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The Cashmere and Angora Goat are supposed to be identical, and should not be, as they sometimes have been, confounded with the Thibit. The Thibit is represented as having only coarse hair exposed to view, with an undergrowth of fur not over one inch in length, while the Casbmere has a growth eight or ten inches in length, the fleece of the former being expressed by ounces, while the
fleece of the latter weighs from four to eight pounds. The Thibit is said to resem. ble, essentially, the goat of the Rocky Mountains.
The original importation of the Angora or Cashmere, we understand to have been made about ten or twelve years since, by Dr. Davis, of South Carolina, a gentleman who was recommended to the Sultan of Turkey by the late President Polk, to experiment these on the culture of cotton, and these specimens were ob. tained by him, and brought from near the foot of the Himalaya Mountains in Asia. The bulk of Dr. D.'s flock passed into the bands of Col. Peters, who has bred them until now, reserving the full-bred females. He now has fifty head of females, and a large number of grade goats of both sexrs. The males have been
sold to Kentucky, Tennessee, New York, and other States, North and South, and bave brought large prices. From a scientific report made by John Bachman, Esq., to the Southern Central Agricultural Association of Georgia, in 1857, and indorsed by those who are now breeding these animals, we extract as fo lows :
Their Focd — Like all species and varieties of goats, they prefer weeds, briars and leaves, to grass. Mr Peters informed us that during the summer months they are a decided benefit to grass lands, by feeding on, and finally destroying briars, weeds and bushes. They are especially fond of the leaves of young pines and cedars, both in summer and winter; the balsomic character of which is conducive to their health and thrift. During winter they should be fed like sheep, but do not require much attention, except in snowy weather, as they are better able to shift for themselves than the sheep. Mr. Peters advises that during winter they should be divided into flocks of about one hundred or less, as they butt each other at feeding time.
Their flesh as an article of food. We have never indulged in the extravagant luxury of feasting on a full-blooded animal of this variety, but we have, on several occasions, made a hearty meal on the quarter, half, or three-quarter bloods, and all who dined in company pronounced the meat of the half-breed wethers superior to lamb, and at eighteen months old, superior to mutton ; the flavor ap. proaches nearer to venison than to mutton. They remain fat throughout the year, and in November are almost too fat for the table. We observed a great improvement in the progeny of full-bloods over their imported parents, both in size and fatness. The weight of the buck is given as one hundred and filty-five pounds ; tbat of the doe one hundred and two.
Their liability to be destroyed by dog8.-If this animal was as liable to be killed as the common sheep, we would tremble for the per petuity of the race in our country. We have often lamented that no laws were enacted and enforced to prevent worthless curs from depopulating the valuable sheep of our country. Many a once sanguine raiser of choice breeds of imported sheep has been caused to sigh over his massacred flock, and then abandoned the raising of sheep in despair. A flock of sheep, when pursued by dogs, scatter in every direction, and fall an easy prey to their relentless, blood-thirsty foe ; but when he approaches a herd of goats he finds them formed into a ring—the kids in the cen. ter, and the old bucks in advance, exhibiting their formidable horns. No dog is bold enough to c'ose in, but usually runs, barking around the flock, thus attracting attention, and receiving the reward of his carniverous designs. Mr. Peters informs us that he gave up the raising of sheep after having a dozen fine South. downs killed by a pack of dogs, when they also destroyed four common ewe goats, but since there was no sheep on the farm to tempt the dogs, they have not come near the goats. Mr. Peters informs us that he has lost nor e of his goats, either of the pure breeds or the gradez, by dogs. He further remarked that with a large herd he had no trouble. They have a range of two or three miles over fields and through woods; they return every evening before sunset to their house,
and in case of a shower of rain, run to their shelter, even at a distance of several miles. He believes that a thousand or more would continue in fine condition dur. ing the summer and fall, in one flock, on a large range, as they are free from disease, do not crowd together like sheep, or suffer from heat; they are very easily driven or managed and do not run off and get lost.
