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1. Maine .................
$3,324,426 14. North Carolina..........

$760,094 2. New Hampshire......... 2,722 15. South Carolina.......... 21,193,723 3. Vermont ..............

257,083
Georgia.................

18,483,038 4. Massachusetts .......... 15,246,419

Alabama ...............

38,670,183 5. Rhode Island........... 211,947

Florida .................

1,299.52 6. Connecticut .............

731,776

Louisiana.............. 107,812,580 7. New York...

126,060,967
Texas............

5,856,934 8. New Jersey....... 39,343 21. Ohio...

284,810 9. Peansylvania ......

5,542,815
Michigan...............

3,826,932 10. Delaware..... 87,426 23. Illinois ................

1,165,183 11. Maryland .... 8,804,606 24. Wisconsin..............

187,111 12. District of Columbia..... 4,413 25. California ..............

7,388,394 13. Virginia........

5,833,371 | 26. Oregon....... .. 113,126 Obio and Louisiana contain about the same number of square miles. The population of Obio in 1860 was 2,377,917, whilst the free population of Louisiana was 354,245, and the slave 312,186, making a total of 666,431, or less than onethird of the population of Ohio ; and yet the exports from Louisiana, as reported above, are a fraction over 378 times the value of those of Ohio. The exports of Michigan-a State one-fourth larger, but having a population of about one-third only that of Ohio, exports a fraction over thirteen times as much in value as does Ohio, if the above statement is correct. Among the exports from

Louisiana. Ohio. Michigan Wheat.......

$3,222 $21,925 $13,831 Flour ...

515,852 13,137. 582,068 Wool.........

327,746 Tobacco ......

7,434,909 Spirits of Turpentine

5,482 Tallow

188,696

62,934 Soap ...................

2,373 Spirits from Grain ..

3,973

60,943 Rye, Oats, etc....

9,042

49,417 Salt...............

6,125 Sheep .............

15,160

20,580 Rice ........

31,678 Onions ........

4,034 Pork ..

67,869 31,409 380,451 Lard ..............

1,228,793 825 174,096 Indian Corn ...

180,778 75,002 Hides ..

314,200

251,877

373,196 Cattle ........

885,720 20,512

4,000 Hams and Bacon....

93,323

42,875 Oheese ........

10,174 Butter.

14,332

37,456 Apples .............................

467 ... 1,794 Beef ........................

87,461

5 74,050 Now, if the exports from the several States, as named above, are correct, it then appears that Ohio exports for every inhabitant of the State products worth 114 cents; Michigan, $5.07; Louisiana, $161.64; or, in other words, an

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Horses ..

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inhabitant of Louisiana exports one thousand four hundred and five times as much as one of Ohio, and that Michigan exports forty-fonr times as much as Ohio.

A glance at the list of articles exported will convince any reflecting mind that many articles are exported from Louisiana which she does not produce--for ex. ample, she exports $515,852 worth of flour, whilst Ohio exports according to this list $13,137 only, and Michigan exports about forty times as much as Obio! It is a well known fact that Louisiana is not a wheat growing State ; at least, not forty times as good as Obio, as one would be led to infer from these figures. Louisiana exports on this same basis double the amount of pork that Ohio does, and in lard Ohio is nowhere in comparison with Louisiana. Michigan exports twelve times as much pork as Obio, and at the same time exports $373,196 of live hogs, whilst Obio exports none ! Louisiana exports potatoes, butter, cheese, apples and beef, whilst Ohio exports done! Louisiana exports $96,166,118 of cotton, $7,434,909 of tobacco, 81,228,793 of lard ; Indian corn, tallow, hams and bacon, beef and horses, equal to a half million more ! whilst it is well known that sugar is the staple crop of Louisiana. Assuming that Louisiana does export of her own products to the amount of 8107,812,580 per annum, it follows that every square mile of her territory must produce $2,547.61 in excess of what is required for home consumption, exclusive of the sugar crop. But as not over one-third of that State is annually cultivated, exclusive of the sugar crop, (and then the cultivation is not as good or as complete as in Ohio,) it follows that every square mile must produce $7,642.83 for exportation, or $119.42 per acre exclusive of the sugar crop. A State which produces potatoes, wheat, rye, oats, corn, apples, sheep, bogs, horses and cattle, besides butter and cheese, certainly has no occasion to import any breadstuffs. No reflecting mind can be induced to believe that any kind of crops can be grown throughout the length and breadth of an entire State which will yield breadstuffs enough for the home population, and ex. port surplus products to the amount of $119.42 per acre.

Louisiana does export in good faith all that is claimed for her, but she does not produce it; her exports are such as seek an exit through the mouths of the Missis. sippi river from the entire Mississippi valley—from Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Mississippi, Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama.

