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his cap.

Horace, where he describes himself when he was a child, bright red of the little boy's suit, and the red feather of fallen asleep in a desert wood, and covered with leaves by turtles that took pity on him.”

P. There were pretty yellow flowers in the wood.

T. In the old story the little girl's name was Jane and "In the lofty Vulture's rising grounds,

the little boy's Cassander. The next picture shows us how Without my nurse, Apulia's bounds,

sick the Parents were. Who are the men in the picture?
When young and tir'd with sport and play,
And bound with pleasing sleep I lay,

P. The Doctor and the Minister.
Doves cover'd me with myrtle boughs. — Creech

T. What do you notice about the Children?
(Hor. I: iii. Od. 4)

P. They were playing beside the bed with their toys.

They are happy, do not know anything is the matter. “Those only who are endowed with a true greatness of soul T We'll look at all the pictures and you may tell what and genius, can divest themselves of the little images of part of the story they tell you. ridicule and admire nature in her simplicity andnakedness.'

P. (Page 3) The Family are having breakfast. The Among the old-time children's books, were many editions Children are having a gay time. of "The Children in the Wood." In the Half-Penny T. Were they a poor Family? Series issued by J. G. Rusher, Banbury,

about 1810, were "Children in the Wood,” Historical Ballad (Norfolk); things and pretty clothes.

P. No, they had a Servant and the Children had play“Children in the Wood,” restored by Honestus; “Children

P. (Page 4) The Family were out in the Garden. in the Wood,” illustrated by William Harvey, a pupil of The Children gathered flowers and took them to their Thomas Bewick, in 1828. Some of these early illustrations Parents. They were a nice Family, they were kind to one are given in “Banbury Chap-Books," by Edwin Pearson, another. p. 37, Reader, 1890. In America, in 1825, “Babes in the

P. (Page 5) The Father wrote his will. Wood” was published by N. B. Holmes, New York, 36 pp.,

T. Yes, he gave a good deal of money to his children with plates. The story was included in "The Child's Own

to be kept for them until they were grown. If they died Book,” London, about 1850, reprinted in the “Young their Uncle was to get the money. What does the second Folks' Library," Hall & Locke, Boston, 1901.

colored picture show? The line below it is some part of The modern classic edition to present to children to-day the story. is the illustrated “The Babes in the Wood," in Randolph P. (Reads) Now, BROTHER, SAID THE DYING MAN, Caldecott's Picture-Book No. 1. The story is here told LOOK TO MY CHILDREN DEARE. by the artist in eight colored illustrations which present P. The Uncle came to see them. the leading episodes of the tale just as in the old time the

T. Do the Children look so happy? wood-engravings did; and in twenty-two black and white

P. No. I suppose Cassander got a new blue ball from sketches that make very realistic this nursery tragedy. his Uncle. But the Children look worried.

A beautiful piece of sculpture, “The Babes in the Wood,” T. What is pretty in this picture? may be seen in the Metropolitan Museum, New York City,

P. The Uncle's blue suit and the green bed-curtains. In the purity of marble this shows the innocent children

P. (Page 7) The Uncle talks to the Children, I think and the fairy touch, the kindly robins covering them with he talks solemnly and tells them their parents are very a pall of leaves.


P. (Page 8) The Mother talks to the Uncle. Her Lesson

hand shows she is talking. Teacher This morning we shall have a story which you P. (Page 9) The Children are at the foot of the bed. will want to know because everybody knows about it. They feel frightened. You would not like to hear people refer to it and not know T. The next large picture, Page 10, tells about: what it was. But it is a sad story. Perhaps many of you P. (Reads) WITH LIPPES AS COLD AS ANY STONE, THEY do know of it. It is called “The Babes in the Wood” or

KIST THE CHILDREN SMALL. "The Children in the Wood.” While we are talking about

T. The Parents say good-bye to the Children. Caldeit let us try to see how many pleasant things there are in

cott makes this picture less sad because he has put so the tale in spite of its being sad. We will study the story

much color into it. Who are the people? from “Randolph Caldecott's Picture-Book," and I know

P. The Nurse has a blue suit. The Uncle has a beautiyou will like that. We can see how beautiful are the

ful blue suit. I suppose the Lady in yellow is his Wife. pictures in spite of their being sad. (Teacher has a copy of "Babes in the Wood." The single story, by Randolph

P. (Page 11) The Nurse takes the Children away. Caldecott, F. Warne.)

P. (Page 12) The Uncle promises to care for the

Children. This is a very old story. It was written long ago, several hundred years ago. (Reads entire story, making

T. (Page 13) At the funeral the Uncle takes care of the sad part as inconspicuous as possible. At the close of

Cassander. Now we come to one of the prettiest pictures.

Read its title, please. the story:) Let us look at the pictures now. Isn't this outside cover one beautiful? What part of the story does

P. (Reads) THEIR PARENTS BEING DEAD & GONE, THE it tell about?

CHILDREN HOME HE TAKES. Pupil I suppose the two Children were sitting in the

T. What is pleasing in this picture? wood after the bad men left them and didn't come back. P. The beautiful green yard and the trees that arched The Children look so frightened. Perhaps they heard a over the road leading from the house. noise. But it was only a beautiful big Rabbit who looks P. The black velvet cloaks and clothes of the Uncle so friendly. The Robins tried to be friendly. One sang

and Children. to them. Another one above the Children looks as if she P. Jane's doll and the little Boy's pin-wheel. were taking care of them.

