Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Page,

PAGE.

Artichoke, Jerusalem.... ...

251 | Essay on the Army Worm, by J. Kirk-

Birds, Catalogue of Obio............. 359 patrick..............

350

Board of Agriculture, Proceedings of. i Essay an Practical Drainage .......... 103

Bonnie Scotland....

xxix « Prize, by Prof. Mot..........

Breeding, Principles of................ 279 Experiments on the formation and depth

Atavism...................... 291 of roots, and on the germinating
Influence of parents on offspring.. 296 power of seeds...
Transmissible qualities......... 298 Fair of 1860......................

xiy

Inheritance of qualities.......... 303 Entries, reports and awards.... XV

Influence of progenitors according

Shorthorns.................. XV

to race....

Over fattening of Shorthorns...

Influence according to sex... 306 Devons, awards and report on.. xxii

Review........

313 Work-oxen, &c., do.... ...... xXİV

Addenda........,

315 Sweepstakes Cattle, do.... ... XXV

Cashmere Goats.....

xlix Thoroughbred Horses, do ..... xxviii

Catalogue of Ohio Birds............ 359 Bonnie Sootland.............
Committees of Sepate and House of Reps.,

Roadsters, entries, awards and

Report of on Birds..

reports on......

........ xxxiii

Convention of Presidents of County Socie-

Horses of all work, do........ XXXV

ties.............................

Draft Horses, do.... ........ xxxix

Corrections to Catalogue of Birds ......

Matched Horses and Mares, do. xl

· Cotton Tree......................

Sweepstakes Horses, do........ xliv

Drainage. Essay on ..

Jacks and Mules, do.......... xlvi

In United States.......

104 Sheep-Saxons, do ..........

John Johnston's system of.... 104 Merinos and Grades, do....... xlviii

Practical.................. 111

Cashmere Goats, do.......... xlix

Materials for Water Courses.. 112 Southdown and Fat Sheep, do. liv

Brush Draing.............. 114 Swine--Large Breeds, do.....
Plug draining or subsoil drain'g 117

Suffolk and Small Breed-en-

Wedge and Shoulder Drains .. 119 tries, awards and report on.. lvi

Mole Plow..

Poultry.................... Ivi

Sbaoghae Plow........

Machinery, Engines, &o....... lviji

Sheep Drains.......

Agricultural Machines-1st Di.

Stone Drains......

vision.......

lviii

Tile Draids........

Sorgho Machines and Evapora-

Size of Tile............

tors............

Depth of Drains........ 158 Agricultural Machines—20 Di.

Distance between Drains. .... 171

vision......

Manufacture of Tiles ........

Agricultural Machines, 3d Di-

Selection of Material ........ 182

vision...................,

How does water enter the Tiles. 207 Eagle Corn and Cob Mill.....

How long will Tile last......

Tools and Household Imple-

Laying out Drains ..

2111 ments—entries, awards and

Main Drains.

218

report on....

Draining tools, implements, do 222 Plows...................... Ixii
Digging under-drains........ 227 Vehicles.....

Ixii
Time to cut Drains and lay Tile

Knitting and Sewing Machines Ixiii

Obstructions in Drains ...... 235 Mill Fabrics.... ............ Ixiii

Conclusion................

239

Needle, Shell and Wax Work..

Mole Plows in Madison Co.... 241 Household Fabrics........... Ixiv

Drainage Fund in France..... 243

Worked Metals.............. lxv

Laws of Ohio relat'g to Drain'ge 245 Stoves, Castings, &c.......... Ixv

[ocr errors]

lis

::

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

PAGE.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

255

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Fair of 1860_Continued.

PAGE.
Cabinet Ware................ lxvi Franklin County Society, Address to, by
Coopers' and Carpenters' Ware lxvi: H. Q. Noble, Esq................... 451
Saddlers' and Shoemakers' Ware ixvi Game Law..
Chemicals ................. lxvii Goats, Cashmere..................... xlix
Philosophical and Surgical In Growth of Character-Address of H. C.
struments ................ lxvii Noble, Esq........

451 Glass, Crockery, Stone Ware, &c. lxviii Helianthus Tuberosus ......

251 Natural Minerals.....

Ixviii Independent Societies, Statistics of.....
Field Crops........... lxix Influence of Forests upon Soil and Cli-
Flour and Grain.............

Ixix/ mate........
Batter, Bread, &c. — entries,

Laws of Ohio for the Encouragement of
awards and report on.......

Agriculture.......................
Statements of Butter.......... lxx

An act for the encouragement of
Cheese-entries, awards and re-

agriculture..................
port on.................... lxxi Amendment....
Honey, Sugar and Preserves... exii

An act to create a permanent agri-
Vegetables, Roots, &e.........

cultural sund.................
" " Commended lxxvi Further amendment to act for en.
Flowers-Professional List-en-

couragement of agriculture.... 484 tries, awards and report on.. lxxvi An act to protect agricultural fairs Flowers-Amateur List-entries,

and fair grounds............. 484 awards and report on....... lxxvii Amendment to on act for encourApples-entries, awards and re

agement of agriculture........ 485 port on.......... ........ lxxx

An act to protect agricultural fairs 486 Peaches, Pears, Plums, &c.-en

An act to provide for organization tries, awards and report on . lxxxiv

and regulation of district fairs.. 486 Grapes—entries, awards and re Laws relating to Public Shows......... 486

port on................... lxxxvi | Amendment......................... 486 Paintings, Drawings, &c.-en. Explanations.......................

486 tries, awards and report on.. lxxxvii Mahoning County Society, address by Musical Instruments — entries,

Hon. E. Whittlesey

425 awards and report on....... lxxxviii Mineral substances affording food for Opinions of the Press.........lxxxviii | young animals..

