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conditional exchange of, VIII. 69. back to New York, 358, 361, 380, 384.
Exchange of the, proposed, 125. Goes to the Southern States, 486.
Conway, Thomas, Colonel, his arrival His transactions in the Carolinas, VII.
from France, and recommendation to 197, 532. Retreats precipitately from
Congress, IV.411. Appointed briga- Charlotte, 23. Retrograde move.
dier-general, 412. In the battle of ments of, 337. His junction with
Germantown, V. 78, 464 – 466. His Leslie, 348. Makes a push against
importunity, 98. Appointed inspector- Morgan, and is near recovering pris.
general, with the rank of major-gen. oners; advances against Greene, 438,
eral, 100, 203, 483. Letter to, con- 445. Retreat of, 432. Cited on the
taining an extract from his letter to importance of making the Chesapeake
General Gates, 139, 492. Sends his the seat of war and of reducing Vir.
commission to Congress ; writes let- ginia, 458. His engagement with
ters about his application for the rank Greene at Guilford Court-House, 466.
of major-general, 150, 203, 483. His His letter to Nesbitt Balfour, 555.
correspondence with the Commander- Summary of his movements and ac-
in-chief upon being appointed major- tions, VIII. 5. Retreats before La-
general, 203, 204, 205, 207. His fayette, 100, 108. Has conditional
remonstrance against Baron de Kalb's instructions to reinforce New York ;
appointment, 204 ; 265, 531, 533. sends no troops from Virginia, 116,
Left with the command at Albany ; 117. His action at Green Spring,
ordered to join McDougall, 232, 372. 118. His movements at Portsmouth,
Resigns; his vexation, and visit to 128. Takes possession of York and
Congress, 372, 373, 516. Dangerously Gloucester, 129. Deceived by spies,
wounded in a duel, 516. Confesses 141, 153. Measures taken to prevent
his injury to Washington, 517. Goes his escape, 141, 152, 156. Capitula-
to France, 517.
tion of, 181, 195, 207, 209, 210, 212,
Conway, General, his motion that 220, 226, 530. Parole to be signed by
Lord Howe's powers be laid before his officers, 195. Restriction upon the
Parliament, rejected, IV. 40.
exchange of, and the reason for it,
Conway's Cabal, particulars and papers 240, 243 – 246, 265. Particulars con-
relating to, V.483.
nected with the proposed exchange
CookE, NICHOLAS, Governor of Rhode of, for President Laurens, 244, 247,
Island, UI. 47. Cited in regard to 251, 265, 325, 333, 338, 540. Dis-
the enlistment of the slaves of Rhode charged from parole, and takes his
Island, V. 245.
seat in the House of Peers, 334.
Cooper, Myles, president of King's CORTLANDT, Philip, Colonel, V. 24,
College, II. 374, 381.
37; VI. 113.
Cooper, SAMUEL, of Boston, III. 20. Cotton, the raising of, urged, IX. 470.
Cops IIill, III. 17.
Inquiry about giving encouragement
Corain, destruction of forage at, VII. to, X. 197.
Courts-martial, defect in the Virginia
Corbin, Richard, a member of the laws respecting, II. 126, 159; and in
Governor's Council, II. 3. Remark the commission for calling, 132; 246.
of, respecting the mutiny bill, 118. The power of appointing, too limited,
Cork Fleet, V. 440; VI. 2.
Corn, particulars about the planting of, Cous, price of, XII. 294. Hints re-
IX. 323, XII. 295, 342, 366, 368. specting, 364.
Time of gathering, 314,
Cox, SAMUEL H., on Washington's
Cornstalks, how to be used, XII. 365. partaking of the Lord's Supper, XII.
CornwalLIS, Earl, arrives at New 410.
York, IV. 27. Forwards an objection- Cor's Fort, at Patterson's Creek, II.
able paper to Washington, 380. At- 163, 171.
tempts to surprise General Lincoln at Craig, Major, with a party from
Boundbrook, 391. His movements at Charleston, lands at Cape Fear, VII.
the battle of the Brandy wine, V. 57, 433.
460. His expedition against Red Craik, JAMES, Dr., II. 114, 270. At
Bank, 156, 162, 166. Occupies the Braddock's defeat ; his anecdote about
heights near Madison's Ford, 185. an Indian chief, 475. Accompanies
Einbarks for England, 238. Arrives in Washington to the Ohio in 1770, 516.
