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See Dionysius Homer's thoughts refine,
And call new beauties forth from ev'ry line!

Fancy and art in gay Petronius please,
The scholar's learning, with the courtier's ease.

In grave Quintilian's copious work, we find 670
The justest rules, and clearest method join'd:
Thus useful arms in magazines we place,
All rang’d in order, and dispos'd with grace,
But less to please the eye, than arm the hand,
Still fit for use, and ready at command.

Thee, bold Longinus ! all the Nine inspire, And bless their Critic with a Poet's fire. An ardent Judge, who zealous in his trust, With warmth gives sentence, yet is always just ; Whose own example strengthens all his laws; 680 And is himself that great Sublime he draws.

Thus long fucceeding Critics justly reign’d, Licence repress’d, and useful laws ordain'd. Learning and Rome alike in empire grew;

684 And Arts still follow'd where her Eagles Aew; From the same foes, at last, both felt their doom, And the fame age faw Learning fall, and Rome, . With Tyranny, then Superstition join'd, As that the body, this enslav'd the mind; Much was believ'd, but little understood, 690 And to be dull was constru'd to be good;

A second

Ver. 666. See Dionysius] Of Halicarnassus. P.

VARIATIONS. Between ver. 691 and 692, the author omitted these two,

Vain Wits and Critics were no more allow'd,
When none but Saints had licence to be proud. P.
A fecond deluge Learning thus o'cr-run,
And the Monks finish'd what the.Goths begun.

At length Erasmus, that great injur'd name,
(The glory of the Priesthood, and the shame!)
Stem'd the wild torrent of a barb'rous age, 696
And drove thofe holy Vandals off the stage.

But fee! each Muse, in Leo's golden days,
Starts from her trance, and trims her wither'd bays,
Rome's ancient Genius, o'er its ruins spread, 700
Shakes off the duft, and rears his rev'rend head.
Then Sculpture and her sister-arts revive;
Stones leap'd to form, and rocks began to live;
With fweeter notes each rifing Temple sung;
A Raphael painted, and a Vida sung.

Immortal Vida: on whose honour'd brow
The Poet's bays and Critic's ivy grow :
Cremona now shall ever boast thy name,
As next in place to Mantua, next in fame! 709


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VER. 69;. The glory of the Priesthood and be hame,] Our author elsewhere lets us know what he estcems to be the glory of the Priesthood as well as of a Chriftian in general, where, comparing himself to Erasmus, he says,

In MODERATION placing all my glory,
and consequently, what be efteems to be the frame of it.
The whole of this character belong'd most eminently and
almofl solely to Erafmus : For the other Reformers, such
ac Luiber, Calvin, and their followers, unde stood so lit-
tle in what true Christian Liberty consisted, that they
Carried with them, into the reformed Churches, that very
spirit of perfecution, which had driven them from the
church of Rome.

VER, 708. As next in place to Mantua,] Alliading to

Mansua vc miferæ uimium vicina Cremona, Virg.


But soon by impious arms from Latium chas'd, Their ancient bounds the banish'd Muses pals’d; Thence Arts o'er all the northern world advance, But Critic-learning flourish'd most in France : The rules a nation, born to serve, obeys; And Boileau still in right of Horace sways. But we, brave Britons, foreign laws despis'd, And kept unconquer'd, and unciviliz'd; Fierce for the liberties of wit, and bold, We still defy'd the Romans, as of old. Yet some there were, among the founder few Of those who less presum'd, and better knew, 721 Who durft assert the jufter ancient cause, And here restor'd Wit's fundamental laws, Such was the Muse, whose rules and practice tell, “ Nature's chief Master-piece is writing well.725


VER. 724. Such was the Mufe) Ejay on Poetry by the Duke of Buckingham. Our Poet is not the only one of his time who complimented this Ejay, and its noble Author. Mr. Dryden had done it very largely in the Dedication to his translation of the Æneid; and Dr. Garth in the firft Edition of his Dispensary says,

The Tyber now no courtly Gallus fees,

But smiling Thames enjoys his Normanbys. Tho' afterwards omitted, when parties were carried fo high in the reign of Queen Anne, as to allow no commendation to an opposite in Politics. The Duke 'was all his life a steady adherent to the Church of England Party, yet an enemy to the extravagant measures of the Court in the reign of Charles II. On which account after having firongly patronized Mr. Dryden, a coolness fucceeded between them on that poet's absolute attachment to the Court, which carried him some lengths beyond what the Duke could approve of. This Nobleman's


Such was Roscommon, not more learn’d than good,
With manners gen'rous as his noble blood;
To him the wit of Greece and Rome was known,
And ev'ry author's merit, but his own.
Such late was Walth-the Muse's judge and friend,
Who justly knew to blame or to commend; 731 -
To failings mild, but zealous for desert;
The clearest head, and the fincereft heart.
This humble praise, lamented shade! receive,-
This praise at least a grateful Muse may give : 735
The Muse, whose early voice you taught to sing,
Prescrib'd her heights, and prun'd her tender wing,
(Her guide now lost) no more attempts to rise,
But in low numbers short excurfions tries :

Content, if hence th' unlearn'd their wants may view,
The learn'd reflect on what before they knew :
Careless of censure, nor too fond of fame;
Still pleas’d to praise, yet not afraid to blame;
Averse alike to flatter, or offend;

744 Not free from faults, nor yet too vain to mend.

true character had been very well marked by Mr. Dryden before,

the Muse's friend, Himself a Muse. In Sanadrin's debate True to his prince, but not a save of fate.

Abs. and Achit. Our Author was more happy, he was honour'd very young with his friendship, and it continued till his death in all the circumstances of a familiar esteem.

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