The fleece.—The quantity sheared in April was from the bucks (aged) from five to seven pounds; from the ewes from four to five pounds. Mr. Peters shears but once a year, but intends hereafter to shear the kids in September and again in April.
The regions of our country to which they are best adapted. There does not appear to be any part of the United States to which the constitution of the goat is not adapted. Damp climates like England, where there are almost daily drizzling rains, are injurious. This animal scarcely needs water. We are informed by Mr. Peters that three of them remained in a lot, feeding on weeds and grass, without any water during three months, and keeping in fine order. Our whole country is warm in summer, and portions of it very cold in winter. If this goat is constitutionally adapted to brave the cold of the Steppes of the East. ern, Circassian, Himalaya and Altaian mountains, it would not suffer (if fed in winter) in our coldest regions, and would thrive along the sides of the Allegheny and Rocky Mountains. It bas improved in the comparatively warm climate of Carolina. It would do well in the hilly country of the Carolinas and Georgia, many portions of which are now scarcely cultivated. The whole western country, from Nebraska down to Western Texas and New Mexico, may be rendered a feeding ground for this wool bearing goat. The mountain regions of Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky and Tennessee, will be found admirably adapted to the raising of large flocks of goats and their crosses. The wild growth of the mountain sides, with the native grasses of the rich valleys, will afford pasturage summer and winter, at a triling cost. The worn out plantations and poor pine lands of the Carolinas and Georgia might be brought into requisition to supply meats for our markets, wbich, by many persons, would be preferred to venison. A single man could guard a flock of several thousands, more especially if he called to his assistance a large Shepard's dog, from the Swiss Mountains. They would not only astonish the marauding wolf, but his prowling relative, the cur.
Below, we publish, entire, the letter of R. W. 8:ott, Esq, a gentleman well known as a breeder of fine stock :
NEAR FRANKFORT, Ky., Jan. 16th, 1861. Ed. Wool Grower-Dear Sir :-I reply with pleasure to your inquiry about Cashmere Goats. For several years I have been crossing the mature milking goat with them, and more recenty have crossed the common goat with them, and now have about forty head of all grades. The likeness which you enclosed is generally truthful, except that some (even of the purest blood,) have short, erect, and others longer, pendant ears. In their habits and character, they almost exactly resemble our common goats, being fully as healthy and hardy in any climate. The pure blood and full blood females rarely have more than one at a birth; and the young should come in mild weather, as they are delicate until a few weeks old. They have two different coats of hair, wearing a short coarse suit in the spring, which is gradually displaced by a long and glossy silky suit, which gen. erally grows out among the short hairs, and gradually displaces them to some ex. tent, until it crops off or is shorn off in the spring. They are larger than our com iroa goats, and when full grown the pure and full bloods will shear about four pounds of fine wool. I enclose you a sample unprepared, in which you can see both fleeces or coats, and also a prepared specimen, from which the few coarse, short hairs have been combed out. The wool has many valuable quali. ties for the manfacture of fine dress goods for ladies and gentlemen, and for many ornamental purposes.
Some three-quarters bred Cashmeres have wintered very well in the fields and pastures without any shelter with my “ Imperial Kentucky" sheep, but they prefer to be sheltered, and will return to one which may be given them, or any part of the farm, and rest there every night, though they will ramble about during the day like sheep.
Though they are fond of grain of any kind if they can get it, yet they will subsist well on less and on coarser feed than sheep, being fond also of weeds and bushes, and the fallen leaves of trees.
I am satisfied that they will become a large, popular, and profitable stock, all over the country. Those offered for sale this fall have generally found purchasers at full prices, pure bred animals bring about one thousand dollars, which is the uniform price. The improvement of the fleece with each cross is astonishing, four or five crosses of pure Cashmere bucks on the common goat producing animals almost equal to any imported.
Most respectfully, &c.,
ROBERT W, SCOTT.
SOUTHDOWN AND FAT SHEEP. In this class were 43 entries, comprising 123 animals. The following is the report of the committee :
We, the undersigned committee on Southdown sheep, have made the examina. tion, and have unanimously made our awards as follows :