America, VI. 313. Recommended for Facts respecting ; chosen assistant
the chief command by Clinton, 345, director-general of the Middle De-
346. Sails for Jamaica and is ordered
partment, IV. 400, 401. His letter
concerning Conway's cabal, V. 493; at, respecting the chain of forts, 166.
VII. 192. Applies to Washington for Indefensible, and stores should be
papers to aid Bowie, IX. 28. Invited moved from, 171, 186. Opinions and
to go to the Western country, 52; reasons for and against the mainten-
X. 13, 29; XI. 257, 265; XII. 339. ance of, 172, 200. Excluded from the
CRAMAHÉ, lieutenant-governor of Can- scheme of the chain of forts, 198.
ada, superintends the burial of Mont- Two spies taken at, 201. Washing-
gomery, III. 264.
ton ordered to, with one hundred
CRANE, Major, convoys a ship in Tur- men, 202, 205, 214. Compared with
tle Bay, IV. 74. Colonel, V. 4; VII. Fort Loudoun, as to importance, 205.
Dinwiddie's confused and inconsist.
CRAWFORD, WILLIAM, Colonel, facts ent orders respecting, and their bad
respecting, II. 316. Recommended effects, 210, 214, 215. The Maryland
to accompany Dunmore in the west, forces garrison, 233, 313. Two Ca-
373 ; 375. Goes to Congress to re- tawba Indians killed near, 234.
ceive commands, V. 169.
Threatened, and troops called to the
CRÈVECEUR, HECTOR St. John DE, aid of, 240, 241. Sickness at, 309,
facts respecting, IX. 259, 386. Letter 311. Magazine at, blown up, 316.
CUNINGHAM, James, aid-de-camp to
Crisis, The, by Thomas Paine, VIII. Lord Loudoun, II. 230.
Currency, uniformity in the, recom-
Croghan, GEORGE, Colonel, an Indian mended, XII. 9. Disorders in the,
trader, II. 42. Contracts to supply
flour, 43, 59. Brings Indians, 318. Cushing, William, administers the
Comes to General Braddock with one oath to the President upon his induc-
hundred Indians, but is coolly receiv- tion into office in 1793, X. 322, 323.
ed, 475. Visits Fort Pitt, 518. Custine, Count de, a French officer,
Crops, general method with, in Vir-
visits head-quarters, VII. 316, 319.
ginia, XII. 293. First statement of Custis, G. W. P., author of the “ In-
the Mount Vernon, in 1789, 347. dian Prophecy,” a drama, II. 476.
Second statement, 348. Third state- Custis, John PARKE, son of Mrs.
Lambert's remarks on, Washington by her first marriage, II.
356. Directions respecting, for the 361, 370. Enters King's College, in
year 1800, 361, 368. Rotation of, 362, New York, 374. Leaves College and
374. Instructions in regard to, for marries Miss Calvert, 381. Accom-
1801 and 1802, 366, 373, 374.
panies Mrs. Washington to Cam-
Croton Bridge, IV. 169.
bridge, III. 168, 196. Washington's
Croton Rirer, Colonel Greene surpris- directions about settling the affairs of
ed and defeated near, VIII. 48.
his estate, 383, 384. Cited respect-
Crown Point, III. 41. Schuyler leaves, ing General Greene, VIII. 18. Death
85. Northern army retreats to, 450. of, 204, 210, IX. 39, 95.
Sullivan fortifies, 472. Opinions on Custis, Martha, widow of Daniel
the propriety of the retreat froin, IV. Parke Custis, marries George Wash-
3, 5, 11, 25, 47. Decision of a council
ington, II. 327 ; XII. 251.
of officers respecting the retreat, 6. Custis, Miss, daughter of Mrs. Wash-
Number of prisoners taken at, 548. ington, death of, II. 378. Letters
Visited by the Commander-in-chief, about the settlement of her estate, III.
in 1783, VIII. 467, 469, 488.
CRUGER, NICHOLAS, XII. 205.
Custis, Mrs., VIII. 486.
Culper, a fictitious name given to spies Cuyler, Colonel, commands Refugees
in New York ; measures recommend- at Bull's Ferry, VII. 116.
ed for their forwarding information,
VI. 354, 355, 460, 461; VIII. 30.
Cumberland, Fort, at Will's Creek, II.
