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portion of the State, wbich represent one-eighth of the territory, but, at the same time, contains one-fifth of the entire population, and nearly one-third of the entire wealth of the State.
The products of agriculture in the Miami Valley are as varied, while at the same time the entire system of agriculture has attained a much greater degree of perfection than in any other portion of the State. Duyton is situated sixty miles north of Cincinnati, at the confluence of the Great Miami and Mad Rivers, and is accessible from places located at almost every point of the compass from it both in Ohio and Indiana. It is accessible by railway by the following roads, viz: Cincionati, Hamilton and Dayton ; Sandusky, Dayton and Cincinnati; Dayton and Western; Dayton, Xenia and Belpre ; and Dayton and Michigan. These railways, with their connections, make Dayton one of the most readily accessible places in the State. Sixty-four passenger and freight trains arrive at and depart from it every twenty-four hours.
The site chosen for the Fair is a tract containing about thirty-five acres, on Phillips' Hill, about one mile south of the court-house ; the central portion of this tract is occupied by the Montgomery County Agricultural Suciety. The northern portion of the tract is elegantly shaded by a beautiful grove of native forest trees, and from it an excellent view of the entire city and its suburbs may be obtained. These grounds are accessible by canal on two sides; the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railway passes it at a distance of a few rods only, whilst it is other. wise accessible by several good roads from the city.
Annexed is a list of the entries of Horses and Cattle, together with the awards and reports of committees; also, a list of the awards and reports of the committees in the other departments of the exhibition. An account of the Fair will be found under the head of “Opinions of the Press.” The writers of the “ Press” articles, having abundant leisure to survey the grounds and visit every department in detail, are therefore better qualified to present a correct account than the Secretary.
ENTRIES, REPORTS, AND AWARDS AT OHIO STATE FAIR, 1850.
SHORT HORNS. 1. D. McMillen, Jr., Xenia, O., Duke of Thorndale, 3 years old, aged bull
(red and white). Xenia, 2 years old, white bull. do Belted Knight, 1 yr old, red and white bull.
Prize Flower, roan cow, 6 years old.
co os con
5. D. McMillen, Jr., Xenia, O., Queen of the Tees, roan cow, 5 years old.
do Sunbeam, roan cow, 4 years old.
Darling, red and white cow, 4 years old.
Helen Mar, white calf, 9 months old.
do Katy Darling, roan calf, 4 months old. Jas. Fullington, Milford Centre, Union Co., O., George Washington, bull,
18 months old. I do Lady Watson, cow, 5 yra I do
Strawberry, cow, 7 yrs. do
Delightful, cow, 4 yrs. old.
Jessie, heifer, 18 mo. old. 22. Walter A. Dun, Oak Forest, Madison Co., O., Dacotah, bull, 3 years old.
Lavender III., Cow, 9 yrs.
Nannie, cow, 5 years old. do do Lady Kate, cow, 4 yrs. old.
Annie Daviess, 2 yrs. old. C. Cottingham, Sharon Centre, Medina county, O., Lord of Clydesdales,
bull, 3 years old. 28. Cyrus Hornback, London, Madison Co., O., Don Pedro, bull, 2 yrs. old.
do do do Favorite, heifer calf, 5 mos. 30. James Rankin, do do Gladiator, bull, 3 years old. 31. do
calf, 8 months old. 32. Brutus J. Clay, Paris, Bourbon Co., Ky., Kentucky Duke, bull, 3 yrs. old. do I do
Ben Bolt, bull calf.
Emma Hickman, cow, 3 do 1 do do
Ellen, heifer, 2 years old. do do
Lizzie, do do do do I do Molly Bradford, heiser calf. 39. Rob't G. Dun, London, O., Viola, cow, 4 years old. 40.
do Mignonette, cow, 4 years old.
41. Rob't G. Dun, London, O., Alma, heifer, 2 years old.
do do Elvy, do do
do do Mogul, bull, 1 year old. 44. Chas. M. Clark, Springfield, Clark Co., O., Easter Day, cow, 7 yrs. old.
Dove, heifer, 21 years old. do
Flora Bell, heifer, 14 yrs. old.
I do Saow Drop, calf, 11 mos. old. do
do Anna Hunt, do 8 do 49. John G. Dun, Lafayette, Madison Co., 0, Volunteer, bull, 1 year old. 50. David Sultzer, London, O., Sir Robert Alexander, bull, 1 year old. 51. Geo. M. Coulter, Reeseville, Clinton Co., O., Challenger, bull, 3 yrs. old. 52. Alfred Coulter, do do Richard Booth, bull, 3 do 53. Jos. Kennedy, Dayton, O., Gov. Corwin, bull 2 years old. 54. Jer. Duncan, Paris, Ky., Duke of Airdrie, bull, 2 years old. do
Grand Duke, bull, 2 years old.
Zenaida, cow, 2 years old. 59..
do do Louan XII., heifer calf.
Waverly, bull calf, under 1 year.