Ohio Cultivator.......... lxxxviii Noble, H. O., address of ...
Ohio Farmer... ......... xci

Ohio State Fair for 1860..............
Cincionati Commercial.... xcvi | Over fattening of Shorthorns
Farms - Premium......

56 Plant, (the,) and temperature of the air. 317 Field Crops-Statements of County So Practical drainage, essay on.......... cieties.........

· 58 President's report ..... ...... Flax-Culture...................... 399 Principles of breeding...

279 in West Fladders ...............

409 Prize essay, by Prof. Mot .............
Communication from W.J. Harris 423 Proceedings of State Board of Agricul-
Food for Young Animals.............. 339 ture for 1860.........
Forests, their Influence upon Suil and Protection of Birds and Game, report of
Climate.......

255 committee on ...................... 381
Influence of Forests ............ 261 Reports of County Societies............
Influence of Forests upon Rain .. 265 | Report of committees on Game Law... 381
Swamps removed by clearing land 273 Roots and Plants, formation and depth of.
Influence of Forests upon Winds. 274 Rules for organization and management
Value of various kinds of timber of County and District Societies ..... 488

for fuel.................... 274 Seeds, germinating power of........... Native forest trees in Ohio....... 277 Shorthorns, overfattening of ........... xvii

xvii

103

[ocr errors]

......

203

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

..

[ocr errors]

PAGE.

PAGE. State Board of Agriculture, December State Fair, 1860.........

......................... cüi Statements of Field Crops............. cii State Board of Agriculture, proceedings of. i Statement of competitors for premiums

Premiums for Live Stock, 1860... vl for farms, crops,&c., to County Societies
Cattle .......

v Tree cotton...
Hor es .......

vii Statistics of County Agricultural Societies Sheep .....

x Treasurer's account...... Swine

xi Whittlesey, Hon. Elisha, address of.... Poultry ....

xii Young animals, food for.......

PRESIDENT'S REPORT.

To the General Assembly of the State of Ohio :

In submitting the fifteenth annual report of the Ohio State Board of Agricul. ture, I am happy to communicate to the General Assembly that the past has been a very fruitful season, and the labors of our farmers have been rewarded with bountiful harvests.

The condition of the agriculture of this state is still improving, as is evidenced by the increased demand for improved implements, and the attention paid in many parts of the State to drainage. This is a step in the right direction, and when well introduced will go far to obviate the extremes of dry and wet seasons, which have so materially affected our crops heretofore. The expense of draining a farm either with timber or tile drains, is very great, and in some portions of the State the mole plow has been substituted with beneficial effect. It is still a question with many as to the permanence of the drains thus made, but all agree that thus far they have been of essential service, and if they should last but one or two seasons, they will have more than paid the cost, and proven the necessity of a thorough system of drainage.

For some years past the wheat crop of the State has been steadily diminishing in quantity, and so uncertain has it become, from the depredations of insects, and the diseases to which it is subject, that the quantity of land cultivated in this im. partant crop is annually diminishing. i

From the returns of the United States census, and those of the assessors, we find that

In 1839 the wheat crop of Ohio was............16,571,861 bushels.
In 1849

............14,487,351
In 1859

..........13,345,844 " The years 1849 and 1959 are certainly to be regarded as most unfortunate, and should not be considered as a test of the capacity of our soil for the successful cultivation of this crop, as in the one case, with every indication of a large yield, the crop was a few days before harvest suddenly blighted by the rust, and in the other by an extraordinary frost on the 5th of June; much of the wheat was killed.

But the Assessors' returns for the intermediate years show a gradual diminution in the quantity per acre as well as in the number of acres sown.

The crop of 1860 was good, and though in some portions of the State injured by the midge, is presumed to be nearly up to our best years. The crops of corn, oats, barley, and hay, were unusually good.

A large portion of the personal property of the State subject to taxation, consist of live stock ; as by the returns of the Assessor's for 1860, there were :

Horses ............. 709,713 Valued at ........$37,660,141
Cattle ..............1,776,061

....... 20,386,966
Mules ......
...... 7,624

536,250
Sheep ......
.......3,442,856

... 5,879,357
Swine ..............1,918,225

5,121,286

The aggregate value as listed for taxation..........$69,583,000 Certainly an interest worthy of the care of the Legislature. During the past year a contageous and fatal disease appeared among the cattle af our Eastern States, which excited considerable alarm among that portion of our citizens largely engaged in the culture of this stock. I would respectfully recommend the passage of a stringent law to prevent the introduction into the State of any cattle from an infected district. For some years past a fatal disease has prevailed among swine, which has occasioned serious loss to many of our farmers. Reluctant as I am to make to the General Assembly any recommendation which involves the expenditure of money, I deem it my duty to suggest the propriety of encouraging the establishment of schools of veterinary science.

Such institutions are numerous in Europe, and have had a most beneficial effect. So deficient are we in this respect, that though the State annually sustains a loss of several millions by the injury and death of animals, which by proper treatment might be saved, our farmers, not knowing where to go for information on the nature and cure of the maladies of which their animals die, are compelled to let matters take their course, or what is worse, trust to the boasted skill of some ignorant pretender.

The eleventh annual fair was held at Dayton September 25th, 26th, 27th, and 28th, and was largely attended by exhibiters and spectators. The exbibition in all its departments was highly successful, and those of live stock and agricultural implements, superior to any former exhibition of the Board. The list of awards will be found among the accompanying papers. · I refer to the report of the Corresponding Secretary for a detailed statement of the condition of the agriculture of the State, and to that of the Treasurer for the condition of the finances of the Board, both of which are here with Respectfully submitted,

A. WADDLE,
President Ohio State Board of Agriculture.

« AnteriorContinuar »