63; 75. Left in command of Colonel
Innes, 86 ; 101; 109. Dagworthy DAGWORTHY, John, Captain, assumes
assumes the command of, 112; 115 ; the command of Fort Cumberland,
119. See DAGWORTHY. Bad situation and refuses to obey the orders of pro-
and inconveniences of, 126, 186. Or- vincial officers, II. 112. Washington
ders for a new road to, from Win. refuses to serve under, 117, 128.
chester, 131. Is barely manned, 142. Claims provisions from the Virginia
Of no use, 151. Stores there, ordered supplies, 127. General Shirley de-
to New York, 163. A council held cides against his claiin to command,
133. Ordered to Fort Cumberland, ment at Ticonderoga, IV. 278, 279;
233. Joins Forbes's expedition, 311. V. 219; VII. 335. Aids in suppress-
DAGWORTHY, Mary, cited on trans- ing the revolt in the Jersey line, 381,
mitting a contribution from ladies for 561. Opposes the enemy at Spring-
the army, VII. 90.
fieid, 506. To put his brigade under
DALBY, his case with the Quakers marching orders, VIII. 50. Direc-
about a slave, IX. 158.
tions to, respecting the treatment of
Dalling, Governor at Jamaica, re. Captain Asgill, 304 ; IX. 171, 196.
quests succour from Clinton, VI. 358. Dayton, Jonathan, recoinmended for
DAMAS, Count de, a French officer, his the Provisional army, X1. 205, 299,
visit to head-quarters, VII. 319, 341. 327, 330, 548.
DANA, Francis, III. 356. Visits the DEANE, JAMES, Indian interpreter and
camp on a committee from Congress, missionary, VI. 122. Visits Newport
V. 213; 344. Secretary to John Ad- with Indians, VII. 183, 184.
ams, VI. 385.
Declines an appoint- DEANE, Silas, his negotiations injured
ment as minister to France, XI. 203. by commissioners meeting Lord Blowe
Danbury, British expedition against, at Staten Island, IV. 343. Recom-
mends Conway, 412. Treaty of, with
DANDRIDGE, Francis, of London, II. Ducoudray, not ratified by Congress,
491. Sends engineers from France,
DANDRIDGE, Joux, father of Mrs. 491; V. 353. His interview with La-
Washington, II. 327.
DANE, NATHAN, IX. 542.
DEANE, Simeon, bearer of the de-
Darke, John, Colonel, X. 153, 183, spatches of the treaty between France
244 - 248.
and the United States to Congress, V.
DARTMOUTH, Lord, suggests to Gage 353. Transmits the news to Wash-
the taking possession of Rhode Island ington, 353, 35).
and occupying New York, III. 113. DEARBORN, HENRY, Captain, his ex-
Advises Gage to abandon Boston and change proposed, IV. 52.
go to New York, 114. His correspond- DEBORRE, Chevalier, IV. 411.
ence with Gage at the commencement pointed brigadier-general, 412. Exe-
of the revolutionary war, largely cited, cutes a Tory, V. 12. His conduct at
506 - 514. Advises the arrest of mem- the battle of the Brandywine disap-
bers of the Provincial Congress, 507, proved, and he resigns, 60, 61, 463.
DECHAMBAULT, prisoner, released at
Dartmouth College, Eleazer Wheelock, the interposition of D'Emery, gov-
president of, III. 207. Address to the
ernor-general of St. Domingo, IV.
Board of Trustees of, XII. 164.
DAVIE, WilliAM RICHARDSON, ap- Deer, procured for Mount Vernon, IX.
pointed brigadier-general in the Pro-
visional army, XP. 323. Written to, DeHaas, Joun Philip, appointed brig-
about the selection of officers, 334. adier-general, IV. 329.
Appointed envoy to France, 405. DEHART, WILLIAM, Lieutenant-Colo-
DAVIES, SAMUEL, II. 40. His notice nel, written to, about an expedition to
of Washington in a sermon after Staten Island, VI. 445.
Braddock's defeat, 89.
DELANCEY, JAMES, Lieutenant-Gover-
Davies, William, Colonel, American nor of New York, II. 5, XII. 417.
commissioner to effect an exchange DELANCEY, OLIVER, appointed briga-
of prisoners; instructions to, VI. 213, dier-general; to raise loyalists on Long
Delaware, a frigate, taken by the Brit- nay in the command of the French
ish, V. 77.
fleet, VII, 330, 374. Sends ships to
Delaware River, obstructed, III. 127. blockade Arnold in the Chesapeake,
Situation and condition of the Amer. 404,410,418, 4:35, 461. Sets on foot an-
ican and British armies near, IV. other expedition, with his whole naval
213, 15, 218, 224, 230. Boats and force, 425, 420, 439, 440, 444, 447,449,
vessels on, secured or destroyed for 464. His interview with the Com-
seventy miles, 230, 239. Crossed be- mander-in-chief at Newport, 446. His
fore the battle of Trenton, 246. Pre- action with Arbuthnot and return to
cipitate retreat of the British from Newport, 463, 468. Resolve of Con-
251. Lookouts to be stationed at the gress respecting, 465. Recapitulation
Capes of, 502. Military works on, of his exertions against Arnold, VIII.