Keepsake, heifer, 1 year old.
do Heiress, heifer calf. 73. H. J. Starr, Carey, 0., Florence Nightingale, cow, 3 years old. 74. do do Roman XVI., beifer, 2 years old. 75. Daniel Sharpnack, Mt. Vernon, O., Henry Clay, bull, 5 years old. 76. G. M. Coulter, Reeseville, O., Eglantine, cow, 8 years old.
do do Eglantine II., cow, 5 years old. . do
do Sunbeam, cow, 11 years old.
79. G. M. Coulter, Reeseville, O., Princess, cow, 3 years old. 80. Alfred Coulter, Reeseville, O., Elizabeth III., heifer, 2 years old. 81. W. H. Reed, Reeseville, O., Duke of Wellington, 2 years old. 82. Wm. Palmer, Bloomington, Clinton Co., 0., Warrior, bull, 9 years old. 83. do
Fayette, bull, 2 years old. 84. do do
Linda Bell, heifer, 1 yr. old. 85. do
Diana, cow, 5 years old. 86. do
do Cherokee, bull calf, 5 mos. 87. J. and J. H. Perrine, Lebanon, O., Capt. Crusader, bull calf, 2 yrs. old. 88. do
do Lady Jane Trimble, cow, 4 yrs. old. 89. G. C. Palmer, Bowersville, Green Co., O., Young Emma, cow, 4 yrs. old.
do do do Emma IV., cow, 2 years old. do
do do Emma VI., heifer, 8 mos. old. The committee submitted no report, but made the following awards:
Class 1.–SHORT HORNS. Best bull, 3 years old and over, Brutus J. Clay, Paris, Ky............... $50 Second best bull, 3 years old and over, Geo. M. Coulter, Reeseville....... Best bull, 2 years old, Jer. Duncan, Paris, Ky........ Second best bull, 2 years old, Jer. Duncan, Paris, Ky..... Best bull, 1 year old, David Sultzer, London, 0. Second best bull, 1 year old, R. G. Dun, London, O......... Best bull calf, Brutus J. Clay, Paris, Ky.............. Second best bull calf, Solomon Meredith, Cambridge City, Ind........ Best cow, 3 years old, Jas. Fullington, Milford Centre, 0... Second best cow, 3 years old, Brutus J. Clay, Paris, Ky...... Best cow, 2 years old, Jer. Duncan, Paris, Ky............. Second best cow, 2 years old, R. G. Dun, London, O....... Best heifer, 1 year old, Jas. Fullington, Milford Centre, 0...... Second best beifer, 1 year old, C. M. Clark, Springfield, 0....... Best calf, Jer. Duncan, Paris, Ky ......... Second best calf, D. McMillen, Xenia, 0.............................
THE OVER-FATTENING OF SHORTHORNS. Addressed to the Council of the Yorkshire Agricultural Society, by Mr. Fawkes.
You have, in the premiums which, with a view to the improvement thoughout the country of horned cattle, offered in your show grounds, selected, and I think with great judgment, as most deserving of your patronage, that breed called the
Improved Durham, or, more commonly, the Shorthorns, as after ten years' close attention to this breed, my experience convinces me that, under proper management, no breed can be brought to an earlier or more profitable maturity of useful. ness to the proprietor and the public, and none under rational treatment combines 80 large an amount of the desiderata of butter and beef.
But, in the task that you have, and so laudably, assigned yourselves, of promoting the increase and improvement of this breed in this country, you seem wholly to have lost sight of the consideration (and yet one so indispensable to the success of your object) of the natural character and propensities of the breed in question; for, as though their milking properties needed none of your encourage. ment, their feeding qualities all of your fostering care, and as though you had to guard in your treatment of them, not against an inpate inclination to plethora, but atrophy, you have at all your shows, and in the commendations and premiums that you have bestowed, encouraged-nay, insisted on -as a requisite to successful exhibition, a condition of the animal which all experience and all authority on the subject tells us will be prejudici el alike to its powers of calf bearing and milking, will prevent all usefulness in the cow, and is preparing the heiser for no och r power of profit to its owner than the prematurity of its prize beef, and the posthu. mous but very questionable-so far as its possessor's advantage is concernedhonors of the shambles.
Now, were it a point of any doubt or dispute, as is the case on the subject of the deeper or shallower draining, whether the stock intended to serve the purpose of reproduction were injured or not by that early obesity wbicb, so far from at. tempting to correct in their natural temperament, you, through the medium of your judges' awards, do all in your power artificially to promote, I had still per. mitted the great reluctance that I feel to find fault with your proceedings to be sufficient excuse for a more protracted silence ; and, though convinced what alone would be the result of your prolonged experiment, and what intermediate injury was entailed upon the consumers as well as producers of animal food, I had, however, impatiently waited upon your own convictions. But as I have never heard a contrary opinion hazarded, and as my own experience, as well as that of all the practical men of the past, as well as the present age, to which I have had access, assures me that the indisputably unnatural show-condition of the animal, as you teach us to consider it, is anything but that state of its being which, whether in the heiser or the cow, can benefit the public, or permit its owner the proîtable exercise of his calling and capital, the present prices of all at imal food, so confirmatory of the otherwise notorious fact that the increase of catile in the country is becoming lamentably unequal to the sustenance of the community, forbid, if nothing else would, that I should hesitate to denounce the system that you are