paris you find the most significant contrast between offers prizes for the handsomest flowered bal- French household ways and those at home. conies. When a tradesman wants to make his Not only does France know how to cook, it establishment conspicuous he dresses it up in knows how to eat. It takes its time, serves a the gayest blossoms obtainable.
meal in several courses, never loads its plate And yet a commercial thoroughfare wants to the discouragement of appetite, and resomething more than adornment; it also de- gards a luncheon or a dinner as a festal occamands the removal or at least the mitigation sion, thereby facilitating digestion and pro--of disfigurements. In Paris, advertising
In Paris, advertising, moting sociability. Incidentally, things taste that gravesi menace to municipal beauty- better, served so daintily. shrinks to its lowest terms. Instead of let- On this latter point, however, a single reting the bill-sticker cover an enormous flat mark is worth insisting upon.
The striking surface as we do, the French roll the flat sur- difference between British and French manface up into' a cylinder, thus producing what ners is not that the French people are more they call the advertising pillar. In this way polite, but that so many more French people they reduce its diameter by more than half, are polite. A hotel clerk receives you as an while the pillar itself has a decorative canopy honoured guest and personally shows you to top, within which a ring of lights gleams pret- your room. A shop-keeper inquires solicittily at night and illumines the posters. ously for your health. Your laundress's manEqually ingenious is the six-sided kiosk, quite rier is grace and dignity and sweetness compicturesque in outline and fitted with panels bined. If you go to the great markets at four of translucent glass carrying advertisements. in the morning, when unspeakably roughThe kiosk becomes a tool-house for street- looking men and
are getting their cleaners' brooms and shovels, and after dark wares into shape for the day and immense it is lighted from within.
loads of beef and vegetables and fish are beBut it is in restraining the hideous atroci. ing moved through the jostling throng of ties of the "elevated railway" that the French market folk, you will hear only such cries as display their finest originality. It avoids the “Take care, monsieur !" or “Please let me pass, noblest streets, yet even there it has orna- madame!" mental stone pillars and, wherever possible, screen of foliage on either side so that you
Acquiring and Preserving Art Treasures. seem almost to be spinning through a forest. And as for the arts distinctively "fine"
who, think you, presides over their affairs? A Inside French Homes.
member of the Cabinet. No less a dignitary Suppose, now, that we leave the street and governs the great museums, the opera, the see what art, as applied to comfort, has done conservatory of music and the drama, the for the house. Note its usual arrangement preservation of public monuments and the around a court and its preference for a garden restoration of palaces, cathedrals and castles. at the rear. The court lets in air and sun- Artistic taste has been fostered by governshine, while affording quiet to the rooms mental influence until it has become a national looking out upon it; and the garden becomes attribute. Technical schools leave their stamp also a living-room, even a dining-room, if you of elegance upon
French manufacturers. like, for it is wholly secluded from the high- Works of art, acquired by the State, fill galway. Notice also that gravel serves better leries to overflowing and adorn parks frethan grass, since you are not afraid to tread quented by the very working people. Every
where extends the influence that makes the She must select the pleasure that will bring Frenchman appreciative of noble sentiment her the greatest joy, choose the work she is wrought into marble and bronze, or made
best fitted for. luminous upon canvas, or infused into ex
Hers is the temperament that recognizes quisite handicrafts.
that encouragement is all very nice and pretty Perhaps, though, the work of husbanding
but that if one is going to do the thing that the legacy of the past gives us a
counts one doesn't need it; that refuses to be practical suggestion. Throughout the country the government prevents the decay of dismayed by repeated failures and that has a beauty. Witness its guardianship of the ram
certain faith that what has been done by one parts of Aigues-Mortes, the mediaeval city may be done by another; that nobody gets from which St. Louis set forth with his cru- through life without disappointments, heartsaders. Witness also its restoration of the aches and the breaking of pet illusions; that towered walls of Carcassonne. You might there is nothing more common than trouble, name scores of other cases in which relics of
but that it is the wise ones of earth that keep bygone ages are saved from ruin, notably the their burdens in the background. work now in progress at Avignon, where the
That's the great lesson of life! palace of the Pope is reassuming its ancient
If a woman can't win out with her work glory. And the government's campaign finds and her ambitions because of certain inconallies in associations of private citizens, es- veniences in the home, or because the manpecially in the Touring Club of France, ners of her associates do not please her, the which is at once a rebuke to our heedlessness chances are that she will spell out failure in in letting old landmarks pass away and to our the world. inability as yet to make those that remain as
Ordinary hard luck never ruins people. It accessible as they ought to be.
puts them in a mood to learn a thing or two. Such, then, are the practical lessons, big Everybody makes mistakes. With some it and little, that France can teach us. A fur
is a regular occupation, but to make a mistake ther lesson, of purely sentimental value, but and to wail about it, is to make two. important for all that, is the lesson of under
Women often speak of their talents not bestanding the real France-of seeing the best ing appreciated. A talent is next to worthless
A elements in the nation arrayed against alco- unless one has the ability to get down to hard, holism, against pornography, against vice and plain, every-day grind. against the many follies and weaknesses we Then, too, the woman who wins inust learn have so shallowly and unjustly called French. to talk, but not to tell. There is an art-the They exist in France just as they exist here inost consummate art—in appearing absoto a greater or less degree, yet they by no lutely frank to the butcher, the baker and the means represent the true genius of the coun- family cat, and yet not reveal any of one's try.
business affairs, Note--The editor believes that every pa- The woman who wins must be able to hold triotic citizen of the l'nited States will be in- all and hear all, yet betray it by neither word terested in this article and also in the photo- nor look, by injudicious defense no more than graph of that esteemed gentleman, M. Ar- by overt treachery; by anger at a malicious mand Fallieres, President of France, which accusation no more than by a smile at an appears on the cover page of this issue. egregious mistake. To be able to do this re
quires a rare combination of tact and self-rewabat kind of women make 600d spect. One cannot just slide along in business The woman who makes good must be
and win promotion and more salary. A blessed with strength and health and an am
knowledge of the business is necessary to bition to learn and take advantage of every
show results. opportunity that comes her way.
To make good, a woman needs that fine balShe must work with all her heart, play with
ance, that accurate self-measurement which all her heart; above all things avoiding in- goes by the name of common sense. It is the difference and the enemy of all progress- one thing on which success depends the most.