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Corn, of all varieties (except where the first planting upon spring plowed sod ground was destroyed by cut-worms), in both yield and quality, excellent. Estimated crop, 500,000 bushels, at an average of 40 bushels per acre-worth 40 cents. Oats fine--say 100,000 bushels-worth 20 cents.
Hay good ; have no accurate means of judging the number of tons; but it is great-probably the most important crop in the county; worth from $5 to $18.
Clover-seed, an important and rapidly increasing branch of farming, finding ready cash market at $5 per bushel, for the sandy openings of Michigan and Indiana.
Potatoes, fair in yield and quality; no rot; worth 18 cents.
Sorghum grows quite as well and endures frost better than Indian corn, yet does not prove as profitable as anticipated, and think many of our people will re turn to their old Indian sugar camps, of which there are many and fine ones especially in the northern portions of the county.
Fruit mostly good, though for the first time somewhat injured by some insect. Experience proves that, save peach and English cherry, fruit trees of all kinds grow and bear rapidly and reliably.
Horses of all kinds, from the pony-riding to the heavy Pennsylvania draft horse, with their grades, upon the whole a hardy and valuable stock of animals.
Cattle.—The adjoining county of Hillsdale is one of the best in the State of Michigan for pure Devon stock, affording fine opportunities for improvement in that direction ; while several valuable Durhams from central Ohio and Kentucky, are materially improving our stock of cattle. · Hogs.- No branch of farming is more general or remunerative than swineraising, and in nothing is there a greater improvement; at the present rate of increase in value and numbers, we will soon become one of the leading pork regions of the State.
Sheep, some good ones, but too many “coon dogs" for intelligent farmers to risk much with them, when cattle and swine are nearly as profitable, and far less hazardous.
Mules not common. Ponies are nearly as good to kick, and eat brush and thistles, and we still have many of them, or their grades.
No movement has ever produced more marked, general or satisfactory results in this county than our agricultural fairs; and our people manifest a general determination to not disgrace, but rapidly develop the material resources of our rolling, fertile, finely watered and timbered country. We also hope a Pioneer's Association, now organizing, will become a valuable auxiliary to ours, in render
ing accessible, in an attractive form, the practical experience in clearing, ditching and tilling our county by its first generation of settlers.
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES.
OFFICERS.-P. W. Norris, President; Jacob Dillman, B. T. Combs, VicePresidents ; W. N. Noble, Treasurer ; T. M. Cose, Secretary Managers–G. R. Joy, A. G. Richardson, Lemuel Allen, Amos Betts, Thomas Hodson. Col. Wm. Miller, Marshal ; Col. Wm. Stough, Assistant Marshal.
WYANDOT COUNTY. Our ninth annual Fair was held on the 10th, 11th and 12th days of October. The weather was too cold to be pleasant, and from this reason the Fair was not as well attended as it otherwise would have been. Notwithstanding this the number of entries were larger than that of any previous year. The receipts were about the same as in 1859, being larger for that year than ever before. The display of horses, cattle and sheep was excellent. We think our stock department would compare favorably with any county in northwestern Ohio; our farmers have taken a great deal of pains to improve their stock, many of them procuring the finest that can be had, until our sheep and cattle are as good as are in the State. Here we might mention Messrs. Starr, Karr and Carey, who deserve the thanks of the community for their praisworthy efforts in this behalf, besides many others who are following their good example. The Mechanical and Fine Art departments were rather neglected, so that there was some dissatisfaction amongst that class of persons who attend fairs merely to see and be seen. As a general thing, however, our Fair was a success.
Our grounds now consist of eight acres of ground, finely located, about one mile north of upper Sandusky, upon which there is a beautiful grove of oak shade trees. It is the intention of the Board to purchase four or five acres in addition to what they already have, which we think will make ours as convenient and pleasant Fair grounds as are in the State. Our society is in a flourishing condition, as will appear from the following exhibit of the
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES.
Amount received for entry fees........................
Balance in treasury ........................... $364 59 OFFICERS.—T. B. Reber, President; H. J. Starr, Vice President; Curtis Ber. ry, Jr., Secretary ; A. J. Failor, Treasurer. Managers—McD. M. Carey, Wesley Hughes, J. D. Sears, T. C. Dye, F. F. Fowler.
A D D ENDA.
CORRECTIONS TO THE CATALOGUE OF BIRDS. Since the Catalogue of Birds was put in type, we have received from Mr. Wins. low, of Cleveland, the names of the following species, which have been taken in the northern portion of the State:
SATORNIS, Bon. borealis, Sw. Olive-sided Flycatcher.
“ fulicarius, L. Red Phalarope. Tringa, L. canutus, L. Gray back Sandpiper. " maratima, Brunn. Purple Sandpiper.
alpina, L. Red-backed Sandpiper.
Two birds in the Catalogue have perhaps been inserted without sufficient authority. They are Perisoreus canadensis, the Canada Jay, and Tetrao canadensis, the Canada Grouse.
With the above additions, the number of species found in the State will be in creased to 285.
J. M. W.
LAWS OF OHIO
ENCOURAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURE.
For the Encouragement of Agriculture. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, That whenever thirty or more persons, residents of any county or district embracing two counties of this State, shall organize themselves into a society for the improvement of agriculture within said county or district, and shall have adopted a constitution and by-laws, agreeably to the rules and regulations to be furnished by the Ohio State Board of Agriculture, hereinafter created, and shall have appointed the usual and proper officers; and when the said society shall have raised and paid to their treasurer, by voluntary subscription, or by fees imposed upon its members, any sum of money in each year, not less than fifty dollars ; and whenever the president of said society shall certify to the respective county auditors, the amount thus paid, attested by the oath of the treas. urer before a magistrate, it shall be the duty of the said county auditors, embraced within the district in which such society shall be organized, to draw an order on the treasurer of the respective county, in favor of the president and treasurer of said society, for a bum equal to the amount thus raised ; provided it does not exceed half a cent to each inhabitant of the said county, upon the basis of the last previous national census, but not to exceed in any county the eum of two hundred dollars, and it shall be the duty of the treasurer of the said county to pay the same.
Sec. 2. That it shall be the duty of the several county or district societies which may be formed under the provisions of the preceding section, during the continuance of this act, annu. ally to offer and award premiums for the improvement of soils, tillage, crops, manures, implements, stock, articles of domestic industry, and such other articles, productions and improvements, as they may deem proper, and may perform all such acts as they may deem best calculated to promote the agricultural and the household manufacturing interests of the district and of the State ; and it shall also be their duty, so to regulate the amount of premiums and the different grades of the sime, as that it shall be competent for small as well as large farmers to have an opportunity to compete therefor; and in making their awards, special reference shall be had to the profits which may accrue, or be likely to accrue, from the improved mode of raising the crop, or of improving the soil or stock, or of the fabrication of the articles thus offered, with the intention that the premium shall be given for the most economical mode of improvement; and that all persons offering to conpete for premiums, on improved modes of tillage, or the production of any crops, or other articles, shall be required, before such premiums are adjusted, to deliver to the awarding committee a full and correct statement of the process of such mode of til
lage or production, and the expense and value of the same, with a view of showing accurately , the profits derived or expected to be derived therefrom.