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TO THE READER.

If thou do'st
As this instructs thee, thou do'st make thy way
To noble fortune.

SHAKSPEARE.

The aim of this Twenty-fourth Edition is to Record the PROGRESS OF TRADE in every part of the World—so as to show, at one view, as far as practicable, its precise State and Bearings.

This no other Work-Domestic or Foreign-even attempts.

Destitute of this Elementary Instruction"_as expressed by the Edinburgh Review — "the wonder is, not that Merchants should sometimes calculate wrong ; but that they should ever calculate right.”

By preserving Copies of the Journal, they will, it is trusted, become a valuable Record of the State of Trade in by-gone times; and thus every year will increase their value.

The reception of the last Edition, in particular, has outstripped even the Editor's own expectation. In truth, it has penetrated to the utmost confines of the World.

That this high and honourable support will continue to increase, both at Home and Abroad, the Editor cannot suffer himself for one moment to doubt, when he considers that he acts as the humble Drudge—the PIONEER-to clear the Path through which Merchants and others may extend their COMMERCE and increase their WEALTH.

Hampstead Heath, near London,

August 9, 1854.

NOTICE AS TO PERSONS GOING ABROAD.

Merchants and Ship-owners will find it to their interest to supply their Agents, Supercargoes, Factors, and Masters of Vessels with “Pope's YEARLY JOURNAL OF TRADE," as a Guide for them when Abroad.

CONTENTS.

GENERAL INDEX, p. 533.

i

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xvii

V

15

Page

DEDICATION

PART I.

AUTOGRAPH PATRONS AND SUB NAVIGATION

SCRIBERS

Opening of the Coasting Trade

To the Reader

VESSELS AND BOATS

Notice as to Piracy

Progress of Shipbuilding.

Notice as to Persons ?

Privateers :

Abroad

viii Registry and Measurement

Contents.

Mortgage .

Abbreviations . .

The Compass .

Clipper

Ocean Steamers .

River Steamers

MISCELLANEOUS INFORMA-

Deserters

TION, viz. : -

Want of Funds

Possession

11-15

The Revenue

xxi

SEAMEN-Masters of Ships .

15

The Balance Sheet .

. xxi

Number of Sailors .

Shipping Raturns .

xxiii

CHARTER PARTY

An Account of the Number and

Custom as to Brokers' Com-

Tonnage of Vessels Entered

mission

Inwards and Cleared Out-

Regular Turns

wards.

xxiv

Bottomry and Respondentia

An Account of the Imports of

Bill of Sale .

the Articles of Foreign and

Seaworthiness .

· Colonial Merchandise, and of

Liability of Owners

the Consumption of such

Ships' Provisions .

Articles

xxvi

Freight .

An Account of the Exports of

.

Demurrage .

Foreign and Colonial Mer-

Bill of Lading

chandise

Collision .

An Account of the Exports of

Marine Insurance.

the Articles of British and

Salvage

Irish Produce and Manufac-

Assistance by Queen's S

tures

Xxxvii

Seaworthiness

An Account of the Number of

Derelict . .

Gallons of British Spirits Ex-

ported . . .

.xxxix

PART II.

Origin of Money and Nature of

Exchange

. .

xli SMUGGLING

xli

A Table of Foreign Moneys,

compared with the Currency

PART III.

of England and the Continent xliii United Kingdom of Great Britain

Rise and Progress of THE

and Ireland.

YEARLY JOURNAL OF TRADE xliv IMPORTS, viz:-
Authorities as to the JOURNAL xlvi Gibraltar, Malta, and Heligo-
Character of the JOURNAL . xlvii land

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Holidays
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.

IMPORTS—continued.

Page

Probibitions and Restrictions .

PART VIII.

Damaged Goods, Derelict, &c. 45

United Kingdom of Great Britain

Over-Payment .

Surplus Stores

and Ireland.

British Goods .

WAREHOUSING

. 149

Foreign Goods

Reciprocity . . 47

Reciprocity Treaties

PART IX.

Ready Reckoning.

Customs TARIFF, &c.

United Kingdom of Great Britain

Prohibitions, &c. . .

and Ireland.

Aliens

160

PART IV.

Agents, Brokers, and Factors 165

Co-Partnership .

United Kingdom of Great Britain

168

and Ireland.

: : 168

Consuls

EXPORTS

169

Our Customers in Australia

169

101

Complaints and Disputes ·

The Year

101

Duties on Ale and Porter into

PART X.

various Countries

EUROPE.

PART V.

UNITED KINGDOM ...

United Kingdom of Great Britain

| Greatness . .

Population

and Ireland.

British Subjects in

COASTWISE

111 States

Financial Statement

Aspect of Trade

PART VI.

