« AnteriorContinuar »
draining has also been tried with results satisfactory in most cases. Suitable drainage is all that is needed to make our county a first rate county for farming. It should not be inferred from what is said above that ours is a very fiat, wet county. It is not.
Agricultural societies, millinery shops and ready made clothing, together, are fast changing the whole character of society. In the days of homespun apparel country people had a rustic air that used to bring ridicule upon them among town people, who wore calico and cloth. But the milliners and vendors of ready made clothing have found their way into every nook and corner, and have carried the fashions with them, and now people all dress alike, and the town can no longer turn up its nose and call the country “ Jake” or “Sal” on account of the cut of the coat or the shape of the bonnet. The great event of the year is the County Fair, and this belongs emphatically to the country people, and they know it, and it has placed them at the head of the heap,” and now, to gain a place among the leaders on this leading occasion, it is necessary to bring along a pair of domestic blankets, or pair of hose, or a jar of jellies, or a lot of canned fruits, or a roll of butter, or a loaf of bread, or a big beet, or cabbage, or a squash, or a calf, or colt, or something else in the line of agricultural exhibitions. These societies are doing much to revive a sentiment that had partially died out, to wit: That everybody that wishes to be considered anybody by respectable people, must be able to do something to add to the interest of the great annual exhibition.
Our receipts this year were $1,182 70.
The society has excellent buildings and other arrangements, but it is felt that the grounds (13 acres) is too small, and an addition is contemplated.
OFFICERS TOR 1861—President, E. Burnham, Irwin ; Vice-President, James W. Robinson ; Treasurer, E. L. Reynolds ; Secretary, C. S. Hamilton, Marysville. Managers—Thomas Rolinson, New California ; N. A. Woodworth, J. Ful. lington, P. Coe, Milford Center ; J. M. Welsh, D. G. Cross, Levi Longbroke, Marysville.
VINTON COUNTY. | I regret very much that, in making this report, I cannot give a better account of “ Little Vinton.” She does not give to the subject of agriculture that attention which its importance demands, por which she, to be considered an agricultural
county, should give it. Our farmers do not seem to realize that they are the source of all wealth-that upon them all other interests depend, and that just in proportion as they increase and improve their farm products, just in that proportion will the wealth and independence of society in general advance. They need a general stirring up to get them to feel the importance of their station. But the farmers are not, by any means, the only class interested in the prosperity of an agricultural society. The mechanic, the merchant, and every class of society is equally interested, and deserves, and should receive, the support of all; yet our society falls far short of it this year. · Our Anxual Fair, held on the 19th and 20th days of September, was not large nor very well attended. This was, no doubt, in part owing to the great political excitement in our county-the people scarcely thinking of anything but politics. The articles on exbibition were all of good quality, the live stock especially. Considerable improvement is being made in the quality of our horses and cattle, and the energies of our farmers need only to be aroused, and a epirit of honorable rivalry engendered among them, to make our society what it should be, one of the first in Southern Ohio. Let us then preserve our organization, and strive, each one, to excel in some department, and shall soon be rewarded by an increase in wealth, happiness and independence.
OFFICERS.–J. C. Garrett, President; J. W. McBetb, Vice President; G. W. Watts, Rec. Secretary; J. T. Mackey, Cor. Secretaiy. Managers-E. I Wolf, T. M. Bay, H. R. Demming, Benson Dankle, and C. Moler.
WARREN COUNTY. The Warren County Agricultural Society held their Annual Fair on the 5th, 6th and 7th days of September. The grounds were put in good order, and all done that was deemed essential for the convenience and comfort of exhibiters and spectators.
From the Treasurer's report, it will be seen that there is a falling off of the receipts from last year, which may be accounted for thus: the early and busy season of the year, the proximity of the United States and State Fairs, the one held in the adjoining county south, the other north, and, lastly, rainy weather during the first two days of the exhibition.
But the Board bave to regret a feeling that manifests itself detrimental to the usefulness and design of the society, which appears to be gradually running into a grand Horse Show and merry making Pic-nic, where the people gather by thousands to see the exhibition of that noble animal—the horse-to see each
other, and have a good time generally, with as little care and trouble as possible. All come to be entertained, instead of contributing their mite for the exhibition, There is material enough in the products and manufactures of this county to show each department to great perfection. The exhibition of horses, swine, agricultural implements and grain have not been surpassed in former years. The cattle interest was almost entirely neglected.