59. Importance of obstructing, 71. 6. Ready for an expedition to Pe.
Enemy's attempts to remove the ob- nobscot, 8, 10.
structions of, 92, 104, 115, 116. Detroit, expedition to, proposed VI.
American vessels in, disposed of, 116, 120, 156, 225. Importance of the re-
139, 140. Transports arrive there, duction of, and measures for effecting
142. British ships arrive, 302, 310. it, VII. 341 - 345. Measures in regard
Continental frigales in, destroyed, 362, to the fortifications at, VIII. 463, 470;
364. See Mifflin and Red Bank. 482; IX. 69. Taken possession of,
Delaware Regiment, the march of, to XII. 66.
the southward, VII. 7.
DEU ponts, a French officer, visits
DELIGNERY, a French officer, com- the American camp and Philadelphia,
mands at Fort Duquesne, II. 239. VII. 319.
Democratic Societies, X. 426, 434. The Dewitt, SIMEON, appointed geographer
Pennsylvania insurrection, the first to the army, VII. 309. Declines the
formidable fruit of, 429, 437. Insti- appointment of surveyor-general, XI.
tution of, 429, 438, 440. The name 168.
of “ Madisonian ” given to one of the, Diary, Washington's, extracts from,
443; 444; XI. 337.
while on a tour of 'discovery on the
Derby, John, Captain, carries the Youghiogany in 1754, II. 21; re-
news of the Lexington battle to Eng. specting Jumonville, 34 ; while on a
land ; examined before the Privy surveying tour among the Allegany
Council, III. 35.
mountains in 1748, 416; at Barba-
DERBY, RICHARD, fits out a vessel to does in 1751, 424 ; on his agency for
carry intelligence of the Lexington Governor Dinwiddie to the French
battle to England, III. 35.
on the Ohio, in the winter of 1753-4,
Deserters, American, laws should be 432; while attending the House of
passed against persons who favor, IV. Burgesses in 1774, 406; during his
305. Proclamation respecting, 379. attendance at the first Congress in
Bounty offered to, by General Howe, Philadelphia, in 1774, 503 ; about his
409. Frequently leaving the Ameri- affairs in 1760, 509. Of a tour to the
can vessels on the Delaware, V. 84. Ohio in 1770, for viewing lands, 516.
Proclamation respecting, 133. From Commenced May 1st, 1781, and con-
the army, 240, 245. Coming with tinued, VIII. 31, 48, 54, 98, 109, 114,
flags from the enemy, to be seized and 134, 162. Extracts from, about his
punished, 294, 341. Inefficacy of reception at Fredericktown, IX. 118.
proclamations of pardon to, VII. 439. Of proceedings at the Federal Con-
Deserters, British, bounty paid to, V. vention, 538. His journey to New
42. Not to be enlisted, 270, 298, 346. York to take upon himself the Presi.
To go at large, 279. Not to be enlist- dency, X. 461. Agricultural, in 1785,
ed, VI. 85, 490.
XII. 379; in December, 1799, 381.
Deserters in the French war, numerous; Dick, Charles, commissary in the
punishment of, by death, advised, II. army, II. 100, 109, 163.
60, 61, 126, 179, 250. Assembly pass DICKINSON, John, author of the “ Far-
an act respecting, 113, 119. Should mer's Letters," opposed the declara-
be made examples of, 126 ; 160. Dif- tion of independence; extract from
ficulty of securing them, 172, 219, his letter after being superseded in
225. From the Virginia Regiment Congress, IV. 291. President of Del-
invited by proclamation to join the aware, VIII. 310. Author of letters
Royal American Regiment, 226. Two, signed “ Fabius,” IX. 354. Author
of the address to the King by the first
DESTOUCHES, Chevalier, succeeds Ter- Continental Congress, XII. 398.
