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single shovel, once in a row, and thinned to three stalks in a hill ; lastly, went through last of July with horse-boe, wings in, without the teeth, once in a row. This is all the tending the above corn received. '

The second premium was awarded to R. T. Russell ; the product of an acre weighing 89 bushels and 54 lbs. ; was cultivated on first bottom, black loamy soil, being the fourth crop of corn in succession ; planted on the 21st day of May, in hills about four feet apart, with a small variety of yellow corn ; plowed three times; thinned and hoed spariogly.

The first premium on buckwheat was awarded to Lewis Bennett ; the product of one acre measuring 414 bushels, grown on second bottom, sandy loam, plowed six inches deep the last of June; sown the 15th of July ; 14 quarts of seed to the acre; harrowed twice, and harvested the 10th of October.

The following is- & statement of competitors for premiums on crops, at the Portage County Fair :

Thomas Hougi—ACRE OF CORN -Mr. Hough states that he has raised one hundred and eighty bushels of corn on the acre, planted in drills about 31 feet apart, and stocks about three inches apart in the hills. Corn good and sound.

R. E. Osgood-AORE OF OATS. Mr. Osgood states that he harvested from an acre, sixty-one bushels of oats, weighing 36 lbs. to the bushel. The land was corn stubble, plowed early in the spring, and dragged. Land rather low, and received considerable wash.

R. E. Osgood-ACRE OF CORN FODDER.—Large yield; no means of weighing. Was raised on sward land, broken up about the 20th of June. Corn put in quite thick, in drills about three feet apart, about the 22d of June. Went through it twice during the summer with cultivator, and dressed it out once with

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R. W. SHEPARD-ACRE OF CORN.-Mr. Shepard states that he raised 120 bushels of corn upon the acre. Land, sward ground, plowed in the Corn of Gourd Seed variety.

R. W. SHEPARD-ACRE OF Oats.—Mr. S. harvested 55 bushels of oats from the acre, weighing 37 lbs. to the bushel. Land, swamp ground—not plowed. Seed dragged in as if plowed.

The fo'lowing is a statement of Jas. Kerr, competitor on corn crop, at the Fair of the Crawford County Agricultural Society for 1859, the premium offered being for the best one acre of corn:

The ground on which the corn was raised was formerly useless, being too wet

to raise any crop until the year 1857, wben 1 bad it well ditched, and in 1858 I raised pretty good corn, and last spring I plowed it well, and harrowed and furrowed it out north and south, about three feet apart, and dropped across the furrows from three to five grains per bill, about wide enough to pass between the rows with the shovel plow once in a row.

I do not recollect the precise time when it was planted, but it was about three incbes bigh at the time of the frost in June, and was not much damaged by the frost. Said corn was cultivated once and plowed four times—two times, twice in a row, and two times, one furrow per row. The cost of raising the above acre of corn was about 84. The yield from the acre was 8,960 lbs. of corn in the ear, which, at 70 lbs. per bushel, would make 128 bushels.

Statement of Abel Dewalt, competitor for premium on corn crop :

The ground on which my one acre of corn was raised was blue grass sod; was plowed about the middle of March. The corn was cultivated three times, and plowed and hoed three times.

Cost of raising was $7.

The yield was 8,248 lbs. of corn in the ear, at 70 lbs. to the bushel, making 1173; bushels per acre.

Statement of Abram Eckart, competitor for premium on corn crop:

I hereby certify that I raised one acre of corn the past season, on sod ground, the cost of raising which was 84. The yield was 117 bushels.

Statement of a crop of Oats raised by G. Perrin, of Milan, Erie County, the

past season. The quantity of land measured was one acre, and the quantity of oats that grew thereon was sixty-four bushels and sixteen pounds. The soil was sand, mixed with gravel. The oats were sowed about the 8th of April. The quantity of seed was three bushels. The land was planted in potatoes last year.



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To plowing one acre .........

................ $1 00
To sowing and harrowing the same.........
To three bushels of seed at 3s per bushel..
To cutting and binding.... .......................... 1 00
To threshing 647 bushels of oats......

.... 2
To rent of land ..........................

................ $9 63


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The following is a statement of a crop of potatoes raised by G. Perrin, of Mi. lan, Erie county, the past season :

The quantity of land was a half acre and no more, the quantity of potatoes raised thereon was 136 bushels and 24 lbs., at 60 lbs. per bushel. The soil is a sandy loam, a clover sod mowed last year. The seed used was four bushels of the kind called the “ Peach Blow.” They were planted about the 20th of May, in drills, that is, one piece in a place, about twelve or fifteen inches apart, and the rows three and a half feet apart; and as soon as they were up so that I could follow the rows, the cultivator was run through once in a row, and the weeds brushed out with a hoe. Then, in about ten days, I went once in a row with Hyde's Patent Cultivator, and finished up with a hoe. The manure used was five loads of coarse straw manure, hauled from the bara yard, about half rottes, spread on the ground and plowed under, and three-fourths of a bushel of plaster dropped in the hills.