There were a few good sheep on exhibition, both fine wooled and mutton, but the poor creatures looked forsaken and neglected, huddling together in the furthermust corner of their pens, for fear of their mortal enemies, the dogs, and our lawmakers; the latter prefer spending their time and the people's money in banquet. ing, pleasure excursions, and making buncombe speeches, to legislating for the benefit of the farming interests, while the former are feasting upon his mutton. Is it too much, then, to ask from our rulers that they should notice those that sustain them? Where does the collector go to obtain the tax that is to sustain the credit of the State ? To the manufacturer ? No; he is protected by your laws, unless a cer. tain income results from bis investments over and above the expense of carrying on his establishment. To the mechanic ? he pays but a very small proportion of what the farmer has to pay. But our farms, though unproductive, must pay, though we have to toil early and late to sustain our families and meet our engagements. Our land is there, it must respond. But again, we ask, should not our requests be attended to, and aid be afforded to develop our resources, and improve our agriculture, while thus we are benefited ? The State will reap a large income from the increased products of our farms, by protecting our property from destruction, and a geological survey that would develop the full capabilities of our country.
The ladies' department was very well sustained, considering the inclemency of the weather. Smiles and tears were liberally dispensed by the hand of Providence, which kept our fair country women in a state of great commotion to find shelter for their expanded forms during the fits of weeping indulged in by old mother nature.
The crops raised in this county are the same as formerly reported, less tobacco and broom corn. Wheat, more than an average. Corn full average. Barley, short. Hay, oats and potatoes, good. Fruit, short; killed by late frosts.
The assessor's returns in March will give a much more accurate statement than we can approximate at this time.
OFFICERS.-Jacob Egbert, Lebanon, President; A. E. Stokes, Lebanon, Vice President and Treasurer; S. W. Egbert, Lebanon, Secretary. Directors—R. W. Gilchrist, John Bone, N. Kever, Henry Perrine, A. E. Dodds, L. G. Anderson.
The Fair was a complete success. The exhibition of horses, cattle and fruit was never before so large.
Every year shows a steady improvement. Improvements have been added to the grounds.
The flood of April swept over the grounds, causing considerable damage: the repairs for the flood alone costing some four hundred dollars.
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES.
.......... 1,604 80
WAYNE COUNTY. The Board of Managers of the Wayne County Agricultural Society, in compli. ance with the law, respectfully report : That the Eleventh Annual Fair of this society was held October 3d, 4th and 5th, 1860, on the Fair grounds of the society, which have been vastly improved the present year by the erection of a large and permanent building, additional stalls, &c.
The usual number of persons were in attendance, and much interest manifested. About one thousand entries were made ; all the departments being fully represented. Eight hundred dollars awarded in premiums. The society numbers about five hundred members.
This society is considered in a highly ilourishing condition ; its beneficial results are apparent throughout the county. There was but one premium awarded on field crops, and that to Emmit Eddy, for the best acre of upland corn product96 55 bushels, 70 lbs. to the bushel. The field from which this acre was harvested is mostly of a gravely soil, interspersed with layers of clayey loam, clover sod ; applied twenty-five loads of barn-yard manure per acre last spring; plowed eight
inches deep the latter part of April ; well harrowed before planting ; planted sixth of May; furrowed both ways, four feet apart ; three stalks in a hill ; worked three times with cultivator and twice with the shovel-plow ; no hoeing ; plastered once at the rate of 30 lbs. per acre ; the corn is of the variety known as the Lancaster county corn.
The principal agricultural products of the county are wheat, corn, hay, oats, clover seed, potatoes and fruit; all of which produced a fair average crop the past season. Horses, cattle and hogs are raised extensively, and sold to eastern buyers. Butter and eggs enter largely into the products of the county.
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES.
Total receipts during the year....
........ $1,520 93 Disbursements, orders issued ......................... 1,470 79
Balance in the treasury ..........................
OFFICERS FOR 1860.- President, William Taggert ; Vice President, John Hurd. man ; Secretary, James Johnson; Treasurer, John McClellan. Managers — Amos Brown, Silas Funk, R. R. Donally, G. P. Emerick and Thomas Doty.
WILLIAMS COUNTY. Our fifth annual Fair was held at Bryan, on the 3d, 4th and 5th days of October, A. D. 1860, and though the number of persons in attendance was estimated variously at from seven to nine thousand, yet all agree that it was far greater than ever before assembled in the county. Excellent order prevailed, and all seemed anxious to enjoy the fine weather, and help to render their Fair, at the close of a year of health and bountiful harvests, alike pleasant and profitable for the present and encouraging for the future.
The number of our entries were as follows: Horses, 357; cattle, 67; all other articles, 486 ; total, 910. The number of members, 319.
Our Board meetings are regularly held and well attended ; the expenses of enlarging the grounds and ring, purchasing tent (60 by 90 feet), &c., cheerfully voted, and the wisdom of these expenditures now admitted by all.
The principal agricultural products of the county are wheat, corn, oats, kay and clover-seed.
Wheat crop of 1860 unusually good—both white and red varieties—and neither midge nor other insects to do material injury. Estimated crop, 300,000 bushels, at an average of 18 or 20 bushels per acre. Price, about $1 per bushel.