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BLACKIE'S

GEOGRAPHICAL READERS.

No. IV.

SCOTLAND, IRELAND, BRITISH NORTH AMERICA,

AND AUSTRALASIA.

By W. G. BAKER,

ASSOCIATE OF KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON; LECTURER AT CHELTENHAM

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LONDON:
BLACKIE & SON, 49 & 50 OLD BAILEY, E.C.;

GLASGOW, EDINBURGH, AND DUBLIN

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PREFACE.

This series of Geographical Readers is intended to meet the requirements of the New Education Code 1884, as interpreted by the circular to Her Majesty's Inspectors. * The work of the several Standards is divided as follows :Standard I. - To explain a plan of the school and play-ground.

The four cardinal points. The meaning and use of a map. Standard II.—The size and shape of the world. Geographical

terms simply explained, and illustrated by reference to the

map of England. Physical geography of hills and rivers. Standard III.-Physical and political geography of England,

with special knowledge of the district in which the school is

situated. Standard IV.-Physical and political geography of the British

Isles; and either British North America or Australasia, with

knowledge of their productions. Standard V.-Geography of Europe, physical and political.

Latitude and longitude. Day and night. The seasons. Standard VI.—Geography of the world generally, and especially

of the British colonies and dependencies. Interchange of

productions. Circumstances which determine climate. Standard VII.-The ocean. Currents and tides. General arrange

ment of the planetary system. Phases of the moon. [In Standards V., VI., and VII. maps and diagrams may be

required to illustrate the answers given.] The object of these Readers is to give geographical ideas, and not merely a list of geographical facts; for this purpose pictures and maps have been freely interspersed with the descriptions.

The Fourth Geographical Reader is so arranged that the teacher may select either of the two great colonies for special study; the required amount of work for both reading and geography is contained in the lessons on Scotland, Ireland, and one Colony.

W. G. B.

* Circular No. 228.-In reading-books, 40 lessons and not less than 80 pages of small octavo text should be required in Standards I. and II., and not less than 60 lessons and 120 pages in higher Standards.

CONTENTS.

Lesson

1. THE BRITISH ISLES,

Page

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SCOTLAND. 2. Its Extent, 3. The Coasts.-I., 4. The Coasts.-II., 5. Staffa and Iona, 6. Mountains, Plains, and Valleys, 7. Winter Shooting in the Highlands, 8. Lakes, 9. Loch Coruisk, 10. The Great Glen of Scotland, 11. The Highlands, 12. Among the Hebrides, 13. Rivers, 14. The Clyde, 15. People and Productions, 16. Manufactures and Commerce, 17. View of Edinburgh, 18. Edinburgh, 19. Counties and Towns.-I., 20. The Granite City, 21. Counties and Towns.-II., 22. The Approach to Britain from America, 23. Ship-building on the Clyde,

IRELAND. 24. Outline, Extent, and Surface, 25. The Coasts.-I., 26. The Coasts.-II., 27. The Giant's Causeway, 28. The Island of Achil, 29. From Galway Bay to Cape Clear, 30. Plain, Bogs, and Mountains, 31. Bogs, 32. Connemara and Galway,

9 12 15 17 20 22 24 27 30 32 35 37 39 42 44 47 50 53 56 59 63 65

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Lesson
33. Lakes and Rivers,
34. The People and their Employments,
35. Life in Donegal,
36. The Garden of Ireland,
37. Divisions and Towns.-I.,
38. Dublin,
39. Divisions and Towns.-II.,
40. Londonderry-Belfast,
41. Divisions and Towns.-III.,
42. Limerick to Killarney,
43. Cork and its Neighbourhood,

BRITISH POSSESSIONS. 44. Britain's Colonial Empire,

BRITISH NORTH AMERICA. 45. Extent and Coasts, 46. The Central Plain-Prairie and Polar Regions, 47. Winter Travelling in a Dog Sledge, 48. The Mo ain and the Woodland Regions, 49. The Water-ways of Canada, 50. Niagara, 51. The American Indians, 52. Employments, 53. Lumbering, 54. Divisions and Towns.-I., 55. Passing the Rapids in a Canadian River, 56. Divisions and Towns.-II., 57. Gold-seekers in British Columbia.-I., 58. Gold-seekers in British Columbia.—II., 59. Camping in the Woods of New Brunswick, 60. Newfoundland,

AUSTRALIA. 61. Extent and Coasts, 62. The Surface.-I., 63. The Surface.-II., 64. Travelling in Central Australia, 65. Productions, 66. The Aboriginals or Natives, 67. The Settlers, 68. The Gold Diggings, 69. Some Australian Quadrupeds and Birds, 70. Divisions and Towns.-I., 71. Melbourne and the Gold Towns,

123 126 129 132 134 136 140 143 146 148 152 154 156 159 162 164

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166 169 173 174 177 181 183 185 187 190 192

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Page 195 197

72. Divisions and Towns.-II., 73. Tasmania,

NEW ZEALAND. 74. New Zealand, 75. Productions and Towns, 76. The Geysers and Hot Springs,

199 201 205

77. Australia,
78. The Big Shoe,
79. Settlers' Difficulties,
80. St. Kilda,
81. The Border Lands of England and Scotland,
82. Love of Country,

207 208 211 213

215 - 217

219-222

SUMMARY:

BRITISH ISLES :-Scotland-Ireland,
BRITISH POSSESSIONS:-British North America - Australia-

New Zealand,

222-224

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

COLOURED MAP OF THE WORLD SHOWING THE BRITISH POSSESSIONS.

Physical Map of Scotland, -
Political Map of Scotland,
Skye, from Rasay,
Entrance to Fingal's Cave, Staffa,
The Cathedral and St. Oran's Chapel, Iona,
Loch Maree, Ross-shire,
Loch Coruisk, Skye,
Scene in the Highlands-Slattadale, Ross-shire,
The Clyde and Dumbarton Rock,
Glasgow—the Trongate, from the Cross,
Edinburgh, from Calton Hill,
Balmoral Castle,
The Municipal Buildings, Union Street, Aberdeen,
Edinburgh Castle, from the Grassmarket, -

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