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See Dionysius Homer's thoughts refine,
And call new beauties forth from ev'ry line!

Fancy and art in gay Petronius please,
The scholar's learning, with the courtier's ease.

In grave Quintilian's copious work, we find 670
The justest rules, and clearest method join'd:
Thus useful arms in magazines we place,
All rang’d in order, and dispos’d with grace,
But less to please the eye, than arm the hand,

, Still fit for use, and ready at command.

Thee, bold Longinus ! all the Nine inspire, And bless their Critic with a Poet's fire. An ardent Judge, who zealous in his trust, With warmth gives sentence, yet is always just; Whose own example strengthens all his laws; 680 And is himself that great Sublime he draws.

Thus long fucceeding Critics justly reign'd, Licence repress’d, and useful laws ordain'd. Learning and Rome alike in empire grew;

684 And Arts still follow'd where her Eagles Aew; From the same foes, at last, both felt their doom, And the same age saw Learning fall, and Rome. With Tyranny, then Superstition join’d, As that the body, this enslav'd the mind; Much was believ'd, but little understood, 690 And to be dull was constru'd to be good;

A second

Ver. 666. See Dionysius] Of Halicarnassus. P.

VARIATIONS. Between ver. 691 and 692, the author omitted these two,

Vain Wits and Critics were no more allow'd,
When none but Saints had licence to be proud. P.



A fecond deluge Learning thus o'cr-run,
And the Monks finish'd what the Goths begun.

At length Erasmus, that great injur’d name,
(The glory of the Priesthood, and the shame!)
Stem'd the wild torrent of a barb'rous

age, And drove thofe holy Vandals off the stage.

But fee! each Muse, in Leo's golden days, Starts from her trance, and trims her wither'd bays, Rome's ancient Genius, o'er its ruins spread, 700 Shakes off the duft, and rears his rev'rend head. Then Sculpture and her fifter-arts revive; Stones Jeap'd to form, and rocks began to live; With fweeter notes each rifing Temple șúng; A Raphael painted, and a Vida sung.

705 Immortal Vida: on whose honour'd brow The Poet's bays and Critic's ivy grow : Cremona now shall ever boast thy name, As next in place to Mantua, next in fame! 709



Ver. 69;. The glory of the Priefbood and I be mame,] Our author elsewhere lets us know what he estcems to be the glory of the Priesthood as well as of a Christian in general, wliere, comparing himself to Erasmus, he fays,

In MODERATION placing all my glory, and consequently, what he esteems to be the fame of it. The whole of this character belong'd most eminently and almofl solely to Erafmus : For the other Reformers, such as Luther, Calruin, and their followers, unde stood so little in what true Christian Liberty consisted, that they carried with tijem, into the reformed Churches, that very spirit of perfecution, which had driven them from the church of Rome.

VIR. 708. As next in place to Mantua,] Allading te

Mantua vc miferæ uimium vicina Cremone. Virg. But soon by impious arms from Latium chasid, Their ancient bounds the banish'd Muses pass'd ; Thence Arts o'er all the northern world advance, But Critic-learning flourish'd most in France : The rules a nation, born to serve, obeys; And Boilędu still in right of Horace sways. 715 But we, brave Britons, foreign laws despis’d, And kept unconquer'd, and unciviliz'd; Fierce for the liberties of wit, and bold, We still defy'd the Romans, as of old. Yet some there were, among the founder few Of those who less presum'd, and better knew, 721 Who durst assert the juster ancient cause, And here restor's Wit's fundamental laws, Such was the Muse, whose rules and practice tell, “ Nature's chief Mafter-piece is writing well." 725


VER. 724. Such was the Muse-) E Jay on Poetry by the Duke of Buckingham. Our Poet is not the only one of his time who complimented this Elay, and its noble Author. Mr. Dryden had done it very largely in the Dedication to his translation of the Æneid ; and Dr. Garth in the firft Edition of his Dispensary says,

The Tyber now no courtly Gallus fees,

But smiling Thames enjoys his Normanbys. Tho' afterwards omitted, when parties were carried so high in the reign of Queen Anne, as to allow no commendation to an opposite in Politics. The Duke was all his life a steady adherent to the Church of England Party, yet an enemy to the extravagant measures of the Court in the reign of Charles II. On which account after having firongly patronized Mr. Dryden, a coolness succeeded between them on that poet's absolute attachment to the Court, which carried him some lengths beyond what the Duke could approve of. This Nobleman's


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Such was Roscommon, not more learn'd than good,
With manners gen'rous as his noble blood;
To him the wit of Greece and Rome was known,
And ev'ry author's merit, but his own.
Such late was Walsh–the Muse's judge and friend,
Who justly knew to blame or to commend; 731
To failings mild, but zealous for desert;
The clearest head, and the fincerest heart.
This humble praise, lamented shade! receive,
This praise at least a grateful Muse may give : -735
The Muse, whose early voice you taught to fing,
Prescrib'd her heights, and prun'd her tender wing,
(Her guide now loft) no more attempts to rise,
But in low numbers short excurfions tries :

Content, if hence th' unlearn'd their wants may view,
The learn'd reflect on what before they knew :
Careless of censure, nor too fond of fame;
Still pleas'd to praise, yet not afraid to blame;
Averse alike to flatter, or offend;

744 Not free from faults, nor yet too vain to mend.

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true character had been very well marked by Mr. Dryden before,

the Muse's friend, Himself a Muse. In Sanadrin's debate True to his prince, but not a fave of state.

Abf, and Achit. Our Author was more happy, he was honour'd very young with his friendship, and it continued till his death in all the circumstances of a familiar esteem,



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