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PREFATORY NOTE.

TO THE FIRST EDITION.

The following treatise (if it may assume so pretentious a name) is simply the result of a want felt by its author and compiler, in common with every teacher who has inethods of his own, of a text-book which shall serve the daily uses of his school-room. Though probably the precursor of a more comprehensive work, embracing the entire field of elocution, it deals with only a single department of the subject, but that—being at once fundamental and cardinal—the most important of all. For surely it can matter little to a fine delivery, whatever perfection of tone the voice may inherit by nature or attain to by art, whatever marvels of force or precision of utterance, nay, whatever refinements of feeling or intuitions of expression, may be present, if there be lacking a mastery of those vocal inflections by which Nature conveys the true sense of spoken passages, and that emphasis by which she defines the relative importance of associated words.

The treatment of these subjects which is here presented, lays no special claim to originality. There has been free use, in its construction, of all the material furnished by the thought and labor of others; nevertheless, it is the outcome of much experience in the trial of methods, and is believed to possess some resultant merits of its own. In particular, the presentation of emphasis as a discriminating inflection merely, and as a waving slide rather than a downward pressure of the voice, to be marked by the grave accent, while it claims to be a true statement of the natural fact, has proved the best antidote to that stilted, artificial delivery which has always reflected discredit on the teaching of elocution.

The little work has been, of necessity, produced in haste, and under the pressure of many and various duties. That the author is aware of its probable errors and obvious deficiencies appears in the fact that it is not given to the public, but merely thrown out as a first draft (so to speak), that it may be subjected to friendly criticism, and corrected and improved by further experiment and reflection. The discussion has been given with studied conciseness; and it is hoped that the vindication of the principles here presented may be found in their statement. It is well, perhaps, to credit the pupil with some intelligence; and whatever there lacks in this regard to the understanding of the text will have to be supplied by the teacher. For, however in other respects its promise may exceed its performance, one thing it certainly does not assume to furnish; to wit, that very unlikely article, “ Elocution without a Master."

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PAGE

EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION TO THE THIRD EDITION, . .

EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION,. .

PREFATORY NOTE TO THE FIRST EDITION. . . . .

CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTORY. .

in . . . . . 9

CHAPTER II. UPWARD INFLECTIONS—THE BEND, . . . 16

EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE:

Intermediate Pauses, ..

Declaratives with Parts closely connected, for which the

Bend is not required, . . . . . . .

Semi-Interrogative and Semi-Exclamatory sentences, in-

volving the use of the Bend, . . . . . .

Compact Sentences in which the Bend is used, . . . 23

Compact Sentences requiring the Bend, although the Cor-

relative Terms are not both expressed, . . . .

Compellatives delivered with the Bend, . .

Compellatives with Falling Slide, as following strong Em-

phasis, . . . . . . . . . . .

Compellatives with Falling Slide, because repeated in or-

der to be heard, . . . . . . . . .

Compellatives repeated with Rising Slide, . .

Parenthesis, delivered with the Bend, .

Indefinite Interrogatives in Parenthesis, .

CHAPTER III. UPWARD INFLECTIONS—THE RISING SLIDE, ..

EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE:

Definite Interrogatives with Rising Slide, . . . .

Definite Interrogatives with Circumstance included in the

Rising Slide, .

Definite Interrogatives, the length of which modifies the

Rising Slide, . . . . . . . . .

Several Definite Interrogatives requiring Successive Rising

Slide, . . . . . . . . ..

Definite Interrogatives, Slide reversed, . . . ,

Definite Interrogatives, Falling Slide,. . . . .

Definite Interrogatives, Series, . . . . . . 40

PAGE

CHAPTER IV. DOWNWARD INFLECTIONS—THE FALLING SLIDE41

EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE:

Indefinite Interrogatives with Falling Slide, . . .

Indefinite Interrogatives, the length of which modifies the

Falling Slide, . . . . . . . . .