P. The pretty house and the two dogs. T. Yes, which was the mother bird, do you think?

7. (Page 15) When the Uncle gets home he plays P. The bird above them was, because she looks smaller

with the Children. Then (Page 16) he plans to get their and her breast is not so gay.

money. (Page 17) He bargains with two ruffians and T. What else is pleasing about this picture?

(Page 18) he sends the Children off with them. Does his P. The beautiful leaves on the tree. They look like

Wife know where they are going? oak-leaves.

No. She thinks they are going to a friend in London, P. The bright red stockings the Babes wore and the

T. Will you read the title of our next large picture?


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IN ONE ANOTHER'S ARMS THEY DYED. The beautiful part about this is that the Robins are covering them with leaves. (Page 31.) On the opposite page we see how all the animals are their friends. The Rabbits, the Geese, the Crane, and the Robins keep guard so that the wolves do not come near. I wish Caldecott had made the two dogs we saw, in the road, following the Children as they left home, find them now and help to guard them too, don't you? What is the most pleasing thing in this story?

P. The way the little Boy took care of Jane.

P. The friendly Robins. All the animals were friendly, but the Robins seemed just cheerful friends and were kind to them.

T. I have here a book with some pictures of old woodcuts that were engraved for this story. They were put in some children's books long ago. These books were called Banbury Chap-Books and these are the pictures. (Shows p. 37, of "Banbury Chap-Books," Edwin Pearson, Reader, London, 1890.) I have here a picture, too, of a beautiful piece of marble which I once saw in the Metropolitan Museum of New York City. The sculptor made the Babes very beautiful, didn't he? If you should come across this sculpture in an art museum you would know its story now, wouldn't you?

My Valentine
The rose is red, the violet's blue,
Carnation's sweet, and so are you.
Thou art my Love and I am thine;
I drew thee to my Valentine;
The lot was cast, and then I drew,

And fortune said it should be you.

(Given in "Nursery Rhymes of England," Halliwell, p. 192.) Finished Poster

("Honey” is sometimes substituted for "carnation.")

St. Valentine's Day is a festival day observed by poets P. AWAY THEN WENT THE PRETTY BABES

and lovers from time immemorial. The observance is more REJOYCING AT THAT TIDE.

than 1600 years old, when the Christian Valentine was T. The Children look very happy, but the Men look beaten by clubs and beheaded, at the time of the great thoughtful. The Babes enjoyed a horse-back ride and

heathen festival of love and purification. the Men rode fast.

Valentines were either of chance or choice, the first P. (Page 20) The Children chatted pleasantly to the

person seen by a man or woman on St. Valentine's morning, Men.

and such as were drawn by lot. Lady Valentines were T. (Page 21) When one ruffian wanted to kill Cassan- honored, not by anonymous verses, but by substantial der the other ruffian fought him. (Page 22) They fought, gifts. The Duke of York gave Miss Stewart, his Valentine, and the next large picture shows how one man was killed

a jewel of 800 pounds in value; and in 1667 Lord Mandeand thrown into the pond. Of course the Children were

ville, being her Valentine, gave her a ring worth 300 pounds. frightened. (Page 24) We see the softer-hearted ruffian

A gentleman, drawn as a Valentine, would have been talking kindly to the Children and leading them away. considered shabby not to accept the honor and responsi(Page 25) He jumps on his horse and tells them to stay bility. “This morning, called up by Mr. Hill, who my where they are until he comes back. Does he intend to

Wife thought had come to be her Valentine, she it seems come back?

having drawn him, but it proved not.” P. No.

In the 17th century St. Francis de Sales severely forbade T. And then (Page 26) we see the Babes creep into a the custom of Valentines. To abolish it he changed it tree-trunk, and sit there for the night. There are no into giving billets with the names of certain saints for them words under our next large picture (Page 27), but they are to honor and imitate. on the opposite page:

In 1667 the fashion first grew of using the modern THESE PRETTY BABES, WITH HAND IN HAND,

epistolary valentine. Pepys, in his “Diary” says, “I do WENT WANDERING UP AND DOWNE;

first observe the fashion of drawing of mottoes as well as

names; so that Pierce, who drew my Wife's, did draw also How can you tell they are in the wood?

a motto “most courteous and most fair'; which as it

may P. You can see so many large ferns.

be used or an anagram made upon each name, might be T. What do you notice about the Children that is very pretty." pleasant?

The selection given above was one of the most usual P. The little Boy always takes care of his Sister. forms for a valentine. He does the best he can and he looks so brave. T. Yes, what does he do for her here? (Page 28)

Three Jovial Welshmen* P. He picks berries for her to eat.

(Given, with some changes, in “Mother Goose,” Wheeler, and in P. On Page 29 he puts his arm around her and tells “The Children's First Book of Poetry,” E. K. Baker. A very interher not to cry. But he looks scared him self. It must be esting song, derived from this rhyme, is given in “Games and Songs night, for you can see the owl and the bat.

of American Children,” W. W. Newell, Harper's, p. 97.) T. And then in our last large picture the title reads: *Music and words on page 26.


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Three Jovial Welshmen
Con spirito.


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Suggestions for Coloring Color the sky blue, ground light green, path light brown, trees dark brown; faces of thieves flesh color, hate

brown with red feather, suit of thief with children light brown, collar and cuffs white; suit of other thief red; children light hair, white suit and dress trimmed with red, stockings red, shoes black,.hat brown with red feather.

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