To five loads of manure at 38 per load ........ ....
To plowing and harrowing ..............................
To four bushels of seed at 50 cts. per bushel......
To three pecks of plaster ..
To marking out the ground and planting .....
To cultivating and hoeing the same twice......
To digging, picking up and housing .........
To rent for half an acre ........



.... $13 00

The following is a statement of the cultivation of one-fourth acre of Chinese Sugar Cane: Plowing and planting ..........

..... $1 00 Hoeing..............

.. 2 50 Suckering..............

.... 1 00 Cutting and stripping....................................

..... 200
Total., ......................................... $6 50
Amount of syrup, 82 gallons ; amount of ground, 45 rods.
The following is a statement of the cultivation of an acre of corn :

Plowing and planting ................................... $1 50
Cultivating .........

..... i 25


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Total........................................... $5 75 Amount of corn, at 70 lbs. per bushel, 6298. The ground has been planted fourteen years in succession and not manured.


I hereby certify that I raised on one acre of land, on my farm, in Blancbard township, Putnam county, 0, 8837 bushels of corn, of the hackberry and gourdseed variety mixed. It was planted on the 8th of June, 1858, on stalk ground, plowed eight inches deep, furrowed out four feet each way, with four stalks in a hill; cultivated five times with shovel piow. The soil is black loam. Total expenses......

........ $8 75 Corn at 45 cts. per busbel........

........ 39 82 Profits.......................

............ 31 12


The following is a statement of Abel Krum, on the cultivation of Osage Orange Hedge:

I soak the seeds about one week in rain water, slightly warm, changing the water every other day. Sow the seeds at corn planting time, in any mellow soil, and if the season is favorable, they will make a growth of twenty inches or more.

I transplant them at one year old. My ground has all been sod, which I have prepared by plowing about six furrows where I de signed to plant the hedge, and cultivating it with potatoes, this brings the soil in fine mellow condition; the next spring I plow and harrow the ground thoroughly, and it is ready for the plants.

The transpianting I do in the spring, as soon as the ground is dry enough to work freely. I strike a deep furrow, in the line where I design the hedge to grow, then I take a scythe and cut off the plants close to the ground, then plow or spade them up, then, if necessary, I cut off the tap roots, so as to bring the plants as near as I can to a uniform length of about ten inches. This very much facilitates the work of transplanting. I then set the plants in a line in the furrow at the dis. tance of six inches, leaving the ends out of the ground about one inch ; I keep the ground clear from weeds or grass and let them grow through the season. When the hedge is a year old, I take a sharp scythe and cut it off evenly, within four inches of the ground, and fill up all vacancies, if any occur, using if I can the roots of two year old plants. About the last of July I cut it back again about five inches above the previous cutting. After this I have cut it but once a year letting it gain about six, ten and twelve inches a year, until it attains a height of five feet.

I have about one hundred rods of hedge, varying from three to eight years old, I keep it cut evenly to a height of about five feet, and so far it has been to me quite satisfactory, making not only a substantial, but a highly beautiful fence, uniting ornament to utility.

Will it pay? This is the question always foremost with inquiries upon this subject. I have kept no account of the cost of raising the hedge, but I believe that upon any favorable grouod, the osage orange can be cultivated up to a substantial fence for about one dollar per rod; after this it will cost about one cent per rod per year to keep it trimmed in proper order. If this estimate is correct, and if the plant prove durable, it is equal to a permanent investment of seven cents per rod annually for a fence.


To the Ashtabula County Agricultural Society :

I raised 887 bushels of good shelled corn the past season upon one acre of land, measured by J. 8. Peck; the corn was also shelled and measured by said J. S. Peck in a sealed half bushel.

The land which the corn was raised upon was once a black ash swale, and was broke or plowed in April for the first time. About the 20th of May I dragged it thoroughly, and planted my corn in rows four feet apart each way. As soon as the corn was large enough I cultivated and hoed it well; in about four weeks I went over it again in the same manner. I done nothing more until the corn was cut up and harvested. (The variety of corn was a small kind of gourdseed.)

J. J. DODGE. I measured the land upon which J. J. Dodge raised 884 bushels of corn, and there was only one acre. I also shelled and measured the corn in a sealed half bushel. I also helped Mr. Dodge harvest the corn, and the above statement of Mr. Dodge is true.


Statement of a Crop of Corn raised by True Boutoon.

URBANA, O., Dec. 15, 1860. The soil on which this crop was raised is black limestone, located in Champaign county, and has been under cultivation for twenty.five years; the two years pre

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