Crystal Palace .

United Kingdom of Great Britain

War with Russia

War, British Property

177

and Ireland.

War, Protection from Russian

Tonnage Rates .

Aggression.

177

Light Dues .

War, Goods from Neutral Ports 178

Heaving-River Thames

113 War, Russian in England-

Pilotage

114

Licenses and Neutral Ports 179

DANGERS OF THE SEAS

War, Russian Produce vid

Wrecks and Shipping Disas-

Prussia .

ters

115 War, General Reprisals . 179

Competency of Masters and War, Declaration as to Neu-

Mates .

trals

180

War, British Ships not to Enter

and Clear Out ,

181

PART VII.

War, General Embargo. 181

United Kingdom of Great Britain

War, Respite . . 181

War, Conjunction with France 182

and Ireland.

War, Convention between

COUNTERVAILING Duties-Eng-

France and England. 182

land, Scotland and Ireland 128 War proclaimed at THE ROYAL

Inland Excise Duties . 129 EXCHANGE

Stamp Duties

132 War, Sale of Russian Ships to

A Table of Days

136 Neutrals .

183

Post OFFICES

War, British Property, Contra-

Penny Postage .

band of War and Blockade .

General Regulations from TAE War, Sale of a Russian Vessel 184

GENERAL WEEKLY SHIPPING

War, East Indies and Foreign

LIST

or Colonial Possessions. 184

. . 144 War, Overland Trade with

Bills of Exchange

147

Russia

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UNITED KINGDOM-War, Neu SWEDEN AND NORWAY-TARIFF

trals

• 185

of Norway.

War, Estension of Time . 186 Moneys, Weights, and Mea-
War, Russian Consular Officers 186 sures of Norway.

.

War, Coal and Hay as Con DENMARK .

235

traband of War .

Secretary, Consuls, &c. .

War, Effect on Trade

War with Russia

War, Treaty between England,

Deserters

236

France, and Turkey.

Lights, &c. .

236

War Prizes

188 TARIFF .

241

Workmen going to France 189 Moneys

242

Manchester a City.

Legalizing Russian Documents 242

Ireland-New Consular Juris-

Progress of Railway

242

diction :

Submarine Telegraph

242

Coinage

189 PRUSSIA .

243

.

Florins ::

189

243

Consuls, &c.

::

Trade of each Port.

190 War with Russia

243

Railways-Beginning and Pro-

Treaty with Austria

244

gress .

Buoys

245

Traffic Returns

194 International Copyright 246

Cattle Traffic .

194 German Confederation . 248

Electric Telegraph .

194 Navigation

249

Submarine Cables .

195 Memel

249

British Possessions Abroad 195 Zollverein

249

ISLE OF MAN .

197 Grain, &c. .

JERSEY, GUERNSEY, &c.

199

Harvest.

CHANNEL ISLANDS

200 Duty on Rice . .

RUSSIA--Area and Population . 202 Foreign Syrup
Power and Influence

202 Moneys and Weights .

Trade with the United King NETHERLANDS

252

dom .

203

Province of North Holland 252

War with England and France 203 Province of South Holland 252

Consuls

203 Province of Zealand . 252

Embargo on Turkish Vessels . 203 Province of Friesland

Neutrals

204 Province of Overyssel

252

English and French Property 204 Province of Groningen

252

TARIFF

205 Consuls

252

Reduction of Duties . 207 War with Russia

Esport of Gold

207 Privateers

Shipments and Stock of Wheat 207 Deserters

Revel-Helps to Navigation . 207 Lights, Buoys, &c.

253

Moneys, Weights and Mea-

Submarine Cable ..

209 Progress of Commerce and

Blockade

209 Navigation

259

Finnland

210 TARIFF .

.

259

Gulfs of Finnland and Bothnia 210 HOLLAND

260

Island of Seskari

Food, &c.

260

SWEDEN AND NORWAY . 212 Herring Fishery

261

Separate Governments . Moneys, Weights, and Mea-

War, Trade, and Navigation 212 sures .

Slitohavn a Free Port .. 213 BELGIUM

Pilot Station .

214 Separation from Holland . 263

Blockade

War with Russia-Privateers 263

Lighthouses, &c. .

214 Treaty of Commerce and Na-

Stranded Vessel

vigation

264

Consuls, &c.

Treaty with France . 268

Explanatory Remarks

218 TARIFF .

269

Tonnage and Light Dues. 218 Moneys, Weights, and M 275

Articles of Export .

219 AUSTRIA

276

TARIFF of Sweden

Ambassador, &c.

276

Moneys, Weights, and Mea-

Passports

276

sures of Sweden.

War with Russia . 276

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