Several Indefinite Interrogatives requiring Successive

Falling Slide, . . . . . . ....

Interrogatives with Or Disjunctive, . . . .

Interrogatives with Or Conjunctive, . .

CHAPTER V. DOWNWARD INFLECTIONS—THE CLOSES, .

Perfect Close, . . . . .

Partial Close, , . .

. . . . .

EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE:

Declarative Sentences ending with the Perfect Close

Declaratives, Waving Slide, · · · · ·

Declaratives, Bend or Partial Close, . . . . .

Declaratives, Bend, . . . . .

Loose Sentences, given with the Partial and the Perfect

Close, . . . . . . . . . . .

Loose Sentences, Gradual Fall, .

Semi-Interrogative and Semi-Exclamatory, Declarative

Parts, given with the Partial Close, .

Parenthesis, Partial or Perfect Close, . .

CHAPTER VI. COMBINED INFLECTIONS-WAVE OF ACCENT AND

WAVING SLIDE, , . . . . . . . · ·

The Wave of Accent, . . . . . . . .

The Waving Slide, . . . . . . . .

EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE:

Indirect Interrogatives,

Indirect Interrogatives, Series, . . . . .

Indirect Interrogatives, Falling or Waving Slide, .

Exclamatory Sentences, Declarative, . . . . .

Exclamatory Sentences, Definite Interrogative, . .
Exclamatory Sentences, Indefinite Interrogative, . .

Exclamatory Sentences, Indirect Interrogative, .

CHAPTER VII. COMBINED INFLECTIONS—THE WAVE OF EM-

PHASIS, . . . .

Concentration of Emphasis, . . . . . . .

Effect of Emphasis on other Inflections, . . . .

EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE:

The New Idea,

Emphasis repeated, to intensify, . . . . . .

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PAGE

EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE ( Continued):

Mere Reiteration, . . . , . . . . . . 80

Emphatic Wave, its limitations, .

Emphasis with Falling Slide at, or just preceding, Partial

or Perfect Close, . . . . . . . .

Strong Emphasis, Falling Slide, . . . . . ...

Emphasis denoting Comparison, . . . . . .

Emphasis preceded by Intensive Particle, . . . .

Concentration of Emphasis, Series; Emphasis deferred, .

Concentration of Emphasis, Restrictive Expressions; Ad-
juncts,.

. . . . . . . . .

Concentration of Emphasis, Restrictive Relative Clauses, .

Concentration of Emphasis, Extended Logical Subject, .

Concentration of Emphasis, Complicated Antithesis, . 90

CHAPTER VIII. GRADED VARIATIONS OF PITCH, . . .

EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE:

Graded Rise, increasing interest, . .

Graded Rise, Solemnity and Sublimity, . .

Graded Fall, Climax, . .

:

. .

: : . : : : 99

Graded Fall, Sentiment expressed, . .

99

Parenthesis, .

. .

.

. . . . 100

Parenthetical Expression, .

. . 100

MISCELLANEOUS EXAMPLES FOR RHETORICAL AND ELOCU-

TIONARY ANALYSIS,

APPENDIX I. . . . . .

. 115

CLASS-TALK, , . . .

, 116

EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE, with Notes and Comments given

by Prof. Raymond to his Pupils :

Unwritten Music, . .

.

.

. . . .

. 121

The Battle of Blenheim, . . . . . . . 125

Each and All, . . . . . . . . .

A Greyport Legend, .

The Rising in 1776, .

Midnight Mass for the Dying Year, ..

138

Alexander's Feast, . .

. 141

Hervé Riel, · · · ·

.

·

147

·

APPENDIX II.

ESSAY ON THE VOICE IN ELOCUTION, by Robert R. Ray-

mond,. . . . . . . .

. . . 157

REMINISCENCES OF PROF. RAYMOND'S TEACHING, by the

Editor, . . . . . . . . . . 178

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