According to the sales of cattle, reported in the New York Tribune, Ohio ex. ports to New York City about 50,000 head of cattle annually-these bring on an average say $60 a head : this item alone makes $3,000,000. Then Obio exports to Albany for the Brighton (Mass.) market, to Baltimore, Philadelphia, etc., at least 100,000 head more, making $6,000,000. Experienced cattle dealers estimate the shipments of cattle from Obio at $10,000,000 annually. Aside from this we export horses, hogs and sheep, as well as bacon, hams, butter, cheese,

eggs and beef. Ohio exports fron 10 to 12,000,000 bushels of wheat ia grain and in the form of flour ; she produces annually about 70,000,000 bushels of Indian corn, which is largely exported in the grain, in the form of whisky, etc, etc. In 1862 the exports from Ohio, as near as it could be computed from records kept by the railroad companies, canals and custom-houses, amounted to $43,238,518 of agricultural products. It is not unfair to assume that, if a precise account of every article exported had been kept, it would have amounted to $50,000,000, and, with our increased facilities of transportation since 1852, it is fair to presume that the exports have increased. The exports from Ohio, as reported by the Sec. retary of the United States Treasury, has reference only to such articles as were shipped from Obio direct to ports beyond the boundaries of the United States ; and there is probably no data in existence from which the inter-States' exports can be obtained The exports of manufactures from Ohio will amount to many millions per annum. It therefore appears desirable that some steps should be taken by the proper authorities to ascertain not only the actual amount of agricul. tural products grown in the State, but at the same time to ascertain the actual amount of exports.

That farming in Obio is profitable, may be inferred from the fact that in many portions of the State the agricultural population is decreasing; the cause of which may be attributed to intelligent and successful farmers purchasing adjoining tracts from smaller farmers, the improved style and appearance of farm buildings as compared with those of thirty and forty years ago, the more expensive style of living and dress found on almost every farm in the State, as compared with that of twenty-five years ago, the vast sums of money annually expended by farmers for implements and machinery, which thirty or forty years ago were entirely unknown, and finally, we infer that farming is profitable from the fact that farmers, as a class, are less indebted in proportion to the amount of property possessed by them, than any other class of community.

Whilst Ohio has nobly set the example of collecting annual statistics of a pora tion of the agricultural products of the State, would it not be well to collect statis. tics of all the products, as well as of all the exports ? At the close of each year the State can then make out a balance sheet, and exhibit to the world how much it has produced more than it consumes, can demonstrate how much new wealth it has created. Such statements will not only serve to efface a false impression which politicians have disseminated, viz : that the Southern States produce more largely for export than Northern ones, and that most of the wealth of the nation has been derived from Southern industry. Statements of the statistical character indicated will not only place Ohio properly on the record at home, but will give her credit abroad.

Annexed are the crop returns of Ohio for 1869 and 1860, also the number of live stock for 1860,

JOHN H. KLIPPART,

Corresponding Secretary.

Statement Exhibiting the Number of Domestic Animals in Ohio in 1860.

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Adams. Allen. Ashland Ashtabula Athens Auglaize. Belmont .. Brown .. Butler... Carroll ...... Champaign Clark..... Clermont.. Clinton. Columbiana. Coshocton.. Orawford... Cuyahoga.. Darke.... Defiance.... Delaware Erie... Fairfield Fayette.. Franklin Fulton.. Gallia... Geauga. Greene... Guernsey Hamilton.. Hancock. Hardin Harrison.. Henry.... Highland... Hocking.. Holmes Huron. Jackson Jefferson... Knox...

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29,317 26,598 21,945

5,491 14,496 21,111 24,979 38,655 40,279 10,607 22,864 23,756 36,922 36,857 15,138 23,310 24,441

7,661 37,763 13,563 22,238

7,327 37,142 35,960 46,847

8,922 14,711

3,508 38,782 16,836 34,375 32244 20,029 10,851)

8,839 47,023 14,285 19,652 17,831 13,455 11,380 27,711

3,260 13,308 3 1,642

23,084 10 10,528

6,175 19,354 10,302 23,625 10,973 12.412 26,926 26,852 13,134 37,921 18,562 23,777

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Lawrence Licking.. Logan.... Lorain.... Lucas ....... Madison ... Mahoning.... Marion..... Medina. Meigs ..... Mercer ...... Miami...... Monroe...... Montgomery... Morgan...... Morrow.......

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Statement Exhibiting the Number of Domestic Animals in Ohio in 1860—Contioued.

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Muskingum ...
Noble..
Ottawa .....
Paulding ...
Perry...
Pickaway ......
Pike....
Portage ......
Preble
Putnam .......
Richland.
Ross....
Sandusky ............
Scioto
Seneca ..............
Shelby .......
Stark.........
Sammit........
Trumbull
Tusca. awas ..
Union ..........
Van Wert... ...........
Vinton ....
Warren ..
Washington
Wayne ...

........................ Williams ..

........ .............. Wood.. Wyandotte .......

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34,470
20,320
5,865
4,778
20,524
29,659
10,424
36,546
17,103
13,621
24,727
25,443
19,483
13,327
26.081
14,312
33 245
26.896
46,120
30,762
17,054

9,733
10,987
16,189
22,229
34,417
14,601
16,579
17,812

97,292
31,644
11,650

1,400
48,534
14,950
12,808
68,777
10,476
11,818
54.430
17,265
26,728

9,389 70,962 17,263 67,626 58,686 66,166 90,696 26,874

7,610 14,562 12,576 29,852 63,435 17,845 12,464 41,998

34,082 16,649 7,407 7,045 17,639 44,641 20,701

7,056 38,661 22,272 29,194 54,955 18,885 24,463 28,774 24,097 27,987 13,036

6,874 26,265 18,960 17,412

9,637 29,879 16,501 29,310 15,502 13,289 19,547

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1.918.225

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