DICKINSON, PHILEMON, General, defeats forces to cross the Alleganies, 52.
a foraging party of the British, IV. Has a misunderstanding with the
289, 290. Congress requests that he House of Burgesses, 58. Proposes an
may command the New Jersey mili- act of Parliament to compel obedi-
tia, V. 54. Stations militia at Eliza- ence, 59. His plans for taxing the
bethtown and Amboy, 64; 70. Pro- colonists, 63, 153, Makes a change
poses a simultaneous attack on Long in the military arrangement, which
Island, New York, and Staten Island, causes Washington to resign, 64, 67.
134, 135. His descent upon Staten In a new arrangement appoints him
Island, 174, 175, 211; 362. To harass commander-in-chief of the Virginia
the enemy in crossing New Jersey, forces, and expresses his opinion of
387, 395, 396, 397, 424. To procure him, 97, 161. Dissolves the Assem-
guides ; informed of the disposition of bly, '113; 120. Permits Washington
the detachments, 416, 417; 425. Op- to visit General Shirley respecting his
poses the British in their expedition command ; discourages gaming, 130.
against Springfield, VII. 85; 133 ; Orders out militia, 145. Projects an
extensive chain of forts, 153. Is ad-
DICKINSON, Major, killed at Monmouth, vised to stop militia, 157. Gives
instructions about enlisting servants,
Dickinson College, IX. 353.
169. Proposes an expedition to the
Dickinson's Fort, surprised by the In- Ohio, 170. Generally gives ambigu-
dians, II. 196. Men to be posted at, ous instructions; insists on maintain-
ing Fort Cumberland, 172, 210, 215,
conferred on Wash- 216. Describes the mode of declaring
ington, IV. 232, 254, 257, 550. See war, 181. Censures Washington, 201.
Orders him to go to Fort Cumberland,
Digby, Robert, Admiral, VIII. 162, and send out parties to watch the
192. His proposal to exchange land enemy, 202. Confusion and incon-
ners for seamen, inadınissible, sistency in his orders, 210, 215. Re.
253; 261. With Sir Guy Carleton luctantly consents to Washington's
charged with a commission of peace, meeting Lord Loudoun and the south-
VIII. 299, 536.
ern governors at Philadelphia, 230,
DIXWIDDIE, Robert, lieutenant-gov- 262. Orders the evacuation of Fort
ernor of Virginia, his instructions, Cumberland by the Virginia troops,
commission, and passport to Washing- 233. Rebukes the Maryland Assein-
ton in 1753 ; communicates his pro- bly for denying Lord Loudoun's pow-
ceedings, and sends Washington's
Concerts a new arrange-
journal to the Board of Trade; re- ment for the troops, 235. His dispo-
solves to enlist two companies to con- sition towards Washington, 238, 244,
struct a fort on the Ohio, in 1754 ; 248, 256, 261, 262, 266, 268. Sails
gives instructions for the expedition, for Europe in January, 1758; brief
II. 1, 428. Commissions Joshua Fry sketch of his character and five years'
as colonel, and George Washington administration, 270.
as lieutenant-colonel, 4. Obliged to Dinwiddie, Fort, on Jackson's River,
rely on volunteer enlistments; issues II. 101, 109, 125, 178.
a proclamation to encourage enlist- Discipline, regular system of, contem-
ments ; his orders from the King, 5, plated and recommended, IV. 430.
358, 359. Writes to several of the Necessity of, in an arıny, XI. 414.
governors, pressing for assistance, Dismal Sicamp, company chartered and
without much success, 10. Severely measures taken for draining, and mak-
tried about the ten thousand pounds' ing fit for cultivation, XII. 267, 277.
grant of the legislature ; laments their Examined, 268, 277. Meeting held,
republican way of thinking, 12. Goes
to Winchester to meet Indian chiefs; D'Ivernois proposes the transplanting
communicates to Lord Halifax a of the College of Geneva to the Uni-
scheme for colonial government, 18; ted States, XI. 21, 473.
29. Prisoners sent to him, 37, 33. Dogue-Run Farm, XII. 312, 316. Di.
Appoints Innes commander of the rections respecting, 341. Weekly
Ohio expedition, and Washington of report of the, 353.
the Virginia regiment, 41. Orders Doilliamson, Count, sends hounds to
Indian goods; refuses to ratify one of Mount Vernon, IX. 124, 129.
the articles of the capitulation at Domestic Manufactures. See Manufac-
Fort Necessity, 42, 467. Orders the tures.